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CL Answer

Do any supplements help prevent or treat osteoporosis?

If you have osteoporosis, you may be interested in supplements for bone health. Find out which supplements can increase bone strength and density.

Supplements and Osteoporosis

CL Answer

What is Perque Bone Guard Forté? It is safe and effective for bone health?

Find out about the ingredients in Perque Bone Guard Forté, including which ingredients may be beneficial for osteoporosis and bone health and which may be a safety concern.

Bottle of Perque Bone Guard Forte

CL Answer

Do prunes increase bone density or help prevent osteoporosis?

Find out if eating prunes can increase bone density or help prevent osteoporosis.

Prunes and Osteoporosis

CL Answer

Does OsteoMD improve calcium absorption and increase bone density?

ConsumerLab reviews the evidence for OsteoMD by 1MD, a bone health supplement promoted to slow bone loss and reduce the risk of osteoporosis.

OsteoMD by 1MD

Product Review

Calcium and Bone Health Supplements Review (Including Vitamins D & K, Magnesium and Boron)

See Which Bone Health Supplements Are Top Picks and Which Fail

CL Answer

Which supplements are important after bariatric surgery (i.e., weight loss or stomach-reducing surgery)? Are there any I should avoid?

Find out which supplements may help after weight loss or stomach reducing surgery, including iron and calcium, and which should be avoided.

Bypass Surgery Sign

Product Review

Vitamin D Supplements Review (Including Calcium, Magnesium, Boron, and Vitamin K)

Find the Best Vitamin D Supplement with the Right Dose

CL Answer

Can drinking coffee weaken bones or make arthritis worse?

Learn about the effects of coffee intake on bone mineral density, risk of osteoporosis, and risk of fracture. Also, find out if drinking coffee might increase the risk of arthritis or worsen symptoms.

CL Answer

Does Prevagen really improve memory?

Learn more about Prevagen, including clinical studies on Prevagen's impact on memory & cognition, safety, pricing, and an FDA warning letter. ConsumerLab explores the efficacy of Prevagen.

Prevagen for Memory? -- bottle of Prevagen

Product Review

Menopause Supplements Review (Soy and Red Clover Isoflavones, Black Cohosh) and Progesterone Creams

Choose the Best Menopause Supplement. Find Out Now Which Soy Isoflavone, Red Clover, Black Cohosh, and Progesterone Products Have the Active Compounds You Want!

Menopause Supplements Tested by ConsumerLab.com -- Soy and Red Clover Isoflavones, Black Cohosh, and Progesterone Cream

CL Answer

I've heard that melatonin may increase the risk of broken bones. I take melatonin regularly. Should I be concerned?

Learn more about how melatonin may affect bone density and risk of fracture.

Melatonin Supplements Reviewed by ConsumerLab.com

CL Answer

How do the COVID-19 vaccines compare in terms of efficacy, safety and side effects? How, when and where do I get the COVID-19 vaccine?

Find out how the COVID-19 vaccines from Pfizer and Moderna compare and learn how when and where you can get the COVID-19 vaccine.

Older woman getting an injection

Clinical Update

11/02/2021

Sun Protection and Bone Health

Does staying out of the sun or using sunscreen increase the risk of osteoporosis or bone fracture? Find out what a recent study suggests in the Getting vitamin D from sunlight section of our Vitamin D Supplements Review.

Clinical Update

1/17/2017

Extra Virgin Olive Oil and Bone Fracture Risk

A recent study found that higher consumption of extra virgin olive oil was associated with a 51% reduction in the risk of osteoporosis-related bone fractures. Get the details in the "What It Does" section of the Extra Virgin Olive Oil Review (which includes our tests of products) >>

Clinical Update

8/27/2019

Effect of High-Dose Vitamin D on Bones

A 3-year study among people with osteoporosis compared the effects of moderate vs. high doses of vitamin D on bone density and bone strength. The results may surprise you. Get the details in the How Much Do You Need and How Much is Too Much? section of the Vitamin D Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for vitamin D supplements.

Clinical Update

4/26/2022

Herb For Weak Bones?

Can supplementing with Cissus quadrangularis powder improve bone density in postmenopausal women? Find out what a recent study showed in our answer about OsteoMD, a bone health supplement containing this ingredient.

