uses JavaScript to provide the best possible experience for our content, but your browser has it disabled. Learn how to enable it here.


Search term may appear only in full report available to members. Join now for full access.

CL Answer

What is lunasin and does it really reduce cholesterol?

Lunasin supplement information, whether lunasin can lower cholesterol, safety and side effects, foods that contain lunasin, like soy.

CL Answer

What are the health benefits of coconut oil and medium chain triglycerides, such as those used in Bulletproof Coffee?

Learn the health benefits of coconut oil and medium chain triglycerides (MCTs), including evidence from Bulletproof Coffee, clinical studies on obesity, skin, and Alzheimer's disease.

Coconut Oil & MCTs -- Coconuts and coconut oil with coffee cup

Product Review

Nitric Oxide Supplements (Bodybuilding and Athletic Performance) Review Article

Do Nitric Oxide Supplements Really Work? Find Out If Nitric Oxide Supplements Really Build Muscle or Improve Performance.

Nitric Oxide Supplements Review

CL Answer

Can beetroot juice improve my workout performance?

Find out if beetroot juice can help improve exercise endurance or performance, how it works, the clinical evidence, and cautions..'s answer explains.

Beetroot juice and exercise performance - glass of beetroot juice

Clinical Update


Coconut Oil In Coffee?

Does adding coconut oil to caffeinated coffee boost physical performance? Find out what a recent study showed in the Sports Performance section of the Coconut Oil and MCT Oil Review. Also see our Top Picks among tested coconut and MCT oils.

CL Answer

What are the health benefits of D-ribose and is it safe?

Find out if D-ribose supplementation is beneficial for heart failure, exercise performance, and fibromyalgia and learn if it is safe.

Two measuring scoops and capsules of D-ribose on black countertop

Product Review

L-Citrulline Supplements Review

Learn How Citrulline Products Differ and Our Top Picks

L-Citrulline Review 2023

Product Review

Muscle & Workout Supplements Review (Creatine and Branched-chain Amino Acids)

Do Creatine and BCAAs Really Improve Strength and Recovery?

CL Answer

I do moderate exercise for about an hour a few times a week. Which supplements might help me, and which should I consider avoiding?

Info on what supplements are best for work out & exercise regimens, including electrolytes, protein, creatine, and BCAAs.

Supplements for Moderate Exercise

Product Review

Astaxanthin Supplements Review

See Which Astaxanthin Products Passed or Failed CL's Tests

Astaxanthin supplements reviewed by

Product Review

L-Arginine Supplements Review

Choose the Best L-Arginine Supplement. Find Out Which L-Arginine Supplement Passed CL's Tests.

L-Arginine Supplements Reviewed by

Product Review

Electrolytes & Sports Drinks Review

See Which Sports Drinks, Powders, and Pills Deliver the Right Electrolytes

CL Answer

Can beetroot juice or supplements lower blood pressure or improve exercise performance, and are they safe?

Learn more about beetroot juice and beetroot supplements and if beetroot can really help lower blood pressure.

Beetroot Juice for Lowering Blood Pressure? -- Glass of beetroot juice and blood pressure monitor

CL Answer

Does coconut water help re-hydrate as well as sports drinks?

Find out how coconut water compares to sports drinks, including rehydration and possible side effects.

Coconut Waters Reviewed by

CL Answer

Does citrulline improve exercise performance or recovery?

Information on citrulline supplements helping with exercise endurance, performance, muscle strength, fatigue or soreness after exercise.'s answer explains.

Citrulline for Exercise and Muscle Recovery -- bag of citrulline powder

Product Review

Taurine Supplements Review for People, Dogs, and Cats

Find the Best Taurine Supplements. Learn When to Use Taurine and Which Supplement is Best.

Taurine Supplements Reviewed by

CL Answer

What is BPC-157, what is it used for and is it safe?

Find out about BPC-157, including what it's promoted for and if it is safe.

White capsules vials and a syringe on a blue background

Product Review

Coconut Oil and Medium Chain Triglycerides (MCT) Oil Review — Semi-Solid and Liquid Oils & Supplements

Find the Best Coconut Oil and MCT Oil. See How These Oils Compare on Medium Chain Triglycerides (MCTs), Quality, and Value.

Coconut and MCT Oils Reviewed by

Product Review

Iron Supplements Review (Iron Pills, Liquids and Chews)

See Which Iron Supplements Are CL's Top Picks for Different Needs

Product Review

Vision Supplements Review (with Lutein, Zeaxanthin & AREDS2 Formulas)

Find the Best Vision Supplement Based Our Tests

CL Answer

Which supplements and foods can help lower or control blood sugar?

Find out which supplements can help lower or control blood sugar. Supplements including turmeric/curcumin, fiber, cinnamon, and ginseng are believed to help lower blood sugar.

Blood Sugar Control -- blood test and blood sugar chart

Product Review

DHEA Supplements Review

Choose the Best DHEA Supplement. Beware of Big Differences in Dose and Price.

DHEA Supplements Tested by

CL Answer

What is hydrogen water? Is it beneficial for alertness, athletic performance, arthritis or other conditions, and is it safe?

Find out if hydrogen water has benefits with regard to alertness, side effects of radiotherapy in cancer patients, metabolic syndrome, athletic performance, rheumatoid arthritis, liver disease, and other conditions, and learn if it is safe to use.

Portable hydrogen water generator

CL Answer

10 Supplements That May Boost Testosterone (And 12 That May Not)

Many supplements promise to increase testestorone, boost libido, and increase muscle size, but, as ConsumerLab explains, the actual effectiveness of supplements is limited, and some supplements may actually reduce testosterone levels.

Chalkboard sign that says low testosterone sitting on a table in front of a book and supplements

Product Review

Rhodiola Rosea Supplements Review

Do Rhodiola Supplements Help With Depression and Anxiety? Find Out and See Which Rhodiola Supplements Provide the Best Quality & Value.

Rhodiola Supplements Reviewed by

CL Answer

Can heat and humidity destroy whey protein and other sports nutrition supplements (e.g., creatine, BCAAs, digestive enzymes) during shipping or while storing at home?

Find out if heat and humidity can degrade creatine, BCAAs, digestive enzymes, and other muscle enhancing supplements.

How Heat Effects Whey Protein and Creatine -- Scoop of Protein Powder

CL Answer

What is the best sunscreen based on safety and efficacy?

