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CL Answer

Do any supplements help with fatty liver disease? Are some diets more beneficial than others?

Find out if supplements such as vitamin E, fish oil, milk thistle, curcumin, choline, probiotics, vitamin D, reishi mushroom, or extra virgin olive oil are beneficial for fatty liver disease and learn which diet (Mediterranean, ketogenic, DASH, or fasting diets) seems to have greatest benefit.

Overweight man holding his right side near his liver

CL Answer

Is canola oil good or bad for you? I heard it can be toxic.

Find out if canola oil is bad for you or good for you, and whether it helps heart health. Clinical evidence and how it compares to other oils.

Is canola oil good or bad? -- bottle of canola oil

CL Answer

What is C15:0 fatty acid (found in fatty15), and does it have health benefits?

C15:0 fatty acid in fatty15 is promoted for “healthier hair & skin, balanced metabolism, and deeper sleep,” as well as “slowing the aging process.” Find out if it works.

Bottle of fatty15 with white background

CL Answer

Is it safe to consume fish oil as a long-term food supplement?

Learn more about fish oil supplement safety including long-term use, side effects, and more.

Fish Oil

CL Answer

What is TUDCA (tauroursodeoxycholic acid)? Does it have any proven health benefits, and is it safe?

TUDCA information, including its potential health benefits, safety, possible interactions, and cost.

What is Tudca - white capsules poured out of container

Product Review

CLA (Conjugated Linoleic Acid) Supplements Review (for Slimming)

Choose the Best CLA Supplement. Not All CLA Supplements Contain What You Expect.

CLA Supplements Reviewed by ConsumerLab.com

Product Review

Vitamin A Supplements Review, Including Beta-Carotene and Cod Liver Oil

Find the Best Vitamin A Supplement. Best Quality Vitamin A Supplements Identified, Including Cod Liver Oil.

Vitamin A Supplements (Including Cod Liver Oil) Reviewed by ConsumerLab.com

CL Answer

What is fermented cod liver oil, such as Blue Ice? Is it better than regular cod liver oil?

Fermented cod liver oil information including if Rosita & Blue Ice (Green Pastures) is as good a source of vitamins and DHA as regular.

Fermented Oil On Spoon and in Syringe

CL Answer

What is the difference between fish oil and cod liver oil? Is one better than the other?

Find out how regular fish oil and cod liver oil differ including amounts of omega-3s EPA and DHA, vitamin A and vitamin D, which is best to suit your needs. ConsumerLab.com's answer explains.

Fish Oil vs. Cod Liver Oil -- bottle of cod liver oil pouring into spoon

CL Answer

Is it true that fish oil supplements may contain soy? I'm allergic!

Learn about soy content in fish oil and cod liver oil, including safety for those with soy allergies.

Do Fish Oil Supplements Contain Soy? -- bottle of fish oil and fish oil capsules

CL Answer

Can taking too much fish oil be dangerous?

Find out if too much fish oil can be dangerous, and if taking too much fish oil can cause effects such as suppressing the immune system, thinning the blood (increasing the risk of bleeding), increasing levels of LDL cholesterol and liver enzymes or increasing the frequency in episodes atrial fibrillation. ConsumerLab.com's answer explains.

Taking Too Much Fish Oil -- bottle of fish oil and fish oil capsules

Product Review

Fish Oil, Krill Oil, and Algal Oil Omega-3 (DHA & EPA) Supplements Review

See Our Omega-3 Top Picks and Avoid Rancid Fish Oils.

Fish Oil and Other Marine Oil Supplements Reviewed by ConsumerLab.com

CL Answer

Is there a risk of liver toxicity with certain supplements?

Find out if there is risk of liver damage from supplements such as green tea, niacin, red yeast rice and vitamin A.

Liver Shape Made From Paper with Pills and Bottle Against Blue Background

Product Review

Milk Thistle Supplements Review

Find the Best Milk Thistle Supplement. Tests and Reviews of Popular Milk Thistle Supplements & CL's Top Picks.

Milk Thistle and Liver Formula Supplements Reviewed by ConsumerLab.com

Clinical Update

2/18/2022

Fish Oil for Fatty Liver?

Can fish oil supplementation help reduce liver fat and fibrosis in people with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)? Find out what a recent study suggests in the Liver Disease section of our Fish Oil Supplements Review.

Also see our article about Supplements for Fatty Liver Disease.

Clinical Update

8/09/2022

Vitamin E for Fatty Liver Disease?

Can vitamin E improve liver health in people with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)? Get the details in the Liver Disease section of our Vitamin E Supplements Review.

Also see our CL Answer about Supplements for Fatty Liver Disease.

Clinical Update

12/12/2023

Tocotrienols for Fatty Liver?

Does taking tocotrienols, a form of vitamin E, improve liver function among people with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)? Find out what research suggests in the Liver disease section of our Vitamin E Supplements Review.

Also see: Do any supplements help with fatty liver disease? Are some diets more beneficial than others?

CL Answer

What is desiccated beef liver? What is it used for, and is it safe?

Description of desiccated beef liver, including what it is used for, its nutrient content, and safety concerns.

Beef liver powder

Clinical Update

2/22/2023

Spirulina for Fatty Liver?

Find out if spirulina or brown seaweed help with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in our updated CL Answer about supplements for fatty liver. Also see our Top Pick for spirulina.

Clinical Update

2/24/2023

Curcumin for Fatty Liver?

Does curcumin supplementation decrease cholesterol, triglycerides, or liver enzyme levels in people with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)? Find out what a recent study showed in the What It Does section of our Turmeric and Curcumin Review. Also see our Top Picks among turmeric and curcumin supplements and spices.

