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CL Answer

What are the best supplements for depression and anxiety?

Best natural supplements for depression and anxiety, including the evidence for fish oil, vitamin D, probiotics, and herbal supplements for depression such as curcumin (from turmeric) and saffron.

Best Supplements for Depression and Anxiety -- sad young woman sitting on couch, looking toward the window

CL Answer

Can melatonin supplements cause depression or make depression worse?

Find out if melatonin supplements can cause depression or make depression worse. ConsumerLab.com's answer explains.

Depressed Man Lying in Bed

CL Answer

Does magnesium help with depression?

Find out if having low magnesium levels increases the risk of depression and if supplements such as magnesium citrate, magnesium chloride, can help for depression. Also, find out how to make sure you are getting adequate magnesium. ConsumerLab.com's answer explains.

Magnesium for Depression? -- Bottle of Magnesium Tablets

CL Answer

I've heard that having low B-12 or B-6 can cause depression. Is that true?

Find out if vitamin B12 or B6 deficiency can cause depression and how they can affect antidepressants.

Sad Woman on Couch

CL Answer

Is Rhodiola rosea effective for depression and does it have other uses? Will ConsumerLab.com be testing these supplements?

Learn more about Rhodiola rosea, it's impact on depression and anxiety, including evidence from clinical studies and safety.

Rhodiola for Depression? -- rhodiola capsules

Product Review

Fish Oil, Krill Oil, and Algal Oil Omega-3 (DHA & EPA) Supplements Review

Find the Best Fish Oil & Compare to Prescription Omega-3 Drugs. See Our Top Picks Among Fish Oil & Other Omega-3 Supplements for Adults, Children and Pets.

Fish Oil and Other Marine Oil Supplements Reviewed by ConsumerLab.com

Product Review

SAMe (S-adenosyl-methionine) Supplements Review

Choose the Best SAMe Supplement. CL Tests Reveal Big Differences in Quality and Cost.

Sam-e supplements reviewed by ConsumerLab.com

CL Answer

I'm taking Lumiday, a supplement to improve mood. It seems to help me but is it safe?

Lumiday info including side effects, drug interactions and reviews. Lumiday is a supplement marketed to improve mood.

Clinical Update

12/28/2021

Fish Oil to Prevent Depression?

Does fish oil prevent depression? Find out what a recent study found in the Depression section of our Fish Oil and Omega-3 Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks among fish oil supplements.

For information about other supplements promoted for depression, see our answer to the question: What are the best supplements for depression and anxiety?

Product Review

St. John's Wort Supplements Review

Find the Best St. John's Wort Supplement. Only 40% of St. John's Wort Supplements Pass Tests & Strength Varies Widely.

St John's Wort Supplements Reviewed By Consumerlab.com

Product Review

B Vitamin Supplements Review (B Complexes, B6, B12, Biotin, Folate, Niacin, Riboflavin & More)

See Which B Vitamins Are ConsumerLab's Top Picks!

Review of B Vitamin Supplements

Product Review

Vitamin D Supplements Review (Including Calcium, Magnesium, Boron, and Vitamin K)

Find the Best Vitamin D Supplement with the Right Dose

Product Review

Rhodiola Rosea Supplements Review

Do Rhodiola Supplements Help With Depression and Anxiety? Find Out and See Which Rhodiola Supplements Provide the Best Quality & Value.

Rhodiola Supplements Reviewed by ConsumerLab.com

CL Answer

Is it better for a fish oil (or krill oil) supplement to have more DHA than EPA?

Information on EPA and DHA in fish and krill oil supplements, including improving cognition, depression, anxiety, acne, and more.

DHA and EPA Levels in Fish Oil -- close-up of fish oil capsules

CL Answer

I take fluoxetine (Prozac), a SSRI drug to treat depression. Are there supplements I should avoid, or be taking, due to this drug?

Learn about Prozac (fluoxetine) drug interactions along with other supplements and SSRIs.

Woman Taking Pill with Glass of Water

Clinical Update

5/28/2019

Vitamin B12 & Depression

Deficiencies in B vitamins, such as B12, can cause depression. A recent study suggests that, in pregnant women, even low-normal B12 levels are associated with a much higher risk of depression. For details, see the Depression section of the B Vitamin Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for B vitamins.

