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Product Review

Wellbutrin vs. Generic Bupropion Review

Generic Bupropion Is Not Always The Same As Name-Brand Wellbutrin. CL Tests Reveal Differences Between Generic Bupropion and Name-Brand Wellbutrin.

Product Review

Toprol XL vs. Generic Metoprolol Succinate Extended-release (ER) Tablets Review Article

Choose the Best Blood Pressure Medication. Find Out Why Some Generic Blood Pressure Medications Are Not the Same as the Original & May Increase Blood Pressure or Have Other Disturbing Side Effects.

Toprol vs Generic Metoprolol

News Release


As problems surface, and the people's pharmacy ask FDA to disclose differences between generic and original drugs

WHITE PLAINS, NEW YORK AND DURHAM, NORTH CAROLINA — MARCH 17, 2008 — An investigation by of generic versions of the popular anti-hypertensive Toprol XL reveals that generics sold by two companies appear to differ from the original drug in how they dissolve and in their inactive ingredients. These differences may help explain complaints by consumers who have been switched to a generic version. Prior to generic competition, which began in late 2006, annual sales of Toprol XL were $1.7 billion according to IMS Health, placing it among the top-selling anti-hypertensive medications.

CL Answer

Has the probiotic VSL#3 been changed or discontinued? Is Visbiome a good alternative?

Find out if the probiotic formula VSL#3 has been changed and how it compares with Visbiome.'s answer explains.

VSL #3 vs. Visbiome -- box of VSL#3 and Visbiome

CL Answer

How do the Pfizer, Moderna and Johnson & Johnson COVID-19 vaccines compare in terms of efficacy, safety and side effects? How, when and where do I get the COVID-19 vaccine?

Find out how the COVID-19 vaccines from Pfizer and Moderna compare and learn how when and where you can get the COVID-19 vaccine.

Older woman getting an injection

News Release

10/12/2007 finds generic antidepressant behaves differently from original drug. May explain complaints by patients. — Generic drug equality questioned

WHITE PLAINS, NEW YORK AND DURHAM, NORTH CARLOLINA — OCTOBER 12, 2007 — reported today that its tests of a generic version of the popular antidepressant drug Wellbutrin showed differences between the generic and original that might explain recent consumer complaints about the generic product. In February, readers of The People's Pharmacy® syndicated newspaper column began reporting problems with this generic version of once-a-day Wellbutrin XL 300. Prior to generic competition, annual U.S. sales of Wellbutrin XL 300 mg were nearly one billion dollars according to IMS.

Product Review

Vision Supplements Review (with Lutein and Zeaxanthin)

Find the Best Vision Supplement. Tests and Reviews of Popular Vision Supplements.

Lutein, Zeaxanthin and Vision Supplements Tested by

CL Answer

How concerned should I be about glyphosate in foods and supplements?

Find out if you should be concerned about glyphosate in foods and supplements.'s answer explains.

Glyphosate in Food -- bowl of oat o's cereal

Product Review

Plant-Based Milks Review (Almond, Cashew, Coconut, Flax, Hemp, Macadamia, Oat, Pea, and Soy)

Find the Best Non-Dairy Milk Alternative. ConsumerLab Tests Reveal What's Really In Plant-Based Milks.

Plant Based Milks reviewed by

CL Answer

Does Neuriva improve memory or cognitive function?

Find out about Neuriva, its ingredients, and the evidence for or against it for memory and cognitive function.

Bottles containing capsules of Neuriva Original and Neuriva Plus

News Release


FDA's investigation of generic antidepresssant called inadequate by and The People's Pharmacy

WHITE PLAINS, NEW YORK AND DURHAM, NORTH CAROLINA — APRIL 16, 2008 — After waiting more than six months for results of the FDA's investigation of a generic version of Wellbutrin XL 300 (Budeprion XL 300), and The People's Pharmacy expressed disappointment with FDA's report issued this afternoon and considered the report to be inadequate.  The FDA review was undertaken in response to numerous consumer complaints about the drug, including those posted at, and a report by in October showing the once-a-day product to dissolve more rapidly than the original drug.  Budeprion XL 300 is distributed by Teva Pharmaceuticals and manufactured by Impax Laboratories.

News Release


Five Years After Reported a Problem, FDA Agrees Generic Version of Wellbutrin XL Is Not Equivalent and Is Pulled Off Market — Important Lessons about Generics

White Plains, New York — October 4, 2012 [Updated 10/11/12]— Are all generic drugs therapeutically equivalent to their brand name counterparts? Until yesterday, the FDA, and many others, adamantly said they were. In an unprecedented move Wednesday afternoon, the FDA admitted that a generic version of the popular antidepressant Wellbutrin XL 300 mg, marketed since 2006 as Budeprion XL 300 mg by Teva Pharmaceuticals, is not an equivalent drug, prompting Teva to stop shipping the product. has warned consumers of a problem with Budeprion XL since it tested it in 2007 — a problem the FDA had gone out of its way to deny.

Product Review

Ginger Supplements, Chews & Spices Review

Tests Reveal Best and Worst Ginger Supplements & Spices. Poor Quality and Lead Contamination Discovered in Some Products.

