Light boxes, also known as bright light therapy boxes or phototherapy boxes, are promoted for relieving seasonal effective disorder (SAD) or "winter depression." These products are designed to mimic outdoor light. Experts believe that exposure to light boxes helps suppress the release of melatonin
, a hormone that maintains the sleep-wake cycle and that is overproduced in people with SAD, and increase the production of serotonin
, a brain chemical that affects mood and tends to be lower in people with SAD. By normalizing levels of serotonin and melatonin, bright light therapy is believed to help regulate the body's daily rhythm to improve mood, sleep, and behavior (National Institute of Mental Health, Seasonal Affective Disorder Fact Sheet
Use of light boxes can
SAD in people with mild to moderate symptoms. It is unclear if light boxes help prevent
SAD. People considering light boxes for SAD should be sure to select a device that provides 10,000 lux of light at a specified distance from the device. The device should not
emit a significant amount of UV light, and it should have a large, illuminated surface area.
for more details about the following:
- Are Light Boxes Effective for Treating or Preventing SAD?
- Who Is Most Likely to Benefit from a Light Box?
- How Should Light Boxes Be Used?
- Which Light Boxes Meet the Requirements? (See Our Recommendations)
- Is Light Therapy Safe? Who Should Not Use a Light Box?
- Are Light Boxes Covered By Insurance?
- Can You Make Your Own Light Box?