Clinical Update

2/14/2023

Supplements for Fatty Liver?

Find out how the following supplements, and other approaches, affect liver function in people with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD):

Clinical Update

9/17/2021

Vitamin C For Fatty Liver?

Can taking high-dose vitamin C improve liver function or insulin resistance in people with NAFLD (non-alcoholic fatty liver disease)? Find out what a recent study showed in the What It Does section of our Vitamin C Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks among vitamin C supplements.

Product Review

Extra Virgin Olive Oil Review

Many Extra Virgin Olive Oils Don't Seem to Make the Grade

Clinical Update

5/04/2024

L-Citrulline for Fatty Liver?

Does taking L-citrulline decrease liver fat or have other benefits in people with metabolic-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD)? See what a recent study found in the What It Does section of our L-Citrulline Supplements Review, which includes our Top Picks among L-citrulline supplements.

Also see: Do any supplements help with fatty liver disease? Are some diets more beneficial than others?

Clinical Update

4/22/2022

Vitamin E for Fatty Liver Disease?

Can supplementation with vitamin E benefit people with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NALFD)? See what the American Heart Association recently advised in the What It Does section of our Vitamin E Supplements Review.

Also see our answer to the question: Do any supplements help with fatty liver disease?

Product Review

Choline and Lecithin Supplements Review (Including Phosphatidylcholine, CDP-Choline, and Alpha-GPC)

None

Clinical Update

7/12/2016

Vitamin D & Fatty Liver

Vitamin D supplementation may decrease fat accumulation in the liver in people with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease who are vitamin D deficient. Get the details in the "What It Does" section of the Vitamin D Supplements Review >>

Clinical Update

6/08/2019

Turmeric (Curcumin) and Fatty Liver Disease

Several studies suggest that curcumin supplements (from turmeric) may be helpful to people with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. For details, see the What It Does section of the Turmeric & Curcumin Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks among products.

Clinical Update

8/13/2019

Extra Virgin Olive Oil and Fatty Liver Disease

Can consuming a Mediterranean diet enriched with extra-virgin olive oil decrease the incidence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease? See what a new study found in the What It Does section of the Extra Virgin Olive Oil Review. Also see our tests and Top Picks among extra virgin olive oils.

CL Answer

Do electrolyte supplements, like Pedialyte, help with hangovers?

Find out if electrolyte supplements and drinks, like Pedialyte, help with hangovers. See the clinical evidence about the effects of drinking alcohol on the balance of electrolytes such as sodium and potassium, plus, other tips for staying hydrated.

Hangover Pic

Clinical Update

10/14/2017

Fatty Liver and Vitamin D

A recent study showed that it is difficult to raise vitamin D levels in some people who have non-alcoholic fatty liver disease -- a condition affecting 30% of Americans. This is concerning, as there may be benefits to raising low levels of vitamin D in such people. Learn more in the "What It Does" section of the Vitamin D Supplements Review >>

Product Review

Prostate Supplements Review (Saw Palmetto and Beta-Sitosterol)

Find the Best Prostate Supplement for Symptoms of BPH. See Which Prostate Supplement Passed or Failed CL's Tests of Quality.

CL Answer

Are there vitamins or supplements that can reduce my risk of breast cancer? Do any increase cancer risk?

Find out if certain vitamins, supplements and foods such as fish oil, olive oil, vitamin C and others, can help reduce the risk of breast cancer. ConsumerLab.com's answer explains.

Supplements & Breast Cancer Risk -- doctor holding pink breast cancer awareness ribbon

CL Answer

I'm at risk for both macular degeneration and Alzheimer's disease. I've read that more EPA than DHA is good for macular degeneration, but the reverse is true for Alzheimer's. What do you recommend?

Find out if taking fish oil supplements or eating fish can help for macular degeneration and Alzheimer's disease. ConsumerLab.com's answer explains.

Fish Oil Capsules and Salmon on White Table

Product Review

Turmeric and Curcumin Supplements and Spices Review

See Our Top Picks Among Turmeric Products

CL Answer

Can drinking coffee prevent gallstones? Can supplements help?

Information about the impact coffee has on gallstone disease. Plus, supplements that have been proposed to help with gallstone pain.

Coffee and Gallstones -- coffee in cup and coffee beans

CL Answer

I would like to try gotu kola for varicose veins but I've heard it's not safe to take. Is that true?

Learn more about gotu kola, including possible benefits for varicose veins and whether it is safe to take. ConsumerLab explains.

CL Answer

Do any supplements help with gum disease or periodontitis?

Supplements for healthy gums may help with gum disease or periodontitis. Learn more about omega fatty acids, lycopene, and probiotics.

Smiling Woman Taking White Supplement with Glass of Water

CL Answer

Does vitamin B12 improve memory?

Find out if vitamin B12 improves memory and cognition, how much to take, plus information about other supplements may help. ConsumerLab.com's answer explains.

Review of B Vitamin Supplements

CL Answer

Is DPA an important omega-3 fatty acid? It's been promoted as more "powerful" than EPA and DHA.

Find out more about DPA (docosapentaenoic acid), the third most prevalent omega-3 fatty acid in fish oil. Learn how much DPA is in supplements and fish, plus the clinical evidence for DPA, whether it can improve heart health, lower triglycerides and more. ConsumerLab.com's answer explains.

Is DPA an important omega-3 fatty acid? -- Fish Oil Supplements

CL Answer

Which supplements can help treat anemia? Do any supplements cause a low red blood cell count?