Ginger Supplements Reviewed By

Recalls & Warnings


Seller of Colloidal Silver, Noni Juice and Noni Supplements Warned For Drug Claims

On May 16, 2013, the FDA issued a warning letter to Matrix Health Products, Inc., following a review of the company's website which found statements made about Earth's Bounty Colloidal Silver, Tahitian Organic Noni Juice, Tahitian Original Noni Juice, Tahitian Pure Noni Juice, Hawaiian Noni Juice and Hawaiian Noni Juice Capsules to be drug claims. 

Product Review

Probiotic Supplements Review (Including Pet Probiotics)

Find the Best Probiotic Supplement. CL Tests Reveal the Best Probiotic Supplements for You (and your pet)!

Probiotic Supplements Reviewed by

Clinical Update


Pfizer vs. Omicron

Find out how effective the Pfizer vaccine appears to be against the Omicron variant as compared to the original strain, according to a recent study.

CL Answer

Do "lite" salts and salt substitutes containing potassium help lower blood pressure and reduce heart risks? Are they safe?

Find out if replacing regular salt with "lite" salt or salt substitutes, such as Morton Lite Salt, Morton Salt Substitute, NoSalt Original Sodium Free Salt Alternative, and MySalt, helps to reduce blood pressure, or decrease the risk of heart attack and stroke. Plus, learn about the safety and side effects associated with salt substitutes, drug interactions, and more.

Lite Salt and Salt Substitutes with Potassium -- Salt Shaker

Product Review

Oat Cereals Review

Find the Best Oatmeal, Oat Bran, Steel Cut Oats, & Cold Cereals. Popular Oat Cereals Tested -- Beware of Unexpected Gluten.

Oat Cereals Tested by

CL Answer

Does heat kill coronavirus (COVID-19)? Can it disinfect face masks and packages?

Find out if heat kills the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 that causes COVID-19 infection. Learn what temperature kills the coronavirus and more. ConsumerLab explains.

Does Heat Kill Coronavirus? -- Women Receiving Food Delivery

Product Review

Green Coffee Bean Extract Supplements Review (for Weight Loss)

Choose the Best Green Coffee Bean Extract. 50% of Green Coffee Bean Extract Supplements Don't Deliver Expected Ingredients.

Green Coffee Bean Extract Supplements Reviewed by

News Release


Retesting Confirms Lack of Ingredient in Garcinia Cambogia Supplement

White Plains, New York, December 6, 2013 — Retesting of a dietary supplement reported in October to contain significantly less of a key ingredient than listed on its label corroborates the original findings from The product, Labrada Nutrition Garcinia Cambogia, was one of six Garcinia supplements found by to contain significantly lower amounts of HCA, a key natural component of Garcinia, than expected from labels. Labrada Nutrition challenged's results based on its own tests suggesting the product contained more HCA than reported by ConsumerLab. However, the retesting last week found just 49% of the listed amount of HCA, even less than the 60% found earlier by ConsumerLab.

Recalls & Warnings


Protein And Nutrition Bars Recalled Due To Undeclared Milk Allergen

On June 13, 2013, the U.S. FDA alerted consumers that Sequel Naturals Ltd., dba Vega, issued a voluntary recall of a variety of Vega One and Vega Sport protein bars because the bars contain undeclared milk.

Recalls & Warnings


Nutrition Bars Recalled Due To Undeclared Milk Allergen

On June 6, 2013, Sequel Naturals Ltd. issued a recall of Vega sports, nutrition and energy bars because they contain undeclared milk. Consumption of these bars can cause serious or life-threatening reactions in people with an allergy to milk.

Recalls & Warnings


Maker of Aloe, Weight Loss Supplements and More Warned for Manufacturing Violations, Drug Claims

On December 17, 2014, the FDA issued a warning letter to Dandy Day Corporation, following a facility inspection which found the company's products, including Aloe Pearl, Alfalo, Aloespring, Crave Away, Original Supreme Energy, Ener "G," Can G, Flora G, Flora G Plus, and Garolic, to be adulterated because they were prepared, packed, or held under conditions that violate Current Good Manufacturing Practices for dietary supplements.

Recalls & Warnings


Chocolate and Carob Drink Mix Recalled Due To Salmonella Risk

On July 25, 2014, CaCoCo, Inc. issued a recall of CaCoCo Original and Global Warrior chocolate drink mixes because they contain organic carob powder which has the potential to be contaminated with Salmonella.

Recalls & Warnings


FDA Warns Immusist for Drug Claims

On October 16, 2020, the FDA issued a warning letter to Immusist, LLC following a review of the company's website, which found statements made about the company's products IMMUSIST Original and IMMUSIST Natural to be drug claims.

Recalls & Warnings


FDA Warns Seller of Digestive Enzymes, Nattokinase, and More

On October 27, 2020, the FDA issued a warning letter to World Nutrition, Inc. following a review of the company's website, which found statements made about some of the company's products, including Vitalzym Extra Strength, Vitalzym Systemic and Digestive Formula (Vitalzym Original Hybrid Formula), Vitalzym Cardio, Vitalzym Digest, Vitalzym Xe, Nattovita, Ketsumeisei, Probiotic 10/50 by Vitalzym, Flexera, and PuraCell to be drug claims.

