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CL Answers (174)

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Recalls & Warnings (68)

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Clinical Updates (55)

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4/12/2019

Food vs. Supplements for Getting Vitamins & Minerals

We've added new information to our answer to the question Is it better to get vitamins from foods or supplements, and are natural vitamins better than synthetic vitamins? The new information is based on an investigation of the association between nutrient intakes and the risk of dying from cancer and/or other causes.
6/06/2018

Getting Choline

Is it better to get choline naturally from foods or from supplements? A recent study addressed this question. Find out the answer in the ConsumerTips section of the Choline Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks among products in this category.
8/19/2021

Diabetes and Fruit Intake

Eating whole fruits is associated with reduced risk of type 2 diabetes and better blood sugar control. But how much fruit is associated with greatest benefit, and what's the role of apples, bananas, and citrus fruits? See what a recent study showed. It's all in our article: Which supplements and foods can help lower or control my blood sugar?
11/09/2021

A Better Form of Glutathione?

Is S-acetyl-glutathione (SAG) better than regular glutathione? See what research suggests in our updated answer to the question: Do glutathione supplements work to prevent aging or for other conditions?
8/02/2012

Is Vitamin D2 or D3 Better?

Over the years, studies have shown vitamin D3 to be either equal to or better than vitamin D2 for raising vitamin D blood levels. A new study further tips the scales. Get the details, as well as our tests of vitamin D supplements, in the updated Vitamin D Supplements ReviewMore >>
10/31/2016

Vitamin D Spray

A study found that vitamin D oral spray was no better than capsules in raising vitamin D levels in healthy men and women. However, a similar study in people with intestinal conditions that can affect absorption suggests a spray may be better. For details (as well as our ratings of products), see the ConsumerTips section of the Vitamin D Supplements Review >>
8/22/2019

A Better CBD?

A formulation of CBD was shown to increase CBD levels in the blood significantly more than the same amount of CBD in oil. But is this any better than simply taking regular CBD with a meal? Find out in the How to Take section of the CBD Oils and Hemp Extracts Review. Also see our Top Picks among products.
4/12/2017

Melatonin vs. Light Therapy for Sleep

A recent study found that melatonin was slightly better than light therapy in helping children fall asleep. The overall results, however, may have been better with a lower dose. For details see the "What It Does" section of the Melatonin Supplements Review >>
11/25/2018

Better Absorbed Fish Oil?

A specially formulated fish oil was shown to be absorbed better than regular fish oil. A closer look at the study, however, suggests that this benefit may be limited. Learn more, as well as how you can maximize fish oil absorption, in the How to Take section of the Fish & Marine Oil Supplements Review. (Also see our Top Picks for fish oil supplements.)
6/15/2018

Better Bone Broth

How a bone broth is prepared can significantly affect its content of amino acids - building blocks for muscle and collagen, according to a recent study. Learn how to find or make better bone broth in the ConsumerTips section of the Bone Broth Review. (Also see our Top Picks among bone broths.)
3/11/2012

Vitamin D Effect on Body Fat and Cholesterol

As we have reported earlier, adequate intake of vitamin D may decrease the risk of cardiovascular disease. A new study may help explain why. A 12-week course of vitamin D given to overweight women lead to a boost in HDL ("good" cholesterol) as well as a decrease in body fat. However, total body weight did not change and there was an increase in LDL ("bad") cholesterol, although it appeared to be less plaque-forming in nature. For details, including the dose given, see the updated information in the Vitamin D Supplement ReviewMore >>
2/26/2012

CLA For Weight Management

A new study in obese individuals found that taking a supplement with CLA (conjugated linoleic acid) for twelve weeks reduced body fat and, to a lesser degree, body weight. But CLA has other metabolic effects that need to be considered. See the update to the CLA Supplements Review which has details on dosage and potential side effects, as well as our product tests. More >>
8/11/2020

Chocolate to Improve Body Composition?