Find out which vitamin and nutrient supplements can help prevent and treat anemia in people who are nutrient deficient and learn which supplements may cause low blood cell counts, especially when used in excess.

Woman holding various vitamins and supplements in her hands

CL Answer

My doctor warned me that red yeast rice can cause liver damage - is that true?

Can red yeast rice cause liver damage? More information on its effects, including possible danger to the liver and kidneys.

Red Yeast Rice Tablets on White Background

CL Answer

What is hydrogen water? Is it beneficial for alertness, athletic performance, arthritis or other conditions, and is it safe?

Find out if hydrogen water has benefits with regard to alertness, side effects of radiotherapy in cancer patients, metabolic syndrome, athletic performance, rheumatoid arthritis, liver disease, and other conditions, and learn if it is safe to use.

Portable hydrogen water generator

CL Answer

Is it true that some vitamins or supplements can cause cancer?

Learn more about the effects of certain vitamins and supplements on cancer, including beta-carotene, vitamins E and B9, and multivitamins.

Woman holding vitamins in hand

CL Answer

Should I be concerned about pyrrolizidine alkaloids in herbal supplements?

Find out which herbal supplement ingredients contain pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs), learn why these constituents are a safety concern, and find out how supplements containing these ingredients are regulated in the U.S. and Europe.

Herbal capsules being poured out of supplement container onto table

Clinical Update

2/27/2024

Alpha Lipoic Acid & Fatty Liver Disease

Does alpha lipoic acid help with metabolic fatty liver disease? See what research shows in our Alpha Lipoic Acid Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks among alpha lipoic acid supplements.

CL Answer

Are there any supplements I should avoid when taking acetaminophen (Tylenol)?

Find out if there are any supplements that should be avoided when taking acetaminophen (Tylenol).

Acetaminophen (Tylenol) Interactions With Supplements -- box of Tylenol

Clinical Update

11/06/2020

Fish Oil for Liver Disease?

Does taking fish oil help people with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)? Find out what a recent study suggested in the What It Does section of our Fish Oil Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for fish oil.

CL Answer

What are the health benefits of coconut oil and medium chain triglycerides, such as those used in Bulletproof Coffee?

Learn the health benefits of coconut oil and medium chain triglycerides (MCTs), including evidence from Bulletproof Coffee, clinical studies on obesity, skin, and Alzheimer's disease.

Coconut Oil & MCTs -- Coconuts and coconut oil with coffee cup

CL Answer

Supplements for multiple sclerosis (MS): Do any supplements reduce symptoms or relapse?

Find out if vitamins or supplements such as ginkgo, fish oil, biotin, vitamins A, C, E, D, and B12, or selenium reduce symptoms or relapse in people with multiple sclerosis (MS).

MS 3

CL Answer

Is it better to take fish oil, flaxseed oil -- or both?

Fish oil and flaxseed oil -- how they are different, what they are used for, if and how they can help with arthritis, depression, lowering cholesterol & more.

Flaxseed Oil vs Fish Oil -- Omega-3 Supplements

CL Answer

Which supplements help with arthritis?

Learn more about supplements for joint health, including products such as Wobenzym and Zyflamend and ingredients such as collagen, curcumin, glucosamine and chondroitin, hyaluronic acid, magnesium, omega-3 fatty acids, palmitoylethanolamide (PEA), SAMe, and others.

Supplements for Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis -- Women With Arthritic Hands

CL Answer

Body Odor: Supplements & Foods That May Help, or Make It Worse

Some people with adequate personal hygiene still experience body odor. Learn if taking supplements such as activated charcoal, champignon extract, copper chlorophyllin, L-carnitine, N-acetyl cysteine (NAC), or other ingredients might help or make body odor worse.

Woman holding her nose and pointing to a man with body odor

Clinical Update

7/31/2021

Coffee And Fatty Liver Disease?

Can drinking coffee help prevent fatty liver disease and liver fibrosis (scarring)? Find out what research suggests in our CL Answer about supplements and diets for fatty liver disease.

CL Answer

Can taking N-acetylcysteine (NAC) supplements reduce my risk of liver damage from acetaminophen?

Information on taking NAC supplements (N-acetylcysteine) to reduce the risk of liver damage from acetaminophen.

Doctor Pointing to Liver Model

CL Answer

Is it true that milk thistle supplements can be contaminated with toxins that can be harmful to the liver?

Find out if milk thistle supplements can be contaminated with toxins that can be harmful to the liver.

Milk Thistle Plant and Supplement on White Background

CL Answer

How do fish oil supplements compare to EPA prescription fish oil like Vascepa?

How do regular fish oil supplements compare to prescription fish oil such as Vascepa and Lovaza. Info on amounts of EPA and DHA, dose, cost and absorption. ConsumerLab.com's answer explains.

Fish oil supplements vs. prescription fish oil - fish oil capsules

CL Answer

What is Omega XL and does it work?

What is Omega XL (distributed by Great Health Works) and does it work? Described as a "highly concentrated Omega-3 'Super Oil' supplement".

Omega XL - Great Health Works

Clinical Update

8/07/2021

Bergamot for Fatty Liver?

Can bergamot help reduce cholesterol or liver fat in people with fatty liver disease? Find out in our updated answer about Supplements and Diets for fatty Liver Disease.

Clinical Update

6/18/2024

Curcumin for Fatty Liver?

Does curcumin reduce liver inflammation and scarring in people with advanced fatty liver disease? Find out in the Fatty Liver Disease section of our Turmeric and Curcumin Supplements and Spices Review, which includes our Top Picks for curcumin and turmeric.