Recalls & Warnings


Extra Virgin Olive Oil That Isn't

Pompeian OlivExtra Original may contain less extra virgin olive oil than listed on the label, according to sources that spoke with Spain's digital newspaper El Español and as reported by The Olive Oil Times.

Recalls & Warnings


FTC Sends Refund Checks to Consumers of Unproven Weight-Loss Products

On March 15, 2018, the FTC announced it is mailing 18,301 checks totaling more than $437,000 to consumers who purchased weight-loss products from Colby Fox, Christopher Reinhold, and their companies, Tachht, Inc. and Teqqi, LLC. The refunds are being distributed as part of a settlement of charges that the company made deceptive claims about the products.

Recalls & Warnings


Garden Of Life Recall Expanded

On February 13, 2016, Garden of Life LLC expanded its January 2016 recall of certain Raw Meal Organic Shake & Meal Chocolate, Original, Vanilla and Vanilla Chai products to include additional lots of these products, because they have the potential to be contaminated with Salmonella.

Product Review

Dark Chocolates, Cocoa & Cacao Powders, Nibs, and Supplements Review -- Sources of Flavanols

Find the Best Dark Chocolate, Cocoa Powder and Cocoa Supplements. Is Your Chocolate or Cocoa Healthful or Toxic? Find Out Now!

Flavanols in Cocoa, Cacoa, and Chocolate Products Reviewed by

Product Review

Acai Berry Supplements and Beverages Review

Find the Best Acia Berry Supplements and Beverages. See Which Acai Berry Supplements and Beverages Passed Our Tests of Quality.

Acai berry supplements and beverages reviewed by

News Release


Best Vision Supplements Identified by ConsumerLab

White Plains, New York, October 22, 2019 — Supplements containing lutein and other ingredients can slow the progression of age-related macular degeneration, the leading cause of vision loss and blindness in adults over 60 years of age. But do supplements on the market really contain what they claim? And with so many different formulas to choose from, which one is best?

Clinical Update


Mixing Boosters

If you are eligible for a booster, you can now choose any booster regardless of your original vaccine. This may be particularly helpful to those who received the J&J vaccine.

Clinical Update


Replacing Vaccination Card

It's advisable to bring your vaccination card when getting a booster, so you have a full record. Find out how to get a replacement card if you lost your original.

Product Review

Seaweed Snacks and Foods Review

Tests Reveal Seaweed Snack Risks

Recalls & Warnings


Garden of Life Shakes and Meals Recalled Due to Salmonella Risk

On January 29, 2016, Garden of Life LLC issued a recall of certain Raw Meal Organic Shake & Meal Chocolate, Original, Vanilla and Vanilla Chai products because they have the potential to be contaminated with Salmonella.

Clinical Update


Moderna Vaccine Receives FDA Approval

The Moderna vaccine has been approved by the FDA in addition to its original emergency use authorization. Find out what this means.

Clinical Update


Omicron Lasts on Surfaces

The Omicron variant of the coronavirus was recently shown to last on surfaces longer than the original (Wuhan) virus. Get the details and possible implications in our answer about COVID-19 disinfection.

CL Answer

Does Oral-B Glide or other dental floss contain toxic chemicals called PFAS? Where else are PFAS found, and how can I avoid them?

Some brands of dental floss, including Oral-B Glide, may contain potentially toxic chemicals known as PFAS (polyfluoroalkyl substances), according to one study. Get the details in ConsumerLab's answer.

Toxic PFAS Chemicals in Dental Floss -- Woman Looking at Dental Floss

CL Answer

How can I get tested for the coronavirus? Can I get an at-home test for COVID-19? Which are the best tests? Are any tests free?

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Tests: Where to get COVID-19 tests, including information about free testing, home testing and more. Information about SARS-CoV-2 virus tests, antibody tests and FDA approved tests.

Home Test COVID

CL Answer

What is the difference between the RDA and the DV for vitamins and minerals?

Find out the difference between RDAs (Recommended Daily Allowances) and DVs (Daily Values) for vitamins and minerals, as well as new changes to Daily Values.'s answer explains.

Multivitamin Daily Value Percentages Close Up

CL Answer

Is it okay to break vitamin tablets, pills or capsules to change the dose or make them easier to swallow?

Info on the safety of crushing supplement pills, tablets, capsules or enteric coated tablets and ingest the powder with food, as opposed to a whole pill.

Is it okay to crush or cut supplement pills? -- Large, broken vitamin pill

News Release


Best and Worst Ginger Supplements, Chews & Spices Identified by ConsumerLab. Contamination, Less Ginger Than Expected in Some Products.

White Plains, New York, December 22, 2020 — Ginger is not only a popular spice but may reduce nausea from motion sickness and pregnancy and modestly decrease pain from osteoarthritis. Key compounds in ginger known as gingerols are believed to be active components of ginger. However, recent tests by of popular ginger supplements and spices revealed that some contain far less ginger than expected, some are low quality (in which gingerols have been converted to other compounds), and/or are contaminated with lead.

