- Does apple cider vinegar work? Apple cider vinegar (as a liquid) may reduce or slow the increase in blood sugar after eating (although it may not help people with diabetes) and may modestly aid with weight loss. The effects of apple cider vinegar may be due to its acetic acid content, which tends to be about 5% in vinegars (equaling about 800 to 900 mg of acetic acid per tablespoon). There is no good clinical research supporting the use of pills containing apple cider vinegar in powder form — these generally provide a much smaller amount of acetic acid per serving but can be dangerous if the acetic acid is too highly concentrated. (See What It Is and What It Does).
- What did CL's tests show? One bottled apple cider vinegar could not be approved because we were not able to authenticate its contents as true apple cider vinegar, and two supplements were deemed Not Approved because they did not have the acidity claimed on their labels. Products were found to vary in their acidity and acetic acid content (which ranged from as little as 14 mg to 816 mg per serving). The cost to get 750 mg of acetic acid from products ranged from just 6 cents to more than $20. (See What CL Found and use the Results table to compare the amounts of acetic acid in products).
- Best apple cider vinegar products: Two bottled apple cider vinegars (one with "Mother" and one without) were chosen as Top Picks, providing real apple cider vinegar with appropriate acetic acid content at a good value and without heavy metal contamination. CL also selected a Top Pick among tablets, capsules and gummies (although there is no good evidence that these provide a health benefit).
- How much to take? Typically one teaspoon to one tablespoon of apple cider vinegar is diluted in 1.5 to 8 ounces of warm water and taken before meals. (See ConsumerTips: Dosage)
- Other Concerns: Chronic use of apple cider vinegar may erode tooth enamel, so don't let it linger in the mouth, and rinse afterward. As it may affect blood sugar levels, it should be used with caution in people with diabetes. It should also be used with caution in people with gastroparesis (delayed stomach emptying), as it may further slow the movement of food in the stomach. For more details, see Concerns and Cautions.
Apple Cider Vinegar Review -- Bottled Liquids, Pills and Gummies
Find the Best Apple Cider Vinegar. See Which Apple Cider Vinegar Liquids and Supplements Passed Our Tests of Quality
Apple cider vinegars and ACV supplements compared in this review
365 [Whole Foods] Organic Raw Apple Cider Vinegar
American Health Apple Cider Vinegar Tablets
Bragg Apple Cider Vinegar With The "Mother"
Goli Nutrition Apple Cider Vinegar Gummies
Lucy's Organic Apple Cider Vinegar
Market Pantry [Target] Apple Cider Vinegar
Nature's Bounty Apple Cider Vinegar 480 mg
NOW Apple Cider Vinegar 450 mg
Puritan's Pride Apple Cider Vinegar 480 mg
Spring Valley [Walmart] Apple Cider Vinegar
Vermont Village Turmeric & Honey Apple Cider Vinegar
Vitacost Organic Apple Cider Vinegar
Wellpath Pure Organic Apple Cider Vinegar Gummies
You'll get all of the following information about apple cider vinegar as liquids and pills in this comprehensive review:
- Which apple cider vinegars and ACV supplements passed or failed testing
- Which apple cider vinegars offer the best quality and value and are CL's Top Picks
- What apple cider vinegar can and cannot do for your health, including blood sugar control, weight loss, digestion, and topical use.
- How bottled vinegars differ from ACV supplements
- The dose of apple cider vinegar for specific uses
- What to look for on product labels and how to take apple cider vinegar safely
- Cautions and potential side effects of apple cider vinegar
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