Clinical Update

10/05/2021

Diet for Fatty Liver Disease

Find out the most important dietary considerations for people with fatty liver disease in our updated answer to the question: Do any supplements help with fatty liver disease? Are some diets more beneficial than others?

Clinical Update

7/27/2021

Diets for Fatty Liver Disease

Are some diets more beneficial than others for fatty liver disease? Find out in our CL Answer about supplements and diets for fatty liver disease.

Clinical Update

5/29/2024

Curcumin for Fatty Liver?

Did taking curcumin decrease liver fat in people with fatty liver disease? Find out what a recent study showed in the Fatty Liver section of our Turmeric and Curcumin Review. Also see our Top Picks among turmeric and curcumin supplements and spices.

Clinical Update

7/06/2022

Curcumin for Fatty Liver?

Does supplementing with curcumin decrease liver fat in people with fatty liver? See what a recent study found in the What It Does section of the Turmeric and Curcumin Supplements and Spices Review.

Also see our answer to the question: Do any supplements help with fatty liver disease? Are some diets more beneficial than others?

Clinical Update

2/17/2023

TUDCA for Fatty Liver?

TUDCA supplements are commonly promoted for treating liver disorders, but is there evidence supporting the use of TUDCA for fatty liver disease? Find out in our updated CL Answer about supplements for fatty liver.

Also, see our CL Answer about TUDCA for details about its other uses, potential safety concerns, and cost.

Clinical Update

3/19/2024

Olive Oil & Fatty Liver

Olive oil seems to offer benefits to people with fatty liver disease. See what a recent study showed in our Extra Virgin Olive Oil Review, which includes our Top Picks among olive oils.

Also see: Do any supplements help with fatty liver disease? Are some diets more beneficial than others?

Clinical Update

12/05/2023

Fatty Liver & C15:0

Did supplementing with C15:0 help people with fatty liver disease? Find out what a recent study showed in our article about the health effects of C15:0.

Also see: Do any supplements help with fatty liver disease? Are some diets more beneficial than others?

Clinical Update

10/25/2014

Probiotics Reduce Cholesterol / Improve Liver Function

Adding probiotic organisms to yogurt appeared to reduce LDL ("bad") cholesterol in a study of people with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, a common condition. Levels of liver enzymes also improved and more weight loss occurred when people ate the probiotic yogurt, in contrast to those who ate regular yogurt. The probiotic organisms used in this study are found in several products recently tested by ConsumerLab.com. See the details in the Probiotic Supplements Review >> 

Clinical Update

4/09/2024

Saffron for Fatty Liver?

Did taking a saffron supplement decrease liver fat in people with fatty liver disease? Find out what a recent study showed in our Saffron Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks among saffron supplements.

Clinical Update

7/17/2021

Fish Oil and Fatty Liver Disease?

Can taking fish oil over a lifetime increase the risk of developing fatty liver disease? Find out in the Concerns and Cautions section of the Fish Oil Supplements Review.

Clinical Update

8/23/2016

Omega-3s and Diabetic Eye Disease

Getting the omega-3 fatty acids EPA and DHA from eating fish is associated with a much lower risk of developing sight-threatening retinopathy in diabetics, according to a recently published study. The same benefit has been shown in non-diabetics. But do omega-3 supplements help? Find out in the "What It Does" section of the Fish Oil Supplements Review >>

Recalls & Warnings

April 10, 2021

Companies Deceived Consumers About Fish Oil for Liver Disease, Says FTC

On April 1, 2021, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) announced that fish oil supplement manufacturer BASF SE and its U.S.

Clinical Update

10/23/2018

DPA -- The Other Omega-3

Studies are showing that higher blood levels of DPA (an omega-3 fatty acid obtained from fish) are associated with healthier aging and reduced cardiovascular disease. Although a cause-and-effect relationship has not been established, if you're interested in increasing DPA in your diet, we just published the amounts of DPA that we found in popular brands of canned tuna and salmon. Some had virtually no DPA, while others provided nearly 100 mg per serving. (Also see our Top Picks for Canned Tuna & Salmon.)

News Release

September 14, 2023

Best and Worst Berberine and Goldenseal Supplements, According to ConsumerLab Tests

White Plains, New York, September 14, 2023 —  Recent ConsumerLab tests revealed problems with nearly 45% of the berberine and goldenseal supplements selected for testing. Powders and capsules containing goldenseal (which naturally contains berberine) were particularly likely to have issues.

Clinical Update

12/23/2013

Liver Toxicity with Supplements, Including Green Tea

An increase in cases of liver toxicity associated with dietary supplement use has recently been reported. In an article about the findings, The New York Times reports that bodybuilding supplements and products containing green tea extracts are among those associated with such cases. For more information about green tea extracts and toxicity, see the Concerns and Cautions section of the Green Tea Supplements Review >> 

Clinical Update

5/19/2013

Fish Oil No Help for Heart Disease?

A new study found that taking a fish oil supplement did not reduce the risk of heart attack or stroke in people with multiple risk factors for heart disease. But this doesn't tell the whole story. Get the bottom line on fish oil for heart disease and test results for over 70 fish oil supplements, in the updated Fish Oil and Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplements Review >>

Clinical Update

2/23/2024

Herbalife Products and Liver Injury

Use of two Herbalife products were associated with a recent case of liver injury. See the details in the article in our Warnings section.

Clinical Update

7/13/2019

Liver Toxicity With Turmeric

Although uncommon, there are now several recent reports of liver toxicity associated with turmeric or curcumin supplements. Get the details in the Concerns and Cautions section of the Turmeric and Curcumin Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for turmeric and curcumin.