News Release


We Found the Best Dark Chocolates and Cocoas With the Least Contamination

White Plains, New York, January 23, 2020 — Dark chocolate and cocoa contain antioxidant flavanols that may be good for the heart and mind, but they can also contain high levels of the heavy metal cadmium, which is toxic to kidneys and can soften bones. Labels don't disclose levels of flavanols or cadmium, so ConsumerLab purchased and tested popular cocoa powders, bars, chips, nibs, and supplements.

News Release


Best Alternative Milks? ConsumerLab Tests Reveal What's Really in Plant-Based Milks

White Plains, New York, May 22, 2020 — Plant-based milks such as soy, oat and almond milk are often promoted as a healthy alternative to regular milk. But do these non-dairy alternatives really contain all the protein, calcium, and vitamins that they claim, and which are best in terms of nutrition, quality and taste?

Product Review

Elderberry Supplements Review

Find the Best Elderberry Supplement. Tests and Reviews of Popular Elderberry Supplements & CL's Top Picks.

Elderberry Supplements Reviewed by

Product Review

Greens and Whole Food Powders and Supplements Review (Including Chlorella and Spirulina)

See How Powdered Vegetables, Fruits, and Algae Compare and Avoid Problems

Product Review

Meal Replacement & Weight Management Powders and Shakes Review

Find the Best Meal Replacement and Weight Management Products. Only 64% of Meal Powders & Shakes Pass's Tests of Quality.

Meal Replacement Supplements Reviewed by

CL Answer

Which is the best mask to prevent COVID-19 and how do cloth, disposable, N95, and KN95 masks compare? How can I stop glasses from fogging?

See our Top Picks for masks. Learn how to make COVID-19 masks from materials at home that can be almost as effective as surgical mask and N-95 masks.

Four masks shown for comparison

Product Review

Human Growth Hormone (HGH) and Insulin-like Growth Factor-1 (IGF-1) Supplements Review Article

Human Growth Hormone Supplements: Evidence and Safety. What Can HGH Supplements Really Do? Beware of Misleading Claims!

Recalls & Warnings


Prescript-Assist Probiotic Recall Expanded

On July 6, 2018, LL's Magnetic Clay, Inc., expanded its original recall of Prescript-Assist, a "broad spectrum probiotic and prebiotic" supplement, because it may contain undeclared almonds, crustaceans, dairy, casein, eggs, and peanuts. The recall now includes all lots of the product.

Recalls & Warnings


Tart Cherry Supplement Selller Warned by FDA Over Illegal Health Claims

The U.S. FDA recently published a Warning Letter (dated June 8, 2012) to Michelle's Miracle, Inc. for illegally promoting a range of tart cherry dietary supplements using health claims reserved for drugs. The products cited are: 

Recalls & Warnings


FTC Requires Scientific Evidence for "Snore Formula" Claims

On April 15 2003, the U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) announced that an Arizona-based company, Snore Formula, Inc., its officers, and a distributor have agreed to settle FTC charges that they failed to have scientific substantiation for the claims made for "Dr. Harris' Original Snore Formula" (Snore Formula) tablets. Snore Formula is an herbal supplement purported to cure snoring. The Commission's complaint charges that the respondents made unsubstantiated claims about the tablets' efficacy in preventing sleep apnea in adult and child users and significantly reducing snoring. The Commission accepted the consent agreement subject to public comment. It requires that the respondents possess competent and reliable scientific evidence to substantiate representations that Snore Formula or any other food, drug, device, service, or dietary supplement prevents, treats, eliminates, or reduces snoring and sleep apnea in both adult or child users.

CL Answer

Which air purifiers are best for reducing the spread of COVID-19?

Find out if portable air cleaners can remove the virus that causes COVID-19 infection from the air and learn which type air cleaners work best.

HEPA air purifier on bedroom floor

CL Answer

Is it true that oat cereals, like Cheerios, oatmeal, oatflakes and steel-cut oats can be contaminated with a toxin?

Find out if oat cereals, like Cheerios and oatmeal, can be contaminated with the fungal toxin ochratoxin A (OTA).'s answer explains.

Oat Cereals and Fungal Toxin OTA -- bowl of oat cereal

CL Answer

Is it better to use a powdered product that you mix with liquid than to take a pill? I was told that the vitamins will be more completely absorbed. Is that true?

Learn more about taking supplements & multivitamins in powder or tablet form, including tips on how to get the most from your supplement.

Orange Powder Dissolving in Glass of Water

CL Answer

Which supplements are helpful to have when traveling? Any tips on how to best store supplements on trips?

Find out which vitamins & supplements can be helpful when traveling, including melatonin, ginger, and more, and find out how you can carry them with you.

Product Review

Reishi Mushroom Supplements Review

Find the Best Reishi Mushroom Supplement. See How Reishi Supplements Differ.

Reishi Mushrooms tested by

CL Answer

What is the best sunscreen based on safety and efficacy?

Two different carcinogens, benzene and benzophenone have been found in popular sunscreens. These cancer-causing compounds are not listed on labels. Get the details and find out which sunscreens have been found to contain benzene and benzophenone.

Carcinogens in Sunscreens - Bottle of sunscreen with a question mark

Recalls & Warnings


FDA Warns Candy Maker Making Heart Health Claims

On May 31, 2006, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) sent a warning letter to Masterfoods USA, the manufacturer Cocoa Via candy bars, that it was in violation of FDA regulations for adding folic acid to a candy product and claiming that its candy bars promote heart health, despite containing high levels of saturated fat.