Also see our answer to the question: Do any supplements help prevent or treat osteoporosis?

CL Answer

How much magnesium do I need and how much magnesium from supplements is too much?

Find out how much magnesium you should be getting on a daily basis, signs of magnesium deficiency, and how much magnesium is too much, particularly from magnesium supplements and laxatives containing magnesium. Find out the side effects and potential adverse effects of too much magnesium.

Product Review

Vitamin K Supplements Review (Including Calcium, Magnesium, Boron, and Vitamin D)

Should You Take Vitamin K? Beware of Products That Don't Deliver.

CL Answer

Do pistachio nuts really provide as much melatonin as supplements?

Find out if pistachio nuts, or other nuts such as Brazil nuts, cashews, peanuts and others, provide enough melatonin to help with sleep with effects similar to melatonin supplements. ConsumerLab.com's answer explains.

Melatonin in pistachio nuts -- bowl of pistachio nuts

Product Review

DHEA Supplements Review

Choose the Best DHEA Supplement. Beware of Big Differences in Dose and Price.

DHEA Supplements Tested by ConsumerLab.com

Product Review

Magnesium Supplements Review (Including Calcium, Boron, and Vitamins D & K)

Find Out What Magnesium Does, Who Needs It, and Our Top Picks Among Supplements

CL Answer

6 Red Flags to Watch Out For When Buying Vitamins & Supplements

When it comes to buying vitamins and supplements, it's buyer beware. ConsumerLab explains six red flags to look out for on labels when choosing and buying vitamins or supplements, including claims of "FDA Approved" laboratories, what to look for in the ingredient list, and more.

What to Watch Out for When Choosing a Supplement -- Supplement Bottle Label Close-up

Product Review

Bone Broth Review

Find the Best Bone Broth. Find Out How Much Collagen and Sodium Is Really In Popular Bone Broths.

Bone Broth Supplements Reviewed by Consumerlab.com

Recalls & Warnings

4/27/2022

Prescription Drugs Found in Arthritis, Muscle Pain, and Osteoporosis Supplements

On April 20th, 2022, the FDA warned consumers not to use the following ”Artri“ or ”Ortiga” products promoted to treat arthritis, muscle pain, osteoporosis and bone cancer because they have been found to contain undeclared drugs that can have serious adverse ...

CL Answer

I enjoy oat milk in my coffee, but how healthy is it for me?

Is oat milk healthy? Information about oat milk contents, how much sugar and calcium is in oat milk, and if it is a healthy alternative to cow milk.

Is oatmeal milk healthy? -- glass of oatmeal milk and oats in a spoon

CL Answer

I'm considering taking vitamin K for my bones, but I take blood thinner (anticoagulant) medication. Is there a problem taking both?

Learn more about vitamin K, including info on interactions with blood thinners such as Coumadin and Jantoven, its effects on bones & impact on clotting.

CL Answer

Is it possible to get too much vitamin D?

Too much vitamin D can lead to adverse effects, including hypercalcemia (excess calcium in the blood).

Too Much Vitamin D? -- bottle of vitamin D and vitamin D tablets in the shape of the letter D

CL Answer

I read that turmeric may be a GI irritant. I have GI problems and wonder if I should avoid turmeric and curcumin?

Find out if turmeric/curcumin supplements can cause gastrointestinal irritability.

Is turmeric a stomach irritant? -- Turmeric Supplement

CL Answer

Which is the best form of magnesium to take - one that contains the most magnesium and is best absorbed?

Info on which is the best form of magnesium supplements to take and what to look for when choosing the best magnesium supplement. ConsumerLab.com explains.

CL Answer

I take omeprazole (Prilosec), a proton pump inhibitor, to reduce stomach acid. Are there supplements I should avoid, or be taking, due to this drug?

Supplement interactions with proton pump inhibitor (PPI) drugs like omeprazole (Prilosec) and Nexium.

CL Answer

What are trace minerals and do I need them?

Trace minerals include boron, chromium, copper, iodine, iron, manganese, molybdenum, nickel, zinc, and others. Find out what they do, how much of each trace mineral you should be getting, and who's most likely to be deficient in these minerals.

Trace Minerals - What are they and do you need them?

CL Answer

Which vitamins and supplements should be stopped before getting blood work and laboratory tests?