Clinical Update

5/22/2019

Liver Injury With Ashwagandha

Although rare, several cases of liver injury associated with the use of ashwagandha supplements were recently reported. See the details in the Concerns and Cautions section of the Ashwagandha Supplements Review. This has affected our selection of a Top Pick.

News Release

February 03, 2017

ConsumerLab.com Shows How Much Choline is Really in Supplements -- ConsumerLab.com Tests Phosphatidylcholine (From Soy Lecithin), Citicoline, Alpha-GPC and Other Choline-Containing Supplements, Identifying Top Picks

White Plains, New York, February 3, 2017 — Choline is an essential nutrient important for liver and brain function. It can be obtained from the diet and most people also produce significant amounts in their bodies.

Clinical Update

7/04/2015

Fish Oil and Alzheimer's Disease

The evidence is mixed on whether fish oil can help people with Alzheimer's disease. A benefit was seen in a study reported last year, but a recently reported study found no benefit with fish oil combined with antioxidants. More details are found in the "What It Does" section of the Fish Oil and Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplements Review >>

Clinical Update

7/12/2022

Does DHA Lower Alzheimer's Risk?

Older people with high levels of the omega-3 fatty acid DHA were found to have a lower risk of developing Alzheimer's disease, according to a recent analysis. Does this mean that older people should be supplementing with DHA or fish or other marine oils? Find out in the Alzheimer's Disease section of our Fish and Marine Oil Supplements Review.

Clinical Update

8/22/2014

Flaxseed Lowers Blood Pressure

Consuming milled flaxseed significantly lowered blood pressure in people with peripheral arterial disease, according to a recent clinical trial. Additional analysis of those results suggests the alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) -- an omega-3 fatty acid -- in flaxseed may be responsible for the effect. Get the details, including the amount of flaxseed used, plus our tests of flaxseed, evening primrose, borage, and other seed oils containing ALA and GLA, in the updated Flaxseed Oil, Evening Primrose Oil, Borage Oil, and Black Currant Oil Supplements Review >>   

Clinical Update

6/24/2015

Problem with Too Much Krill Oil

Researchers recently gave overweight men a very large daily amount of krill oil (with a smaller amount of fish oil) with the hope it would improve their insulin sensitivity. Unfortunately, the opposite happened, suggesting that the oil could increase the risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Details about the study, including dosage, are found in the "Concerns and Cautions" section of the Fish Oil and Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplements Review (Including Krill, Algae, Calamari, Green-lipped Mussel Oil) >>

Clinical Update

1/13/2018

B12 for Cognition

Numerous studies show that getting adequate intake of B vitamins, such as B12, and, perhaps, omega-3 fatty acids from fish, may slow age-related declines in memory and cognition. But not everyone should expect a benefit, as shown in a recent study. For details, see the Memory, Cognition, and Alzheimer's Disease section of the B Vitamin Supplements Review. (Also see our Top Picks among products.)

Clinical Update

5/22/2018

Eat Fish for Heart Health

The American Heart Association recently affirmed that eating fish may help to reduce the risk of cardiac death, coronary heart disease, and ischemic stroke. However, the same cannot be said for fish oil supplements. Get the details in the What It Does section of the Fish Oil Supplements Review. Also, stay tuned: ConsumerLab is currently testing popular brands of canned tuna and salmon to assess their purity and levels of omega-3 fatty acids.

Clinical Update

11/20/2018

Best Olive Oil for Heart?

This week, the FDA agreed that oils that are at least 70% oleic acid may claim to reduce the risk of coronary heart disease when substituted for saturated fats. Oleic acid is the dominant fatty acid in olive oil. However, our tests of popular extra virgin olive oils show that only some reach the 70% level. Get the details in the Extra Virgin Olive Oil Review. (Also see our Top Picks among extra virgin olive oils.)

Clinical Update

4/07/2013

Omega-3s Linked to Less Heart Disease and Longer Life

A study among older individuals who did not use fish oil supplements showed that those with higher levels of omega-3 fatty acids in their blood were far less likely to have a heart attack or arrhythmia and were 27% less likely to die during the 14-year study. The reserchers calculated how much EPA and DHA a person should consume to reach this higher blood level and noted that further increases yeild little additional benefit. Get the details, as well as how to get omega-3s from foods, in the updated Fish Oil Supplements Review »

Clinical Update

9/16/2012

Fish Oil Benefit Questioned

There are many potential benefits from supplementing with the omega-3 fatty acids found in fish oil, but the most widely-touted benefits -- reducing the risks of heart disease and stroke -- are now in doubt. Read about the latest studies in the update to the Fish Oil (EPA & DHA) Supplements Review, which includes our product tests and quality ratings. More >>

News Release

September 13, 2016

Best Fish Oil? ConsumerLab.com Tests 44 Popular Omega-3 Supplements and Identifies Its Top Picks

White Plains, New York, September 13, 2016 — Fish oil and omega-3 fatty acid supplements containing EPA and DHA are among the most popular supplements, and clinical studies suggest a wide range of potential benefits, from improving mental health to treating inflammatory disease.

News Release

January 20, 2015

ConsumerLab.com Identifies Best Vitamin A Supplements, But Cautions That Most People Don't Need Them

White Plains, New York, January 20, 2015 — Vitamin A supplements can save your sight and reduce your risk of infection if you are vitamin A deficient. However, deficiency is rare in the U.S., where people are more likely to be at risk for excess vitamin A.

News Release

December 09, 2014

Round-up of Recent Product Tests by ConsumerLab.com -- Results for B Vitamin Supplements & Energy Drinks, Garlic, NAC (N-acetyl cysteine), Iron and Omega-7 Fatty Acids

White Plains, New York, December 9, 2014 — In recent months, ConsumerLab.com has published test results for a variety of popular supplements, including B vitamins supplements and energy drinks, NAC (N-acetyl cysteine), iron and garlic. In addition, ConsumerLab.

