, a branded form of pine bark extract, is promoted for a number of uses - including improving circulation, cognition, joint pain and vision - due to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Clinical evidence shows Pycnogenol
may be beneficial in a number of different conditions, and appears to be quite safe, although certain people and those taking particular medications should use it with caution. See the full answer >>
Pine bark extract contains flavonoid compounds called oligomeric proanthocyanidin complexes (OPCs), which are thought to be responsible for some of its effects. Unfortunately, the current method of testing for these compounds can be easily fooled by the addition of tea catechins. Until a more reliable, validated method is developed, ConsumerLab.com is unable to test and review these products.In the meantime, we hope that the information in the full answer is helpful.