Find out which vitamins and supplements can interfere with blood, urine or stool tests, and imaginging tests. Learn how B vitamins such as biotin, niacin and riboflavin, as well as calcium supplements, St. John’s wort, vitamin C, and others supplements can affect test results, as well as common foods that may interfere with tests.

Vitamin & Supplements to Stop Before Blood Tests

CL Answer

I read that famotidine (Pepcid) may help treat COVID-19. Is this true? Might a proton pump inhibitor, like Prilosec, help?

Pepcid (famotidine) was reported to improve outcomes in people with COVID-19 in China. But is there evidence that Pepcid really helps to treat COVID-19?

Can Pepcic (famotidine) Treat COVID-19? -- Box of Pepcid and Handout About COVID-19

Recalls & Warnings

6/02/2022

Walmart Inc. Recalls Joint Supplements With Omega-3, Glucosamine & Curcumin

On May 28, 2022, Walmart Inc. issued a voluntary recall of all lots of Artri Ajo King Joint Supplements after FDA laboratory analysis found the presence of undeclared diclofenac.

Recalls & Warnings

10/27/2015

Serious Cardiovascular Risks Associated with Strontium, Health Canada Warns

Strontium supplements should not be taken by people with a history of, or risk factors for heart disease, circulatory problems, or blood clots, according to a safety review conducted by Health Canada (the Canadian equivalent of the FDA).

Recalls & Warnings

9/26/2017

FDA Warns Seller of DHEA, Creatine, Chromium & More for Manufacturing Violations, Drug Claims

On August 25, 2017, the FDA issued a warning letter to Mega-Pro Nutrition, Inc., following inspections of the facility and website www.mega-pro.

Recalls & Warnings

6/16/2022

Omega 3 Supplements Recalled Due to Undeclared Drug Ingredients

On May 28, 2022, Latin Foods Market issued a voluntary recall of one lot of Artri King Reforzado con Ortiga y Omega 3 tablets after FDA laboratory analysis found the presence of undeclared diclofenac and dexamethasone.

Recalls & Warnings

2/16/2021

Seller of BioCBD+ Products Warned for COVID-19 and Drug Claims

On February 11, 2021, the FDA issued a warning letter to Evolved Ayurvedic Discoveries, Inc.

News Release

5/30/2012

ConsumerLab.com Identifies Best and Worst Magnesium Supplements Based on Tests and Comparisons

White Plains, New York — MAY 30, 2012 — Magnesium supplements are among the most popular supplements in the U.S. But which magnesium supplements are best? ConsumerLab.

Recalls & Warnings

12/22/2021

FDA Warns Seller of Liquid Magnesium, B-12, Berberine & More

On December 9, 2021, the FDA issued a warning letter to Wholly Liquid Nutritional Supplements LLC because it found statements on the company's website and social media about its products, including SpiroLaze, BioLaze, LiquiLaurin, VIT-B12, DeStress, and Omega Plus, to be ...

Recalls & Warnings

10/05/2007

FTC Charges Progesterone Cream Sellers with Making Unsubstantiated Claims

On October 5, 2007 the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) announced complaints against seven online sellers of alternative hormone replacement therapy (HRT) products, alleging that they made health claims for their natural progesterone creams without supporting scientific evidence.

News Release

12/14/2010

DHEA supplements, touted for anti-aging and strength, reviewed by ConsumerLab.com. Testing finds one brand with only 14.7% of labeled amount

WHITE PLAINS, NEW YORK — DECEMBER 14, 2010 — Recent tests of DHEA supplements showed that most products contained their claimed amounts of the controversial ingredient, but one provided only 14.7% of its listed amount, the testing company ConsumerLab.com reported today.

News Release

9/19/2006

DHEA supplements, touted for anti-aging and strength, reviewed by ConsumerLab.com — Testing finds one brand with 215% of the labeled amount

WHITE PLAINS, NEW YORK — SEPTEMBER 19, 2006 — New tests of supplements containing the hormone DHEA found most to contain their claimed amounts of the controversial ingredient, but one provided 215% of its stated amount, the testing company ConsumerLab.com reported today.