Recalls & Warnings


FTC Stops Weight-loss Claims about Seaweed-based Patches

On September 15, 2005, the U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) announced that the alleged masterminds behind a fraudulent scheme to market two seaweed-based patches as weight-loss products to U.S. consumers have settled FTC charges. The defendants, all based in the United Kingdom, will pay $150,000 – the profits they made from selling Hydro-Gel Slim Patch and Slenderstrip in the United States. Under the settlement, the defendants will be banned in the U.S. from making, advertising, or selling any dietary supplement, food, drug, or weight-loss product, and cannot make claims about other health-related products or services unless the claims are backed by scientific evidence.

Recalls & Warnings


Some Supplements Can Damage Eyes At High Doses and with Topical Use

As reported by Reuters Health on October 21, 2004, an article in the current issue of the American Journal of Ophthalmology suggests that some herbal remedies and nutritional supplements can damage the eyes.

Recalls & Warnings


Hoodia Marketers Fined and Banned from Business

On November 3, 2011, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) announced that it settled charges brought against three people and two companies for deceptively advertising a supposed weight-loss supplement ingredient -- hoodia. One defendant is banned from making any weight-loss claims related to foods, drugs, or dietary supplements and must turn over a vacation home and other assets to the FTC; another is banned from the dietary supplement business; and all defendants are barred from making any more deceptive claims. The marketers were part of a scheme that supplied manufacturers of weight-loss supplements with a substance they claimed was a derivative of the plant Hoodia gordonii (“hoodia”), which is native to southern Africa.

Recalls & Warnings


FDA Permits Incorrect Labeling on Generic Wellbutrin XL, But May Require Drug to be Tested

The FDA has acknowledged inconsistencies in the labeling of Budeprion XL, a generic version of the antidepressant Wellbutrin XL, according to an October 2, 2008 article from Dow Jones News service.

Recalls & Warnings


PROBAR Meal Bars Recalled

On July 11, 2019, PROBAR LLC issued a recall of certain flavors and lots of its Meal® bars because they may contain undeclared milk and soy allergens. There has been one report of an allergic reaction to-date.

Recalls & Warnings


Warning Labels to be Required for Green Tea and Black Cohosh Products

On June 26, 2007, the U.S. Pharmacopeia (USP) Dietary Supplements Information Expert Committee (DSI-EC) voted to require cautionary statements on the labels for green tea extracts and black cohosh dietary supplements.

Recalls & Warnings


Ingredient In Workout Supplements May Be Unsafe, FDA Warns

On October 11, 2013, the FDA directed USP Labs, LLC to cease distribution of workout supplement OxyElite Pro and and muscle-building supplement VERSA-1, which are labeled as containing the ingredient aegeline, or N-[2-hydroxy-2(4-methoxyphenyl) ethyl]-3-phenyl-2-propenamide.

Recalls & Warnings


FDA Warns Consumers Not to Use OxyElite Pro As It Investigates Link With Hepatitis

On October 8, 2013, the FDA warned consumers not to buy or use USPLabs’ weight loss supplement OxyElite Pro because it has been linked with 24 cases of acute non-viral hepatitis in Hawaii.

Recalls & Warnings


Zicam Advised Against Using Cold Prevention Claim In Advertising

On April 5, 2013, it was reported that the National Advertising Division (NAD) recommended that Matrixx Initiatives, maker of Zicam cold products, stop making claims in its advertising that the product can prevent colds.

Recalls & Warnings


FTC Upholds Ruling, POM Wonderful Health Claims Were Deceptive

On January 16, 2013, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) announced it will uphold a judge’s ruling that makers of POM Wonderful 100% Pomegranate Juice and POMx supplements made deceptive and unsubstantiated claims that the products could treat, prevent, or reduce the risk of heart disease, prostate cancer, and erectile dysfunction.

Recalls & Warnings


Triangle Pharmanaturals Expands Recall of Kratom Products

On April 17, 2018, Triangle Pharmanaturals, LLC, expanded its original recall of kratom-containing products to include 26 additional kratom products.

Recalls & Warnings


NutriZone Expands Recall of Kratom Products

On April 18, 2018 NutriZone LLC expanded its original recall of kratom-containing products to include 29 additional kratom products.

Recalls & Warnings


Herbal Teas Recalled Due To Botulism Risk

On May 1, 2017, U.S. Deer Antler Ex. & Imp. of Los Angeles, California, issued a recall of various herbal teas because they have the potential to be contaminated with Clostridium botulinum. This bacterium can cause botulism, a potentially fatal form of food poisoning.

Recalls & Warnings


Protein Powder Recalled Due to Food Poisoning Risk

On January 30, 2015, Aloha, Inc. issued a voluntary recall of all packages of Premium Protein powder blends in chocolate and vanilla because they have the potential to be contaminated with Staphylococcus enterotoxin .

Recalls & Warnings


Marketers of Weight Supplements AF Plus and Final Trim Violated Consumer Protection Laws, Says FTC

On January 19, 2016, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) and State of Maine's Office of the Attorney General charged marketers of weight loss supplements AF Plus and Final Trim with violating consumer protection laws.