Can eating a small amount of chocolate every day help improve body composition? Find out what a recent study showed in the What It Does section of the Dark Chocolates, Cocoa & Cacao Powders, Nibs, and Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for dark chocolate, chocolate chips and cocoa powders.
8/17/2021

NAC & Body Odor

Can supplementing with N-acetyl-cysteine (NAC) cause body odor? Find out in the Concerns and Cautions section of our NAC Supplements Review.
1/08/2012

Additional Nutrients For the Brain

An new study found that various nutrients and fats in the blood correlate with better brain functioning and brain volume in the elderly (mean age of 87). Higher levels of B vitamins and vitamins C, D, and E, as well as marine omega-3 fatty acids (EPA and DHA) appeared helpful. On the other hand, higher levels of trans-fats (from hydrogenated oils) had a negative impact. You can learn more about each of these nutrients in our various reports. An abstract of the study is online.
9/11/2011

Better Sleep with Valerian

A recent study evaluated the effect of valerian extract on postmenopausal women with insomnia. Among those women who took valerian, 30% reported an improvement in their sleep compared to only 4% in the placebo group. More details, including the dosage and type of valerian used in the study, is found in an update to the Valerian Supplements Review -- which includes our quality ratings of valerian products. More >>
1/02/2011

Does Echinacea Help Treat a Cold?

Very little, it seems. A new large, well-controlled study of a commercially sold echinacea supplement failed to show a substantial benefit when given shortly after the first sign of a cold. Evidence tends to be better (although not robust) for echinacea used to prevent a cold before it begins, as opposed to once symptoms start. Find out more (including the product that was tested) in the Echinacea Supplements Review.  More >>
5/03/2014

Does Fish Oil Help During Pregnancy?

A recent study shows that, at age 4, children born to women given DHA-rich fish oil during pregnancy do not fare better cognitively than other children. Other positive effects around the time of birth, however, suggest that supplementation may be worthwhile. For details, as well as our tests of fish oil supplements, see the Fish Oil and Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplements Review (Including Krill, Algae, Calamari, Green-lipped Mussel Oil) >>   
6/25/2016

Which Menopause Supplements Really Work?

Certain supplements may be better than others for hot flashes, vaginal dryness or night sweats according to a recent analysis of clinical studies. Get the details for soy, red clover and black cohosh in the "What It Does" section of the Menopause Supplements Review >>
2/16/2016

Fish Oil and Blood Pressure

As explained in our Fish Oil Review, fish oil supplements may not provide overall cardiovascular benefits — eating fish is better. However, a recent analysis found that a certain kind of fish oil may help people with high systolic blood pressure. For details, see the Fish Oil and Omega-3 Fatty Acids Supplements Review >>
3/06/2017

Better Executive Functioning with Vitamin D

Getting adequate vitamin D appears to help with executive functioning and attention in adolescents, according to a new study — similar to what has been preliminarily shown in men. For details, see the "What It Does" section of the Vitamin D Supplements Review (which includes our tests of products) >>
9/24/2019

Vitamin D Sprays

Are oral vitamin D sprays better than vitamin D capsules? Find out what studies are showing in the Oral Sprays section of the Vitamin D Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for vitamin D.
10/05/2019

Better Memory With Lutein?

Lutein is often taken as a supplement to slow the progression of age-related macular degeneration. However, a study in college students suggests that supplementation with lutein may also improve aspects of memory and cognitive functioning. For details, see the What It Does section of our Vision Supplements Review.
11/29/2019

A Better Form of Creatine?

A relatively new form of creatine may raise creatine levels in the blood and muscle more effectively than the most common form (creatine monohydrate), but it has drawbacks. Learn more in the ConsumerTips section of the Muscle & Workout Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for creatine.
2/18/2020

Saffron for Better Sleep?

A recent, preliminary study suggests that saffron may help with sleep. Get the details plus information about other supplements that may help or interfere with sleep, in our answer to the question: Which supplements can help me sleep?
3/28/2020

Collagen for the Skin

Supplementing with collagen to improve aging skin is popular, but does it work? The latest study with collagen used a higher dose than other studies, but is a higher dose better? Find out in the What It Does section of the Collagen Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for collagen for wrinkles and for osteoarthritis.
5/27/2020

Ashwagandha for Better Sleep?

Ashwagandha, which is often used for anxiety and stress, was recently tested in people with insomnia. Did it help them fall asleep? Find out in the What It Does section of the Ashwagandha Supplements Review. Also see our Top Pick for ashwagandha.
10/14/2017

Turmeric (Curcumin) and Cholesterol

Turmeric and curcumin (from turmeric) can help lower levels of LDL "bad" cholesterol and triglycerides, according to a recent review of studies. Certain formulations may be better than others. Get the details in the "What It Does" section of the Turmeric and Curcumin Supplements Review >>
7/05/2017

Dark Chocolate & Appetite

A recent study found that women consumed fewer calories after eating dark chocolate than after eating milk or white chocolate. Dark chocolate also resulted in better blood sugar control — an effect noted in other studies of moderate consumption of dark chocolate. Get the details on this and other effects of dark chocolate in the "What It Does" section of the Cocoa and Dark Chocolate Review, which includes our tests and comparisons of popular products.
7/09/2017

Vitamin D2 or D3?

