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How do the Pfizer, Moderna and Johnson & Johnson COVID-19 vaccines compare in terms of efficacy, safety and side effects? How, when and where do I get the COVID-19 vaccine?

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Find out how the COVID-19 vaccines from Pfizer and Moderna compare and learn how when and where you can get the COVID-19 vaccine.

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CL Answers (32)

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Recalls & Warnings (114)

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Clinical Updates (376)

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8/05/2012

A More Effective Way to Take Sterols/Stanols to Lower Cholesterol?

A new study shows that taking sterols and stanols from a softgel appears to lower cholesterol more effectively than from a tablet. Get the details, including the name of a new product like the one taken in the study, in the updated Cholesterol-Lowering Supplements Review.  More >>
8/11/2013

New Probiotic Study

A new study raises questions about the efficacy of taking probiotics to reduce the occurrence of antibiotic-associated diarrhea. For more details, as well as test results and comparisons for 29 probiotic supplements, see the updated Probiotic Supplements Review >>   
2/28/2014

New Curcumin Increases Bioavailability

Curcumin (from turmeric) is not well absorbed, so many formulations have been developed to increase its bioavailability. A recent study found a new formulation to be 49 times as bioavailable as standard curcumin, making it, by far, the most available form on the market. Get the details about this and other formulations of curcumin, as well as CL's tests and reviews of turmeric and curcumin products, in the Turmeric and Curcumin Supplements Review >>
12/15/2018

Magnesium for Optimal Vitamin D Level

Magnesium intake significantly affects levels of active vitamin D in the blood, according to a new study. This helps keep vitamin D in an optimal range and is another reason to get sufficient magnesium — which many people don't. For details, see the new information in the Vitamin D Supplements Review. (Also see our Top Picks for vitamin D and magnesium supplements).
11/11/2018

High EPA Fish Oil Lowers Cardiovascular Risk for Some

Taking high-dose, high-EPA fish oil (Vascepa) was found lower the risk of cardiovascular disease by 25% among people with elevated triglycerides in a major new study. Get the details in the What It Does section of the new Fish Oil Review. (Also see how fish oil supplements compare to Vascepa.)
3/17/2020

How Long Does Coronavirus Last On Surfaces?

We've added new information about how long the coronavirus might last on packaging, and how this varies greatly depending on the package material, in our answer to the question: Can I get the new coronavirus (2019-nCoV) from supplements from China?
4/12/2019

Food vs. Supplements for Getting Vitamins & Minerals

We've added new information to our answer to the question Is it better to get vitamins from foods or supplements, and are natural vitamins better than synthetic vitamins? The new information is based on an investigation of the association between nutrient intakes and the risk of dying from cancer and/or other causes.
3/22/2019

New Potassium Recommendations

The amount of potassium needed to achieve nutritional adequacy was officially reduced this month for all ages. Find out why and get the new recommendations in the What to Consider When Using section of the Potassium Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for potassium supplements.
10/04/2011

Saw Palmetto May Not Work

It's used by many men hoping to reduce urinary symptoms caused by benign growth of the prostate, or BPH, but a new, well-designed study suggests that it doesn't work. Some other recent research suggest the same. Even when doubling and tripling the standard dose, the high-quality saw palmetto extract used in the new study failed to provide benefit.

What should you do? You may want to consider a different supplement -- beta-sitosterol, a phytosterol. The evidence remains fairly good for beta-sitosterol. To find out more about saw palmetto, beta-sitosterol, and the supplements we have tested, see the Prostate Supplements ReviewMore >>
7/16/2019

Do Vitamin Patches Work?

We've added important new information to our answer to the question: Do Vitamin Patches Work?
9/02/2021

Benefit from Booster?

How much benefit does a booster provide? See what two new reports suggest.
6/02/2013

Does CoQ10 Help the Heart?

It can for people with congestive heart failure, says a new study. Find out more about CoQ10, plus get ratings for 48 supplements in the updated Coenzyme Q10 and Ubiquinol Supplements Review >>
6/02/2013

Glucosamine May Increase Eye Pressure

New research suggests that people with glaucoma or intraocular hypertension could have worsening eye pressure if they take a glucosamine supplement. Get the details (along with our tests of glucosamine and other joint health supplements) in the updated Glucosamine/Joint Health Supplements Review >>
5/27/2013

Red Yeast Rice with Sterols?

It is well known that taking a red yeast rice supplement can cause large reductions in LDL "bad" cholesterol and that sterol or stanol esters can lead to modest reductions. But does combining them result in greater benefits than using either alone? A new study says no. It's unclear, however, whether this is always the case. Get details in the updated Red Yeast Rice Supplements Review >>. Also see the updated, Cholesterol Lowering Supplements Review >>
5/19/2013

Optimum Level of Vitamin D

New research shows that blood levels which are too low or too high for vitamin D are associated with increased risk of heart attack and earlier death. Find the "sweet spot" for vitamin D levels as well as test results for 55 vitamin D supplements in the updated Vitamin D Supplements Review >>
5/19/2013

Creatine for Fibromyalgia

A new study shows that creatine might have a role in boosting muscle strength in patients with fibromyalgia. Get the details, plus quality ratings for creatine supplements in our updated Muscle Enhancers (Creatine and Branched Chain Amino Acids) Review >>
5/12/2013

Best Supplements for Vision (Macular Degeneration)

A major new study revealed what combination of supplements is best for slowing progression of macular degeneration -- and which don't seem to help. Get the details, plus quality ratings on over 20 vision supplements in the updated Vision Supplements Review >>
12/09/2012

Extra Protein Improves Strength

Whether you are trying to add muscle or just maintain it, a new report suggests that additional protein leads to further gains from resistance-type training. The analysis of 22 clinical studies shows that both young and old individuals who received additional protein from supplements or high-protein foods experienced significantly greater increases in muscle mass and strength than those not getting additional protein. Get the details, as well as our tests and reviews of protein powders and drinks, in the updated Protein Powders and Drinks Review (Including Sports, Nutrition, and Diet Products). More >>
12/02/2012

Vitamin D and Diabetes Risk

A new study shows a strong association between lower levels of vitamin D in the blood and a higher risk of developing type 1 diabetes (i.e., requiring insulin). The risk of diabetes was more than 3.5 times as great among people with low levels of vitamin D compared to those with higher levels -- although no additional benefit was found for people with the highest levels of vitamin D. Find out more -- including the specific level associated with the lowest risk of type 1 diabetes -- in the updated Vitamin D Supplements Review, which includes our test results for 51 vitamin D supplements. More >>
9/25/2011

Chondroitin Improves Hand Arthritis

Do you or someone you know have osteoarthritis of the hand? A new study found that highly purified chondroitin can reduce pain and stiffness and increase function. You need to give it some time, though. Get the details in the update in the Joint Health Supplements ReviewMore >>
9/25/2011

Green Tea Extract and Weight Loss

A new study using a high dose of green tea extract showed it to help sedentary overweight men lose weight, while those taking placebo gained weight. This is not the first study to show this potential benefit of green tea extract. The effect may be due to the compound EGCG. Get the facts, including how much EGCG was in the product, in the Weight Loss Supplements Review.  More >>
8/31/2011

Suicide and Omega-3

A new study found the risk of suicide was 62% higher among people with low levels of the omega-3 fatty acid DHA in their blood as compared to those with higher levels. An update to the Fish Oil Supplements Review includes the details. More >>
8/07/2011

DHA in Pregnancy

The omega-3 fatty acid, DHA, is known to be important to fetal development and is recommended for pregnant woman. A new study suggests that DHA during pregnancy may reduce early colds in some infants. An update to the Fish Oil Supplements Review includes the dose and type of DHA used. More >>
11/04/2012

Vitamin D and Bladder Cancer

A new study looked at vitamin D levels and the risk of developing bladder cancer. Find out which levels were best, as well as which vitamin D supplements pass our tests, in the updated Vitamin D Supplements ReviewMore >>
1/08/2012

Additional Nutrients For the Brain

An new study found that various nutrients and fats in the blood correlate with better brain functioning and brain volume in the elderly (mean age of 87). Higher levels of B vitamins and vitamins C, D, and E, as well as marine omega-3 fatty acids (EPA and DHA) appeared helpful. On the other hand, higher levels of trans-fats (from hydrogenated oils) had a negative impact. You can learn more about each of these nutrients in our various reports. An abstract of the study is online.
10/04/2011

Fish Oil's Impact on Cognitive Decline

Cognitive decline may be a normal part of aging, but a new study suggests that high-dose fish oil particularly rich in DHA may provide some benefit. In people over age 65 with mild cognitive impairment, fish oil was associated with improved verbal skill. Perhaps as important, fish oil also reduced depressive symptoms, which can be a risk factor in the progression to dementia. Get the details, including how much DHA and EPA was used in the study, in the Fish Oil and Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplement ReviewMore >>
6/16/2013

Fish Oil and Stress

A new study shows that fish oil may slightly blunt some of the effects of mental stress. Get the details, plus our quality ratings of 74 supplements, in the updated Fish Oil and Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplements Review >>
6/09/2013

Vitamin C: Does It Fight Colds?

A new analysis says it can help — a little. Get the bottom line, plus test results for 27 products, in the updated Vitamin C Supplements Review >>
3/11/2012

Vitamin D to Prevent Menstrual Pain

A new study found that taking a very high dose of Vitamin D reduced pain by 41% for two months among women who suffer from painful menstrual cramps. However, there are potential concerns with such a high dose of vitamin D. For more information, including the dose used and potential concerns, see the update to the Vitamin D Supplements ReviewMore >>
2/26/2012

CLA For Weight Management

A new study in obese individuals found that taking a supplement with CLA (conjugated linoleic acid) for twelve weeks reduced body fat and, to a lesser degree, body weight. But CLA has other metabolic effects that need to be considered. See the update to the CLA Supplements Review which has details on dosage and potential side effects, as well as our product tests. More >>
2/19/2012

Curcumin and Cancer

Curcumin (from turmeric) can suppress cancer cells in the laboratory, but how about in people? A new study in smokers showed that taking curcumin for a month significantly reduced the number of precancerous lesions that could lead to cancer of the colon. Find out more (including the dose used) in the Turmeric and Curcumin Supplements Review, which includes our recent product tests and reviews. More >>
2/12/2012

Raspberry Ketone

Recently touted in the media as a powerful tool for fat reduction, there has been a swell of interest in supplements containing raspberry ketone. Do these supplements really work? Although we have not yet had the time to test these products, we checked the evidence on raspberry ketone and updated our Weight Supplements Review with what we found. If you use raspberry ketone, use it with some caution --and be aware that the quality of supplements can suffer when companies rush to meet a new demand.
10/21/2012

Can Echinacea Prevent Colds?

Although the evidence behind echinacea has been mixed, a new study -- the largest to date -- found that taking a particular type of echinacea supplement throughout cold season reduced cold "events" (catching colds and days spent with colds) by 26%. See the update to the Echinacea Supplements Review for details about this particular supplement, including the special way it is taken. More >>
9/30/2012

Does Ginkgo Improve Memory?

The evidence for Ginkgo biloba in preventing and treating Alzheimer's disease and other dementias has become fairly negative. But is there still hope for its use in improving memory in healthy individuals? The answer seems to be in, according to a new analysis of 10 placebo-controlled trials in healthy people. Get the answer in the update to the Ginkgo Supplements Review.
8/02/2012

Is Vitamin D2 or D3 Better?

Over the years, studies have shown vitamin D3 to be either equal to or better than vitamin D2 for raising vitamin D blood levels. A new study further tips the scales. Get the details, as well as our tests of vitamin D supplements, in the updated Vitamin D Supplements ReviewMore >>
7/22/2012

Vitamin D Prevents Hip Fracture

We recently reported that a U.S. Task Force found it unclear if vitamin D prevented hip fracture, but a more recent report found otherwise. The new report suggests a specific minimum blood level of vitamin D to help prevent fractures, the dosage found most effective, and the frequency at which vitamin D should be taken. Get the details in the recent update to the Vitamin D Supplements Review, which includes our tests of vitamin D supplements.  More >>
7/15/2012

Feeling fatigued? Iron may help

It's well known that fatigue can result from iron-deficiency anemia, but new research shows that some women who are not anemic can also benefit from iron. Women ages 18 to 53 with unexplained fatigue given iron experienced a nearly 50% reduction in fatigue in a recently published study. Get details about the treatment (including the dosage, duration, and type of iron supplement used) in the update to the Iron Supplements Review, which includes our tests of iron supplements similar to that used in this study. More >>
5/20/2012

B Vitamin May Lower Blood Pressure

According to a new study, approximately 10% of the population is genetically prone to high blood pressure which may respond dramatically to a low dose of riboflavin (vitamin B-2). Read the update to the B Vitamin Supplements Review for details, including the dose used and amount of blood pressure reduction achieved. More >>
4/22/2012

Fish Oil Tested for Multiple Sclerosis

Fish oil supplements are often taken by multiple sclerosis patients with the hope that omega-3 fatty acids can improve their condition, but a new study suggests fish oil supplements may not provide benefit. For details, including the dose used, see the updated information in the Fish Oil Supplements ReviewMore >>
5/19/2013

Fish Oil No Help for Heart Disease?

A new study found that taking a fish oil supplement did not reduce the risk of heart attack or stroke in people with multiple risk factors for heart disease. But this doesn't tell the whole story. Get the bottom line on fish oil for heart disease and test results for over 70 fish oil supplements, in the updated Fish Oil and Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplements Review >>
5/12/2013

Vitamin D for Infants

How much is needed and how much is too much? A new study sheds light on what's appropriate for infants. Get the facts and our tests of 55 vitamin D supplements (including baby drops) in the updated Vitamin D Supplements Review >>
5/12/2013

Magnesium and Bone Health

New research shows why getting adequate magnesium is important for bones -- but this doesn't mean that you must take a magnesium-containing supplement. Get more information in our updated Magnesium and Calcium-Magnesium Supplements Review >>
5/05/2013

Vitamin D & Pneumonia

A new study in men and women ages 53 to 73 found that a low vitamin D level in the blood was almost as strong a risk factor for pneumonia as smoking! Get the details, including the level with lowest risk of pneumonia, in the updated Vitamin D Supplements Review >>
4/21/2013

Does Ginkgo Cause Cancer?