News Release

May 07, 2014

Flaxseed and Other Popular Seed Oil Supplements Tested by ConsumerLab.com, But Not All Brands Pass -- Flaxseed, Black Currant, Borage and Evening Primrose Oils Reviewed

White Plains, New York, May 7, 2014 — Plant seed oils are popular supplements that provide omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids, but which products offer the best value and quality? Recent analyses by ConsumerLab.

News Release

November 26, 2012

Tests Show Many Milk Thistle Supplements Low in Key Component -- Seven of Eleven Products Fail ConsumerLab.com Testing of Herb Used in Diabetes and Liver Diseases

White Plains, NY, November 26, 2012 — Recent tests by ConsumerLab.com of eleven milk thistle supplements show that only four met ConsumerLab.com's quality standards.

News Release

August 22, 2012

Contamination and Other Problems Found in Fish Oil Supplements -- Large Review by ConsumerLab.com Reveals Excessive PCBs or Mislabeling in Over 30% of Omega-3 Supplements

August 22, 2012 — The quality of fish oil / omega-3 supplements varies across brands, according to recent tests by ConsumerLab.com, which independently reports on the quality of health products. Analyses of 35 products selected and purchased by ConsumerLab.

Recalls & Warnings

February 22, 2024

Herbalife Shake & Protein Drink Mix, Aloe, Linked With Case of Liver Injury

A 13-year-old boy in Texas developed liver failure and hepatitis-associated aplastic anemia after consuming two Herbalife products and an aloe vera beverage over a period of months, according to a report published on February 12, 2024 in the Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and ...

News Release

September 21, 2011

Not all vitamin A supplements pass ConsumerLab.com tests -- New report reviews beta-carotene and cod liver oil supplements

White Plains, New York — September 21, 2011 — Recent tests of vitamin A supplements by ConsumerLab.com found one to contain only 54.3% of its listed amount of vitamin A. Another product mislabeled alpha carotene as vitamin A.

News Release

January 11, 2011

Spoilage and labeling errors found with some omega-3 and -6 supplements; Review of evening primrose, flaxseed, borage, and black currant oil supplements

WHITE PLAINS, NEW YORK — JANUARY 10, 2011 — A new report on the quality of omega-3 and -6 fatty acid supplements made from seed oils was released by ConsumerLab.com today. Only 11 of 17 products selected for testing met quality criteria for freshness and labeling.

News Release

December 02, 2009

Tests show many milk thistle supplements low in key component -- Nine of ten products fail ConsumerLab.com testing of herb used in diabetes and liver diseases

TESTS SHOW MANY MILK THISTLE SUPPLEMENTS LOW IN KEY COMPONENT

News Release

August 05, 2008

ConsumerLab.com Find Fifty Fish Oil Supplements Pass Quality Testing -- New Report Helps Consumers Choose Among Pills, Liquids, Foods and Beverages with Omega-3 Fatty Acids (EPA and DHA)

WHITE PLAINS, NEW YORK — AUGUST 5, 2008 — ConsumerLab.com announced today that testing of fifty omega-3 fish oil supplements, foods or beverages (including two marketed for pets) found all to have safe levels of mercury, lead and PCBs.

Recalls & Warnings

August 14, 2023

Liver Injury Linked to "Immune Booster" Supplement Sold on Amazon

A 27-year-old woman in Pennsylvania was admitted to intensive care for drug-induced liver injury after taking Prodigy Life HRP-AID, a supplement sold on Amazon and promoted as an "immune system booster" to reduce the intensity and frequency of cold sore outbreaks, according to a ...

News Release

December 10, 2007

ConsumerLab.com finds improvement in quality of omega-3 and -6 supplements — Results for 22 products made from evening primrose, flaxseed, borage and black currant oils

WHITE PLAINS, NEW YORK — DECEMBER 10, 2007 — A new report on the quality of omega-3 and -6 fatty acid supplements made from seed oils was released by ConsumerLab.com today. Two products were slightly low in one fatty acid, but this is an improvement over results from ConsumerLab.

News Release

June 12, 2007

Tests show many milk thistle supplements low in key component — Seven products fail ConsumerLab.com testing of herb used in diabetes and liver diseases

WHITE PLAINS, NEW YORK — June 12, 2007 — Tests by ConsumerLab.com of nine milk thistle supplements that it selected showed that only two contained the expected amounts of silymarin compounds, believed to be the active constituent of milk thistle.

Recalls & Warnings

March 30, 2021

Real Water Alkaline Water Recalled for Possible Link to Liver Illness

On March 24, 2021, Real Water, Inc. recalled all sizes of Real Water bottled alkaline water because it may be linked to multiple cases of non-viral hepatitis that occurred in Las Vegas, NV in November of 2020.

News Release

August 07, 2002

ConsumerLab.com finds some spoilage and inaccuracy among omega-3 and 6 supplements — List released of evening primrose, flaxseed and other GLA/ALA products that passed testing

WHITE PLAINS, NY — August 7, 2002 — ConsumerLab.com, an independent evaluator of health and nutrition products, released results today of its Product Review of Black Currant, Borage, Evening Primrose, and Flaxseed Oils: Sources of ALA and GLA (Omega-3 and -6 Fatty Acids).