Two different carcinogens, benzene and benzophenone have been found in popular sunscreens. These cancer-causing compounds are not listed on labels. Get the details and find out which sunscreens have been found to contain benzene and benzophenone.

Carcinogens in Sunscreens - Bottle of sunscreen with a question mark

CL Answer

What is the benefit of magnesium orotate compared to other forms of magnesium?

Find out if magnesium orotate is the best form of magnesium for supplements, including safety concerns.


CL Answer

Are L-carnosine supplements helpful and safe?

Learn about the potential health benefits of L-carnosine, as well as possible safety concerns, drug interactions and cost.

Capsules with white powder and spoon holding white powder on white background

CL Answer

Do "Mr. Happy Stack" supplements improve memory, cognition and mood, and are they safe?

Find out if Happy Stack supplements really work to enhance memory and cognition, plus safety and side effects.'s answer explains.

Happy Stack for Memory? -- Person holding a capsule

CL Answer

Which deodorants and antiperspirants are contaminated with benzene and which are not?

Benzene, a carcinogen, has been detected in over 40 spray deodorants, antiperspirants, and body sprays. Tests were conducted on brands including Axe, Bath & Body Works, Brut, Degree, Dove, Gold Bond, Right Guard, Secret, Speed Stick, Suave, Old Spice, Victoria's Secret and others. Find out which products contained benzene, and how much they contained.

Benzene in Spray Deodorant

CL Answer

Does Neuriva improve memory or cognitive function?

Find out about Neuriva, its ingredients, and the evidence for or against it for memory and cognitive function.

Bottles containing capsules of Neuriva Original and Neuriva Plus

CL Answer

What is CELLFOOD and is it a healthy supplement?

Learn more about CELLFOOD (NuScience Corporation), including if the claims to improve athletic performance, fibromyalgia, weight loss, and cancer are true.


CL Answer

Do electrolyte supplements, like Pedialyte, help with hangovers?

Find out if electrolyte supplements and drinks, like Pedialyte, help with hangovers. See the clinical evidence about the effects of drinking alcohol on the balance of electrolytes such as sodium and potassium, plus, other tips for staying hydrated.

Hangover Pic

News Release

June 08, 2023

Best Muscle and Workout Supplements With Creatine or BCAAs, According to ConsumerLab Tests

White Plains, New York, June 8, 2023 — Creatine supplements are promoted to increase muscle size, strength, and endurance, while supplements with branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) are promoted to improve exercise recovery.

CL Answer

What are the health benefits of luteolin, and is it safe?

Find out if luteolin, a compound found in many fruits and vegetables, is beneficial for cancer, heart health, skin aging, age-related cognitive decline, and other conditions, and learn if it's safe.

Luteolin containing vegetables including celery peppers lettuce and spinach

CL Answer

Does nicotinamide riboside (as in Niagen and Basis) really have anti-aging or other health benefits?

Niagen (Nicotinamide riboside) information, including if it actually provides anti-aging or other health benefits. ConsumerLab explores this question.

CL Answer

Does taking curcumin and boswellia together increase their individual anti-inflammatory effects?

Find out if taking boswellia and curcumin together can increase their individual anti-inflammatory effects.'s answer explains.

Curcumin and Boswellia for Knee Pain -- Older woman with osteoarthritis holding knee in pain

CL Answer

What is the best protein supplement for vegetarians and vegans?

Find out which protein supplements for vegetarians and vegans are best, including those made from whey, casein, soy, rice, pea, and hemp.'s answer explains.

Protein Powder Scoop

News Release

March 09, 2023

L-Theanine Supplements Reviewed by ConsumerLab. Top Pick Chosen.

  White Plains, New York, March 9, 2023 —L-theanine supplements are often promoted to reduce stress and improve sleep and cognition.

News Release

February 23, 2023

Best GABA Supplements Identified by ConsumerLab

White Plains, New York, February 23, 2023 — GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid) supplements are claimed to have a "calming" effect, and are often promoted to reduce stress and insomnia and improve cognitive performance.

News Release

July 20, 2022

Best Electrolyte Drinks for Hydration? Note: Some Contain 20 Times More Sodium Than Others

  White Plains, New York, July 20, 2022 — It's important to stay well hydrated, and electrolyte products can help.

News Release

June 30, 2022

Best Protein Shakes & Drinks According to ConsumerLab Tests. Lead, Excess Sodium Found in Some

White Plains, New York, June 30, 2022 — Consumers may get more sodium, fat, calories, or even lead, than they bargained for from some protein supplements, according to recent ConsumerLab tests of over 20 popular protein powders and shakes.

News Release

April 25, 2019

Best Coconut Water? ConsumerLab Tests Popular Products, Reveals Top Pick

White Plains, New York, April 25, 2019 — Coconut water is often promoted as a healthy way to stay hydrated and a natural alternative to sports drinks.

Clinical Update


Omega-3's and Cognition

Studies in older individuals have shown that omega-3 fatty acid intake from fish oil may improve certain areas of mental functioning and reduce age-related cognitive decline. Benefits have also been found in younger individuals.

A study has been underway which evaluates the effects of krill oil in adolescents with lower educational performance. It was recently reported that baseline testing (before starting krill) of the students showed a positive association between levels of EPA + DHA in their blood and performance on some, but not all, measures of cognitive performance. Get the details in the Fish Oil and Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplements Review (Including Krill, Algae, Calamari, Green-lipped Mussel Oil) >>

News Release

March 07, 2019

Best Coconut and MCT Oils Identified by ConsumerLab

White Plains, New York, March 7, 2019 — Coconut oil is often promoted as a "healthy fat" and an alternative source of energy to help with weight loss and in conditions such as Alzheimer's disease because it contains medium chain triglycerides (MCTs).

News Release

January 03, 2019

ConsumerLab Tests Reveal the Best Protein Powders, Shakes and Drinks -- 20% of Protein Powders and Drinks Fail CL's Tests of Quality

White Plains, New York, January 3, 2019 — Combined with resistance exercise, protein supplements can help athletes build muscle and older people prevent muscle loss. They can also help people with diabetes maintain blood sugar levels when consumed as part of a low-calorie diet.

