CL Answers (45)

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Recalls & Warnings (54)

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Clinical Updates (22)

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Vitamin D and Inflammation

A new study found that raising low levels of vitamin D appears to reduce inflammation in the body (based on measurements of C-reactive protein, or CRP, a marker of inflammation). However, once vitamin D levels reached what some people consider to be barely sufficient, CRP slowly but progressively increased, suggesting an inflammatory action of vitamin D at higher levels. The study raises the question of what is the ideal level of vitamin D in the body. 

Be sure you have the latest information! See the update to the Vitamin D Supplements Review, which includes details on this and other vitamin D studies, as well as our latest product tests.

Anti-Inflammatory Effect of Juice Plus+?

Chronic systemic inflammation is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and cancer. A recent clinical trial assessed the product Juice Plus+ for its ability to reduce this inflammation in obese men and women. The abstract of the published study indicates that it works, but the results tell a different story. For details, see the "What It Does" section of the Greens and Whole Foods Powders, Pills, and Drinks Review (which includes our tests of products) >>

DHA for Periodontitis (Inflammation Around Teeth)

A new study found that giving DHA (from algal oil) along with low-dose aspirin led to greater reductions in local inflammation and pocketing around teeth than aspirin plus placebo. For more about the study, including dosage, and our tests and comparisons of algal oil supplements, see the Fish Oil and Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplements Review (Including Krill, Algae, Calamari, Green-lipped Mussel Oil) >> 

Green Lipped Mussel Oil Reduces Pain and Inflammation After Exercise

Green-lipped mussel oil (a source of omega-3 fatty acids EPA and DHA) significantly reduced pain and inflammation days after exercise in young healthy men, compared to a placebo, according to a new study. For details, and ConsumerLab.com tests of the product used in the study, see the Fish Oil and Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplements Review >> 

Vitamin D and Inflammation

A new study of elderly people given vitamin D showed little effect on markers of inflammation in the body. Correcting very low levels of vitamin D may be helpful, but further raising vitamin levels does not seem necessary for proper immune function. In fact, there may be some downside. For details about this and other uses for vitamin D (and our product test results), see the Vitamin D Supplements Review >>

Vitamin D Speeds Recovery from Tuberculosis

A study in London found that adding vitamin D to standard antibiotic treatment for tuberculosis significantly reduced inflammation and speeded recovery. The majority of these patients, however, had been extremely deficient in vitamin D. Get the details in the updated Vitamin D Supplements ReviewMore >>

Probiotics for Oral Health?

For people with periodontitis (inflammation around the teeth), a new study showed a probiotic lozenge resulted in additional improvement over standard dental scaling and chlorhexidine rinse. Get the details, as well as our tests of probiotics, in the updated Probiotic Supplements Review>>

Probiotic for Diverticulitis

Giving a specific probiotic to people hospitalized for acute diverticulitis was found to reduce pain, inflammation, and the duration of their hospital stays. Get the details in the What It Does section of the Probiotic Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for probiotics.

Vitamin D Helps Fibromyalgia

Fibromyalgia is an inflammation of the muscle and soft tissue which causes pain and fatigue. A recent study found that giving vitamin D reduced the pain associated with fibromyalgia. For details about the dose and target vitamin D blood level in the study, as well as our tests of vitamin D supplements, see the updated  Vitamin D Supplements Review >>   

Fish Oil for Ulcerative Colitis

A special formulation of high-dose fish oil was found to help people with ulcerative colitis remain in remission in a placebo-controlled study. It also reduced levels of a key marker of inflammation. For details, see the Arthritis and Other Inflammatory Diseases section of the Fish Oil Supplements Review.

Is Omega-6 a Problem?

Do omega-6 fatty acids like LA and GLA, found in many seed oils, promote inflammation in the body? No, and yes, according to the latest findings. Get the details in the Is Omega-6 a Problem? section of our Omega-3 and -6 Fatty Acid Supplements Review.

Does Tart Cherry Juice Help?

A recent clinical trial investigated the effects of Montmorency tart cherry juice on blood sugar control, markers of inflammation, and the gut. Find out if it helped. See our updated answer to the question: What are the benefits of tart cherry juice?

Turmeric for Arthritis?

Curcumin (from turmeric) has shown promise in reducing the pain and inflammation of rheumatoid arthritis in several small studies, including one that was recently published. However, larger studies are needed to prove this benefit. Details are found in the "What It Does" section of the Turmeric and Curcumin Supplements Review (which includes our Top Picks among products).

Probiotic for Dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis is a recurrent, itchy inflammation of the skin. Taking a daily probiotic mixture was found to significantly reduce symptoms and the need for topical steroids in children with atopic dermatitis. Details are in the "What It Does" section of the Probiotic Supplements Review >>

Curcumin for Muscle Soreness

Does curcumin reduce muscle inflammation or soreness from intense exercise? Find out what recent studies have shown in the Muscle Soreness and Recovery After Exercise section of the Turmeric and Curcumin Supplements & Spices Review. (Also see our Top Picks among products.)

CBD for Osteoarthritis Pain

A recent study, conducted in dogs, showed promise for CBD in reducing pain and inflammation due to osteoarthritis (pain due to worn joints). See the details in the What It Does section of the CBD and Hemp Extracts Review. Also see our Top Picks for CBD for people and for pets.

Cranberry for Cystitis in Men?

Cystitis (inflammation of the bladder) is common in men undergoing radiation therapy for prostate cancer. A study evaluated whether a cranberry supplement could reduce the incidence of cystitis in these men. Find out if it helped in our updated answer to the question: Are cranberry supplements helpful for men? Can they help with symptoms of prostatitis or urinary tract infections?

Fish Oil for Arthritis?

Fish oil has shown modest benefits in rheumatoid arthritis, but can it help with osteoarthritis -- inflammation due to worn joints? Find out what a recently published study showed in the What It Does section of the Fish Oil Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for fish oil.

CLA Linked to Acute Hepatitis

CLA supplements are popular for slimming, but a recent report of acute hepatitis (liver inflammation) associated with use of CLA is concerning. Get the details, plus more about evidence, safety, and our tests of popular products in the CLA Supplements Review >>

Melatonin for Itchy Skin

Atopic dermatitis is an itchy inflammation of the skin, affecting up to 10% of adults and 30% of children. A recent study in children and adolescents with atopic dermatitis found that taking melatonin modestly reduced symptoms and, not surprisingly, reduced the time needed to fall asleep. For details about this and other uses of melatonin, as well our reviews of available melatonin supplements (including several similar to the one studied), see the Melatonin Supplements Review >>

Folic Acid Supplementation Mitigates Alzheimer's

A recent study in people with Alzheimer's disease found that folic acid supplementation decreased inflammation and slightly improved mental functioning. However, participants began the study unusually low in folic acid relative to normal U.S. levels. For more details see the B Vitamin Supplements Review >> Also see results of a folate/B-12 study which showed reduced brain shrinkage in Alzheimer's patients.

Ashwagandha for Knee Osteoarthritis

A new study in which people with mild knee osteoarthritis were given ashwagandha supplements daily showed significant improvements in pain and inflammation. For more details about this and other studies with ashwagandha, as well as our reviews of products, see the "What It Does" section of the Ashwagandha Supplements Review >>