Although both the D2 and D3 forms of vitamin D can raise blood levels of vitamin D, a new study showed one to be significantly better than the other — and there are some interesting explanations for this. Learn more in the "What to Consider When Using" section of the Vitamin D Supplements Review, which includes our Top Picks.
4/29/2018

Dark vs. Milk Chocolate for Vision?

A recent study compared the effects on visual acuity of eating a bar of dark chocolate versus milk chocolate. Find out which was better in the Vision section of the Dark Chocolates, Cocoa Powders, and Cacao Nibs Review. (Also see our product tests, comparisons, and Top Picks.)
7/16/2014

Fish Oil May Prevent Cognitive Decline

A study of older individuals found that cognitive function and brain volume (size) were better preserved among those who reported using fish oil supplements than those who did not. The effect, however, was only seen in certain groups of people. For more about the study, and our tests and comparisons of fish oil supplements, see the updated Fish Oil and Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplements Review (Including Krill, Algae, Calamari, Green-lipped Mussel Oil) >> 
8/03/2016

Is Ester-C Better?

One of the forms of vitamin C in supplements is Ester-C. In addition to being non-acidic, a recent study suggests another possible benefit over regular vitamin C (ascorbic acid). Get more information about this and other forms of vitamin C in the "ConsumerTips" section of the Vitamin C Supplements Review >>
6/30/2013

Probiotic for Irritable Bowel Syndrome?

A popular probiotic given in a yogurt appeared to reduce symptoms in people with irritable bowel syndrome. However, people taking a yogurt without the probiotic did just as well, if not better, over time, raising doubt about the value of the probiotic. For more details, as well as test results and comparisons for 29 probiotic supplements, see the updated Probiotic Supplements Review >>
10/28/2012

Fish Oil Helps Memory

A small study of healthy young women and men found that those with the highest levels of the omega-3 fatty acid DHA in their red blood cells scored better on a memory test than those with lower levels. After six months of supplementation with a certain fish oil supplement, scores improved -- particularly among those whose DHA levels had been lowest. See the Fish Oil (Omega-3) Supplements Review for details about this study, the particular supplement used, what fish oil can and cannot do, and our quality ratings of products. More >>
6/12/2018

Methylfolate vs. Folic Acid

Methylfolate (L-5-methylfolate, sold as Metafolin and Quatrefolic) is a form of folate promoted for use by people with common genetic mutations that affect the MTHFR enzyme. But is it really better than folic acid? A study recently tested them head-to-head. Get the results in the Folate section of the B Vitamins Review. Also see our Top Picks among methylfolate and folic acid products.
11/12/2016

Vitamin D & Breast Cancer Survival

A new study making headlines this week found that women with "the highest" levels of vitamin D had better survival rates from breast cancer than women with the "lowest rates." What was left out of news stories — and may surprise you — is what these levels are. Find out in the "What It Does" section of the Vitamin D Supplements Review >>
1/15/2019

Pea vs. Whey Protein

Which is better for increasing strength and muscle thickness, pea protein or whey protein? See what a recent study showed in the Protein Powders Review. Also see our Top Pick for each type of protein.
7/16/2019

Is Methylfolate the Best Form of Folate?

Methylfolate has been promoted as a better form of folate (vitamin B9), particularly for people with certain common genetic variations. A clinical study recently put methylfolate to the test against folic acid and folinic acid. The results were surprising. Get the details in the Folate section of the B Vitamin Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks among folate and other B vitamin supplements.
5/26/2017

Red Yeast Rice Better Than Statin?

Red yeast rice lowered cholesterol as well as a statin drug but with a lower rate of muscular side-effects, according to a new study. Other studies have shown similar results. But is red yeast rice right for you? There are pros and cons. See the "What It Does" section of the Red Yeast Rice Supplements Review for more details. Also see "What CL Found" when popular brands of this supplement were tested.
10/29/2017

Best form of B12?