According to a new study from the government, animals given an extract of Ginkgo biloba for two years developed cancers of the thyroid and liver. Should you be concerned? See the "Concerns and Cautions" section of the Ginkgo Biloba Supplements Review for more information, as well our assessment of ginkgo's usefulness, and our tests of ginkgo supplements
4/14/2013

Concern Over Carnitine Causing Cardiovascular Disease

Intake of L-carnitine from supplements (and from red meat) may foster atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries), according to new research. Once ingested, L-carnitine is converted in some people to a compound which reduces the normal clearing of cholesterol from arteries.

For more details, see the updated reviews of B Vitamin Supplements & Energy Drinks and Protein Powders, as some of these products contain L-carnitine. The Acetyl-L-Carnitine Supplements review has also been updated because acetyl-L-carnitine is chemically similar to L-carnitine, suggesting a potential concern.
3/31/2013

More Iron, Less PMS?

A new study showed that women getting more iron had a significantly lower risk of suffering PMS (premenstrual syndrome) -- but not just any type of iron. Get the details, as well as our ratings of iron supplements, in the updated Iron Supplements Review »
3/31/2013

Low Dose of Vitamin K Helps Bone

Using a much lower dose of vitamin K than in previous studies, a new study found that intake of a particular form of vitamin K decreased age-related decline in bone mineral content and density in certain bones in postmenopausal women. Get the details, as well as our ratings of these supplements, in the updated Vitamin K Supplements Review >>
3/10/2013

What You Need to Know About Fish Oil

Most fish oil in supplements is not natural, but is a semi-synthetic form. This affects how much you absorb and new research is revealing other differences. Time to throw out what you take, or switch brands? Probably not, but if you use fish oil, it's worth knowing about these differences. Get the details in the update to the Fish Oil and Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplements Review (Including Krill, Algae, and Calamari Oil) >>
2/17/2013

Autism and Folic Acid Supplements

A new study found that women who took folic acid supplements around the time of conception had a significantly reduced risk of bearing a child with autistic disorder. Get more details in the recent update to the folic acid section of the B Vitamins Review >>
1/20/2013

More Probiotic Concerns

According to a published case report, two women recently developed a severely debilitating condition ("eosinophilic syndrome") two to four weeks after taking what appears to be the same "new" probiotic supplement. It's not yet known if these are isolated cases or are there more to come. For more information, see the recent update to the Probiotic Supplements Review >>
3/08/2014

Vitamin D and Breast Cancer Survival

A new analyses of clinical studies found that women with the highest blood levels of vitamin D had a much higher rate of survival from breast cancer than women with the lowest levels. Details on what may be the most beneficial levels, as well as our test results for vitamin D supplements, are found in the updated Vitamin D Supplements Review >>  
12/22/2013

More Evidence of What Multivitamins Don't Do

Several new studies about multivitamins were published this week. The bottom line: In well-nourished people, multivitamins don't reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease or overall-mortality, nor improve cognition and memory. Although some studies have suggested a modest benefit in reducing the risk of certain cancers, no clear cancer benefit for multivitamins has been established. For more information, see the updates to the Multivitamins and Multimineral Supplements Review >>  
12/23/2013

Liver Toxicity with Supplements, Including Green Tea

An increase in cases of liver toxicity associated with dietary supplement use has recently been reported. In an article about the findings, The New York Times reports that bodybuilding supplements and products containing green tea extracts are among those associated with such cases. For more information about green tea extracts and toxicity, see the Concerns and Cautions section of the Green Tea Supplements Review >> 
1/31/2014

Fish Oil / Alpha-Lipoic Acid for Alzheimer's

A new study found that fish oil and alpha-lipoic acid can slow cognitive and functional decline in people with Alzheimer's disease. Get the details in the Fish/Marine Oil Supplements Review >>  and the Alpha-Lipoic Acid Supplements Review >>
9/01/2013

Chromium Concern

A new study shows that chromium supplementation can sometimes cause a worsening of insulin sensitivity, raising some concern about its use. For details (as well as test results and comparisons for 8 chromium supplements) see the updated Chromium Supplements Review >>
9/28/2013

Green Tea to Treat Fibroids

A new study suggests that green tea extract may help shrink uterine fibroids (common in women of childbearing age) and reduce symptoms. For details, as well as test results and comparisons of green tea extracts and brewable teas and drinks, see the updated Green Tea Review >>
9/29/2013

When Vitamin D Doesn't Help

A recent study in postmenopausal women in New York showed that taking a vitamin D supplement did not reduce bone loss (based on measurements of markers of bone turnover). However, calcium supplementation did appear to help. Why? It all has to do with how much vitamin D and calcium the women were already getting without the supplements. You can find out the amounts and get more details in the update to the Vitamin D Supplements Review >>
10/13/2013

Probiotic Helps Prevent Recurrence of Diverticular Disease

A new study found a major reduction in the recurrence of symptomatic diverticular disease when people were given a specific probiotic. Further reduction occurred with a combination of the probiotic and a prescription medication. For details about the treatment, including dosage, and our tests of probiotic supplements, see the updated  Probiotic Supplements Review >>     
11/17/2013

Probiotics for Oral Health?

For people with periodontitis (inflammation around the teeth), a new study showed a probiotic lozenge resulted in additional improvement over standard dental scaling and chlorhexidine rinse. Get the details, as well as our tests of probiotics, in the updated Probiotic Supplements Review>>
11/28/2013

Lower Vitamin D in Blacks May Be Sufficient

The traditional method of assessing vitamin D levels may not be appropriate for most black people, according to a new study. Due to a genetic variant, this approach classifies many black individuals as "deficient" in vitamin D although their levels may be adequate. For details see the update to the  Vitamin D Supplements Review >> 
5/09/2011

Does folic acid affect the risk of colon cancer?

Supplementation with higher amounts of folic acid (vitamin B-9) has been shown to increase the risk of prostate cancer, but its effect on the risk of colon cancer has been unclear. A new study found no increase in colon cancer due to folic acid supplementation. But if you supplement with folic acid, be careful. See the B Vitamin Supplements Review for more >>
8/19/2012

Low Vitamin D Levels and Obesity -- A Dangerous Combination

A new study links low blood levels of vitamin D in obese individuals to a greatly increased risk of insulin resistance (a condition linked to type 2 diabetes). The results add to the growing list of reasons to make sure you maintain a sufficient level of vitamin D. Get the details in the latest update to ConsumerLab.com's Vitamin D Supplements ReviewMore >>
8/19/2012

Can Resveratrol Help Control Blood Sugar?

A new clinical study suggests potential benefits for people with type 2 diabetes taking one of the resveratrol products evaluated by ConsumerLab.com. Get the details in the latest update to ConsumerLab.com's Resveratrol Supplements ReviewMore >>
3/09/2011

Antacids and Magnesium -- Be Careful!

There is a new alert that long-term use (over a year) of proton pump inhibitors can cause low magnesium levels. Magnesium supplements can usually help. See the Magnesium Product Review for details including symptoms of magnesium deficiency and a list of affected products. More >>
1/11/2011

Insulin Sensitivity and Magnesium

A recent study found that magnesium supplementation improved fasting glucose levels in insulin insensitive, obese people. While a similar effect has been seen in magnesium deficient people, the new study found benefit in people who had normal magnesium levels. The research suggests that magnesium may help prevent the onset of type 2 diabetes in some people. See the Magnesium Supplements Review for the type and dose of magnesium used and more >>
1/02/2011

Does Echinacea Help Treat a Cold?

Very little, it seems. A new large, well-controlled study of a commercially sold echinacea supplement failed to show a substantial benefit when given shortly after the first sign of a cold. Evidence tends to be better (although not robust) for echinacea used to prevent a cold before it begins, as opposed to once symptoms start. Find out more (including the product that was tested) in the Echinacea Supplements Review.  More >>
7/28/2013

Resveratrol May Blunt Positive Effects of Exercise

Although experiments in animals suggest that resveratrol improves athletic endurance, a new, placebo-controlled study in men found it to blunt some of the positive effects of exercise. Get the details plus test results for 20 resveratrol supplements and more information about resveratrol's effects in the updated Resveratrol Supplements Review >>  
12/21/2013

Probiotic Significantly Reduces Antibiotic-Associated Diarrhea

A new study using a combination of probiotic organisms reduced the incidence of diarrhea by half among hospitalized individuals receiving antibiotics. Two doses were tried, and the higher dose was more effective. For details about this probiotic and how it was taken, along with additional information and our tests of probiotics, see the updated Probiotic Supplements Review >>    
1/18/2014

Green Tea "Blocks" Beta-Blocker

A new study shows that drinking green tea can drastically reduce the amount of a beta-blocker (nadolol, Corgard) absorbed into the bloodstream. Beta-blockers are typically taken to lower blood pressure, raising concern for people using green tea along with this beta-blocker and, possibly, related medications. Get the details, along with our tests of green tea drinks and supplements, in the update to the Green Tea Review >>   

If you take a beta-blocker (which includes the popular drugs metoprolol (Lopressor, Toprol) and propranolol (Inderal)), be aware that chromium and CoQ10 may offer benefits.
5/31/2014

Danger Using Antidepressant with Garcinia cambogia

Taking the popular weight supplement Garcinia cambogia along with a common antidepressant may cause toxicity, according to a new report. For more details, as well as our tests of Garcinia cambogia supplements, see the Garcinia Cambogia Supplements Review >>  (Also see the CL Answer about supplement interactions with antidepressants.) 
6/11/2014

Resveratrol for Memory?

A new study suggests that resveratrol may improve aspects of memory, as well as glucose control, in overweight individuals. For more information about the study and dosage, as well as our tests and comparisons of resveratrol supplements, see the update to the Resveratrol Supplements Review >>   
6/11/2014

Cocoa May Worsen Acne

Unlike the study we reported last week showing potential help for acne from omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acid supplements, a new study found that giving pure cocoa to men ages 18 to 35 had the opposite effect -- overall, more pimples. Get the details, along with our tests and comparisons of cocoa and chocolate products, in the update to the Cocoa Powders, Extracts and Chocolate Review >> 
6/18/2014

Does Green Tea Really Help With Weight?

A new study found that a popular green tea extract did not cause a reduction in weight compared to placebo, despite the fact that some previous studies have shown a benefit. Get more details, including which green tea extract was used, in the update to the Green Tea Supplements, Drinks and Teas Review >>   
6/20/2014

Too Much Calcium for Some?

A new study found that supplementing with even moderate amounts of calcium may cause abnormally high calcium levels in the urine (a risk factor for kidney stones) of some postmenopausal women, even when total calcium intake doesn't exceed the recommended daily allowance. Get the details in the update to the Calcium Supplements Review (Including Vitamin D, Vitamin K, and Magnesium) >>   
7/05/2014

Curcumin Reduces Soreness After Exercise

Taking curcumin before and after intense exercise significantly reduced muscle soreness in young, healthy men, according to a new study. Get the details, including the brand and dose of curcumin used, plus our tests of curcumin supplements, in the updated Turmeric and Curcumin Supplements and Spices Review >> 
7/05/2014

Dark Chocolate Improves Walking in Peripheral Artery Disease

A new, small study found that people with peripheral artery disease who consumed dark chocolate with a high cocoa content were able to walk further than they normally could. Consuming milk chocolate did not have this effect. The improvement was seen shortly after consuming just one dose. For more details, including dosage, as well as our tests and comparisons of cocoa supplements and chocolate, see the update to the Cocoa Powders, Extracts and Chocolate (Sources of Flavanols) Review >>   
7/26/2014

Probiotics Lower Blood Pressure

Probiotics may help lower high blood pressure, especially when multiple strains are taken for a certain period of time, according to a new analysis. Get the details, as well as information about other uses for probiotics, in the updated Probiotic Supplements Review >>
7/27/2014

Curcumin for Major Depression

A new study found that curcumin may provide some benefit in treating major depression, particularly for people with atypical depression. Details about the type and amount of curcumin used, other uses for curcumin, as well as our tests of products, are found in the updated Turmeric and Curcumin Supplement Review >>   
8/08/2014

Up To a Point, Alzheimer's Risk Falls with Vitamin D

A new study shows that, up to a point, the risks of developing Alzheimer's disease and other forms of dementia fall with higher blood levels of vitamin D. However, the research also clarifies that exceeding a certain blood level of vitamin D provides no further benefit. In fact, additional research suggests that too much vitamin D can have negative effects. The message: Make sure you have a sufficient, but not excessive level of vitamin D. For details about these levels, as well as results of our tests of vitamin D supplements, see the updated Vitamin D Supplements Review >> 
8/31/2014

Taking Fish Oil with Sterols

A new study found that adding EPA and DHA from fish oil to a spread containing plant sterols is not a problem and may provide additional benefit for those with high cholesterol levels. For more information, including dosage amounts, see the update in the Review of Cholesterol-Lowerers >> 
10/05/2014

Black Cohosh Improves Menopause Symptoms and Decreases Fibroid Size

A popular black cohosh supplement significantly improved symptoms of menopause and decreased the size of fibroids, according to a new clinical study. Among women who, instead, took a hormone replacement drug, menopausal symptoms also improved, but the size of fibroids slightly increased. Get the details, including the brand and dose, in the update to the Menopause Supplements Review >> 
11/05/2014

Resveratrol Blunts Benefits of Exercise

A new, small study adds to the evidence that resveratrol may interfere with the positive effects of exercise. Get the details, plus evidence regarding other uses for resveratrol and our tests of products, in the updated Resveratrol Supplements Review >> 
11/14/2014

Ginseng for Lower Blood Sugar

A new study found that a certain kind of ginseng helps lower blood sugar levels in people with impaired fasting glucose. For more about this study and related studies on blood sugar and diabetes with other types of ginseng (which have had mixed results), see the Ginseng Supplements Review >> 
11/22/2014

Turmeric for Memory

A new study shows a modest benefit of turmeric on short-term memory among older individuals with pre-diabetes. Details about the study and dosage used, as well as results of our tests of popular products, are found in the Turmeric and Curcumin Supplements Review >> 
12/07/2014

Prebiotic for Reducing Anxiety?