Recalls & Warnings


FDA Issues Mandatory Recall of Salmonella-Contaminated Kratom Products

On April 2, 2018, the FDA issued a mandatory recall of all food products containing powdered kratom manufactured, processed, packed, or held by Triangle Pharmanaturals LLC because several of company's products were found to be contaminated with Salmonella. The FDA requested that the company issue a voluntary recall several days earlier, but the company did not comply.

Recalls & Warnings


FTC Warns 20 More Companies for Coronavirus Claims

On August 14, 2020, the FTC announced that it sent warning letters to 20 companies for selling products such as vitamin C, hydrochloroquine, omega 3, and melatonin with unsupported claims that they can treat coronavirus (COVID-19).

Recalls & Warnings


CBD Oil Recalled, Risk of High Lead Exposure

On May 15, 2020, Summitt Labs issued a recall of one batch of KORE ORGANIC Watermelon CBD Oil Tincture due to contamination with lead. A random sample of this product tested by the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services found it to contain lead levels at 4.7 ppm. Subsequent testing from the same batch of product initiated by Summit Labs found lower levels (0.5 ppm). Nevertheless, the product is being recalled based on the original test results.

Recalls & Warnings


Marketers of Diabetes Supplement Banned From Claiming Products Treat or Cure Diseases

On August 10, 2006, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) announced that an operation selling Chinese herbal supplements is banned from claiming its products treat or cure diseases, to settle FTC charges it violated a previous court order. The FTC alleged the sellers of Dia-Cope, a pill claimed to prevent, treat, and cure diabetes, violated the order by misrepresenting the health benefits of their product and misrepresenting that clinical trials proved their claims. The defendants will give up their ill-gotten gains – all of the assets they received from the sale of Dia-Cope.

Recalls & Warnings


Airborne Settles Lawsuit Over False Advertising of its "Miracle Cold Buster"

On March 4, 3008, the Center for Science in the Public Interest (CSPI) announced that the makers of Airborne -- a multivitamin and herbal supplement whose labels and ads falsely claimed that the product cures and prevents colds -- will refund money to consumers who bought the product, as part of a $23.3 million class action settlement agreement. The company will pay for ads in Better Homes & Gardens, Parade, People, Newsweek, and many other magazines and newspapers instructing consumers how to get refunds.

Product Review

Vitamin D Supplements Review (Including Calcium, Magnesium, Boron, and Vitamin K)

Find the Best Vitamin D Supplement with the Right Dose

CL Answer

Do any supplements naturally suppress appetite and help with weight loss?

Learn which natural ingredients can suppress appetite and find if these natural appetite suppressants help with weight loss.

Container of natural appetite suppressant supplement with measuring tape and scale in background

CL Answer

Which deodorants and antiperspirants are contaminated with benzene and which are not?

Benzene, a carcinogen, has been detected in over 40 spray deodorants, antiperspirants, and body sprays. Tests were conducted on brands including Axe, Bath & Body Works, Brut, Degree, Dove, Gold Bond, Right Guard, Secret, Speed Stick, Suave, Old Spice, Victoria's Secret and others. Find out which products contained benzene, and how much they contained.

Benzene in Spray Deodorant

News Release

7/29/2016 Discovers Problems with Most Multivitamins for Dogs and Cats

White Plains, New York, August 2, 2016 — After discovering in January that none of the three pet multivitamins it had purchased and tested contained all of what was listed on the labels, purchased four more pet supplements — hoping to find at least one with a truthful label. The results? Two of the products met label claims. Overall, only 28.6% of pet multivitamins recently purchased by have passed testing. This compares to 64.3% of multivitamins for people (18 out of 28).

News Release

12/08/2003 dispels myths about HGH human growth hormone supplements sold widely on Internet

WHITE PLAINS, NY — December 8, 2003 — has released a review of the scientific evidence behind human growth hormone (hGH or HGH) supplements. These products, which abound on the Internet, often promise to help people "Look and Feel 20 Years Younger," "Lose Unwanted Wrinkles," "Increase Muscle Mass," and "Enhance Sexual Performance." As an injectable prescription medication, HGH is approved for treating childhood growth failure. Its potential as an anti-aging drug for adults was reported in a 1990 New England Journal of Medicine article but later studies tempered the original findings. Nevertheless, this has spurred the marketing of several types of non-prescription supplements purported to have HGH-like effects.

News Release


Only 50% of Aloe Products Pass Tests

White Plains, New York, February 19, 2015 — "Choose aloe products carefully," cautions president Tod Cooperman, M.D. after recent tests found only five of 10 aloe pills, gels and drinks selected for review to contain what the company expected based on labels. Most startling was the discovery that two products -- an aloe pill and an aloe gel -- contained virtually no aloe.

News Release


Surprising Results in Oat Cereals Study by -- Popular Brands Tested for Fungal Toxin, Gluten and Heavy Metals

White Plains, New York, August 30, 2016 — Cheerios, rolled oats, steel-cut oats and other oat cereals can be a healthy choice for breakfast. However, concern was raised in 2015 when researchers reported finding ochratoxin A, a fungal toxin and potential human carcinogen, in 70% of oat-based cereals purchased across the U.S., with 11% exceeding the limit applied in Europe (there is no U.S. limit). Although oats are naturally gluten-free, cross-contamination with gluten from wheat during processing is also a potential problem.