News Release

November 20, 2001

ConsumerLab.com finds fish oil supplements free of mercury, but 30% lacking in key ingredient — Test results of omega-3 fatty acid (EPA and DHA) products released today

WHITE PLAINS, NY — November 20, 2001 — ConsumerLab.com, an independent evaluator of dietary supplements and nutrition products, released results today of its Product Review of Omega-3 Fatty Acids (EPA & DHA) from Fish/Marine Oils.

Recalls & Warnings

March 18, 2021

Don't Drink Real Water Alkaline Water, FDA Warns After Reports of Liver Illness

On March 16, 2021, the FDA warned consumers not to drink or use Real Water bottled alkaline water while it investigates reports of hepatitis associated with the product.

Recalls & Warnings

June 16, 2022

Omega 3 Supplements Recalled Due to Undeclared Drug Ingredients

On May 28, 2022, Latin Foods Market issued a voluntary recall of one lot of Artri King Reforzado con Ortiga y Omega 3 tablets after FDA laboratory analysis found the presence of undeclared diclofenac and dexamethasone.

Recalls & Warnings

March 02, 2022

Seller of Holistic Tea Warned by FDA

On February 17, 2022, the FDA issued a warning letter to Vital Health & Wellness following an inspection of the company’s website, which found statements made about the company’s product, Dr. Miller’s Holistic Premium Holy Tea, to be drug claims.

Recalls & Warnings

November 21, 2017

Health Canada Calls for Stronger Warnings of Liver Risk on Green Tea Extract Products

On November 15, 2017, Health Canada (the Canadian equivalent of the FDA) recommended stronger warning statements about the risk of liver toxicity on labels of supplements containing green tea extract sold in Canada. 

Recalls & Warnings

March 25, 2002

FDA Advises Consumers of Risk of Severe Liver Toxicity with Kava

On March 25, 2002 the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)issued a Consumer Advisory, as well as a letter to health care providers, advising of the potential risk of severe liver injury associated with the use of kava-containing dietary supplements.

Recalls & Warnings

February 02, 2018

Seller of Vitamin D, Omega-3's, Whey Protein & More Warned for Drug Claims

On January 24, 2018 the FDA issued a warning letter to Young Health Products, LLC following a review of the company's website which found promotional statements and testimonials made about the certain products, including Lugol's Solution 2%, Liquid Vitamin D3, Probimune, Flax Seed & Omega ...

Recalls & Warnings

December 08, 2017

Limbrel Capsules for Osteoarthritis Linked With Potentially Life-Threatening Health Risk, FDA Warns

On December 4, 2017, the FDA urged consumers not to take Limbrel (Primus Pharmaceuticals), a capsule marketed to manage the metabolic processes associated with osteoarthritis, because it has been associated with serious adverse events, including drug-induced liver injury and a lung ...

Recalls & Warnings

October 13, 2018

Pharmaceutical Drugs Found In Dietary Supplements Pose Danger to Consumers

Almost 800 dietary supplements sold between 2007 and 2016 contained unapproved pharmaceutical ingredients, according to a study published today in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA).

Recalls & Warnings

January 02, 2004

Canada Reiterates Warning on Products Containing Kava

On December 23, 2003, Health Canada reminded Canadian consumers of the serious risks associated with the use of products containing kava.

Recalls & Warnings

May 24, 2016

Seller of Joint Health, Omega-3 Supplements & More Warned for Manufacturing Violations, Drug Claims

On May 13, 2016, the FDA issued a warning letter to Rocky Fork Formulas, Inc.

Recalls & Warnings

August 25, 2002

Canadian Recall and Stop-Sale Order on All Kava Products

Health Canada is issuing a stop-sale order for all products containing the herb kava after a safety assessment concluded there is insufficient evidence to support their safe use. The department is also requesting the recall of these products from all levels of the market.

Recalls & Warnings

October 09, 2013

FDA Warns Consumers Not to Use OxyElite Pro As It Investigates Link With Hepatitis

On October 8, 2013, the FDA warned consumers not to buy or use USPLabs’ weight loss supplement OxyElite Pro because it has been linked with 24 cases of acute non-viral hepatitis in Hawaii.

Recalls & Warnings

January 07, 2002

Liver Toxicity with Kava

As announced in a December 19, 2001 letter to healthcare professionals, The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is investigating whether the use of dietary supplements containing kava (also known as kava kava or Piper methysticum) is associated with liver toxicity.

Recalls & Warnings

February 15, 2006

New Zealand Warns of Liver Toxicity from Black Cohosh

On February 9, 2006, New Zealand's Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) announced new labelling and consumer information for medicines containing Black cohosh (Cimicifuga racemosa).

Recalls & Warnings

August 26, 2014

Maker of Herbal Supplements Warned for Manufacturing Violations and Drug Claims

On August 8, 2014, the FDA issued a warning letter to EnerHealth Botanicals, LLC following a facility inspection which found the company's products, including Parasite Purge Herbal Remedy, Black Walnut Extract, Bladder Cleanse Herbal Extract, Lung Renewal Herbal Remedy, EchinOsha and Daily Immune ...

Recalls & Warnings

September 13, 2013

Metagenics Warned For Misbranding of Medical Foods and Drug Claims

On August 13, 2013, the FDA issued a warning letter to Metagenics, Inc.

Recalls & Warnings

November 04, 2016

Liver Injuries Linked With Dietary Supplement Use on the Rise

The number of liver injuries associated with dietary supplement use has increased substantially in recent years, according to a recently published study in the journal Hepatology.

Recalls & Warnings

September 13, 2010

ExtenZe Enhancement Supplements Seized in Canada

On August 19, 2010, Health Canada (Canada's health ministry) seized the sexual enhancement supplements "Male Enhancement ExtenZe" and "Women ExtenZe" which were imported from the U.S. Although legal and widely sold in the U.S.