We've reported in the past that some probiotic bacteria may help reduce anxiety. A new study suggests that one type of prebiotic powder (which helps probiotic bacteria grow) has a related beneficial effect. See the update in the Probiotic Supplements Review >> 
1/17/2015

Vitamin D and Colorectal Cancer

Higher blood levels of vitamin D are associated with a reduced risk of colon cancer, and a new study shows this association to be strongest with a particular subtype of colon cancer. The risk of this cancer in those with higher vitamin D levels is only 10% of that in those with low levels. For details about this and the uses of vitamin D, as well as our ratings of vitamin D supplements, see the Vitamin D Supplements Review >>   
2/07/2015

Fewer Heart Disease Deaths Among Multivitamin Users

A new study found that multivitamin-mineral users were 35% less likely to die of heart disease than non-users over a period of about 20 years. The apparent benefit was greater for certain people and depended on the type of multi. For more details, as well as our product reviews, see the Multivitamin and Multimineral Supplements Review >> 
3/07/2015

Vitamin D Helps in Pregnancy

A new study showed that giving vitamin D to women with low levels of vitamin D resulted in a dramatic reduction in pre-term labor, pre-eclampsia, and gestational diabetes compared to untreated women. For details, see the Vitamin D Supplements Review >>
3/06/2015

Green Lipped Mussel Oil Reduces Pain and Inflammation After Exercise

Green-lipped mussel oil (a source of omega-3 fatty acids EPA and DHA) significantly reduced pain and inflammation days after exercise in young healthy men, compared to a placebo, according to a new study. For details, and ConsumerLab.com tests of the product used in the study, see the Fish Oil and Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplements Review >> 
10/10/2014

Caution with St. John's Wort

St. John's wort is known to interact with a large number of prescription drugs. That number grew larger recently when the FDA approved two new drugs to cure hepatitis C infection. Taking these drugs while using St. John's wort may lead to reduced therapeutic effect and is not recommended. More information about this and other drug interactions with St. John's wort is found in the "Concerns and Cautions" section of the St. John's Wort Supplements Review >>
11/26/2014

Take Vitamin D with a Meal Containing Fats

We've been suggesting this for years and a new study re-emphasizes the point. Get the details in the ConsumerTips section of the Vitamin D Supplements Review >> 
2/11/2015

Iron After Blood Donation

A new study showed that iron supplementation speeds the recovery of hemoglobin levels by several weeks after blood donation and suggests that the current time between donations may be too short. For details, as well as our tests of iron supplements, see the Iron Supplements Review >> 
2/28/2015

Alpha Lipoic Acid Improves Results When Dieting

Women who took alpha lipoic acid while dieting lost significantly more weight and body fat than those who only reduced their calorie intake, according to a new study. For the dose, how it was taken, plus our tests of popular alpha lipoic acid products, see the Alpha Lipoic Acid Review >>
3/01/2015

Selenium and Prostate Cancer

A new study suggests that men who have prostate cancer should not take supplements providing high-dose selenium. Earlier research has similarly advised against high-dose selenium for people with already adequate selenium intake. For details and more about selenium, see the Selenium Supplements Review >> 
4/15/2015

Vitamin D and Statin-Related Muscle Pain

Taking high doses of vitamin D may reduce statin-related muscle pain in people with low blood levels of vitamin D, according to a new study. Get more information and our test reports on vitamin D supplements in the Vitamin D Supplements Review >>
4/22/2015

Green Tea Extract and Prostate Cancer

A new study, funded by the National Institutes of Health, showed that fewer men with pre-cancerous lesions developed prostate cancer if given a daily green tea extract supplement, although the results were not statistically significant due, in part, to the small size of the study. However, a somewhat similar study found a significant benefit. Learn more about these studies, and see our test results for green tea supplements, teas, and drinks, in the Green Tea Review >>
6/21/2015

Lutein and Visual Processing

Lutein and zeaxanthin are known to help certain people who suffer from macular degeneration, an eye disease. A new study suggests that they may also improve visual processing, perhaps through effects outside the eye. For more details of the study, including dosage, as well as our tests of supplements, see the Review of Vision Supplements with Lutein and Zeaxanthin Review >>
6/21/2015

Probiotic Foods and Social Anxiety

A new study shows that consumption of fermented foods like yogurt and kefir (which are likely to contain probiotic organisms) was associated with lower levels of social anxiety. This suggests that such foods may serve as a low-risk intervention for reducing social anxiety. More about the study is found in the Probiotics Review >>
6/27/2015

How Vitamin B-12 Causes Acne

Vitamin B-12 is a critical nutrient and many people, particularly those over 50, should supplement with B-12 to avoid deficiency. However, at doses higher than those used to prevent deficiency, B-12 may occasionally trigger acne. A new study appears to explain the B-12/acne connection. For details, see the "Cobalamin (B-12)" section of the B Vitamin Supplements Review >>
7/22/2015

Probiotics May Not Work As Thought

Research continues to reveal promising uses for probiotics, but it's also showing that probiotics don't necessarily work by changing the types of organisms in our gut. A new study with Culturelle sheds light on this. Details, along with information about what probiotics can and cannot do and our tests of 43 probiotic supplements, are found in the Probiotic Supplements Review >>
8/02/2015

Vitamin D and Inflammation

A new study of elderly people given vitamin D showed little effect on markers of inflammation in the body. Correcting very low levels of vitamin D may be helpful, but further raising vitamin levels does not seem necessary for proper immune function. In fact, there may be some downside. For details about this and other uses for vitamin D (and our product test results), see the Vitamin D Supplements Review >>
9/16/2015

Soy Isoflavones Maintain Bone Calcium

A new study showed that soy isoflavones can reduce loss of calcium from bones in postmenopausal women. Certain formulations were more effective than others, although none was as effective as drug therapy. For details, see the Menopause Supplements Review >>
10/14/2015

Calcium Supplements Increase Kidney Stone Growth

Calcium supplementation is known to increase the risk of kidney stones in postmenopausal women. A new study shows that taking calcium nearly doubles the monthly growth of such stones in women prone to getting them. The study also assessed the effects of vitamin D supplementation. Details are found in the Calcium Supplements Review >>
6/03/2014

Curcumin for Knee Osteoarthritis

A new study found that curcumin taken for six weeks significantly improved physical functioning and reduced pain among people with osteoarthritis of the knee. For details, as well as our tests of similar curcumin products, see the update to the Turmeric and Curcumin Supplements and Spices Review >>
11/12/2014

CoQ10 Improves Symptoms in War Veterans

A new study found that a moderate dose of CoQ10 improved symptoms of Gulf War illness (such as word recall, fatigue, and irritability) in veterans. A larger dose did not show this effect. Details, as well as results of our product tests, are found in the CoQ10 & Ubiquinol Supplements Review >> 
10/21/2015

Probiotic Shortens Respiratory Infections

Studies have shown probiotics to reduce the duration and severity colds when taken throughout a cold season. A new study in children shows short-term use of a probiotic -- started at the time a household member gets sick -- also significantly reduces the duration and severity of acute respiratory infections. For details, including our tests of probiotic supplements, see the Probiotic Supplements Review >>
11/11/2015

Cocoa Flavanol Safety

A new study found that, even at high doses, cocoa flavanols did not cause adverse cardiovascular effects in healthy men and women. However, be aware that drug interactions and certain side effects can occur. Details are provided in the "Concerns and Cautions" section of the Cocoa Powders, Dark Chocolate, Extracts, Nibs & Supplements Review >>
11/24/2015

Herbal Arousal

We have previously reported that ashwagandha extract may improve fertility in men. A new study suggests that it can improve sexual function in women. Details about the product and dosage, and our tests of products on the market, are found in the Ashwagandha Review >>
4/30/2016

Probiotic for Fat Loss

A new study found that a probiotic decreased body fat in overweight adults, without diet or exercise. The probiotic in the study differs from many on the market in an interesting way. Get more information about this and other studies with probiotics, as well as our tests of products, in the Probiotic Supplements Review >>
5/10/2016

Fish Oil & Antidepressants

Several studies suggest that fish oil can help people suffering from major depression. A new study indicates that it can have additive benefit for people already taking a prescription antidepressant. The amount and type of omega-3's seem to make a difference. Get the details in the "What It Does Section" of the Fish Oil Supplements Review >>
5/18/2016

Probiotics Reduce Diarrhea from Anitibiotics

Many studies show that using a probiotic supplement when taking antibiotics reduces the risk of developing diarrhea, or, as shown in a new study, the duration of diarrhea. We've summarized key points on what type, dose, and dosing schedule of probiotics work best in the "What It Does" section of our Probiotic Supplements Review >>
7/16/2016

Magnesium and Heart Disease

People with lower blood levels of magnesium were 36% more likely to die from heart disease than those with moderate levels according to a new, long-term study. For more details, see the "What It Does" section of the Magnesium Supplements Review >>
9/07/2016

Vitamin D & Asthma

A daily, moderate dose of vitamin D reduces hospitalizations and use of steroid medication in people with mild to moderate asthma, according to a new study. Get the details in the "What It Does" section of the Vitamin D Supplements Review >>
10/08/2016

Omega-3s Drop in Farmed Salmon

Farmed salmon has historically provided more omega-3 fatty acids (EPA and DHA) than wild salmon. But new research shows this is changing, as discussed in the "Farmed vs. Wild Salmon" section of the Fish Oil Review >>
10/22/2016

Too Much Folate & Nerve Damage

One quarter of American men and women have a gene variation which puts them at higher risk of nerve damage if consuming too much of folate (vitamin B-9) daily, according to a new study. Considering that most older Americans consume more than this amount (largely due to excessive supplement use) this should be a warning to many. For more details, see the "Folate" section of the B Vitamins Review >>
7/12/2014

Whey Protein for Blood Sugar Control?

Drinking a whey protein shake before a meal improves blood sugar and insulin response in men and women with type 2 diabetes, according to a new, preliminary study. Get more details, plus our tests of protein supplements, in the updated Protein Powders and Drinks Review >>
7/12/2014

Vitamin D & Calcium for Diabetes Due to Pregnancy

A new study found supplementation with a combination of vitamin D and calcium improved fasting blood sugar levels, serum insulin levels, and insulin sensitivity in women with gestational (pregnancy-related) diabetes. For more details, including dosage, as well as our tests and comparisons of vitamin D and calcium supplements, see the update to the Vitamin D Supplements Review (Including Calcium, Vitamin K, Magnesium) >>   
7/23/2014

Magnesium Improves Women's Physical Performance

A new study found that daily intake of a magnesium supplement significantly improved physical performance among older women compared to those given a placebo. Interestingly, none of the women in the study were deficient in magnesium based on blood tests. Get the details, including the dose and type of magnesium supplement used, as well as our quality ratings of magnesium supplements, in the updated Magnesium Supplements Review >> 
5/13/2015

Treating ADHD with Omega-3s?

A new study giving boys omega-3 fatty acids (EPA and DHA) showed modest improvement in an important aspect of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. For details about this and other studies with omega-3 fatty acid supplements, as well as our tests of products, see the Fish Oil and Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplements Review >>
5/13/2015

Fish Intake and Breast Cancer Risk

Women with breast cancer who consumed the most fish had a lower risk of death compared to women who did not eat fish, a new study reports. Get the details, plus evidence for the use of fish oil supplements to reduce the risk of breast and prostate cancer, and our tests of popular products in the Fish Oil and Omega-3 Fatty Acids Supplements Review >>
10/24/2015

Niacin Helps Prevent Skin Cancers

A study published this week showed that taking a form of niacin daily significantly lowered the rate of new basal-cell and squamous-cell skin cancers in patients with a history of such cancers. For details about the supplement and dose, see the B Vitamins Review >>
6/12/2016

B Vitamins & Autism Risk

Excessive blood levels of B-12 and/or folate in pregnant women were found to be associated with an increased risk of autism in their children, according to a new study. While these vitamins are critical, too much may be problematic. Get the details in the B-12 and Folate sections of the B Vitamin Supplements Review >>
7/13/2016

Magnesium Lowers Blood Pressure

Magnesium supplementation may help to lower blood pressure, but only in those who are deficient in the mineral, according to a new analysis. Get the details in the "What It Does" section of the Magnesium Supplements Review >>
7/23/2016

Vitamin C and Breast Cancer

Higher intakes of vitamin C from foods are linked to lower risk of postmenopausal breast cancer in women, but getting vitamin C from supplements on top of that may increase the risk, says a new study. Get the details in the Vitamin C Supplements Review >>
10/22/2016

Cocoa Lowers Blood Sugar

In addition to potential cardiovascular, memory, and other benefits, a new analysis shows that cocoa flavanols may reduce fasting glucose and improve insulin resistance. Get the details in the "What It Does" section of the Cocoa and Dark Chocolate Review >>
12/13/2016

Cocoa for High Blood Pressure?

A new study in which people with mild hypertension were given a cocoa beverage and dark chocolate daily for eight weeks found that it only helped lower blood pressure when people were taking certain blood pressure-lowering medications. For more details about this and other studies with cocoa and dark chocolate, as well as our tests and comparisons of products, see the "What It Does" section of the Cocoa Powders, Dark Chocolate, Extracts, Nibs & Supplements Review >>
12/17/2016

Ashwagandha for Knee Osteoarthritis

A new study in which people with mild knee osteoarthritis were given ashwagandha supplements daily showed significant improvements in pain and inflammation. For more details about this and other studies with ashwagandha, as well as our reviews of products, see the "What It Does" section of the Ashwagandha Supplements Review >>
12/17/2016

Vitamin D and Autism Risk

Children whose mothers are vitamin D deficient during pregnancy are much more likely to have autistic traits by age six than those whose mothers have sufficient levels during pregnancy, according to a new study. Get the details, as well as our reviews of vitamin D supplements, in the "What It Does" section of the Vitamin D Supplements Review »
1/10/2017

Potential Risk with High B-12

Among people who are malnourished, those with elevated vitamin B-12 levels in their blood were twice as likely to die when hospitalized as those with lower B-12 levels, according to a new study. The study authors suggest caution with inappropriate supplementation. For more details about the study, and vitamin B-12, see the B Vitamin Supplements Review >>
3/06/2017

Better Executive Functioning with Vitamin D

Getting adequate vitamin D appears to help with executive functioning and attention in adolescents, according to a new study — similar to what has been preliminarily shown in men. For details, see the "What It Does" section of the Vitamin D Supplements Review (which includes our tests of products) >>
3/14/2017

When Does Fish Oil Help the Heart?