News Release

July 22, 2015 Tests DHEA Supplements, Warns of Differences in Dose and Price

White Plains, New York, July 22, 2015 — DHEA is a controversial hormone supplement touted for anti-aging effects — but what can it really do? reviewed the evidence and purchased many popular brands of DHEA to test their quality.

News Release

July 01, 2015

Tests of Maca "Enhancement" Supplements Find Real Maca, But Some Lead Contamination and Seemingly Excessive Amounts of Rice Filler

White Plains, New York, July 1, 2015 — It's touted for increasing stamina and sexual performance and sales have steadily increased for more than a decade, but do maca supplements really contain this root indigenous to Peru? To answer this question, ConsumerLab.

Clinical Update


Magnesium Improves Women's Physical Performance

A new study found that daily intake of a magnesium supplement significantly improved physical performance among older women compared to those given a placebo. Interestingly, none of the women in the study were deficient in magnesium based on blood tests. Get the details, including the dose and type of magnesium supplement used, as well as our quality ratings of magnesium supplements, in the updated Magnesium Supplements Review >> 

Clinical Update


Probiotics & Exercise Performance

Can taking a daily probiotic improve exercise performance? Find out in the What It Does section of the Probiotic Supplements Review. (Also see our Top Picks for probiotics.)

Clinical Update


Cocoa & Physical Performance

Can a cup of cocoa a day improve physical performance? See what a recent study found in the What It Does section of the Dark Chocolate and Cocoa Review. Also see our Top Picks for cocoa powders and dark chocolates.

Clinical Update


Supplement for Better Exercise Performance?

Can taking a modified form of CoQ10 known as mitoquinone improve exercise performance in middle-aged men? See what a recent study found in our CoQ10 and Ubiquinol Supplements Review, which also includes information about a potential concern with mitoquinone.

Clinical Update


New Top Picks for Antigen Tests

We have a new Top Pick among antigen tests based on superior performance in detecting the Omicron variant in a recent evaluation – and it’s also inexpensive.

Clinical Update


Diabetes Cured With Low Cal Diet

A recent study found that type 2 diabetes was reversed in 40% of people who followed an 8-week, very low calorie diet consisting mainly of a diet shake. Get details about the study in the "What It Does" section of the Protein Powders and Drinks Review – for Body Building, Sports & Dieting >>

Clinical Update


Extra Protein Improves Strength

Whether you are trying to add muscle or just maintain it, a new report suggests that additional protein leads to further gains from resistance-type training. The analysis of 22 clinical studies shows that both young and old individuals who received additional protein from supplements or high-protein foods experienced significantly greater increases in muscle mass and strength than those not getting additional protein. Get the details, as well as our tests and reviews of protein powders and drinks, in the updated Protein Powders and Drinks Review (Including Sports, Nutrition, and Diet Products). More >>

Recalls & Warnings

November 01, 2013

Protein Shakes Containing Prescription Drug Pose Serious Health Risk

On November 1, 2013, Health Canada warned consumers that Vega One Vanilla Chai (sizes 437g and 874g) and Vega Sport Performance Chocolate nutritional shakes, by Sequel Naturals Ltd., have been found to contain the prescription antibiotic chloramphenicol.

Clinical Update


B-12 for Singers

It is commonly believed that a shot of vitamin B-12 improves the performance of professional singers. A placebo-controlled study put this belief to the test. Get the results in the B-12 (cobalamin) section of our B Vitamin Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for B-12 and other B vitamins & complexes.

Clinical Update


Niagen for Energy?

The maker of Niagen (a supplement containing nicotinamide riboside) was challenged regarding its claim that Niagen boosts energy and performance. See how the company responded in the Nicotinamide Riboside section of our B Vitamins Supplements Review.

Clinical Update


Energy Drinks: Athletic Performance & Side Effects

A recent study found that a caffeinated energy drink improved athletes' self-perceived muscle power, but also increased insomnia and nervousness. Get the details in the update to the B Vitamin Supplements and Energy Drinks Review >> 

Clinical Update


More Cocoa Benefits

A recently published study showed that hot cocoa made with a flavanol-enriched powder resulted in improvements in cognitive performance as well as reductions in blood pressure and cholesterol, and improved glucose metabolism. The study was conducted in people ages 65 to 80 who drank the cocoa each morning. More details, as well as our tests of cocoa powders, are found in the Cocoa and Dark Chocolate Review >> 

Clinical Update


Fish Oil for Brain Function

Healthy people, ages 50 to 75, given a specific fish oil supplement for 6 months experienced significant gains in their performance on visual tasks, reading, and verbal fluency in a recent placebo-controlled study. Brain scans also showed significant gains in the structure and volume of tissue in several areas of the brain. For details about the type and dose of fish oil taken, as well as test results and comparisons for 74 fish and other marine oil supplements, see the updated Fish/Marine Oil (Omega-3) Supplements Review >>

Clinical Update


Citrulline for Improving Exercise?

Citrulline, a compound which is converted to arginine in the body, is often added to workout supplements to improve exercise performance. But does it really help? See what a new study found in the "What It Does" section of the L-Arginine Supplements Review >> (Also see our Top Picks among L-arginine supplements.)

Clinical Update


CBD for Schizophrenia?

People with schizophrenia were given CBD (cannabidiol) twice daily in the hope that it would improve symptoms and cognitive performance. Find out if it helped in the What It Does section of the CBD Supplements Review. (Also see our test results for CBD products.)

Clinical Update


Can Vitamin D Boost Cognition?

Middle-aged people with low levels of vitamin D were given high-dose vitamin D for four months. Find out if this boosted their cognitive performance in the Alzheimer's disease, dementia, memory and cognitive decline section of the Vitamin D Supplements Review. (Also see our Top Picks for vitamin D.)

Clinical Update


Right Amount of D for Cognition

Three different doses of vitamin D were given to older women in a one-year study of cognition. Find out which dose resulted in the best performance on cognitive tests in the What It Does section of the Vitamin D Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for vitamin D.

Clinical Update


Folic Acid for Cognition

Giving folic acid to older people with relatively low levels of blood folate resulted in improved cognitive performance, according to a recent study. For details, see the "Memory, Cognition, and Alzheimer's Disease" section in the B Vitamin Supplements Review >> (Also see our Top Picks for folate and other B vitamin supplements.)