It's important for many older adults and people using medications that reduce stomach acid to take a vitamin B12 supplement. Three different forms of B12 are sold. A recent study suggests that one may be better than another. Get the details in the B12 (cobalamin) section of the B Vitamin Supplements Review >> [Also see our Top Pick for B12 supplements in the Review.]
5/11/2019

Gummies vs. Tablets for Vitamin D

Are gummy supplements better than tablets for getting vitamin D? See the results in the What to Consider When Buying section of the Vitamin D Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for vitamin D.
7/06/2019

Casein Peptides for Better Sleep?

People with difficulty sleeping were given a casein hydrolysate to see if it would help them sleep. Find out if it worked in the Casein section of the Protein Powders, Drinks and Shakes Review. Also see our Top Picks among casein and other protein products.
10/09/2021

Moderna vs. Pfizer: When to Choose One Over the Other

Two very different medical reports this week seem to indicate important, although subtle, differences between these two mRNA vaccines. Namely, that the Moderna vaccine has somewhat greater efficacy but, not unexpectedly, at somewhat greater risk of myocarditis in younger people. This seems to suggest that, if given a choice, Moderna may be better for older people while Pfizer may be safer for younger people.
12/03/2021

Best Rapid Home Test for COVID

The FDA has authorized many 15-minute home tests for COVID, but some are better than others at identifying positive samples. See our Top Pick among rapid home tests and how brands compare.

Be aware that these home tests, which can be bought without a prescription, are best used within six days of the start of symptoms. It is likely that they can detect the new Omicron variant. The cost of buying these tests may soon be covered by insurance.

7/27/2021

What Is Omega-10?

What is an "omega-10" supplement and are these products better than omega-3 fatty acid supplements such as fish oil? Find out in our Fish Oil Supplements Review.
8/21/2021

Bacopa for Better Sleep and Mood?

Does Bacopa extract improve sleep or mood? Find out what a recent study showed in our updated answer to the question: Does Bacopa extract improve memory, mood or sleep? Is it safe?
8/25/2021

Supplement for Better Exercise Performance?

Can taking a modified form of CoQ10 known as mitoquinone improve exercise performance in middle-aged men? See what a recent study found in our CoQ10 and Ubiquinol Supplements Review, which also includes information about a potential concern with mitoquinone.
9/04/2021

Saffron for Better Sleep?

Can taking saffron extract improve sleep in people with insomnia? See what a recent study found in our updated article about Supplements and Sleep.
10/16/2020

Melatonin for Better Sleep

Can melatonin improve sleep in people hospitalized and receiving intensive care? See what a recent study found in the What It Does section of our Melatonin Supplements Review. Also learn about melatonin for improving sleep with other conditions, and see our Top Picks for melatonin.
10/24/2020

High-Dose Vitamin D for COVID?

Elderly nursing home residents given high-dose vitamin D had much better survival rates from COVID-19 than other residents, according to a new study. However, the dose given has potential risks. Get the details in the COVID-19 section of the Vitamin D Supplements Review.
10/24/2020

Vitamin D & Pregnancy

Maintaining sufficient blood levels of vitamin D during pregnancy is associated with better health for both mother and baby, including a decreased risk of gestational diabetes, according to a new study. Get the details in the Pregnancy section of the Vitamin D Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for vitamin D.
2/13/2021

Which Form of Fish Oil Is Best Absorbed

The amount of omega-3 fatty acids (EPA and DHA) that you absorb when taking fish oil depends on the form of oil and/or when you take it. A new study suggests that a certain form is better absorbed than others. Get the facts in the Forms of Fish Oil section of our Fish Oil Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for fish oil.
5/04/2021

CBD for Pain?

Can CBD reduce pain severity or help people better tolerate pain? See what a recent study found in the What It Does section of our CBD & Hemp Extract Supplements, Lotions, and Balms Review.
1/22/2012

Vitamin D and Inflammation

A new study found that raising low levels of vitamin D appears to reduce inflammation in the body (based on measurements of C-reactive protein, or CRP, a marker of inflammation). However, once vitamin D levels reached what some people consider to be barely sufficient, CRP slowly but progressively increased, suggesting an inflammatory action of vitamin D at higher levels. The study raises the question of what is the ideal level of vitamin D in the body. 

Be sure you have the latest information! See the update to the Vitamin D Supplements Review, which includes details on this and other vitamin D studies, as well as our latest product tests.

News Releases (28)

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