There are new recommendations on the use of fish oil supplements with regard to preventing heart attack, stroke, atrial fibrillation, and heart failure. More about these recommendations and other uses of fish oil are found in the "What It Does" section of the Fish Oil Supplements Review (which includes our tests of products) >>
3/18/2017

Tea Drinking Associated with Less Cognitive Decline

A new study found tea drinkers to have significantly less cognitive decline than others. Read the details in the "What It Does" section of the Green Tea Supplements Review (which includes our tests of teas) >>
3/25/2017

Right Dose of Vitamin D to Reduce Falls

As we've reported in the past, vitamin D can reduce falls in older people, but too much can increase falls. A new study helps nail down the ideal dose and blood level to reduce falls. For details, see the "What It Does" section of the Vitamin D Supplements Review >>
3/25/2017

DHA for Rheumatoid Arthritis?

A new study tested DHA from microalgae as a treatment for rheumatoid arthritis. The results are mixed. For details, see the "Rheumatoid Arthritis" section of the Fish Oil and Omega-3 Supplements Review >>
4/01/2017

Vitamin D and Cancer

Although studies have shown that sufficient vitamin D in the blood is associated with lower risk of developing and dying from cancer, a new study among women found no cancer benefit from taking vitamin D supplements. However, the study had a major weakness. For details, see the "What It Does -- Cancer" section of the Vitamin D Supplements Review >>
5/30/2017

Olive Oil Helps in Pre-Diabetes

Adding extra virgin olive oil to a meal decreased the rise in blood sugar and increased insulin levels after the meal, according to a new study in people with pre-diabetes. Similar benefits with olive oil have been shown in people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. For details, see the "Insulin Control and Blood Sugar" section of the Extra Virgin Olive Oils Review, which includes our tests and comparisons of popular olive oils on the market.
8/03/2018

Vitamin C for Colds?

Taking vitamin C may modestly help with colds, according to a new study -- but there's a catch. Find out in the What It Does section of the Vitamin C Supplements Review. (Also see our Top Picks for vitamin C supplements.)
12/11/2018

How Important Is Vitamin D for Bones?

Many women take vitamin D supplements to maintain bone mineral density, but does it really help? A new study provides an answer. See What It Does in the Vitamin D Supplements Review. (Also see our Top Picks for vitamin D).
4/20/2014

Probiotic Helps a Little with Allergy

Among people already taking a daily antihistamine, adding a daily probiotic provided a small, additional benefit -- particularly with ocular (eye) symptoms, according to a new study.  For more information about the probiotic used, and our tests of probiotic supplements, see the updated Probiotic Supplements Review >>   
4/20/2014

Probiotic Not Always Useful in Infant Colic

A month ago, we reported on a study that showed a probiotic could help prevent colic in infants. A new study, however, shows that the same probiotic given to infants who already have colic does not help more than placebo. For more details, and our tests of probiotic supplements, see the updated Probiotic Supplements Review >>
5/03/2014

Vitamin D Deficiency May Predict Advanced Prostate Cancer

According to a new study, prostate biopsies in men who are deficient in vitamin D are more likely to show a higher grade and stage of cancer than biopsies in men with higher levels of vitamin D. For more details, as well as our tests of vitamin D supplements, see the Vitamin D Supplements Review >> 
5/08/2014

Lycopene May Improve Fertility

A new review of clinical studies reports lycopene supplementation improved measures of sperm health in men and increased pregnancy rates. For details, as well as our tests of lycopene supplements, see the updated Lycopene Supplements Review >>   
1/08/2019

B Vitamins & Breast Cancer

A reduced risk of breast cancer was associated with supplementing with certain amounts of folic acid and vitamin B12 for women predisposed to breast cancer in a new study. See the details in the "Breast cancer" section of the B Vitamin Supplements Review.
1/12/2019

Fiber Benefits

Higher fiber intake was associated with a lower risk of many major diseases in a recent study. However, the average American consumes far below the recommended daily intake of fiber. As oats are a good source of fiber, we’ve added details from the new study in the "Benefits" section of the Oat Cereals Review. (Also see our Top Picks oat cereals.)
1/27/2019

Caution With Antioxidants

A new study suggests it might be risky to take antioxidant supplements during cancer treatment. We have added this important information to our answer to the following question: Can supplements with antioxidants like beta-carotene and vitamins A and E cause you to die sooner?
3/06/2019

Soy Isoflavones & Breast Cancer Risk

Soy isoflavones, which have estrogen-like effects, are used by women hoping to reduce menopausal symptoms. A new study suggests this use may raise the risk of breast cancer in some women but lower it in others. For details, see the What It Does section of the Soy Isoflavone Supplements Review.
5/15/2016

Probiotics a Waste of Money?

Some headlines this week suggested that probiotics are not worthwhile. The stories cited a new research study which found that probiotics do not cause a lasting effect on the gut. The headlines are misleading, as we explain in the "What It Does" section in our Probiotic Supplements Review >>
5/26/2017

Red Yeast Rice Better Than Statin?

Red yeast rice lowered cholesterol as well as a statin drug but with a lower rate of muscular side-effects, according to a new study. Other studies have shown similar results. But is red yeast rice right for you? There are pros and cons. See the "What It Does" section of the Red Yeast Rice Supplements Review for more details. Also see "What CL Found" when popular brands of this supplement were tested.
10/11/2019

Risk from Reusing Plastic Water Bottles

Repeatedly opening and closing plastic water bottles can pose a risk, according to a new study. Get the details in our updated answer to the question: Is it true that there are bits of plastic in drinking water and specialty salts? How concerned should I be?
11/26/2019

Fish Oil & Colon Cancer

There is new evidence that taking fish oil may reduce the risk of colorectal cancer for certain people. For details see the Cancer section of the Fish Oil Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks among fish oil supplements and other marine sources of omega-3s.
8/17/2019

Green Tea and Blood Sugar

Can drinking green tea reduce the rise in blood sugar after a meal, and if so, is the effect greater in the morning or evening? See what a new study found in the What It Does section of the Green Tea Review. Also see our tests and Top Picks among green tea supplements, and brewable and bottled teas.
10/22/2019

Does Magnesium Reduce Exercise Soreness?

Can taking magnesium reduce muscle soreness after exercise? See what a new study found in the What It Does section of the Magnesium Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for magnesium supplements.
10/20/2018

Omega-3s & Healthy Aging

Do higher blood levels of omega-3 fatty acids (as obtained from fish and/or fish oil) correlate with healthier aging? See what a new study found in our updates to the Fish Oil Supplements Review and the Canned Tuna and Salmon Review.
11/16/2018

Probiotic Lowers Eczema Risk in Children

The risk of eczema in children was reduced by 54% when a specific probiotic was taken by mothers during pregnancy and then by their infants, according to a new study. The probiotic also reduced the incidence of gestational diabetes among the mothers. For details, see the What It Does section of the Probiotic Supplements Review. (Also see our Top Picks for probiotics.)
12/09/2018

When to Take Protein

Supplementing with protein can increase muscle mass and strength more than resistance exercise alone, but the timing of protein consumption can make a difference if you are also trying to improve metabolism and reduce body fat. Get the details and find out what a new study showed in the What It Does section of the Protein Powders, Shakes & Drinks Review. (Also see our Top Picks among products).
8/13/2019

Vitamin D for Breast Cancer?

Some evidence suggests that having higher blood levels of vitamin D lowers the risk of breast cancer. Can very high-dose vitamin D slow tumor growth in women with breast cancer? See what a new study found in the Cancer section of the Vitamin D Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for vitamin D supplements.
8/13/2019

Extra Virgin Olive Oil and Fatty Liver Disease

Can consuming a Mediterranean diet enriched with extra-virgin olive oil decrease the incidence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease? See what a new study found in the What It Does section of the Extra Virgin Olive Oil Review. Also see our tests and Top Picks among extra virgin olive oils.
10/15/2019

Collagen Peptides vs. Gelatin

It has been generally believed that amino acids are more bioavailable from hydrolyzed collagen (collagen peptides) than from gelatin (which is partially hydrolyzed collagen). A new study put this to the test. See what the researchers found in the What It Is section of the Collagen Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks among collagen supplements.
10/15/2019

Ashwagandha for Insomnia?

Does ashwagandha help people with insomnia fall asleep and stay asleep? See what a new study showed in the What It Does section of the Ashwagandha Supplements Review. Also see our Top Pick for ashwagandha.
11/09/2019

CoQ10 for Statin-Intolerance

Many people experience muscle pain from taking cholesterol-lowering statin drugs. CoQ10 can help reduce this pain, according to a new study. Get the details in the What It Does section of the CoQ10 Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks among CoQ10 supplements.
3/16/2019

Colloidal Silver Concern

Long-term use of colloidal silver may have contributed to the development of bone marrow cancer, according to a new report. We've added details about this to our answer to the question: Is ingesting colloidal silver helpful for any condition and is it safe to use?
7/02/2019

Best Way to Take CBD

If you use CBD, it's important that you take it in a way that maximizes its absorption. To learn more, see the What to Consider When Using section of the CBD Oils and Hemp Extracts Review, where you'll also see results of a new study showing that how you take CBD may dramatically affect how long it remains in your body. Also see our Top Picks among products.
7/02/2019

Adding Fish Oil to Statins?

Does adding high-dose fish oil help reduce triglycerides in people who already take statins? See the results of a new study in the What It Does section of the Fish Oil Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks among fish oils.
4/11/2020

Resveratrol for Memory?

A new study evaluated the effects of resveratrol on cognitive functioning in postmenopausal women. Find out if it helped in the What It Does section of the Resveratrol Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for resveratrol.
4/14/2020

A Food to Slow Cognitive Decline?

Adherence to a Mediterranean diet was associated with a lower risk of cognitive impairment in a major new study, but only one food within that diet -- fish -- was also linked to slower loss of cognitive function. Find out how many servings of fish had the greatest impact in the What It Does section of the Fish Oil Supplements Review. Also see if fish oil supplements help and see our Top Picks for fish oil.

Also see our Top Picks for canned tuna and salmon.
4/18/2020

Curcumin, Insulin & Alzheimer's?

Curcumin (from turmeric) may provide a modest benefit in people with insulin resistance and a new study suggests this may also reduce biomarkers of Alzheimer's disease. For details, see the What It Does section of the Turmeric and Curcumin Supplements and Spices Review. Also see our Top Picks for curcumin.
5/19/2020

"Whole Grain" Is Not Enough

Not all "whole grain" products are equal when it comes to minimizing swings in blood sugar, according to a new study. Get the details in the Benefits section of the Oat Cereals Review. Also see our Top Picks among oat cereals.
6/27/2020

Factors For Lower Risk of Dementia

Diet and lifestyle factors were associated with up to 60% reductions in the risk of developing Alzheimer dementia according to a new study. Learn about these lifestyle factors in the updated answer to the question: Do any supplements really help with brain function, like memory and cognition?
6/30/2020

Getting the Most from Green Tea

Our Green Tea Review shows that matcha green tea provides higher amounts of healthful catechins than regular green tea. This week, we added information about why this is as well as the results of a new study showing which type of matcha provides the highest levels of polyphenols (i.e., catechins). For details see the What to Consider When Buying section of the review. Also see our Top Picks among green tea products.
8/14/2020

Milk Thistle for Menopause?

Can taking milk thistle relieve hot flashes during menopause? Learn what a new study showed in the What It Does section of the Milk Thistle Supplements Review. Also see our Top Pick among milk thistle supplements. (Also see our Menopause Supplements Review for information and reviews of products containing soy and red clover isoflavones, black cohosh, or progesterone cream.)
8/14/2020

Eggshell Membrane + Fish Oil for Joint Pain?

Both eggshell membrane and fish oil have been shown to bring modest reduction in joint pain, but does taking these ingredients together have greater benefit? Find out what a new study showed in the What It Does section of the Collagen Supplements Review. Also see our Top Pick among collagen supplements for joints and for skin.
3/25/2020

Surprising Role of Potassium in COVID-19

New research out of China suggests that many patients hospitalized with COVID-19 are low in potassium. For details see the information about Potassium in our answer to the question: What are natural remedies for coronavirus (COVID-19)? Do supplements like zinc, vitamin C, or herbals work?
8/25/2020

B-12 Supplements vs. Injections

Can taking a B-12 supplement work as well as an injection to correct vitamin B-12 deficiency? See what a new study found in the B-12 section of the B Vitamin Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for vitamin B-12 and other B vitamin supplements.
7/28/2020

How Much Vitamin D from Sunshine?

Does exposure to midday sun increase already sufficient vitamin D blood levels? Get the surprising answer from a new study in the Getting vitamin D from sunlight section of the Vitamin D Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks among vitamin D supplements.
1/21/2020

Coconut Oil Impact on Cholesterol

Coconut oil can significantly affect cholesterol levels according to a new report. Get the details in the Concerns and Cautions section of the Coconut & MCT Oils Review. Also see our Top Picks for coconut and MCT oils.
1/25/2020

Best Way to Cook With Olive Oil

Cooking can reduce levels of heart-healthy polyphenols in extra virgin olive oil (EVOO), but a new study showed how to minimize this loss. Get the details in the ConsumerTips section of the Extra Virgin Olive Oil Review. Also see our Top Picks among extra virgin olive oils.
3/07/2020

Melatonin and Cataracts

Do you have cataracts (clouded lenses of the eye)? A recent study suggests that having them removed and replaced with a certain type of intraocular lens may increase natural melatonin production. For details, see the ConsumerTips section of the new Melatonin Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks among melatonin supplements.
4/28/2020

A Role for Vitamin K in COVID-19?

A new study showed a link between vitamin K and the development of COVID-19. Learn what this means in the What It Does section of our Vitamin K Supplements Review. Also see our Top Pick among vitamin K supplements.
8/28/2020

Concern Over Memory Supplement Quality

Many supplements with phosphatidylserine – promoted for memory enhancement -- do not contain their listed amounts of this ingredient, according to a new report. Get details and learn what clinical studies show with phosphatidylserine in our updated answer to the question: Do either phosphatidylserine or phosphatidylcholine help with memory and cognition?
3/30/2019

Green Tea for Lowering Blood Pressure

Drinking green tea can help lower high blood pressure — and even reverse ventricular hypertrophy, according to a new study. For details, including the amount and brand of tea used, see the What It Does section of the Green Tea Review. Also see our Top Picks for green tea.
4/09/2019

Lunasin to Lower Cholesterol?