Clinical Update

6/17/2022

Probiotic for Depression?

Did a popular probiotic blend help people with severe depression? See what a recent study found in the Anxiety and Depression section of our Probiotics Supplements Review.

Also see our answer to the question: What are the best supplements for depression and anxiety?

Product Review

Turmeric and Curcumin Supplements and Spices Review

Find the Best Turmeric and Curcumin Supplements & Spices. Big Differences Discovered Among Brands -- Little Curcumin In Some.

Turmeric and Curcumin Supplements and Spices Reviewed by ConsumerLab.com

Clinical Update

3/01/2022

Glucosamine and Depression

Can taking glucosamine improve, or cause, depression? Find out in the Glucosamine and Chondroitin section of our Joint Health Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks among joint health supplements.

Also see our answer to the question: What are the best supplements for depression and anxiety?

Clinical Update

9/28/2021

PEA for Depression?

Can taking palmitoylethanolamide (PEA) along with citalopram (an antidepressant) improve symptoms in people with depression? Find out in our updated answer to the question: What are the best supplements for depression and anxiety?

Clinical Update

7/27/2019

Vitamin D for Depression?

Low blood levels of vitamin D are associated with a higher risk of depression. But does taking vitamin D reduce this risk or improve mood in depressed people? Find out what recent studies have shown in the What It Does: Depression section of the Vitamin D Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for vitamin D among products.

Clinical Update

10/04/2016

Curcumin for Depression & Anxiety

Curcumin reduced symptoms of depression and anxiety in people with major depression, at a lower dose than previously used, according to a new study. Get the details in the "What It Does" section of the Turmeric and Curcumin Supplements and Spices Review >>

Clinical Update

7/13/2018

Fish Oil for Depression?

Several studies have evaluated omega-3 fatty acids to decrease the severity of depression. Find out if it works in the Depression section of the Fish Oil and Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplements Review. (Also see our Top Picks among fish oil supplements.)

Clinical Update

9/10/2019

Best Supplement for Depression

Which supplement has the strongest evidence of benefit for treating mental disorders? The answer is a particular form of fish oil to treat depression, according to a new analysis. For details, see the Depression section of the Fish Oil Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks among products.

Clinical Update

6/30/2013

Vitamin D & Depression

Women with depression and type 2 diabetes were given high-dose vitamin D for several weeks in a small, pilot study. By the end of the study, vitamin D levels in the blood had risen considerably and mood was significantly improved, as was blood pressure. Although just a pilot study, this is not the first study to suggest that vitamin D may help with depression. For more details, as well as test results and comparisons for 55 vitamin D supplements, see the updated Vitamin D Supplements Review >>

Clinical Update

7/27/2014

Curcumin for Major Depression

A new study found that curcumin may provide some benefit in treating major depression, particularly for people with atypical depression. Details about the type and amount of curcumin used, other uses for curcumin, as well as our tests of products, are found in the updated Turmeric and Curcumin Supplement Review >>   

Clinical Update

4/19/2015

Probiotics Might Reduce Risk of Depression

After taking a probiotic daily for 4 weeks, people in a recent study were less likely to have negative thoughts in response to sadness -- a predictor of whether or not sadness turns into depression. This adds to a growing body of preliminary studies suggesting benefits of probiotics in anxiety and depression. For details, including the type and dose of probiotic used, see the Probiotic Supplements Review >> 

CL Answer

Are L-carnosine supplements helpful and safe?

Learn about the potential health benefits of L-carnosine, as well as possible safety concerns, drug interactions and cost.

Capsules with white powder and spoon holding white powder on white background

CL Answer

What is hesperidin, what is it used for and is it safe?

Learn about hesperidin, including whether its beneficial for heart health, problems with circulation, stroke, cognitive function, depression, cancer and other conditions, and find out if it is safe.

A glass of orange juice sitting on a table and surrounded by sliced and whole oranges

Product Review

Melatonin Supplements Review

Find the Best Melatonin Supplements. Trouble Sleeping? See CL's Tests of Melatonin Supplements and Top Picks.