CL Answer

What is the best way to take melatonin to get a good night's sleep?

Learn more about the best way to take melatonin for better sleep. When to take it, how to take it, and general melatonin information.

Melatonin Supplements Reviewed by

CL Answer

What are the health benefits of tart cherry juice?

See the evidence for tart cherry juice health benefits from clinical studies. Find out if tart cherry has anti-inflammatory effects, if it can improve sleep, lower high blood pressure, or help for muscle pain and osteoarthritis.

Tart Cherry Benefits -- glass of cherry juice and two tart cherries

CL Answer

Do any supplements help prevent or treat a cold?

Are there supplements that can help prevent or treat cold symptoms? Learn more about zinc, probiotics, vitamin C and more.

Supplements for Colds: Zinc, Echinacea & More -- Couple with cold, sitting on couch blowing their noses

CL Answer

I heard the S-form of alpha-lipoic acid is bad for me. Why is it in my supplement?

Learn more about R-form alpha-lipoic acid and S-form alpha-lipoic acid and their activity, as described by experts at

Chemical Structure of Alpha Lipoic Acid on Pink Background

CL Answer

How do the Beyond Burger, the Impossible Burger, and a beef burger compare in terms of vitamins and minerals, and which is best?

Read our comparison of the Beyond Burger and the Impossible Burger, plant-based, meat alternative burgers. Compare nutrition, vitamins and minerals.'s answer explains.

Beyond Burger vs. Impossible Burger: Nutrition, Vitamins & Minerals -- cooked plant-based burger on bun

News Release

10/17/2012 Tests and Compares Vision Supplements - Guides Consumers Through a Variety of Ingredients and Formulas

White Plains, New York — October 17, 2012 — Can a supplement improve your vision or prevent it from deteriorating? "The evidence shows that some supplements may help improve vision in people with macular degeneration and others can slow its progression," says Tod Cooperman, M.D., President of "The problem for a consumer is knowing if he or she should be taking a vision supplement and, if so, which one contains the correct dosage and combination of ingredients -- and at the best price."'s recent Product Review of Vision Supplements with Lutein and Zeaxanthin addresses these questions.

News Release


Gummies Are Most Likely to Fail Testing in Review of Multivitamins -- Best and Worst Multivitamins Identified by ConsumerLab Testing

White Plains, New York, November 1, 2017 — Multivitamin/multimineral supplements are among the most popular supplements, with many consumers relying on them to provide nutrients they may not get from their diets. However, found problems with 46% of the multivitamin supplements it recently selected for review. Problems were most common among gummy vitamins and large tablets. Among supplements that passed testing, ConsumerLab identified top choices for men, women, and children, as well as for pets, based on product quality, nutrient levels, safety, and cost.

News Release


Some coconut waters don't deliver on promises according to

White Plains, New York — August 4, 2011 — Coconut water—the natural juice from green coconuts— is often touted as a natural alternative to sports drinks. But does it really deliver? "It depends on the brand," says President, Tod Cooperman, M.D. recently purchased and tested three of the most popular brands of coconut water: O.N.E. Coconut Water, Vita Coco 100% Pure Coconut Water, and Zico Natural Pure Premium Coconut Water. The testing found that two of the products had far fewer electrolytes than claimed. One had only 18% of the listed amount of sodium, the key electrolyte for rehydration. The other had only 59% its promised level of sodium. Magnesium levels were also lower than claimed (77% and 64% of the listed amounts). Only one of the three popular coconut water products delivered its claimed electrolytes. The new report was published online today for members.

CL Answer

How are you staying healthy during the coronavirus pandemic?

Tips for staying healthy during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. Tips from ConsumerLab members for maintaining physical health, mental health and social well-being during COVID-19.

Staying Healthy During the Coronavirus Pandemic -- Couple at Home, Looking Out the Window

News Release


Dangerous Amounts of Iodine, Toxic Heavy Metals Found in Some Seaweed Snacks, According to ConsumerLab Tests

White Plains, New York, December 20, 2021 — Dried or roasted seaweed has become a popular snack, providing a tasy, crunchy, and vegan-friendly source of protein, fiber, and iodine, an essential nutrient for proper thyroid function. However, recent ConsumerLab tests revealed that some seaweed snacks contained so much iodine that they could be dangerous to consume on a regular basis, and most were contaminated with concerning levels of toxic heavy metals such as lead and cadmium.

CL Answer

Which dietary supplements are most often linked to adverse reactions by users?

Find out which types of supplements are most likely to cause adverse effects such as nausea, dizziness, racing heart, or insomnia based on a study of supplement users. Also learn how often adverse effects are reported when taking workout and bodybuilding supplements, weight loss supplements, and more.

Man Experiencing Chest Pain

Recalls & Warnings


Deceptive Marketing of “Supreme Greens" -- Settlement with FTC

On October 6, 2005, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) announced that three individuals and two companies have settled FTC charges over their roles in the deceptive marketing of Supreme Greens, an herbal supplement. The FTC has alleged that these defendants and others promoted the product for the prevention, treatment, and cure of cancer, heart disease, arthritis, and diabetes. They also touted Supreme Greens’ ability to cause substantial weight loss.