Can taking lunasin, a protein isolated from soy, help to lower LDL cholesterol and triglyceride levels? See what a new study found in our updated answer to the question: What is lunasin and does it really reduce cholesterol?
5/28/2019

Glucosamine & Eye Pressure

Glucosamine may increase eye pressure in people with glaucoma or intraocular hypertension. But does it have this effect in people who don't have these conditions? See what a new study found in the Concerns and Cautions section of the Joint Health Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for glucosamine and chondroitin.
6/09/2019

Vitamin D for Diabetes Prevention

Does high-dose vitamin D help prevent people with pre-diabetes from progressing to type 2 diabetes? See the results of a major new study in the What It Does section of the Vitamin D Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for vitamin D.
6/14/2019

Glyphosate in Cheerios

A new report shows the amounts of the herbicide glyphosate in oat cereals, like Cheerios, and oat-based snacks. Should you be concerned? See our updated answer to the question: How concerned should I be about glyphosate in foods and supplements?
6/15/2019

Tart Cherry for Soreness After Exercise?

Can tart cherry juice improve muscle recovery and reduce soreness after exercise? See what a new study found in our update to the question: What are the benefits of tart cherry juice?
10/20/2016

Vitamin D Sweet Spot

Having the right blood levels of vitamin D has many proven benefits, but too little and too much vitamin D can be problematic. A new study shows this also to be true in people with diabetes with regard to a type of nerve damage that can affect blood pressure and heart rate. For details see the "What It Does" section of the Vitamin D Supplements Review >>
4/23/2017

Olive Oil Lowers Diabetes Risk

Consuming a certain amount of olive oil daily reduces the risk of developing type 2 diabetes by 13%, according to a new study. Consuming more than this amount did not reduce the risk further. Get the details, and see our tests of popular oils, in the "What It Does" section of the Extra Virgin Olive Oils Review >>
8/30/2019

Glucosamine for Hand Osteoarthritis?

A new study suggests that glucosamine may help people with hand osteoarthritis. Get the details in the What It Does section of the Joint Health Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for joint health supplements.
9/10/2019

Best Supplement for Depression

Which supplement has the strongest evidence of benefit for treating mental disorders? The answer is a particular form of fish oil to treat depression, according to a new analysis. For details, see the Depression section of the Fish Oil Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks among products.
9/10/2019

Ginger for Migraine?

Can ginger reduce the frequency or severity of migraines? See what a new study found in the Migraine section of the Ginger Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for ginger supplements.
9/24/2019

Lead in Turmeric

A new report reveals that in some parts of the world where turmeric is grown, lead is being intentionally added. Find out where and why in the Quality Concerns section of the Turmeric and Curcumin Review. ConsumerLab tests all turmeric root powder products for lead and other heavy metals.
10/05/2019

L-Theanine for Sleep and Cognition?

Several studies have evaluated whether a single dose of L-theanine (found in green tea) can reduce stress and anxiety. A new study has evaluated the effect of L-theanine when taken daily for several weeks. See the results in the What It Does section of the L-Theanine Supplements Review. Also see our top choices for L-Theanine.
10/26/2019

Pycnogenol for Raynaud's?

A new study investigated whether Pycnogenol can help treat Raynaud’s phenomenon, a condition in which hands become painful and discolored when exposed to cold temperatures. Find out if it helped in the update to the question: What is Pycnogenol and does it work?
11/19/2019

Magnesium for Memory

There is growing evidence that getting the right amount of magnesium reduces the risk of developing cognitive decline and dementia. For details, including results of a new study, see the Dementia and cognition section of the Magnesium Supplements Review. Also see our Top Pick among magnesium supplements.
1/03/2017

Reducing Asthma Risk in Children With Fish Oil

A major new study showed that giving fish oil to pregnant women reduces the risk of asthma and wheezing in their offspring. For details, see the "What It Does" section of the Fish Oil Supplements Review >>
5/05/2018

Delaying Menopause

A new study found that diet may influence the age at which menopause occurs in women. This is important because later menopause has been associated with lower risk of many health conditions. Find out which foods are associated with later or earlier menopause in the Background section of the Menopause Supplements Review. (Also see what we found in supplements intended to treat menopause symptoms.)
9/17/2019

Ashwagandha for Stress and Anxiety

Can ashwagandha decrease symptoms of anxiety and lower levels of a stress hormone? See what a new study found in the Anxiety, Stress and Insomnia section of the Ashwagandha Supplements Review. Also see our Top Pick for ashwagandha.
10/01/2019

Microplastics in Tea

A new study found that brewing tea with certain tea bags can release a large amount of microplastics into the liquid. For details, see the Brewing section of our Green Tea Review. Also see our Top Picks among green tea products.
11/29/2019

A Better Form of Creatine?

A relatively new form of creatine may raise creatine levels in the blood and muscle more effectively than the most common form (creatine monohydrate), but it has drawbacks. Learn more in the ConsumerTips section of the Muscle & Workout Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for creatine.
2/11/2020

Fish Oil for Diabetes?

There is mixed evidence as to whether fish oil helps people who have diabetes. Get the details, including those of a new study, in the What It Does section of the Fish Oil Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for fish oil.
2/29/2020

Breast Cancer & Milk Consumption

Is drinking milk – dairy or soy – associated with breast cancer risk? Find out what a new study found in our answer to the following question: Are there vitamins or supplements that can reduce my risk of breast cancer? Do any increase cancer risk?
11/25/2017

How Hot Should Green Tea Be?

Drinking green tea may reduce the risk of certain cancers, but its effect on gastric (stomach) cancer may depend on the temperature at which you drink it, according to a new study. Find out what the best temperature seems to be in the "What It Does" section of the Green Tea Review >> (Also see how brands of green tea, including matcha, stack up in our tests.)
5/26/2018

Do We Really Need More Lithium?

Studies have shown higher rates of mental illness and dementia in areas with the lowest levels of lithium in the water, suggesting that people supplement with lithium. However, a new study raises doubts about this. For details, see the What It Does section of the Low-Dose Lithium Supplements Review.
7/17/2018

Ashwagandha for Schizophrenia

Can ashwagandha reduce symptoms of schizophrenia? Find out what a new study suggests in the What It Does section of the Ashwagandha Review. (Also see our Top Pick among ashwagandha supplements.)
8/14/2018

Red Yeast Rice and Diet

Can taking red yeast rice lower cholesterol levels on top of reductions achieved by switching to a Mediterranean diet? See what a new study showed in the What It Does section of the Red Yeast Rice Review.

Also, be aware that red yeast rice may aggravate symptoms of a neurological disorder, as described in a recent case report noted in the Concerns and Cautions section of the Red Yeast Rice Review.
9/11/2018

High-Dose Vitamin D Risk

A new study suggests that very high-dose vitamin D may increase the risk of kidney stones. For details, see the What It Does section of the Vitamin D Supplements Review. (Also see our Top Picks among vitamin D supplements.)
10/05/2018

Vitamin D and Cognition

Does taking vitamin D help older individuals with mild cognitive impairment? Learn what a new study found in the What It Does section of the Vitamin D Supplements Review. (Also see our Top Picks among vitamin D supplements.)
12/18/2018

Comparing Beetroot Juices, Concentrates, and Powders

Nitrate is a key compound in beetroot juice products, yet most products don't list their nitrate content. A new study reveals how much nitrate is in popular beetroot juices, concentrates, and powders. Find out which contain the most or the least nitrate in our answer to the question: Can beetroot juice improve my workout performance?
2/08/2020

Vitamin D for Hives

If you suffer from chronic hives (or chronic urticaria) and are deficient in vitamin D, taking vitamin D may be helpful, according to a new study. (Vitamin D may also be helpful for other skin conditions such as eczema and psoriasis.) Get the details in the What It Does section of the Vitamin D Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for vitamin D.
3/21/2020

CoQ10 Bioavailability

CoQ10 is not well absorbed unless taken with fats or oils, such as with a meal. Bioavailability-enhanced formulations allow CoQ10 to be taken without a meal, but how good are they? We've added new information about one such formula and how it compares to taking regular CoQ10 in the Absorption and Bioavailability Enhancers section of the CoQ10 and Ubiquinol Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for CoQ10 and ubiquinol.
5/02/2020

Can Garlic Slow Atherosclerosis?

Can taking a garlic supplement slow the build-up of plaque in arteries? See what a new study found in the What It Does section of the Garlic Supplements Review. Also see our top choices for garlic supplements.
5/15/2020

High Blood Pressure Risk With Too Much Folic Acid During Pregnancy

While it is important to take folate during pregnancy, a new study suggests that too much folic acid from supplements increases the risk of high blood pressure in mothers. See the details in the Folic Acid section of the B Vitamin Supplements Review.

Also see our Top Pick among prenatal vitamins, which provides adequate (but not too much) folic acid, in our Multivitamin and Multiminerals Supplements Review.
7/02/2017

Extra Protein Enhances Training

Even among untrained, middle-aged men, adding protein supplementation to resistance training leads to greater improvements in lean body mass (i.e., more muscle) than the training alone, according to a new study. Find out how much protein helped in the "What It Does" section of the Protein Supplements Review. The Review includes our test-based, quality ratings and comparisons of popular protein powders and drinks.
1/05/2019

Is Protein Best Before or After a Meal?

A new study showed that the timing of protein supplementation around a meal can determine the effect on blood sugar in people with insulin resistance. Find out the best timing in the update to the Protein Powders, Drinks, and Shakes Review. (Also see our Top Picks among products.)
9/03/2019

Collagen for Wrinkles?

A new study put a popular branded collagen ingredient to the test, measuring its effects on collagen content in the skin and on facial wrinkles, including wrinkles around the eyes. See the results in our updated answer to the question: Do collagen or hyaluronic acid supplements really help aging or wrinkled skin?
7/14/2020

Coconut Oil for Lowering Weight and Cholesterol?

Can adding coconut oil to dinner lower weight and/or lower cholesterol levels? See what a new study found in the What It Does section of the Coconut and MCT Oils Review. Also see our Top Picks among coconut oils and MCT oils.
8/18/2020

Vitamin D Deficiency & COVID Death Risk

A new study suggests a link between vitamin D deficiency and higher risk of death in COVID-19 patients. For details, see the COVID-19 section of the Vitamin D Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for vitamin D.
2/02/2019

Whey Protein When Bedridden?

Does substituting whey protein for other sources of protein help bedridden people retain muscle mass and strength? Find out what a new study showed in the What It Does section of the Protein Powders & Drinks Review. Also see our Top Picks for protein powders.
2/16/2019

Energy Drinks & Aggression

Are people who frequently consume energy drinks (like 5-hour Energy) more likely to be aggressive or have mental health problems? Learn what a new study found, and learn more about the pros and cons of energy drinks in the Energy Drinks section of the B Vitamin Supplements Review.
6/29/2019

Fish Oil Heart Claim

You'll start seeing a new heart health claim on fish oil supplements as well as foods that provide the omega-3's EPA and DHA. While legal, the claim is a bit fishy. Get the details in the Fish Oil Supplements Review as well as the Canned Tuna and Salmon Review. Also see our Top Picks for fish oil supplements and canned fish.
7/16/2014

DHA for Periodontitis (Inflammation Around Teeth)

A new study found that giving DHA (from algal oil) along with low-dose aspirin led to greater reductions in local inflammation and pocketing around teeth than aspirin plus placebo. For more about the study, including dosage, and our tests and comparisons of algal oil supplements, see the Fish Oil and Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplements Review (Including Krill, Algae, Calamari, Green-lipped Mussel Oil) >> 
7/29/2015

Stanols Lower Cholesterol

Many studies have shown that plant sterols and stanols can help lower levels of LDL "bad" cholesterol. A new placebo-controlled study, which involved advice on diet and exercise, found benefit with a slightly lower dose of stanols than typically recommended. Get the details in the "What to Consider When Buying" section of the Cholesterol-Lowering Supplements Review »
3/29/2016

Chocolate May Help Exercise

In a tasty new study, men who ate dark chocolate for several days were able to cycle somewhat further than those given a placebo (white chocolate), possibly due to the flavanols in dark chocolate -- which also appear to provide cardiovascular benefit. For details about the study and the chocolate, and ConsumerLab's tests and reviews of dark chocolates and other cocoa-based products, see the Cocoa Powders, Dark Chocolate, Extracts, Nibs & Supplements Review >>
8/02/2016

Vitamin D for Asthma

Short term supplementation with vitamin D improved symptoms of asthma in children, according to a new study. Get the details in the "What It Does" section in our Vitamin D Supplements Review >>
8/20/2016

Biotin Caution

Very high-doses of biotin (vitamin B-7) can cause misleading laboratory results and lead to unnecessary antithyroid treatment, according to a new report. For details, see the Biotin section of the B Vitamins Supplements Review >>
8/20/2016

Calcium Supplements & Risk of Dementia

Taking calcium supplements is associated with an increased risk of dementia in certain elderly women, according to a new study. Get the details in the "Cautions and Concerns" section of the Calcium Supplements Review >>
8/20/2016

Vitamin D, Blood Sugar & Insulin Resistance

Vitamin D, Blood Sugar & Insulin Resistance --A moderate, daily dose of vitamin D had positive effects on blood glucose and insulin sensitivity in healthy men and women who largely were deficient in vitamin D, according to a new study. Get the details in the Vitamin D Supplements Review >>
10/19/2016

How Much Do Oats Lower Cholesterol?

A new report shows that you can lower bad cholesterol by nearly 5% when eating certain amounts of whole oats or oat bran. For details, as well as our tests of products, see the Oat Cereals Review >>
2/25/2017

Lutein for Stress?

Supplementing with lutein can help some people protect against macular degeneration of the eye. A new study suggests it may also reduce stress. For details, see the "What It Does" section of the Review of Vision Supplements with Lutein and Zeaxanthin (which includes our tests of products) >>
4/15/2017

Probiotic Reduces Diabetes Risk In Pregnancy

Taking a certain type of probiotic during pregnancy reduced the risk of gestational diabetes, according to a new study. For details see the "What It Does" section of the Probiotic Supplements Review >>
4/15/2017

Chocolate May Reduce Diabetes Risk

"Occasional" consumption of chocolate was associated with a lower risk of developing diabetes among certain postmenopausal women, according to new study. For details about this and other effects of chocolate, see the "What It Does" section of the Cocoa Powders, Dark Chocolate, Extracts, Nibs, & Supplements Review >>
7/09/2017

Vitamin D2 or D3?