Melatonin Supplements Reviewed by ConsumerLab.com

CL Answer

Are light boxes effective for preventing and treating seasonal affective disorder (SAD), also known as "winter depression," or circadian rhythm disorders such as jet lag? Which light boxes are best?

Learn about the benefits and safety of light boxes (including who is most likely to benefit), how to use these devices, which commercially available products appear to meet the technical requirements, and who should not use light boxes.

Man reading a book while sitting in front of a light box

Product Review

L-Tryptophan and 5-Hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP) Supplements Review

Choose the Best L-Tryptophan and 5-HTP Supplements. CL Tests Identify High Quality L-Tryptophan and 5-HTP (5-Hydroxy-L-Tryptophan) at the Best Value.

L-Tryptophan and 5-HTP (5-Hydroxy-L-tryptophan) Supplements Reviewed By Consumerlab.com

CL Answer

I've read about several different forms of SAMe. Is one form better than another?

Learn about the various types of SAMe (S-adenosyl-L-methionine) supplements, along with their benefits for hormones & cell membrane health.

Elderly Man Clutching Fingers Due to Pain

Product Review

DHEA Supplements Review

Choose the Best DHEA Supplement. Beware of Big Differences in Dose and Price.

DHEA Supplements Tested by ConsumerLab.com

Product Review

Probiotic Supplements Review (Including Pet Probiotics)

Find the Best Probiotic Supplement. CL Tests Reveal the Best Probiotic Supplements for You (and your pet)!

Probiotic Supplements Reviewed by ConsumerLab.com

Product Review

Lion's Mane and Chaga Supplements Review

Read Labels Carefully -- Many Can Mislead

Lion's Mane and Chaga Supplements tested by ConsumerLab.com

CL Answer

Is kratom too dangerous to use?

Find out if kratom is safe/legal to use, including potential adverse effects, such as agitation, rapid heartbeat, nausea, drowsiness, seizures. ConsumerLab.com's answer explains.

Is kratom safe? Is it legal? -- Kratom leaf and pills

CL Answer

What are the symptoms of vitamin D deficiency?

Learn about the symptoms of vitamin D deficiency, such as soft or weak bones, bone, joint and muscle pain, depression, insomnia, hair loss and others, and find out how much vitamin D you need. ConsumerLab.com's answer explains.

What are the symptoms of vitamin D deficiency?

CL Answer

Are lithium orotate supplements as effective and safe as prescription lithium for bipolar disease and depression?

Lithium orotate supplement info, including proper dosage, safety, and how lithium orotate supplements compare to prescription lithium for bipolar disease and depression.

Lithium Orotate Supplement Bottle

Product Review

Extra Virgin Olive Oil Review

Most Failed to Be Approved. Find the Best Extra Virgin Olive Oil and Avoid Problems.

Extra virgin olive oils reviewed by ConsumerLab.com

Clinical Update

8/26/2022

Lion's Mane for Depression, Anxiety, Gut Health

Does lion's mane (promoted for memory) help with depression, anxiety or gut health? See our article about lion's mane.

Clinical Update

8/30/2022

Fish Oil for High Cholesterol, Depression

Separate studies looked at whether or not taking fish oil can lower high cholesterol levels or reduce depression. See the details in our Fish Oil Supplements Review.

If you take a statin, read about the pros and cons of taking fish oil with statins.

Also see our article that discusses other supplements for high cholesterol.

Clinical Update

10/09/2020

Vitamin D & Depression

Do low levels of vitamin D increase the risk of depression? Find out what a recent study showed in the What It Does section of Vitamin D Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for vitamin D.

Clinical Update

8/04/2020

Vitamin D and Depression

Can taking 2,000 IU of vitamin D daily lower the chance of developing depression? Find out what a major study showed in the What It Does section of the Vitamin D Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks among vitamin D supplements.

Clinical Update

2/21/2017

Mediterranean Diet with Olive Oil Improves Depression

A recent study found that men and women with major depression who consumed a Mediterranean diet with olive oil had significant improvement in symptoms compared to those who maintained their typical diet. Get the details in the "What It Does" section of the Olive Oil Review (which includes our tests of products) >>

Clinical Update

10/18/2019

How to Use Fish Oil for Depression

Guidelines have been published for using fish oil to treat major depressive disorder. For details, see the Depression section of the Fish Oil Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for fish oil.

