Moderate doses of vitamin D
may improve balance and reduce the risk of falls in older adults deficient in vitamin D; however, be aware that too much vitamin D may actually increase
the risk of falls.
When combined with resistance exercise, supplementation with protein
may help to build muscle in older adults (muscle loss has been associated with an increased risk of falls
). Note that many older adults do not get enough protein from their diets
and some research suggests intakes higher than current daily recommendations may be needed to reduce muscle loss.
Also, be aware that being deficient in vitamin B12
can cause problems with balance and gait, which could increase the risk of falls. Melatonin
supplements may impair balance in older adults for a period of time after taking.