Although both the D2 and D3 forms of vitamin D can raise blood levels of vitamin D, a new study showed one to be significantly better than the other — and there are some interesting explanations for this. Learn more in the "What to Consider When Using" section of the Vitamin D Supplements Review, which includes our Top Picks.
7/26/2017

How Vitamin B6 May Backfire

Supplementing with high-dose vitamin B6 can sometimes cause the same nerve toxicity associated with deficiency of B6. New research explains why this may happen and suggests how to avoid it. For details, see the "Vitamin B6" section of the B Vitamin Supplements Review >>
7/29/2017

Fish Oil for Endurance

High-dose fish oil may help to increase exercise endurance, according to a new study, adding to evidence of other beneficial effects of fish oil on muscle mass and strength. For details, see the "What It Does" section of the Fish Oil Supplements Review, which includes our Top Picks among products.
8/26/2017

High-Dose B Vitamins & Cataract Risk

Taking high doses of B vitamins, including B vitamin complexes, folic acid and B6, was associated with a higher risk of age-related cataracts among middle-aged men and women, according to a new study. For details, see the "ConsumerTips" section of the B Vitamin Supplements Review >>
8/27/2017

Does Lithium Prevent Dementia?

A new study found the risk of developing dementia to be significantly lower in areas with higher levels of lithium in the drinking water. This finding is consistent with a study that found low-dose lithium to stabilize patients with Alzheimer's disease. Details about these studies are in the "What It Does" section of the Low-Dose Supplements Review, which includes our Top Picks among low-dose lithium supplements.
9/02/2017

Ashwagandha & Thyroid Function

Ashwagandha extract improved thyroid hormone levels in men and women with subclinical hypothyroidism in a new study. See the details in the "What It Does" section of our Ashwagandha Supplements Review -- which includes our Top Pick among ashwagandha supplements.
9/27/2017

Changed VSL#3 Probiotic?

VSL#3 is a popular probiotic, but a new study suggests that the currently marketed product may be somewhat different and not have all the same effects as the earlier product. For details, see the ConsumerTips section of the Probiotic Supplements Review >>
10/24/2017

Denture Adhesive Concern

Copper deficiency can result from continued use of zinc-containing denture adhesives, according to a new report. Get the details in the "Concerns and Cautions" section of the Zinc Supplements Review >>
4/09/2019

Powerful Combination for Alzheimer's

Fish oil can help people with Alzheimer's disease but, as a new study suggests, only when they are getting enough of another nutrient. Get the details in the What It Does section of the Fish Oil Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks among products.
3/25/2015

Vitamin D and Reducing Injuries From Falls

Although vitamin D may be able to reduce the risk of falls in women deficient in vitamin D, a new study shows that, among women with sufficient vitamin D, it does not help and may have a negative effect. At the same time, the study showed that an exercise regime cut the rate of injuries from falls by half. Get more details in the Vitamin D Supplements Review >>
2/28/2017

Timing Probiotics with Antibiotics Is Key

Probiotics can reduce the risk of C. difficile infection due to antibiotics by nearly 70% if probiotics are started at the right time, according to a new study. Get the details in the "What It Does" section of the Probiotic Supplements Review (which includes our tests of products) >>
11/04/2017

Cereal Fiber Reduces Risk of Death from Colorectal Cancer

Higher intakes of dietary fiber are associated with a lower risk of colorectal cancer. A new study suggests that higher intakes of fiber from cereal may reduce the risk of dying among those who have the disease. How much is needed for a benefit? Get the details in the "What It Does" section of the Oat Cereals Review >> [Also see our Top Picks for oat cereals in the Review.]
11/08/2017

Dark Chocolate for Memory

Short-term studies suggest that large doses of cocoa flavanols improve certain aspects of memory and cognition. A new study suggests that long-term habitual intake of dark chocolate, which is rich in flavanols, can also help. For more information, see the "What It Does" section of the Dark Chocolate and Cocoa Review >> [Also see our Top Picks for dark chocolate bars in the Review.]
11/07/2017

Melatonin Improves Sleep in Children with Autism

Prolonged-release melatonin helped children with autism fall asleep faster and stay asleep longer in a new study. Get the details, plus more about the best way to take melatonin to get a good night's sleep, in the "What It Does" section of the Melatonin Supplements Review >> [Also see our Top Picks for melatonin supplements in the Review.]
12/02/2017

Autism Risk With Low Vitamin D

Babies born with very low blood levels of vitamin D are more likely to be autistic, according to a new study. This is consistent with a study published last year showing a higher rate of autistic children in mothers with very low vitamin D blood levels during pregnancy. Get the details in the "What It Does" section of the Vitamin D Supplements Review >> (Also see our Top Picks among vitamin D supplements.)
12/02/2017

Citrulline for Improving Exercise?

Citrulline, a compound which is converted to arginine in the body, is often added to workout supplements to improve exercise performance. But does it really help? See what a new study found in the "What It Does" section of the L-Arginine Supplements Review >> (Also see our Top Picks among L-arginine supplements.)
12/16/2017

Tea & Iron Absorption

A surprising number of foods and beverages, including tea, can interfere with the absorption of iron. When you drink your tea can make a big difference, according to a new study. Get the details in the Iron Supplements Review >>
1/16/2018

Lutein and Zeaxanthin Improve Memory

Lutein and zeaxanthin may help to slow the progression of age-related macular degeneration in people with low blood levels of lutein. A new study suggests these compounds may have another benefit -- improving memory in some people. Get the details in the "What It Does" section of the Vision Supplements Review >> (Also see our top choices among products.)
1/16/2018

Curcumin for Depression

Can curcumin reduce symptoms of major depression in people who are already taking an antidepressant? See what a new study found in the "What It Does" section of the Turmeric & Curcumin Supplements Review >> (Also see our Top Picks among products.)
2/17/2018

CoQ10 for Nerve Pain

Taking CoQ10 along with standard medication may decrease trigeminal (facial) nerve pain more than medication alone, according to a new study. For details, including dosage, see the What It Does section of the CoQ10 and Ubiquinol Supplements Review. (Also see our Top Picks among products).
3/13/2018

Apple Cider Vinegar for Decreasing Appetite & Weight

Apple cider vinegar is often promoted for decreasing appetite and weight, but there have been few studies to show whether it works. Find out what a new study found in the Apple Cider Vinegar Review >> (Also see our Top Picks among products).
5/22/2018

Collagen for Ankle Pain and Sprains?

A new study investigated the effects of collagen supplementation on ankle stability, pain and sprains in athletes. Find out if it helped in the What It Does section of the Bone Broth Review (which includes information about collagen). (Also see how much collagen we found in popular bone broths, and our Top Picks among products).
10/04/2016

Curcumin for Depression & Anxiety

Curcumin reduced symptoms of depression and anxiety in people with major depression, at a lower dose than previously used, according to a new study. Get the details in the "What It Does" section of the Turmeric and Curcumin Supplements and Spices Review >>
11/07/2016

Taking Curcumin With an NSAID?

Studies have shown that curcumin (an extract of turmeric) can improve symptoms of knee arthritis as well as a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug. But is there benefit in taking them together? A new study provides an answer, as discussed in the "What It Does" section of the Turmeric/Curcumin Supplements Review >>
4/04/2017

Curcumin for Muscle Soreness?

Several studies have evaluated curcumin to reduce muscle soreness, pain, and loss of power after exercise. The most recent study showed little benefit. For details, see the "What It Does" section of the new Turmeric/Curcumin Supplements & Spices Review >>
5/24/2017

Stroke Risk with Calcium

A new study shows that high-dose calcium supplements may double the risk of stroke in men and women. The risk of heart attack is also increased, as shown in other studies. However, there are ways to take calcium without this risk and still get bone health benefits. For details, see the "Concerns and Cautions" section of the Calcium Supplements Review >>
6/10/2017

Hip Fracture Risk With Too Much B-6

A new study found that older men and women who took a high daily dose of vitamin B-6 had a 42% increased risk of hip fracture. Get the details in the "Vitamin B-6" section of the B Vitamin Supplements Review. Also, be aware that many supplements on the market contain the amount of B-6 used in this study, or more, in a daily serving! For help choosing a B-Complex or B-6 supplement that suits your needs without providing too much B-6, see our Top Picks among B vitamin supplements.
7/01/2018

Astaxanthin for Sun Protection?

Can taking an astaxanthin supplement improve the appearance of the skin or protect it from UV damage? See what a new study found in the What It Does section of the Astaxanthin Supplements Review. (Also see our Top Picks among astaxanthin supplements.)
7/21/2018

Cancer & High-Dose Vitamin D

Does taking high-dose vitamin D reduce the risk of cancer? Find out what a major new study found in the Cancer section of the Vitamin D Supplements Review. (Also see our Top Picks for vitamin D.)
8/28/2018

Chocolate for the Heart?

Studies suggest cardiovascular benefits from daily intake of cocoa flavanols, as found in dark chocolate. However, a new study, focusing on heart failure, suggests more limited intake. Get the details and our analysis in the Cardiovascular section of the Dark Chocolate, Cocoa Powder, and Nibs Review. (Also see our Top Picks for dark chocolate, cocoa powders, and more.)
9/09/2018

When To End Probiotics?

If you take a probiotic when given antibiotics, at what point should you stop taking the probiotic? A new study provides some guidance. For details, see the What It Does section of the Probiotic Supplements Review. (Also see our Top Picks among probiotics.)
9/18/2018

Curcumin Effect on Liver

Long-term use of curcumin may negatively affect the liver in a small percentage of people, according to a new report. Get the details in the Concerns and Cautions section of the Turmeric and Curcumin Supplements Review. (Also see our Top Picks for turmeric and curcumin.)
11/19/2016

Fish Oil for Strength?

A daily dose of fish oil increased strength in women who did resistance exercise, but not in men, according to a new study. Get the details in the "What It Does" section of the Fish Oil Supplements Review >>
11/16/2016

Many Americans Not Getting Enough Potassium

Americans may not be getting enough potassium according to a new study. Get the details, plus information about how to increase your intake of potassium in the "What To Consider When Using" section of the Potassium Supplements Review >>
11/12/2016

Vitamin D & Breast Cancer Survival

A new study making headlines this week found that women with "the highest" levels of vitamin D had better survival rates from breast cancer than women with the "lowest rates." What was left out of news stories — and may surprise you — is what these levels are. Find out in the "What It Does" section of the Vitamin D Supplements Review >>
9/10/2017

Olive Oil and Prostate Cancer

Another possible benefit of olive oil within a Mediterranean diet is a reduced risk of aggressive prostate cancer, according to a new study. For details about this and other benefits of olive oil, see the updated "What It Does" section of the Extra Virgin Olive Oils Review, which includes our Top Picks among products.
9/25/2018

Vitamin D for Eczema?

Can vitamin D help with eczema? See what a new study found in the What It Does section of the Vitamin D Supplements Review. (Also see our Top Picks among Vitamin D supplements).
9/25/2018

Fish Oil Drug May Help

High doses of fish oil highly-concentrated in EPA and/or DHA are known to lower elevated triglycerides. But can they reduce the risk of cardiac events, such as heart attack? Preliminary results from a new study suggest that one product can — at least in certain people. Get the details in the Prescription Fish Oil vs. Supplements section of the Fish Oil Supplements Review. (Also see our Top Picks among fish oil supplements.)
9/25/2018

Extra Protein for Extra Muscle?

Extra protein can boost the increases in muscle strength and size that occur with strength training. But does extra protein help people already consuming adequate protein from their diets? See what a new study found in the What It Does section of the Protein Supplements Review. (Also see our Top Picks among protein powders and shakes.)
10/16/2018

Iron Deficiency Cause

Regular use of certain popular medicines was associated with a large increase in the risk of iron deficiency, according to a new study. Get the details in the ConsumerTips section of the Iron Supplements Review. (Also see our Top Picks among iron supplements.)
11/04/2018

Curcumin for Weight?

Can curcumin help you lose body weight? Find out what a new review concluded in the What It Does section of the Curcumin and Turmeric Supplements Review. (Also see our Top Picks for curcumin and turmeric supplements.)
11/06/2018

Can CoQ10 Boost Cholesterol-Lowering of Statins?

Can taking CoQ10 further lower cholesterol levels in people already taking a statin drug? See what a new study found in the What It Does section of the CoQ10 and Ubiquinol Supplements Review. (Also see our Top Picks for CoQ10 and ubiquinol supplements.)
9/18/2020

Vitamin D for Failing Hearts?

Does high-dose vitamin D help or hurt people with chronic heart failure? Find out what a new study showed in the Cardiovascular Disease section of Vitamin D Supplements Review, which also discusses cholesterol, blood pressure and heart attack risk. Also see our Top Picks for vitamin D.
9/22/2020

Magnesium for Lowering Blood Pressure?

Can magnesium supplementation lower elevated blood pressure? Find out what a new study showed in the What It Does section of the Magnesium Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for magnesium supplements.
9/25/2020

Vitamin D for Dizziness When Rising?

Can vitamin D reduce symptoms of orthostatic intolerance (low blood pressure when standing up)? Find out what a new study in adolescents showed in the What It Does section of Vitamin D Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for vitamin D.
10/02/2020

Algal Oil for Attention?

Does algal oil high in DHA improve memory and attention in children? See what a new study found in the What It Does section of Fish and Marine Oil Supplements Review. Also learn about fish oil for enhancing memory in older people and those with age-related cognitive decline, and see our Top Picks for fish oil.
10/03/2020

Vitamin C for Foot Ulcers?

Can taking vitamin C help heal foot ulcers in people with diabetes or vascular disease? Find out what a new study showed in the What It Does section of our Vitamin C Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for vitamin C.
1/13/2021

High-Dose Vitamin C for COVID-19?

Does high-dose vitamin C help in people with severe COVID-19? See what a new study showed in the COVID-19 section of our Vitamin C Supplements Review.
1/13/2021

Nicotinamide Riboside to Slow Aging and Reverse NAD+ Decline?