Clinical Update


Citrulline and Exercise

Several studies have evaluated citrulline (which the body converts to arginine) for enhancing athletic performance. Find out if it helps or not in the Citrulline section of the L-Arginine Review. Also, find out if L-arginine, itself, can help.

Clinical Update


Comparing Beetroot Juices, Concentrates, and Powders

Nitrate is a key compound in beetroot juice products, yet most products don't list their nitrate content. A new study reveals how much nitrate is in popular beetroot juices, concentrates, and powders. Find out which contain the most or the least nitrate in our answer to the question: Can beetroot juice improve my workout performance?

Clinical Update


CoQ10 for Strength?

Does supplementing with the ubiquinol form of CoQ10 improve muscle strength in well-trained men? Find out what a recent study showed in the Strength and athletic performance section of our CoQ10 Supplements Review.

Also see our Top Picks for CoQ10 and ubiquinol.

Clinical Update


Hold On To Those Tests

The shelf lives of several at-home COVID antigen tests were recently extended by 3 to 11 months. Get the details in our article about tests, which includes our Top Picks based on performance and price.

Clinical Update


Best At-home COVID Tests -- Updated

Find out which at-home COVID tests are most accurate, easy to use, and currently available in our updated article, which includes performance comparisons and our Top Picks among at-home COVID tests.

Clinical Update


Cocoa & Exercise?

Did consuming a high-flavanol cocoa extract improve exercise capacity among older people in a recent study? Find out in the Exercise and physical performance section of our Dark Chocolates and Cocoa Supplements Review.

Also see our Top Picks among cocoa supplements and dark chocolate bars.

Clinical Update


Many Pulse Oximeters Perform Poorly

Nearly half of pulse oximeters did not meet regulatory standards for performance in recent tests. Find out which were best and which were worst in our article: "Which is the best pulse oximeter for home use?"

Clinical Update


Top Pick Water Filters

We’ve chosen an overall Top Pick among water filter pitchers based on test performance, cost, and certification. We have also changed our Top Picks for certain uses due to changes in products and availability. See our current Top Picks in our Water Filter Pitcher Review.

News Release

December 09, 2014

Round-up of Recent Product Tests by -- Results for B Vitamin Supplements & Energy Drinks, Garlic, NAC (N-acetyl cysteine), Iron and Omega-7 Fatty Acids

White Plains, New York, December 9, 2014 — In recent months, has published test results for a variety of popular supplements, including B vitamins supplements and energy drinks, NAC (N-acetyl cysteine), iron and garlic. In addition, ConsumerLab.

News Release

October 08, 2013 Reports Problems and “Top Picks” Among Bars for Energy, Fiber, Protein, Meal-Replacement, and Whole Food

WHITE PLAINS, NEW YORK — October 8, 2013 — Which nutrition bars provide the best combination of nutrition and taste, and are accurately labeled? recently set out to answer this question by purchasing popular bars in the U.S.

News Release

June 11, 2013

31% of Protein Powders and Drinks Fail Tests by

White Plains, New York — June 11, 2013 — What's really in a scoop of "protein powder"? sIn some products, a lot less protein or a lot more carbohydrates than you would expect, and perhaps even a serving of something you don't want -- lead. That's according to recent tests by ConsumerLab.

Recalls & Warnings

August 07, 2011

Performance Enhancing Ingredient, DMAA, Not Really from Geraniums, Putting Its Use in Supplements in Doubt

On July 29, 2011, the American Herbal Products Association (AHPA) announced a new requirement that products containing the sports performance enhancing compound DMAA (also known as 1,3-dimethlypentlyamine, 1,3 dimethylamylamine, methylhexanamine, or MHA), not be labeled as geranium oil or any part ...

News Release

October 04, 2012

Five Years After Reported a Problem, FDA Agrees Generic Version of Wellbutrin XL Is Not Equivalent and Is Pulled Off Market — Important Lessons about Generics

White Plains, New York — October 4, 2012 [Updated 10/11/12]— Are all generic drugs therapeutically equivalent to their brand name counterparts? Until yesterday, the FDA, and many others, adamantly said they were.

News Release

August 04, 2011

Some coconut waters don't deliver on promises according to

White Plains, New York — August 4, 2011 — Coconut water—the natural juice from green coconuts— is often touted as a natural alternative to sports drinks. But does it really deliver? "It depends on the brand," says President, Tod Cooperman, M.D. ConsumerLab.

News Release

March 30, 2011 finds 100-fold variation in cost of iron supplements

WHITE PLAINS, NEW YORK — MARCH 28, 2011 — announced today that the cost to get an equivalent dose of iron from supplements varies by more than 100-fold. A 25 mg dose of iron can cost as little as two cents or over two dollars, depending on the product.

News Release

July 21, 2010

Tests of "muscle enhancement" supplements show quality problems with some creatine and branched-chain amino acid products -- Review of Muscle Enhancement Supplements published by

WHITE PLAINS, NEW YORK — July 21, 2010 — Athletes often turn to supplements to enhance muscle strength and recovery. New tests of such supplements by ConsumerLab.

News Release

May 05, 2008

Some iron supplements short on iron or contaminated according to

WHITE PLAINS, NEW YORK — May 5, 2008 — announced today that two iron supplements failed to pass recent independent testing. One "high potency" iron supplement contained only 37% of it claimed iron. ConsumerLab.

Recalls & Warnings

December 08, 2015

Study Finds Many Rhodiola Rosea Supplements to be Adulterated

A study of Rhodiola supplements (including hard capsule extracts, softgel capsules, tablets, and liquid extracts) in Great Britain found that nearly 20% did not contain rosavin, the key marker compound used to identify Rhodiola rosea from other Rhodiola species, and many ...

News Release

August 20, 2007

ConsumerLab tests products in booming nutrition drink market — most deliver what's promised but extra cholesterol found in some — New report covers drinks and powders for endurance/recovery, body building, meal-replacement and dieting

WHITE PLAINS, NEW YORK — AUGUST 20, 2007 — A new report from finds most nutrition powders, shakes and drinks meet their nutrient claims, but three products — two sports drinks and a meal supplement — contained more cholesterol than claimed.

Recalls & Warnings

July 29, 2009

FDA Warns Against Body Building Supplements with Steroid-like Compounds

On July 28, 2009, the U.S. FDA notified the public about new safety information concerning products marketed for body building and increasing muscle mass.

