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COVID-19 Vaccines for 2023-2024: What You Should Know

Learn how the updated COVID-19 vaccines for 2023-2024 (Moderna, Novavax, and Pfizer-BioNTech) differ from each other, who should get them, what the recommended dosing schedules are, and possible side effects.

Older man in gray t-shirt getting vaccinated for COVID-19

Where to Safely Buy Real Water Filters Online, Not Fakes or Counterfeits

ConsumerLab explains how to avoid counterfeit water filters when shopping online on Amazon,, and other sites. Learn to identify authorized sites and sellers and avoid fake filters. Use the brand-by-brand guide to protect yourself from risk.

Counterfeit Water Filters

Are fruit and vegetable “washes” more effective than water for cleaning produce and removing pesticides? Are they safe?

Fruit and veggie washes was such as Fit Organic Spray are often promoted for cleaning, reducing bacteria that can cause food poisoning, and removing pesticides from produce. Vinegar and baking soda are sometimes also recommended. But are they any more effective than rinsing with water, and are they safe? Find out.

Fruits 3

What is C15:0 fatty acid (found in fatty15), and does it have health benefits?

C15:0 fatty acid in fatty15 is promoted for “healthier hair & skin, balanced metabolism, and deeper sleep,” as well as “slowing the aging process.” Find out if it works.

Bottle of fatty15 with white background

Are intravenous (IV) vitamin infusions safe and effective?

Intravenous (IV) vitamin infusions are touted by celebrities and promoted by wellness clinics for numerous conditions. Find out if they work and if they are safe.

Woman holding her phone while getting an iv vitamin infusion

Does osha root have health benefits and is it safe?

Osha root extracts are commonly promoted for congestion, coughs, throat irritation, and other uses. Find out if research supports these uses, and learn if osha root is safe.

Dried osha root and vial containing osha root extract

Is it safe to chew softgel supplements instead of swallowing them? Does this affect absorption of the ingredients?

Find out if it is safe to chew softgel supplements, instead of swallowing them, and if this affects absorption of the ingredients.

Chewing Softgels

Is conolidine (in CONOCB2) effective at reducing pain?

Conolidine, a compound derived from crepe jasmine, is promoted as a natural pain reliever. Find out if research supports this claim.

Woman rubbing her neck and lower back to try to relieve overall aches and stiffness

What are the health effects of apigenin and is it safe?

Apigenin, a flavonoid compound, is promoted for sleep, depression, cancer, and other conditions. Find out if it works and if it's safe.

Apigenin capsules on wooden spoon along with a chamomile flower

Do any supplements help with pancreatitis? Do any cause pancreatitis?

Find out if supplements including digestive enzymes, antioxidants, or medium-chain triglycerides are beneficial for chronic pancreatitis, and learn which supplements might worsen symptoms.

Person with pancreatitis holding their abdomen
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