- What is CBD? CBD (cannabidiol) is a compound derived from hemp and marketed as a supplement despite the U.S. FDA's position that CBD is not a dietary supplement. (See What It Is).
- Does CBD work? CBD taken orally has been shown to reduce the frequency of certain types of seizures, and preliminary evidence suggests it may also help with anxiety, schizophrenia, and other conditions. However, most of these effects have involved large doses of CBD — hundreds of milligrams per day, which is more than in many marketed CBD supplements and products. CBD applied to the skin (such as CBD creams, gels, and lotions) may modestly reduce some forms of pain (See What It Is and What It Does).
- What did CL's tests of CBD products find? ConsumerLab found significant amounts of CBD in all of the products but the cost to obtain an equal amount of CBD from each product ranged more than 10-fold, from just 24 cents to $2.67 per 10 mg. Interestingly, there were many good, lower cost products available on the market than ConsumerLab found in its last Review in 2018. Levels of THC (tetrahydrocannabinol, a psychoactive compound) also tended to be much lower, with THC not detectable in most products. (See What CL Found and use the Results table to compare the amounts of CBD and other cannabinoids in products).
- Best CBD Oil? Based on quality and value, ConsumerLab selected several Top Picks including an overall Top Pick as well as high, medium, and low-dose picks for oral use, a Top Pick among topical lotions and balms, and a Top Pick for Pets based on top quality and value.
- How to choose a CBD product: If you seek CBD, look for products that list the amount of CBD or cannabidiol per serving (and don't confuse that with the amount per entire bottle). If a product lists only "cannabinoids" it may contain some CBD but you won't know how much. Products may still have significant amounts of CBD if they list "hemp extract" as an ingredient, but don't expect much CBD if "hemp oil" is the only ingredient. Hemp extracts are more likely to contain a range of cannabinoids in addition to CBD (although it's not clear if this provides added benefit) and this is what is meant by the term "full-spectrum" on labels — but full-spectrum products may or may not contain THC. If you want to avoid THC, look for products that claim to be "THC-free." (See ConsumerTips)
- How much CBD to take and when to take CBD: Most of the research with CBD has involved high doses (several hundred milligrams daily). However, many CBD products on the market are lower dose and it is not clear if this dosing is effective. Nevertheless, to greatly increase CBD absorption, take it with or shortly after a fatty meal. (See ConsumerTips: Dosage)
- CBD safety, side effects and drug interactions: High-dose CBD can cause a range of side effects (particularly gastrointestinal) and affect certain medications. For details, see Concerns and Cautions.
CBD & Hemp Extract Supplements, Lotions, and Balms Review
Find the Best CBD at the Lowest Price! Learn How Much CBD (and THC) Is Really in Products and Which Are Our Top Picks.
CBD oils and hemp extracts compared in this review:
Bluebird Botanicals Hemp Extract Classic
CBDFX Gummies 300 mg - Mixed Berries
Charlotte's Web 17 mg - Mint Chocolate Flavor
Curaleaf Hemp Lotion - Lemongrass
Elixinol Organic Balance
Garden of Life Dr. Formulated CBD + Sleep
Garden of Life Dr. Formulated CBD 30 mg - Softgel
Garden of Life Dr. Formulated CBD 50 mg - Liquid
Green Roads Relax Bears 300 mg - Sweet & Relaxing
Lord Jones Hemp-Derived CBD Tincture -Naturally Flavored Peppermint
Manitoba Harvest CBD
Nature's Love Topical ReLeaf Salve
NuLeaf Naturals CBD Maximum Strength - 240 mg CBD per bottle
Plus CBD Oil Hemp Softgel 15 mg
Plus CBD Oil Hemp Softgel 5 mg
Swanson CBD 15 mg
Swanson CBD Full Spectrum 150 mg Balm - Mint
Swanson Extra Strength CBD Full Spectrum 25 mg Oil Drops - Mint
You'll get all of the following information about CBD liquids and pills in this comprehensive review:
- Which CBD supplements passed or failed testing
- Which CBD supplements, lotions and balms offer the best quality at lowest cost and are CL's Top Picks
- What CBD can and cannot do for your health
- Which products contain virtually no THC
- The important difference between hemp oil and hemp extract
- The best way to take CBD
- The dose of CBD for specific uses and how the amounts in products compare to those shown to work in clinical trials
- What to look for on product labels
- Cautions about the safety and potential side effects of CBD
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