Recalls & Warnings

September 28, 2022

FDA Warns Muscle Sports for Joint Health, Immune & Workout Supplement, Vitamin C, Elderberry, and Other Claims

On September 23, 2022, the FDA issued a warning letter to Muscle Sports Products, LLC following inspection of the company’s websites which found statements about company products, including Join Revolution Capsules, IMMUNITY + Powder, Rhino Rampage PUMPED Capsules, Attack Pre-Workout ...

News Release

November 13, 2006

Tests of "muscle" supplements finds some "weak" products but most contain expected creatine, HMB, or amino acids — Review of muscular enhancement supplements published by

WESTCHESTER, NEW YORK — MONDAY, NOVEMBER 13, 2006 — Bodybuilders and athletes often turn to supplements to enhance muscle size and strength.

News Release

April 27, 2005 finds quality of most nutrition powders and drinks high, but identifies five protein powders with excess sodium or cholesterol — Report Now Available Online

WHITE PLAINS, NY — APRIL 27, 2005 — has released its latest report on the quality of nutrition powders, shakes and drinks. These products are used for general nutrition, dieting, and meal-replacement and are frequently used by athletes and bodybuilders.

Recalls & Warnings

March 04, 2003

U.S. Warns of Ephedra Risks and Proposes Warning Label for Supplements

On February 28, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) announced a series of actions designed to protect Americans from potentially serious risks of dietary supplement products containing ephedra.

Recalls & Warnings

January 03, 2004

FDA to Prohibit Sales of Dietary Supplements Containing Ephedra

On December 30, 2003, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a consumer alert of its forthcoming determination that dietary supplements containing ephedra present an unreasonable risk of illness or injury, and should not be consumed.

News Release

July 26, 2004 reports on iron supplements — Wide variety of products pass testing; Consumers advised on proper dose, type of iron to avoid problems

WHITE PLAINS, NY — Monday, July 26, 2004 — announced today that fifteen iron supplements passed its recent independent testing but it cautioned that large differences among products require consumers to choose products carefully.

Recalls & Warnings

February 22, 2021

Canadian Creatine Recalled for Dangerous Levels of Vitamin D

On February 21, 2021, the Canadian company Genex Nutraceuticals recalled one lot of Perfect Sports Core Series Pure Creatine (also known as Creatine Powder) because it "contains vitamin D that is not listed on the label, at dangerous levels.

News Release

April 22, 2004 shares insights from 2 years of testing supplements for athletic banned substances — Athletes and manufacturers urged to learn how to avoid problems

WHITE PLAINS, NY — April 22, 2004 — Two years after initiating the first program to test dietary supplements for substances banned from athletic competition, today released a short advisory summarizing problems uncovered to-date from its testing.

News Release

September 24, 2003 finds new forms of creatine prone to problems — Test results of muscular enhancement supplements published online today

WHITE PLAINS, NY — September 24, 2003 — Testing by of creatine supplements found problems with the majority of products sold in liquid, effervescent and chewable forms. Problems were not found among standard creatine "powder" products.

Recalls & Warnings

March 13, 2020

FDA Finds Problems at 52% of Supplement Manufacturing Sites in U.S. and 42% Abroad has obtained results of the FDA's inspections in Fiscal Year 2019 (October 1, 2018 - September 30, 2019) of 598 dietary supplement manufacturing facilities in the U.S.

Recalls & Warnings

December 31, 2020

FDA Warns Seller of Liposomal Vitamin C, Vitamin D & More

On December 21, 2020, the FDA issued a warning letter to Sparrow Health & Performance LLC for selling the products Organic Liposomal Vitamin C, Nanoemulsified D3K2 (also called Liquid Liposomal Vitamin D3 with K2 or Liposomal Vitamin D3) and Immune Support ...

News Release

February 08, 2002

Athletic Banned Substances Screening and Certification Program announced by — Tester of supplements to screen for substances banned in Olympics

WHITE PLAINS, NY — February 8, 2002 — ConsumerLab.

Recalls & Warnings

March 26, 2021

Nine Banned Stimulants Found in Workout, Weight Loss Supplements

Recent analysis of 17 brands of sports/energy and weight loss supplements sold in the U.S. found nine prohibited stimulants formulated into eight different combinations, and none of these combinations have been studied in people.

Recalls & Warnings

January 15, 2024

Suprex Carb & Sugar Block Recalled

On December 7, 2023, Vita 360, LLC issued a recall of one lot of SUPREX Plant Based Nutrition Carb & Sugar Block after FDA analysis found it to contain only 16 mcg of chromium per serving and not 100 mcg of chromium per serving, as listed on the label.

Recalls & Warnings

April 10, 2024

Powerade Variety Packs Recalled

On February 27, 2024, the Coca-Cola Company issued a recall of various lots of Powerade Zero Fruit Punch, Powerade Zero Mixed Berry, and Powerade Mountain Berry Blast electrolyte drinks because the products may contain a foreign metal object, namely a stainless-steel ring.

News Release

August 07, 2000 finds that not all creatine supplements meet label claims; Popular sports supplement test results released online

WHITE PLAINS, NY, August 7, 2000 — today released results of its 8th Product Review, focusing on creatine monohydrate dietary supplements.

Recalls & Warnings

February 13, 2018

American College of Sports Medicine Warns of Energy Drink Dangers

A new statement released by the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) highlights the dangers of energy drinks when consumed by children and adolescents, and calls for more studies on the safety and efficacy energy drinks.

Recalls & Warnings

May 29, 2018

FDA Warns Seller of "Aromatase Inhibitor" Supplement

On May 18, 2018, the FDA issued a warning letter to Performance Nutrition Formulators LLC d.b.a. VMI Sports because its product Arimistane contains Androsta-3,5-Diene-7,17-Dione, an ingredient that the FDA considers to be a new drug and not a dietary supplement ingredient.

Recalls & Warnings

April 11, 2013

Glutathione Supplement Maker Warned For Manufacturing Violations and Drug Claims

On April 5, 2013, the FDA issued a warning letter to The Glutathione Corporation following a facility inspection which found the company's supplements, including Ultrathione 500 Glutathione, Ultrathione 1000 Sports Pack, Ultrathione Performance, Ultrathione Extreme Performance, Ultrathione Health ...