Nicotinamide riboside, a form of niacin, has been promoted to slow aging, partially based on the belief that it raises NAD+ levels that fall with age. A new study raises doubts about this. Get the details in the Niacin section of our B Vitamin Supplement Review. Also, learn about a concern with taking too much nicotinamide riboside.
1/15/2021

Vitamin K & Risk of COVID Death

A marker of low vitamin K levels has been linked to a higher risk of death in people with COVID-19, according to a new study. Get the details in the COVID-19 section of our Vitamin K Supplements Review.
11/26/2020

Vitamin D for COVID-19

Can high doses of vitamin D help COVID-19 patients recover? Find out what two new studies showed in the COVID-19 section of our Vitamin D Supplements Review. Also, see our Top Picks for vitamin D.
12/02/2020

Cocoa for Cognition

A new study suggests that cocoa may improve some aspects of cognitive function in healthy people and sheds some light on how this may work. See the details in the Memory and Cognition section of the Dark Chocolate and Cocoa Review. Also see our Top Picks among dark chocolates, cocoa powders and supplements.
12/02/2020

Fish Oil & Testosterone?

Can fish oil supplementation increase testosterone levels in men? Find out what a new study found in the What It Does section of the Fish Oil Supplements Review. Also see our recent Top Picks for fish oil.
12/06/2020

Cranberry for Overactive Bladder?

Can cranberry supplements help with overactive bladder? See what a new study found in our article about Cranberry and Urinary Health.
12/06/2020

Yacon Syrup for Weight Management?

A new study tested whether yacon syrup can affect hunger hormones and decrease appetite after eating. See the results in our updated answer to the question: Does yacon syrup help with weight management? How do I find a quality brand?
1/24/2021

Strawberries for Memory?

Can daily consumption of two cups of strawberries improve memory and cognition in older men and women? See what a new study found in our answer to the question: Do any supplements really help with brain function, like memory and cognition?
1/27/2021

Curcumin for Reducing Muscle Soreness?

Can taking curcumin (from turmeric) reduce muscle soreness related to exercise – and does it enhance muscle strengthening from exercise? See what a new study found in the Muscle Soreness and Recovery section of the Turmeric and Curcumin Supplements & Spices Review. Also see our Top Picks for turmeric/curcumin.
1/31/2021

Ubiquinol (CoQ10) for Cognitive Function?

Does taking ubiquinol, the active form of CoQ10, improve cognition in people with mild cognitive impairment? See what a new study found in the What It Does section of our CoQ10 and Ubiquinol Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for CoQ10 and ubiquinol.
1/31/2021

B12 for Diabetic Neuropathy?

Can high-dose vitamin B12 improve nerve function and reduce pain in people with neuropathy due to type 2 diabetes? See what a new study found in the B12 section of the B Vitamin Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for vitamin B12.
2/07/2021

Saffron for Mood?

Does saffron extract improve mood in people feeling down and anxious or stressed? See what a new study found in our article about Supplements for Depression and Anxiety.
2/10/2021

Energy Drinks and Blood Pressure

Which people are more likely to have cardiovascular side effects from energy drinks? Find out what a new study showed in the Energy Drinks & Shots section of our B Vitamins Supplements Review.
2/13/2021

Which Form of Fish Oil Is Best Absorbed

The amount of omega-3 fatty acids (EPA and DHA) that you absorb when taking fish oil depends on the form of oil and/or when you take it. A new study suggests that a certain form is better absorbed than others. Get the facts in the Forms of Fish Oil section of our Fish Oil Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for fish oil.
2/13/2021

Vitamin D for Fibromyalgia?

Does vitamin D supplementation help women with fibromyalgia? See what a new study found in the What It Does section of the Vitamin D Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for vitamin D.
12/20/2020

Probiotic to Prevent Colds?

Can taking a probiotic prevent colds or reduce cold symptoms? See what a new study found in the What It Does section of our Probiotic Supplements Review. Also, see our Top Picks for probiotics.
12/23/2020

Eggs and Heart Disease Risk

Do women who eat eggs every day have a higher risk of heart disease or death? See what a new study found in the ConsumerTips section of the Choline Supplements Review.
10/24/2020

High-Dose Vitamin D for COVID?

Elderly nursing home residents given high-dose vitamin D had much better survival rates from COVID-19 than other residents, according to a new study. However, the dose given has potential risks. Get the details in the COVID-19 section of the Vitamin D Supplements Review.
10/24/2020

How Good Is Generic Thyroid Medication?

How well do people with hypothyroidism do on generic versions of levothyroxine (Synthroid)? We've added new information about this to our article about levothyroxine and dietary supplements.
10/23/2020

Side Effects of Red Yeast Rice

As with prescription statin medications for lowering cholesterol, serious side effects can occur with red yeast rice. See what a new review of reported side effects showed in the Concerns and Cautions section of our Red Yeast Rice Supplements Review. Also see our Top Pick for red yeast rice.
10/23/2020

Lower Dose Melatonin for Children

A new report suggests that very low doses of melatonin may be adequate to raise levels in children. For details, see the Dosage section of our Melatonin Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for low-dose melatonin.
10/24/2020

Vitamin D & Pregnancy

Maintaining sufficient blood levels of vitamin D during pregnancy is associated with better health for both mother and baby, including a decreased risk of gestational diabetes, according to a new study. Get the details in the Pregnancy section of the Vitamin D Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for vitamin D.
10/10/2020

Magnesium for Muscle Soreness?

Can magnesium supplementation decrease muscle soreness after exercise? See what a new study found in the What It Does section of Magnesium Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for magnesium.
10/16/2020

Resveratrol and Insulin Sensitivity

Can resveratrol improve insulin sensitivity or lower blood sugar levels in people who are overweight? See what a new study showed in the What It Does section of our Resveratrol Supplements Review. Also, see our Top Picks for resveratrol.
11/22/2020

Chocolate for Cognition?

Does eating chocolate improve cognition in postmenopausal women? See what a new study found in the Memory and Cognition section of the Dark Chocolate and Cocoa Review. Also see our Top Picks for dark chocolate, cocoa powders and supplements based on their flavanol content and purity.
10/31/2020

Vitamin C for COVID-19?

Does high-dose vitamin C help people critically ill with COVID-19? Find out what a new report showed in the COVID-19 section of our Vitamin C Supplement Review. Also see our Top Picks for vitamin C.
10/31/2020

Melatonin for Insomnia?

Can melatonin help middle-aged men and women with insomnia fall asleep faster or improve sleep quality? Find out what a new study showed in the What It Does section of our Melatonin Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for melatonin.
11/04/2020

Muscle Cramps from Lack of Vitamin

Painful muscle cramps in an older person resolved after correcting a deficiency in one of the B vitamins, according to a new report. Get the details, and learn which conditions and medications increase the risk of this deficiency, in the B Vitamin Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for B vitamin supplements.
11/04/2020

Potassium and Dialysis

People on dialysis are often told to restrict potassium intake, but getting too little potassium can also be a problem according to a new study. Get the details in the Concerns and Cautions section of our Potassium Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for potassium supplements.
11/13/2020

Do Meal Replacement Drinks Help Reduce Weight?

Do protein-based meal replacement drinks help reduce weight? See what a new study showed in the What It Does section of the Meal Replacement Powders and Shakes Review. Also see our Top Pick among these drinks and powders. (Also see our separate Review of Protein Powders & Drinks.)
2/28/2021

Folic Acid for Cognitive Function?

Does folic acid supplementation help with cognitive function in older people? Find out what a new study showed in the Memory and Cognition section of our B Vitamin Supplements Review. Also, see our Top Picks for folic acid.
3/03/2021

Probiotics for Ulcers?

Can probiotics help treat a common cause of stomach ulcers – H. pylori infection? Find out what new guidelines say in the What It Does section of our Probiotic Supplements Review.

For information about other supplements for peptic ulcers (and those to avoid) see our answer to the question: Do supplements help treat peptic ulcer disease? Should any be avoided?

3/03/2021

Vitamin D for COPD and Asthma?

Does high-dose vitamin D help treat COPD or asthma? See what a new study found in the What It Does section of our Vitamin D Supplements Review. Also, see our Top Picks for vitamin D.
3/06/2021

Melatonin After Stroke?

Melatonin supplementation may reduce the risk of developing delirium after a stroke, according to a new study. Get the details in the What It Does section of our Melatonin Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks among melatonin supplements.
3/06/2021

Ashwagandha for Exercise Endurance?

Can ashwagandha improve endurance and decrease fatigue during exercise? See what a new study found in the What It Does section of the Ashwagandha Supplements Review. Also see our Top Pick among ashwagandha supplements.
3/10/2021

Coconut Oil for Lowering Blood Pressure?

Can coconut oil lower blood pressure in people with mild hypertension? See what a new study found in the What It Does section of our Coconut Oil and MCT Oil Review. Also see our Top Picks among coconut and MCT oils.
3/10/2021

Almonds for Wrinkles?

Can eating almonds reduce facial wrinkles in postmenopausal women? See what a new study found.
4/20/2021

Probiotic for Rheumatoid Arthritis?

Can taking a probiotic reduce joint swelling in rheumatoid arthritis? See what a new study found in the What It Does section of our Probiotic Supplements Review.
4/24/2021

Vitamin D for Healing Fractures?

Does vitamin D supplementation improve healing of bone fractures in postmenopausal women? See what a new study found in the Bone and Fractures section of our Vitamin D Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for vitamin D.
5/01/2021

Does Kefir Lower Cholesterol?

Can drinking kefir that contains probiotics, decrease LDL cholesterol or triglyceride levels in people with metabolic syndrome? See what a new study found the Cholesterol-Lowering section of our Probiotic Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks among probiotic supplements and drinks.
5/01/2021

Saffron for Sleep?

Can saffron extract improve sleep in people with mild to moderate insomnia? See what a new study found in our updated answer to the question: Which supplements can help me sleep and which cause insomnia?
5/04/2021

GABA for Cognition?

Can taking GABA improve cognition? See what a new study found in our updated article about GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid).
5/04/2021

Grape Seed Extract for Blood Pressure?

Can grape seed extract lower blood pressure? See what a new study found in our article about the Health Benefits of Grape Seed Extract.
3/17/2021

Does Coffee Consumption Lower Cardiovascular Risk, or Is It the Other Way Around?

New study results may undermine the association between moderate coffee consumption and reduced risk of cardiovascular disease. Find out in our updated answer to the question: Is drinking coffee good or bad for heart health?
3/19/2021

Melatonin and Cancer

Can high-dose melatonin increase survival time or improve symptoms in people with advanced lung cancer? See what a new study found in the What It Does section of our Melatonin Supplements Review.

Also see results of a study in which melatonin was given during breast cancer treatment.

See our Top Picks among melatonin supplements.
3/23/2021

Folic Acid and Colorectal Cancer

Do higher intakes of folic acid and other sources of folate increase or decrease the risk of colorectal cancer? It may depend on time, according to a new study discussed in the Folate section of our B Vitamin Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks among B vitamin supplements.
3/27/2021

Curcumin & Prostate Cancer

Does curcumin benefit men undergoing chemotherapy for prostate cancer? See what a new study found in the What It Does section of our Turmeric and Curcumin Supplements & Spices Review. Also see our Top Picks among turmeric and curcumin products.
6/28/2021

Hyaluronic Acid for Wrinkles?

Does supplementing with hyaluronic acid reduce wrinkles or improve skin elasticity in middle-aged men and women? See what a new study found in the Aging Skin and Wrinkles section of our Collagen Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for collagen supplements for skin and for joints.
7/03/2021

Probiotics for C. difficile infection?

New guidelines recommend against probiotics for treating or preventing C. difficile infection, one cause of diarrhea in people taking antibiotics. Find out why in the What They Do section of our Probiotic Supplements Review.
7/10/2021

Niacin for Parkinson's?

Can niacin supplementation improve symptoms or slow decline in people with Parkinson's disease? See what a new study found in the Niacin section of our B Vitamin Supplements Review.

Also see our answer to the question: Do supplements help with Parkinson's disease treatment or prevention?
7/13/2021

Melatonin and Autism

Can melatonin supplementation improve sleep, behavior, or mood in children with autism spectrum disorder? See what a new study found in the What It Does section of the Melatonin Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks among melatonin supplements.
7/21/2021

Calcium, Vitamin D & Heart Risk

Does taking vitamin D reduce the cardiovascular risks associated with calcium supplementation? See what a new study found in the Concerns and Cautions section of our Calcium Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks among calcium supplements.
7/24/2021

Collagen for Joint Pain?

Can collagen supplementation reduce joint pain or stiffness in the knee, hip or wrist? See what a new study found in the Joint Pain section of our Collagen Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks among collagen supplements for joints and for skin.
7/24/2021

Cranberry for H. pylori Infection?

Can cranberry juice help treat H. pylori infection – a cause of stomach inflammation and ulcers? See what a new study found in the What It Does section of our Cranberry Juices and Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks among cranberry juices and supplements.
7/27/2021

Fish Oil and Colon Cancer

Does fish oil supplementation decrease the risk of abnormal colorectal growths or other changes associated with colorectal cancer? See what a new study found in the Cancer section of our Fish Oil Supplements Review.
7/31/2021

Statins Plus Fish Oil?

Can taking high-dose omega-3s decrease triglyceride levels in people taking a statin drug? See what a new study found in the Taking With Statins section of our Fish Oil Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks among fish oil supplements, including highly concentrated products.
8/03/2021

Vitamin D for IBS?

Can vitamin D supplementation reduce the severity of symptoms in people with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)? See what a new study found in the What It Does section of our Vitamin D Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for vitamin D.
5/18/2021

Fish Oil Interaction With Medication

High-dose fish oil can significantly increase blood levels of certain immunosuppressants, according to new research. Get the details in the Concerns and Cautions section of our Fish Oil Supplements Review, which includes information about other drug interactions with fish oil.
5/18/2021

Folic Acid for Hot Flashes?

Can folic acid supplementation reduce hot flashes or improve mood in postmenopausal women? See what a new study found in the B Vitamin Supplements Review.
5/22/2021

Possible Toxin in Straws

Potentially toxic compounds known as PFAS occur in some brands of dental floss and a variety of other products. A new report indicates that PFAS are also in certain drinking straws. Find out more.
5/25/2021

Ginger for Stomach Flu?

