There is evidence that magnesium
and riboflavin (B2)
may help to reduce the frequency or severity of migraine headaches. The amino acid 5-HTP
may reduce frequency, although the evidence is mixed.
Some herbal supplements, such as butterbur
may also be helpful. However, be aware that taking St. John's wort with migraine medications or the painkiller tramadol can cause adverse effects
One clinical study found that a DAO (diamine oxidase)
supplement reduced the duration of migraine attacks by 30%, but did not reduce pain or frequency.
Low blood levels of vitamin D
have been associated with a moderate increase in migraine frequency (although not migraine severity), as well as with a higher risk of frequent headaches in general.
has been studied for reducing migraine frequency and pain, it has not
been proven effective.
For more information, see the article about Migraine
in our Encyclopedia, and also use links above.