Recalls & Warnings

August 09, 2012

FDA Warns Sports Nutrition Manufacturer of GMP Violations

On June 26, 2012, the FDA issued a warning letter to Parrillo Performance subsequent to a manufacturing and packing facility inspection which found Parrillo products to be adulterated due to current Good Manufacturing Practices (cGMP) violations.

Recalls & Warnings

November 21, 2022

Healthy Sense and People’s Choice Multis Recalled

On November 17, 2022, Mason Vitamins Inc.

Recalls & Warnings

November 28, 2022

Seller of Joint Health, Collagen Protein and More Warned for Drug Claims

On November 14, 2022, the FDA issued a warning letter to The Truth Company, LLC (parent company of Kinobody, LLC and UMZU, LLC) following inspection of the company’s websites which found statements about its Betaine, Immune, Redwood, Sensolin, Thyrite, zuRelief, Kino Aminos, Kino Collagen ...

Recalls & Warnings

November 28, 2022

Seller of Elderberry, Tea Warned for Claims of Treating Cold, Flu, Cancer

On October 18, 2022, the FDA issued a warning letter to Rosebud’s Ranch and Garden, LLC after inspection of the company’s website and social media found statements about the company’s Domestic Divas – Colds and Flu (Tea), Domestic Divas - No Pain No Gain Tea, Green ...

Recalls & Warnings

December 29, 2022

EarthLab, Inc. Warned for Promoting Curcumin, Elderberry to Treat Pain & Flu

On November 10, 2022, the FDA issued a warning letter to EarthLab, Inc., dba Wise Woman Herbals following inspection of the company’s website which found statements about the company’s products to be drug claims because they suggest the products can prevent or treat disease.

Recalls & Warnings

June 23, 2020

BioPure Healing Products Warned for Manufacturing Violations

On June 17, 2020, the FDA issued a warning letter to BHP Holdings Inc.

Recalls & Warnings

January 24, 2020

Fat-Burning, Energy Supplement Linked to Heart Trouble

A 33-year-old woman in Australia developed cardiac ischemia (a lack of blood flow to the heart) after taking the "fat burning" supplement Alpha Lean-7, according to a recent report in the Journal of Sports Sciences.

Recalls & Warnings

December 20, 2021

Pantene, Herbal Essences, & Other Brands of Dry Shampoo and Conditioner Recalled Due to Benzene

On December 17, 2021, Procter & Gamble issued a recall of 26 aerosol spray dry shampoos and conditioners from six brands, including Aussie, Herbal Essences, Hair Food, Old Spice, Pantene, and Waterless Hair Care, because some of the products were found to contain benzene.

Recalls & Warnings

October 16, 2013

Methamphetamine-Like Compound Found In Popular Workout Supplement

A study published on October 14, 2013 (Cohen, Drug Test Analysis 2013) reports that the popular pre-workout energy supplement Craze (Driven Sports) has been found to contain the banned methamphetamine — like compound, N, á-diethylphenylethylamine.

Recalls & Warnings

December 02, 2005

Steroids Detected In Supplement

On November 30, 2005, The Washington Post reported that a dietary supplement marketed to fitness and health enthusiasts on the Internet and in body-building shops contains anabolic steroids, according to a prominent researcher.

Recalls & Warnings

October 28, 2015

GNC Accused of Selling Supplements with Unlawful Ingredients

On October 22, 2015, Oregon Attorney General Ellen Rosenblum filed a lawsuit against supplement retailer GNC, alleging that the company sold products that were adulterated with BMPEA and picamilon, which are not lawful dietary supplement ingredients.

Recalls & Warnings

July 11, 2011

Use of "Sports Drinks" and "Energy Drinks" Discouraged by Pediatric Group

A report from the American Academy of Pediatrics outlines how sports and energy drinks are being misused and provides guidance to decrease or eliminate consumption by children and adolescents.

Recalls & Warnings

June 15, 2003

FTC Alleges "Heartbar" Made Deceptive Claims About Effectiveness

On June 12, 2003, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) announced that Unither Pharma, Inc. and United Therapeutics Corporation have agreed to settle FTC charges that they made deceptive claims in advertising for their HeartBar product.

Recalls & Warnings

June 14, 2013

Protein And Nutrition Bars Recalled Due To Undeclared Milk Allergen

On June 13, 2013, the U.S. FDA alerted consumers that Sequel Naturals Ltd., dba Vega, issued a voluntary recall of a variety of Vega One and Vega Sport protein bars because the bars contain undeclared milk.

Recalls & Warnings

June 07, 2013

Nutrition Bars Recalled Due To Undeclared Milk Allergen

On June 6, 2013, Sequel Naturals Ltd. issued a recall of Vega sports, nutrition and energy bars because they contain undeclared milk. Consumption of these bars can cause serious or life-threatening reactions in people with an allergy to milk.

Recalls & Warnings

April 26, 2015

FDA Identifies More Products Listing Synthetic Amphetamine

On April 22, 2015, the FDA issued warning letters to sellers of weight loss and workout supplements that list a synthetic, amphetamine-like compound called beta- methylphenylethylamine (BMPEA) on product labels.

Recalls & Warnings

March 16, 2006

Garden of Life, Maker of Primal Defense, Settles FTC Charges

On March 9, 2006, The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) announced that an operation that marketed dietary supplements sold at Whole Foods Market, GNC, the Vitamin Shoppe, and on the Internet settled FTC charges that they made deceptive advertising claims about their supplements.

Recalls & Warnings

November 21, 2012

Maker of Probiotic and Sports Drinks Warned For Manufacturing Violations

On November 6, 2012, the FDA issued a warning letter to CocoKefir, LLC stating that the company's Tula's CocoKefir, Tula's Citrus CocoKefir, and Tula's Apple Cinnamon CocoKefir have been prepared, packed or held under conditions which violate Current Good Manufacturing Practices.

Recalls & Warnings

November 01, 2017

FDA Warns Sellers of Bodybuilding Supplements Containing Steroid-Like Substances

On October 23, 2017, the FDA issued warning letters to three supplement distributors because several of their bodybuilding products contain selective androgen receptor modulators (SARMs).

Recalls & Warnings

September 09, 2018

Higenamine -- A Potentially Dangerous Stimulant -- Found in Some Supplements

A recent study found concerningly high doses of the stimulant higenamine in some weight loss, energy and sports supplements sold in the U.S. Higenamine is a naturally-occurring stimulant which is permitted to be sold as a dietary supplement ingredient in the U.S.