News Release

3/13/2006

ConsumerLab.com reports on supplements for bone health containing calcium and vitamin D— Results posted for 32 supplements for adults and children; One found contaminated with lead

WESTCHESTER COUNTY, NEW YORK — MARCH 13, 2006 — ConsumerLab.com announced test results today from its new Product Review of Supplements for Bone Health covering 32 adult and children's products containing calcium and vitamin D. Sales of calcium supplements in the U.S.

News Release

6/10/2003

ConsumerLab.com finds lead in coral calcium product; Product also charged with false advertising by FTC — Calcium supplement product review published online today

WHITE PLAINS, NY — June 10, 2003 — (Updated August 8) — ConsumerLab.com today reported finding problems among the calcium products recently tested in its Product Review of Calcium Supplements.

News Release

12/10/2002

Lupus patients cautioned about hormone supplement — ConsumerLab.com releases DHEA testing results online today

WHITE PLAINS, NY — December 10, 2002 — In its latest Product Review, ConsumerLab.com found that 3 of the 17 DHEA (dehydroepiandrosterone) supplement products it tested contained less than their claimed amounts of this hormone — one having less than one-fifth of what it claimed.

News Release

5/15/2002

ConsumerLab.com lists magnesium products that passed testing — Some products fail due to excess magnesium and lead contamination

WHITE PLAINS, NY — May 14, 2002 — ConsumerLab.com today released results of its Product Review of Magnesium Supplements. Seventeen of the nineteen products tested by ConsumerLab.com passed the review. Among the products that failed, one contained nearly 50% more magnesium than claimed.

Recalls & Warnings

4/17/2020

Seller of Vitamin D, MSM, Selenium & More Warned for Drug Claims

On March 31, 2020, the FDA issued a warning letter to KetoKerri LLC following a review of the company's website, which found statements made about some of the company's products, including Dr.

News Release

9/06/2000

ConsumerLab.com finds new calcium products of higher quality than many traditional supplements; Test results released online today

WHITE PLAINS, NY, September 6, 2000 — ConsumerLab.com today released results of its 9th Product Review, focusing on dietary supplements and products providing calcium. One of the most commonly purchased supplements in the U.S.

Recalls & Warnings

8/22/2012

FDA Warns of Life-Threatening Side Effects and Withdrawal Symptoms from Two Arthritis, Muscle Pain Supplements

On August 21, 2012, the FDA issued a warning to consumers about the dangers of taking Reumofan Plus and Reumofan Plus Premium, two dietary supplements marketed for arthritis, osteoporosis and muscle pain.

Recalls & Warnings

3/13/2018

FDA Warns Seller of Milk Thistle, Chromium, Joint Supplements & More for Manufacturing Violations

On March 9, 2018, the FDA issued a warning letter to Carol Bond Health Foods following a facility inspection which found a number of the company's products, including Dolomite, Lipo Fat Fighter, ThistleX, Injuv, and Vinpocentine, to be ...

Recalls & Warnings

3/10/2015

Maker of Magnesium, Calcium, Zinc, B Vitamins and More Warned for Manufacturing Violations, Drug Claims

On January 8, 2015, the FDA issued a warning letter to Complete H2O Minerals, following a facility inspection which found the company's products, including Sulfur Concentrate, Copper, Extra Strength Copper, Extra Strength Magnesium, Extra Strength Zinc, Platinum, Gold, Indium, Molybdenum, ...

Recalls & Warnings

11/17/2005

FTC Warns Web Sites Peddling Hormone Replacement

On November 10, 2005, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) announced that its staff had sent warning letters to 34 Web site operators making claims that products advertised as natural alternatives to hormone replacement therapy will prevent or treat diseases, such as cancer, heart disease, or ...

Recalls & Warnings

8/29/2017

FDA Warns Seller of Supplements for Allergies, Joint Pain, Bone Health, and More

On August 16, 2017, the FDA issued a warning letter to Total Nutrition, Inc.

Recalls & Warnings

7/11/2017

FDA Warns Dr. Carolyn Dean of Drug Claims Made for Magnesium, Calcium & Other Mineral Supplements

On June 27, 2017, the FDA issued a Warning Letter to Dr. Carolyn Dean of New Capstone, Inc.