Recalls & Warnings

November 02, 2012

Maker of Joint Health, Blood Sugar, Prostate, Ginkgo Supplements and More Warned For Drug Claims, Misbranding and Adulteration

On September 10, 2012, the FDA issued a warning letter to Global Source Management & Consulting for making drug claims about the following dietary supplements: Scientific Joint Program capsules, Alpha Lipoic Acid, Healthy Blood Sugar Diabetic Support, Dr.

Recalls & Warnings

May 01, 2009

FDA Warns Consumers to Stop Using Hydroxycut -- Product Being Tested by ConsumerLab.com

On May 1, 2009, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration warned consumers to immediately stop using Hydroxycut products by Iovate Health Sciences Inc., of Oakville, Ontario and distributed by Iovate Health Sciences USA Inc. of Blasdell, N.Y.

Recalls & Warnings

June 27, 2007

Warning Labels to be Required for Green Tea and Black Cohosh Products

On June 26, 2007, the U.S. Pharmacopeia (USP) Dietary Supplements Information Expert Committee (DSI-EC) voted to require cautionary statements on the labels for green tea extracts and black cohosh dietary supplements.

Recalls & Warnings

May 18, 2012

Caution with Butterbur Indicated by UK Warning

England's Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) advised consumers in early 2012 not to take unlicensed butterbur (Petasites hybridus) herbal products due to potential health risks.

Recalls & Warnings

March 10, 2015

Seller of Vision Supplements Warned for Manufacturing Violations, Drug Claims

On February 26, 2015, the FDA issued a warning letter to Biosyntrx, following a facility inspection which found the company's products, including BioTears Oral Gel Caps, ZoOmega-3 Concentrated Pharmaceutical-Grade Fish Oil, EpiCor A Nutrient-dense High Metabolite Immunogen, Sight C+ Mineral ...

Recalls & Warnings

May 23, 2013

Seller of Sexual Enhancement, Cholesterol, Resveratrol Supplements and More Warned For Drug Claims

On May 2, 2013, the FDA issued a warning letter to Alternative Health Supplements, following a review of the company's website, which found statements made about several dietary supplements, including Regenerect, Alligin, Astaxanthin Advantage, HDL Cholesterol Management, Resveratrol, Coral Calcium ...

Recalls & Warnings

November 14, 2012

Mushroom Supplement Manufacturer Warned For Drug Claims and Adulteration

On October 18, 2012, the FDA issued a warning letter to Mushroom Wisdom, Inc. following a facility inspection and product label review which found the dietary supplements Amyloban 3399 From Lion's Mane, Grifron Maitake, and Super Shiitake to be promoted as drugs.

Recalls & Warnings

September 17, 2013

Seller of Omega-3 and Joint Supplements Warned for Manufacturing Violations and Drug Claims

On August 29, 2013, the FDA issued a warning letter to Y.S. Health Corp.

Recalls & Warnings

February 13, 2014

Maker of Cholesterol and Workout Supplements Warned For Manufacturing Violations, Drug Claims and Unapproved Ingredient

On January 31, 2014, the FDA issued a warning letter to Exclusive Supplements Inc.

Recalls & Warnings

October 27, 2013

Ingredient In Workout Supplements May Be Unsafe, FDA Warns

On October 11, 2013, the FDA directed USP Labs, LLC to cease distribution of workout supplement OxyElite Pro and and muscle-building supplement VERSA-1, which are labeled as containing the ingredient aegeline, or N-[2-hydroxy-2(4-methoxyphenyl) ethyl]-3-phenyl-2-propenamide.

Recalls & Warnings

January 26, 2016

Seller of CoQ10, SAM-e, Vitamin D, and More Warned for Manufacturing Violations, Drug Claims

On January 15, 2016, the FDA issued a warning letter to Nutri-Dyn Midwest, Inc., following a facility inspection which found the company's products, including Cardioauxin BP, Zinc Lozenge, Oliver, Pau D'Arco, Petadolex, Chondro Jointaide, Dynagesic, SAMe-200, Gugulipid.

Recalls & Warnings

November 04, 2015

Green Tea from Tea Bags Linked to Acute Hepatitis

According to a case report published on September 23, 2015 (Lugg, BMJ Case Rep 2015), a 16-year old girl in England developed acute hepatitis in connection with the consumption of green tea.

Recalls & Warnings

January 02, 2004

Health Canada Warns Consumers Not to Use Health Products Containing Comfrey

On December 12, Health Canada advised Canadian consumers not to ingest the herb comfrey or any health products that contain comfrey because they might contain a compound called echimidine, which may cause liver damage.

Recalls & Warnings

December 22, 2005

Health Canada Warns Consumers Not to Take Chaparral

On December 21, 2005, Health Canada (Canada's health ministry) warned consumers not to ingest the herb chaparral in the form of loose leaves, teas, capsules or bulk herbal products because of the risk of liver and kidney problems.

Recalls & Warnings

October 24, 2012

Manufacturer of Green Tea, Vitamin E, Omega-3 and Cranberry Supplements Warned For Manufacturing Violations, Misbranding and Drug Claims

On October 16, 2012, the FDA issued a warning letter to dietary supplement manufacturer Advanced Nutritional Technology Inc.

Recalls & Warnings

January 16, 2015

CVS Sued for Eye Health Supplement Claims

A class-action lawsuit has been filed against CVS for promoting the company's Advanced Eye Health supplement as comparable to the formula used in the large National Institutes of Health (NIH) eye disease study known as AREDS2, despite the fact that it does not contain the same ingredients.