Recalls & Warnings

March 17, 2004

Marketers of “Focus Factor” and “V-Factor” Fined for Advertising Claims

On March 17 , 2004 the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) reported that the marketers of “Focus Factor,” a dietary supplement that purports to improve concentration, and “V-Factor,” a supplement that purports to enhance sexual performance, have agreed to settle charges that they made numerous ...

Recalls & Warnings

November 17, 2009

Steroids Found in More Body Building Supplements

On November 17, 2009, the U.S.

Recalls & Warnings

April 08, 2015

Does Your Weight Loss or Sports Supplement Contain Synthetic Amphetamine?

A study published on April 7, 2015, reported that among 21 weight loss, sports and cognitive enhancement supplements labeled as containing the plant extract Acacia rigidula, more than half were found to contain a synthetic, amphetamine-like compound called beta- methylphenylethylamine ...

Recalls & Warnings

October 25, 2016

Seller of Liquid Aloe & Mineral Supplement Warned for Manufacturing Violations

On August 10, 2016, the FDA issued a warning letter to Perfect Source Natural Products Inc.

Recalls & Warnings

February 06, 2004

FDA Seizes Ephedra-Containing Dietary Supplements for Unsubstantiated Athletic Performance Claims

On February 5, 2004, Food and Drug Administration Commissioner Mark McClellan, M.D., Ph.D., and U.S. Attorney Michael J. Sullivan announced the seizure of ephedra-containing dietary supplements Betatrim, Thermbuterol, and Stacker 2, from in Northboro, Mass.

Recalls & Warnings

July 26, 2013

Safety of Certain Weight Loss and Bodybuilding Supplements Called Into Question

On July 25, 2013, USA Today reported that several supplements, including weight loss, body building and sports nutrition supplements, have come under scrutiny after being found to contain illegal ingredients, or were associated with failed drug tests and adverse events.

Recalls & Warnings

March 28, 2017

Yogurt Peanut Crunch Bars Recalled Due to E. Coli Risk

On March 23, 2017, Pro Sports Club of Bellevue, WA issued a recall of 36,957 20/20 Life Styles Yogurt Peanut Crunch bars because they have the potential to be contaminated with Escherichia coli O157:H7.

Recalls & Warnings

April 08, 2016

Large Doses of Stimulant Methylsynephrine Found In Weight Loss Supplements

Amounts of methylsynephrine found in some supplements exceed prescription dosages, according to new study published in Drug Testing and Analysis.

Recalls & Warnings

April 06, 2016

FDA Warns of Stimulant Methylsynephrine In Supplements

On March 31, 2016, the FDA issued warning letters to seven companies selling products containing methylsynephrine (also called p-hydroxyephedrine or Oxilofrine), a stimulant drug which is not permitted in dietary supplements in the U.S.

Recalls & Warnings

April 18, 2014

FDA Questions Ingredient in Workout Supplement

On April 4, 2014, the FDA issued a warning letter to Driven Sports Inc., following a label review which found the company's workout supplement, CRAZE, to be adulterated because it contains the new dietary ingredient Dendrobex.

Recalls & Warnings

July 25, 2015

Weight Supplement Found to Contain Three Drugs

On July 23, 2015 Life & More, L.L.C. issued a voluntary recall of 783 bottles from one lot of Akttive High Performance Fat Burner Gold weight loss capsules because they were found to contain the undeclared drugs sibutramine, desmethylsibutramine, and phenolphthalein.

Recalls & Warnings

April 18, 2013

Cardio, Energy and Sexual Enhancement Supplement Distributor Warned For Manufacturing Violations and Drug Claims

On December 21, 2012, the FDA issued a warning letter to ForMor Inc, dba ForMor International, following a facility inspection which found the company's Cardio Cocktail and Argenix dietary supplements to be adulterated because because they were prepared, packed, or held under conditions that do ...

Recalls & Warnings

April 12, 2013

FDA Warns Consumers About The Dangers Of DMAA

On April 11, 2013, the FDA warned consumers about the dangers of dietary supplements containing the ingredient 1,3-dimethylamylamine (DMAA).

Recalls & Warnings

October 07, 2011

Recall of Whey Protein Powders Due to Allergens

On October 6, 2010 the FDA posted a recall notice from Prolab Nutrition Inc. (dated September 30) indicating that some of its PROLAB protein powders are being recalled as they may contain undeclared milk, wheat and gluten allergens.

Recalls & Warnings

February 14, 2013

Protein Drink Recalled Due To Bacterial Contamination

On December 21, 2012, NBTY issued a voluntary recall of PURE PROTEIN PROTEIN SHOT 25g PROTEIN, GRAPE Flavor PROTEIN DRINK 2.9 fl. Oz. (Manufactured by Worldwide Sport Nutritional Supplements, Inc.) due to potential bacterial contamination.

Recalls & Warnings

September 10, 2012

Maker of Concussion Recovery Supplement Warned For Making Drug Claims

On August 28, 2012, the FDA issued a warning letter to Trinity Sports Group, Inc. after a review of the company's websites found statements about Neuro Impact Concussion Response Formula constituted drug claims not permitted on supplements. 

Recalls & Warnings

August 31, 2009

Court Orders Marketers of Supreme Greens and Coral Calcium to Pay Nearly $70 Million for Consumer Refunds

On August 27, 2009, a federal district court ordered the marketers of two dietary supplements – "Supreme Greens" and "Coral Calcium" – who claimed the products would cure ailments ranging from cancer and Parkinson’s disease to heart disease and autoimmune diseases to pay nearly $70 million for ...

Recalls & Warnings

October 08, 2010

"Red Flags" for Spotting Tainted Supplements

In recent years, the FDA has identified hundereds of products marketed as dietary supplements or conventional foods with hidden drugs and chemicals. In reaction to this, the FDA recently created a flyer to help retailers spot questionable products. ConsumerLab.

Recalls & Warnings

September 13, 2010

Supplement for "Increasing Desire" Recalled for Containing Drug

The U.S. FDA posted a notice regarding the recall of Masxtreme Capsules by the distributor, Natural Wellness, Inc. FDA analysis has determined the product contains undeclared amounts of Aminotadalafil, an analog of tadalafil.