Recalls & Warnings

11/29/2016

Seller of Mineral, Joint Supplements and More Warned for Manufacturing Violations, Drug Claims

On July 1, 2016, the FDA issued a warning letter to BioGenyx-Basic Reset, following a facility inspection which found the company's products, including Ionyte, Aqualyte, Beta Factor, Bee Gold and Primo Java to be adulterated because they were prepared, packed, or held under ...

Recalls & Warnings

1/20/2016

Seller of Aloe, Moringa Supplements Warned for Manufacturing Violations, Drug Claims

On January 13, 2016, the FDA issued a warning letter to Alkebulan International Services, LLC, following a facility inspection which found the company's products,Aloe Ferox and Moringa Oleifera Capsule to be adulterated because they prepared, packed, or held under conditions that ...

Recalls & Warnings

3/08/2007

FTC Files Against Maker of Calcium and Fertility Supplements

On January 29, 2007, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) announced that it had filed civil contempt charges against Lane Labs, Inc.

Recalls & Warnings

11/21/2014

Herbal Arthritis Supplement Found to Contain Undeclared Drugs

On November 20, 2014, the FDA warned consumers not to purchase or use the herbal dietary supplement Feng Shi Ling because it was found to contain the undeclared drugs diclofenac and indomethacin.

Recalls & Warnings

3/14/2014

Arthritis and Muscle Pain Supplement Recalled

On March 12, 2014, Pain Free By Nature issued a recall of Reumofan Plus tablets sold on the company's website, www.painfreebynature.com, because it was found to contain the active pharmaceutical ingredients methocarbamol and diclofenac.

Recalls & Warnings

11/06/2014

Seller of Prostate, Heart Supplements and More Warned for Drug Claims

On October 9, 2014, the FDA issued a warning letter to Health Research Laboratories, LLC/New World Health, following a review of the company's websites, which found statements made about AtheChel Advanced, Betarol, BioTherapex, Omega-3 Cardio Plus, RejuvaLifeRx, and Ultimate Health Formula to be ...

Recalls & Warnings

10/05/2012

Illegal Claims on Weight Loss, Immune System Dietary Supplements, and Few Backed by Clinical Data

On October 3, 2012, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services issued a report warning that dozens of weight loss and immune system supplements have illegal claims of curing or treating disease on their labels and/or lack the scientific evidence to support such label claims.

Recalls & Warnings

6/04/2012

FDA Warning on Supplement for Pain Relief

On June 1, 2012, the U.S. FDA warned consumers that Reumofan Plus, marketed as a “natural” dietary supplement for pain relief and other serious conditions, contains several active pharmaceutical ingredients not listed on the label that could be harmful.

Recalls & Warnings

12/12/2014

Seller of B-12, Zinc, Echinacea and More Warned for Manufacturing Violations and Drug Claims

On November 14, 2014, the FDA issued a warning letter to Scientific Botanicals Company, Inc.

Recalls & Warnings

9/23/2005

FTC Continues Litigation Against Makers of CortiSlim and CortiStress Supplements

On September 21, 2005 the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) announced that three defendants will give up $4.

Recalls & Warnings

5/23/2013

Seller of Sexual Enhancement, Cholesterol, Resveratrol Supplements and More Warned For Drug Claims

On May 2, 2013, the FDA issued a warning letter to Alternative Health Supplements, following a review of the company's website, which found statements made about several dietary supplements, including Regenerect, Alligin, Astaxanthin Advantage, HDL Cholesterol Management, Resveratrol, Coral Calcium ...

Recalls & Warnings

3/15/2013

Maker of Liquid Supplements Warned For Manufacturing Violations and Drug Claims

On January 31, 2013, the FDA issued a warning letter to Liquid Health, Inc.

Recalls & Warnings

10/06/2004

False Claims Made by Marketer of Cortisol-related Weight-Loss Supplements According to FTC

On October 6, 2004, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC)charged marketers of two dietary supplements with claiming, falsely and without substantiation, that their products can cause weight loss and reduce the risk of, or prevent, serious health conditions.

Recalls & Warnings

1/04/2007

Sellers of Popular Weight Loss Supplements Pay $25 Million Over FTC Allegations of Deceptive Advertising

On January 4, 2007, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) announced that it had filed complaints in four separate cases alleging that weight-loss and weight-control claims were not supported by competent and reliable scientific evidence.