Can ginger extract reduce vomiting due to stomach flu? See what a new study found in the What It Does section of the Ginger Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks among ginger supplements, chews, and spices.
6/08/2021

Melatonin & Weight

Can melatonin supplementation improve sleep or reduce weight? See what a new study among nightshift workers found in the What It Does section of the Melatonin Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for melatonin.
6/12/2021

Vitamin D and Melanoma

Can vitamin D supplementation improve outcomes in people with melanoma skin cancer? See what a new study found in the What It Does section of the Vitamin D Supplements Review.

Also see our answer to the question: Do any supplements or foods help prevent sunburn or skin damage from sun exposure? Can any increase your risk of sun-related skin damage?
4/04/2021

Diabetes & Sardines

Can eating sardines reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes? See what a new study found in the What It Does section of our Tuna, Salmon & Sardines Review. Also see our Top Picks for sardines, canned salmon and tuna.

Learn about the effects of fish oil supplements on blood sugar and insulin sensitivity in our Fish Oil Supplements Review.

4/09/2021

Vitamin D & Muscle

Can taking high-dose vitamin D improve strength gains from exercise? See what a new study found in the What It Does section of our Vitamin D Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks among vitamin D supplements.
8/31/2021

Caveat With Prescription Fish Oil Study

Some of the cardiovascular benefit reported for a prescription fish oil may have actually been due to a problem with the placebo to which it was compared, according to new research. Get the details in the Prescription Fish Oil vs Supplements section of our Fish Oil Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks among fish oil supplements.
9/07/2021

An Avocado a Day?

Does eating an avocado with your meal help reduce abdominal fat or weight, or improve blood sugar or insulin control? See what a new study found in the What It Does section of our Avocado Oil Review. Also see our Top Picks among avocado oils.
9/14/2021

L-Arginine for COVID?

Did L-arginine supplementation help people with severe COVID-related pneumonia? See what a new study found in the What It Does section of our L-Arginine Supplements Review.

Also see: Do any supplements help with the coronavirus (COVID-19)?
6/19/2021

Vitamin D & Triglycerides?

Can taking high-dose vitamin D increase triglyceride levels? See what a new analysis found in the Concerns and Cautions section of the Vitamin D Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for vitamin D.
6/19/2021

CBD Interaction With Caffeine

Be aware that if you consume caffeine, very high doses of CBD may increase caffeine levels in the body and, potentially, caffeine side effects, according to a new study. Get the details about this and other interactions in the Concerns and Cautions section of our CBD & Hemp Extracts Review. Also see our Top Picks among CBD oils and hemp extracts.
6/22/2021

DHA & Preterm Birth

Can the risk of preterm birth be reduced when pregnant women supplement with an the omega-3 fatty acid? See what a new study found in the What It Does section of our Fish Oil Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks among fish oil supplements, including prenatal products.
8/07/2021

Curcumin for Indigestion?

How well does curcumin (from turmeric) improve digestive symptoms such as indigestion, diarrhea or constipation? See what a new study found in the What It Does section of our Turmeric and Curcumin Supplements & Spices Review. Also see our Top Picks among turmeric and curcumin products.
8/07/2021

Peppermint Oil for IBS?

Can peppermint oil supplements improve symptoms in people with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)? See what a new study found in our updated article about Peppermint Oil and IBS.
8/10/2021

Best Form of B-12 for Vegans?

What form of vitamin B-12 appeared best at raising B-12 levels among people on plant-based diets in a new study, and how did this compare to getting B-12 from plant-based foods? Find out in the B-12 section of our B Vitamin Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for vitamin B-12.
8/10/2021

Probiotic for Indigestion?

Can taking a probiotic with a meal decrease indigestion, gas or stomach pain after eating? See what a new study found in the What They Do section of our Probiotic Supplements Review. Also, see our Top Picks among probiotics for gastrointestinal symptoms and other uses.
8/21/2021

Omega-7s for Muscle Pain?

Can supplementation with omega-7 fatty acids (from fish oil) reduce muscle pain or inflammation in the body? See what a new study found, and learn if omega-7s have other benefits in the omega-7 section of our Fish Oil Supplements Review. Also see how much omega-7 we found in popular fish oil products.
6/08/2017

How To Get Vitamin K From Food

Many of the benefits of vitamin K - such as proper blood clotting and calcium utilization for bone and heart health - are associated with getting adequate vitamin K from foods. The good news? Brand new research has found much higher amounts of vitamin K2 (the form associated with cardiovascular benefits) in dairy foods than previously known. However, the amounts vary tremendously depending on whether these foods are full-fat, or reduced-fat or fat-free. Get the details in the "Vitamin K from food" section of the Vitamin K Supplements Review. If you're interested in a vitamin K supplement, see our Top Picks among brands.
11/17/2013

Latest Supplement Recommendations

New draft recommendations on vitamin and mineral supplement use were published this week by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. The recommendations apply only to healthy adults without nutritional deficiencies. They focus only on the use of supplements for the prevention of cardiovascular disease and cancer at doses not exceeding tolerable upper intake levels. The recommendations are based on existing science and are generally consistent with information already presented in ConsumerLab.com's Product Reviews.  We have summarized the recommendations below, with links to more information in ConsumerLab.com's reports:

- Beta-Carotene and Vitamin E:  Supplementation with either does not provide a benefit. Vitamin E does not pose a risk of harm, but beta-carotene increases the risk of lung cancer in people at risk for lung cancer.

- Other Single Vitamins, Minerals, Pairs, and Multivitamins: There is inadequate evidence regarding a benefit or a risk of harm.

The task force stressed that at excessive doses (above tolerable upper intake levels) there is evidence of harm with supplementation, such as with vitamin A and vitamin D
6/07/2017

Spoiled Fish Oil Is Less Effective

Spoiled fish oil does not lower LDL "bad" cholesterol, while the same amount of non-spoiled fish oil does, according to a new study. If you take fish oil to improve your cholesterol levels, it would seem best to use a product that is not spoiled — something ConsumerLab tests for. (It may also be best to choose an oil in the triglyceride form, rather than the ethyl ester form). For details, see the "Quality Concerns" section of the Fish Oil Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks among fish oils.
9/06/2017

Lower Cognitive Function in Kids Linked to High Prenatal Folic Acid

Children of mothers who took high amounts of folic acid around the time of pregnancy had lower cognitive and verbal scores when tested at 4 to 5 years of age, according to a new study. Similarly, as we reported last year, pregnant women with higher levels of folate (from folic acid) had offspring with higher rates of autism. While it is important that pregnant women get a moderate amount of folic acid to prevent spinal cord defects, higher amounts should be avoided. See the Folate section of the B Vitamin Supplements Review for details.
11/25/2012

Probiotics Reduce Risk of Diarrhea After Antibiotics

Taking a broad-spectrum antibiotic can disturb the natural organisms in your gut. In some cases, particularly among older, hospitalized individuals, diarrhea can result due to infection with C. difficile. This can be life-threatening. A new review of 20 clinical trials shows that probiotics can reduce the risk of C. difficile-associated diarrhea by 50% to 75% depending on the type of probiotic used. Find out more, including the type of probiotic associated with most benefit, in the updated Probiotic Supplements Review, which includes our tests and reviews of 29 probiotic supplements. More >>
1/13/2013

Vitamin D and Knee Arthritis?

Can taking vitamin D reduce the pain and progression of osteoarthritis of the knee? A new study found no benefit for people who already had sufficient levels of vitamin D. In fact, these people needed more anti-inflammatory medication during the study than those given placebo. However, as seen in many other studies of vitamin D, people who entered the study deficient in vitamin D appeared to benefit from being given vitamin D, experiencing reduced pain. For more details, see the update in the Vitamin D Supplements Review, which includes our tests of vitamin D supplements. If you suffer from osteoarthritis of the knee or other joints, also read about glucosamine and chondroitin, as supplements with these ingredients may help. We have tested many of these products.
3/11/2012

Vitamin D Effect on Body Fat and Cholesterol

As we have reported earlier, adequate intake of vitamin D may decrease the risk of cardiovascular disease. A new study may help explain why. A 12-week course of vitamin D given to overweight women lead to a boost in HDL ("good" cholesterol) as well as a decrease in body fat. However, total body weight did not change and there was an increase in LDL ("bad") cholesterol, although it appeared to be less plaque-forming in nature. For details, including the dose given, see the updated information in the Vitamin D Supplement ReviewMore >>
1/22/2012

Vitamin D and Inflammation

A new study found that raising low levels of vitamin D appears to reduce inflammation in the body (based on measurements of C-reactive protein, or CRP, a marker of inflammation). However, once vitamin D levels reached what some people consider to be barely sufficient, CRP slowly but progressively increased, suggesting an inflammatory action of vitamin D at higher levels. The study raises the question of what is the ideal level of vitamin D in the body. 

Be sure you have the latest information! See the update to the Vitamin D Supplements Review, which includes details on this and other vitamin D studies, as well as our latest product tests.
6/02/2013

Calcium May Extend Life or Shorten It, Depending on Amount

The right amount of calcium from supplements may reduce the risk of dying over a period of time for some people, says a new study. But too much calcium does not help. In fact, too much may hurt. Be sure you're getting the right amount of calcium. Get the details (and our tests of calcium supplements) in the updated Calcium Supplements Review >>. (For a quick summary about calcium dosage, be sure to read the section "What You Need to Know About Calcium Supplements.")
10/28/2012

Large Study Suggests Best Vitamin D Level

What's the best level of vitamin D in your body for overall health? One way to answer this question is to compare mortality rates (deaths per year) associated different levels of vitamin D. A new study did just this, reviewing information about thousands of Americans. It concluded the best levels are between 20 and 40 ng/mL, as the risk of dying is fairly similar across this range. However, a closer look at the findings suggests an even smaller range actually associated with the lowest mortality. For the details, as well as our suggestions on how to use vitamin D, and quality ratings of products, see the Vitamin D Review.  More >>
10/21/2012

Multivitamin Reduces Cancer Risk in Some

You may have heard that a new study found reduced rates of cancer among men taking a specific daily multivitamin. But there's more to this story... Certain types of men were much more likely to benefit than others. Several multivitamins like the one studied have been tested by ConsumerLab.com, and some Quality Approved products cost as little as 3 cents a day -- a very reasonable investment if it can help you! For details, see the update in the Multivitamin Supplements Review.  More >>
7/20/2011

Kidney Stones Linked to Calcium and Vitamin D Supplementation

A recent report showed that women taking a calcium and vitamin D supplement over a period of several years were 17% more likely to develop kidney stones than women who did not take the supplement. ConsumerLab.com reviewed this study. While the findings are correct, there seems to be no reason to give up vitamin D supplements and a small concern with calcium supplementation. Get the details in the update to the Calcium Supplements Review >>. The new information is also found in an update in the Vitamin D Supplements Review >>.
6/22/2011

Does Taking Vitamin D Reduce the Risk of Heart Disease?

Earlier research has suggested an association between higher vitamin D levels in the blood and reduced risk of heart attack. But blood levels are affected by both sun exposure as well as intake of vitamin D. A new study shows that men with higher vitamin D intakes from foods and supplements have a 14% reduction in their risk of cardiovascular disease and stroke. However, the study found no reduction among women. The amount of vitamin D intake shown to be beneficial and possible reasons why a benefit was not found in women are provided in the updated "What It Does" section of our Product Review of Vitamin D SupplementsMore >>
1/04/2014

Vitamin E Helps Alzheimer's Patients

A new study suggests that high-dose vitamin E can help people with Alzheimer's disease retain their ability to perform activities of daily living (such as dressing) for several months longer than those given placebo, reducing caregiver time. A similar dose of vitamin E has been shown in other studies to slow the progression of the disease in some people and to reduce the rate of conversion to Alzheimer's among people with mild cognitive impairment. For details -- including the dose and form of vitamin E used and our tests of supplements on the market which can provide this dose -- see the update to the Vitamin E Supplements Review >>
9/10/2014

Lead in Dark Chocolate

Our recent tests of cocoa-based products found problems with many popular brands of cocoa powders, which were high in cadmium and/or lead. No problem was found, however, with a widely-sold dark chocolate bar, which also had a good amount of potentially beneficial flavanols. A new report by academic researchers in Brazil shows that some dark chocolate bars do contain lead in excess of what the FDA permits (although brands were not identified.) More about this, as well as our test results for 15 cocoa products, is found in updated Review of Cocoa/Cacao Powders, Extracts, Nibs, Supplements, and Chocolate >> 
8/25/2013

Antioxidants: Too Much of a Good Thing?

A new, long-term study of Americans found the risk of dying over the course of the study (about 14 years) was lowest when antioxidant levels in the blood were above the lowest levels (the bottom 20% of the population). However, for people in the top 20% of blood levels for vitamins A and E, the risk of death increased compared to people with moderate levels. For selenium and beta-carotene, there was no significant difference in the death rate between moderate and high levels, although for vitamin C some additional benefit was seen at high, but not the highest, levels.
 
The results suggest that antioxidant supplements may be useful for those who are nutritionally deficient, but, as noted by the researchers, "beyond a certain threshold, higher levels do not lead to additional benefit, and may potentially be toxic." More details (including specific serum levels) are found in the linked updates to the following reviews, which include our test results and quality ratings of products:
 
 
  
  
12/14/2013

B-12 Deficiency and Acid Inhibitors

A large, new study found the risk of vitamin B-12 deficiency to be significantly higher among people taking proton pump inhibitors (e.g., Prevacid, Prilosec) or H2-blockers (e.g., Pepcid, Zantac) than among those not taking these medications. The drugs reduce acid production in the stomach, but acid is needed to release B-12 from foods, so deficiency can occur. B-12 supplements can help because acid is not needed for their absorption. For details -- and our reviews of supplements with vitamin B-12 -- see the updated B Vitamin Supplements Review,   

For more information, see ConsumerLab's answer to the question, I take omeprazole (Prilosec), a proton pump inhibitor, to reduce stomach acid. Are there supplements I should avoid, or be taking, due to this drug?.

3/08/2014

Glucosamine & Chondroitin Help Maintain Knee Joint

A 2-year study in people with osteoarthritis of the knee found that those who took a combination of glucosamine and chondroitin had only half the amount of narrowing of the knee joint space as those who took placebo. This beneficial finding differs from that of another large study published several years ago which did not find a benefit on joint space. The new study used a different form of glucosamine than the previous study. Get the details, as well as our tests of supplements with these ingredients, in the updated Joint Health Supplements Review (Glucosamine, Chondroitin, MSM and Boswellia) >>   

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