Recalls & Warnings

July 20, 2010

Recall of ED Supplement Containing Drug

On July 20, 2010, the U.S. FDA posted a news announcement from Good Health, Inc. regarding the recall of Vialipro, a sexual enhancement supplement sold nationally.

Recalls & Warnings

April 08, 2010

Capsule for Men Spiked with Erectile Drug

On April 7, 2010, the U.S.

Recalls & Warnings

January 04, 2007

Sellers of Popular Weight Loss Supplements Pay $25 Million Over FTC Allegations of Deceptive Advertising

On January 4, 2007, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) announced that it had filed complaints in four separate cases alleging that weight-loss and weight-control claims were not supported by competent and reliable scientific evidence.

Recalls & Warnings

July 13, 2006

FDA Warns About Sexual Enhancement Supplements with Dangerous Ingredients

On July 12, 2006, the Federal Drug Administration (FDA) warned consumers not to purchase or consume Zimaxx, Libidus, Neophase, Nasutra, Vigor-25, Actra-Rx, or 4EVERON.

Recalls & Warnings

October 06, 2005

Deceptive Marketing of “Supreme Greens" -- Settlement with FTC

On October 6, 2005, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) announced that three individuals and two companies have settled FTC charges over their roles in the deceptive marketing of Supreme Greens, an herbal supplement.

Recalls & Warnings

July 09, 2009

Recall of Whey Protein Products Due to Possible Salmonella Contamination

On July 8, 2009, the U.S. FDA announced that Max Muscle Sports Nutrition issued a voluntary recall on July 3 of Max Muscle products containing whey protein concentrate due to potential Salmonella contamination.

Recalls & Warnings

April 16, 2012

Protein Supplement Maker Fails FDA Audit -- Many Products Affected

The FDA sent a Warning Letter (dated April 2, 2012) to Theta Brothers Sports Nutrition, Inc. regarding numerous violations of good manufacturing practices at its Lakewood, New Jersey facility.

Recalls & Warnings

April 16, 2016

Workout Supplement Containing Acacia Rigidula Recalled

On March 18, 2016, Nubreed Nutrition, Inc. issued a recall of all lots of its "pre-workout" supplement Undisputed which is labeled as containing Acacia rigidula, an ingredient which is not permitted in dietary supplements. 

Recalls & Warnings

April 05, 2016

Muscle Enhancement Supplement Recalled

On April 5, 2016, Invisiblu International LLC issued a recall of one lot of the muscle enhancement supplement Continuum Labs LGD-Xtreme because it contains LGD-4033 Ligandrol. The risks of this ingredient are not known.

Recalls & Warnings

March 15, 2016

FDA Warns Sellers of Weight and Workout Supplements Containing Acacia Rigidula

On March 7, 2016, the FDA issued warning letters to five sellers of supplements which were labeled as containing Acacia rigidula, an ingredient which is not permitted in dietary supplements.

Recalls & Warnings

February 16, 2016

Work Out and Weight Supplements Contain Synthetic Amphetamine-Like Compound

On February 3, 2016, the FDA issued a warning letter to ATS Labs, LLC because labels for the company's work out and weight loss supplements CFI, Weapon-X Pre-Workout Extreme, and Lady Lean list a synthetic, amphetamine-like compound, 4-amino-2-methylpentane citrate (also called ...

Recalls & Warnings

December 13, 2016

Case of Hemorrhagic Stroke Linked to Redline Energy Drink

A case of hemorrhagic stroke has been linked to the consumption of a single energy drink, according to a report published on October 11, 2016, in The American Journal of Emergency Medicine.

Recalls & Warnings

November 25, 2016

DMAA Product Recalled

On November 23, 2016, NutriVitaShop (a dba of Naturecom Inc.) issued a recall of its DMAA net weight 500g because it may contain DMAA.

Recalls & Warnings

November 04, 2016

Energy Drink Linked to Case of Acute Hepatitis

A case of acute hepatitis has been linked to daily consumption of energy drinks, according to a report published on November 1, 2016, in BMJ Case Reports.

Recalls & Warnings

April 29, 2015

Teen Use of Weight Loss and Workout Supplements Labeled "For Adult Use Only" Concerning

Three new studies have raised concerns that teenagers are able to purchase "body-shaping" supplements, such as creatine, testosterone boosters, and "fat-burning" products from health food stores despite the fact that many of these supplements are labeled "for adult use only.

Recalls & Warnings

April 29, 2015

FDA Targets Weight Loss and Workout Supplements Listing Synthetic Stimulant DMBA

On April 24, 2015, the FDA issued warning letters to sellers of weight loss and workout supplements that list a synthetic, amphetamine-like compound called 1,3-dimethylbutylamine (DMBA) on product labels. 

Recalls & Warnings

January 04, 2014

Beware of Supplements Claiming to Treat Brain Injury, FDA Warns

On December 31, 2013, the FDA warned consumers to avoid dietary supplements promoted to prevent, treat or cure concussions and other traumatic brain injuries (TBIs).

Recalls & Warnings

October 22, 2014

Supplements Recalled Years Ago Remain on the Market, Still Contain Hidden Drugs

On October 21, 2014, a report in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) revealed that almost 10% of the supplements that have been recalled over the past few years are still on the market - and many still contain the hidden drugs which prompted their initial recall.

Recalls & Warnings

July 19, 2014

Powdered Caffeine Can Be Lethal, FDA Warns

On July 18, 2014, the FDA warned consumers to avoid powdered pure caffeine sold in bulk bags over the internet.

Recalls & Warnings

June 18, 2014

Two Weight Loss Supplements Found to Contain Drugs

On June 17, 2014, the FDA warned consumers not to buy or use the weight loss supplements listed below because they were found to contain drugs.

Recalls & Warnings

September 30, 2015

Weight and Energy Supplement Contains Synthetic "Amphetamine"

On September 21, 2015, the FDA issued a warning letter to TruVision Health LLC. because the company's supplement tru Weight & Energy lists a synthetic, amphetamine-like compound, AMP (also called 1,3-dimethylbutylamine or DMBA) on product labels. 

Recalls & Warnings

August 22, 2015

Synthetic Amphetamine, Less Protein and More Sugar Than Claimed Found in Workout Supplements

On August 7, 2015, the FDA issued a warning letter to New Dawn Nutrition, Inc.