Recalls & Warnings


Airborne to Pay $30 Million for Deceptive Advertising of Cold Remedy -- Refunds Available

On August 14, 2008, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) announced that Airborne Health, Inc., the maker of the popular Airborne Effervescent Health Formula, an effervescent tablet marketed as a cold prevention and treatment remedy, has agreed to pay up to $30 million to settle Federal Trade Commission charges that it did not have adequate evidence to support its advertising claims. The FTC’s lawsuit also names Victoria Knight-McDowell, the former schoolteacher who invented Airborne, and her husband Thomas John McDowell. If the settlement is approved by the court, it will prohibit the defendants from making false and unsubstantiated cold prevention, germ-fighting, and efficacy claims. The monetary judgment will be satisfied by the defendants’ adding $6.5 million to the funds they have already agreed to pay to settle a related private class-action lawsuit, bringing the total settlement fund to $30 million.

Recalls & Warnings


FDA Finds Unapproved Drugs in Many Weight Loss and Sexual Enhancement Products Sold Online

On December 18, 2020, the FDA warned consumers that certain products promoted for weight loss, body building, sexual enhancement, pain relief, sleep, and other uses because may contain harmful ingredients.

Product Review

Aloe Juices, Gels, and Supplements Review

How Much Aloe is Really in Aloe Products? Find Out and See Our Top Picks.

Product Review

Vitamin A Supplements Review, Including Beta-Carotene and Cod Liver Oil

Find the Best Vitamin A Supplement. Best Quality Vitamin A Supplements Identified, Including Cod Liver Oil.

Vitamin A Supplements (Including Cod Liver Oil) Reviewed by

News Release


New Tests Reveal Whether Dark Chocolates and Cocoas Are Toxic or Healthful

White Plains, New York, July 19, 2017 — Dark chocolates and cocoa may contain dangerously high levels of the heavy metal cadmium, a kidney toxin, according to recent tests conducted by, an independent evaluator of health and nutrition products. Often consumed for their beneficial cocoa flavanols, which ConsumerLab also measured, chocolate and cocoa products ranged from virtually zero flavanols to levels that may provide cardiovascular and cognitive benefits. The challenge is knowing which products provide potential benefits from flavanols with minimal risk from heavy metal contamination. Labels don't provide this information, but CL's findings do.

CL Answer

What is Skinny Fiber and does it really work? I see that glucomannan is a key ingredient. What is that?

Learn more about Skinny Fiber, including its key ingredient glucomannan, evidence from clinical studies, dosage info, and safety.

Skinny Fiber

CL Answer

I take lisinopril (Zestril), an ACE inhibitor drug to lower blood pressure. Are there supplements I should avoid, or be taking, due to this drug?

When taking ACE inhibitors, find out which supplements should be avoided. Interaction info on Lisinopril or another ACE inhibitors.

Lisinopril, ACE Inhibitors and Supplement Interactions -- prescription bottle of lisinopril on desk with blood pressure cuff

CL Answer

Do any supplements help with the coronavirus (COVID-19)? Do supplements like vitamin D, zinc, vitamin C, or herbals work?

Find out if natural remedies & supplements for coronavirus such as zinc, vitamin C, garlic, or elderberry help to prevent or treat COVID-19.

Supplements for Coronavirus (COVID-19)? -- mask and pills

CL Answer

Is it true that drinking a small amount of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) with water can kill bacteria in the urinary tract or help in other ways? Is this safe -- or is it dangerous?

Drinking or eating hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) can be dangerous and is not advised. Learn more treatments for urinary tract infections.

CL Answer

How does bone broth protein compare to other types of protein?

Bone broth protein supplement information, including their effectiveness compared to other types of protein, how much collagen they contain, and safety.

Protein Powders in Scoop Against White Background

CL Answer

Can lysine, vitamin B-12, or other vitamins or minerals help prevent or reduce canker sores?

Lysine, B12, zinc and other vitamins and minerals for canker sores. Find out what supplements can help prevent or reduce canker sores.

Lysine, Vitamins & Minerals for Canker Sores -- Man with canker sore

Product Review

Turmeric and Curcumin Supplements and Spices Review

Find the Best Turmeric and Curcumin Supplements & Spices. Big Differences Discovered Among Brands -- Little Curcumin In Some.

Turmeric and Curcumin Supplements and Spices Reviewed by

CL Answer

Do any supplements help treat or reduce the pain of plantar fasciitis (heel pain)?

Plantar fasciitis causing heel pain has, in rare cases, been reported as a symptom of vitamin D deficiency. Other supplements that have been proposed to help include vitamin C, zinc, curcumin (from turmeric), bromelain, collagen and glucosamine. Find out what the evidence shows, and what other treatments may help.

Supplements for Plantar Fasciitis -- Woman With Heel Pain

Product Review

Magnesium Supplements Review (Including Calcium, Boron, and Vitamins D & K)

Find Out What Magnesium Does, Who Needs It, and Our Top Picks Among Supplements