Clinical Update

10/03/2015

Fish Oil for Depression

A small study found that taking EPA and DHA daily significantly reduced depression in young men and women. Get the details, including dosage, plus our tests of popular products, in the Fish Oil and Omega-3 Supplements Review >>

Clinical Update

10/14/2012

What's the Best Omega-3 for Depression?

Recent studies suggest the relative amounts of EPA and DHA in a supplement help determine whether or not it will improve symptoms of depression. Get the details, as well as our tests of 63 omega-3 supplements, in the updated Fish Oil and Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplements Review (Including Krill, Algae, and Calamari Oil)More >>

Clinical Update

9/11/2011

Vitamin D - Depression Link

A study of postmenopausal women found the risk of depression to be 21% lower among those consuming higher amounts of vitamin D. For details, including the vitamin D source and amounts associated with decreased risk, see the update to the Vitamin D ReviewMore >>

Clinical Update

5/22/2011

Fish Oil Helps Treat Depression

A recent study showed that fish oil taken daily was associated with a remission of depression in 41% of people taking the supplement. The patients were women in a nursing home setting. The dose given was fairly high but treatment was well tolerated. The amounts of EPA and DHA taken daily and more information are found in our Product Review of Fish Oil SupplementsMore >>

Clinical Update

4/16/2016

How Fish Oil May Help With Depression

Studies have shown that fish oil can help some people suffering from major depression. A recent study suggests how it may work. For details, see the "What It Does" section of the Fish Oil Supplements Review >>

Clinical Update

7/19/2017

Fish Oil for Depression

A number of studies have reported on whether taking fish oil can help with depression. The most recent study found a benefit using an amount and type of fish oil generally in-line with what other studies suggest works best. See the details in the "What It Does" section of the Fish Oil Review. The Review includes our tests, comparisons, and Top Picks for products.

Clinical Update

1/16/2018

Curcumin for Depression

Can curcumin reduce symptoms of major depression in people who are already taking an antidepressant? See what a new study found in the "What It Does" section of the Turmeric & Curcumin Supplements Review >> (Also see our Top Picks among products.)

Clinical Update

7/09/2019

Vitamin D for Depression?

Can supplementing with vitamin D help people who suffer from depression? Recent studies suggest it may benefit some. See the details in the What It Does section of the Vitamin D Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for vitamin D.

Clinical Update

9/25/2018

SAMe for Depression

SAMe (S-adenosyl-methionine) may be helpful in depression, although a recent study suggests that the right dosage can be important. For details, see the What It Does section of the SAMe Supplements Review. (Also see our Top Picks among SAMe supplements).

Clinical Update

5/26/2017

Probiotic Reduces Depression in IBS

A probiotic significantly decreased depression in men and women with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), according to a recent study. For details, see the "What It Does" section of the Probiotic Supplements Review >>

Clinical Update

6/02/2018

Magnesium for Depression?

Magnesium may help some people with depression according to a recent placebo-controlled study. Learn more in the What It Does section of the Magnesium Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for magnesium.

Clinical Update

4/06/2019

Vitamin D for Depression?

Can supplementation with vitamin D help people diagnosed with depression? Learn what the latest studies are showing in the What It Does section of the Vitamin D Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for vitamin D supplements.

CL Answer

Do supplements help with Parkinson’s disease treatment or prevention?

Learn what has been shown with vitamins D and E, niacin, CoQ10, melatonin, creatine, SAMe, NAC, valerian, CoQ10, and CBD, as well as with coffee and the Mediterranean and MIND diets for treating and/or preventing Parkinson's disease.

Elderly man with parkinsons holding trembling hand while eating

CL Answer

Is it better to take fish oil, flaxseed oil -- or both?

Fish oil and flaxseed oil -- how they are different, what they are used for, if and how they can help with arthritis, depression, lowering cholesterol & more.

Flaxseed Oil vs Fish Oil -- Omega-3 Supplements

Product Review

Acetyl-L-Carnitine Supplements Review

Choose the Best Acetyl-L-Carnitine Supplement. Don't Overpay! CL Identifies Quality Acetyl-L-Carnitine Supplements at the Best Value.

Acetyl-L-Carnitine Supplements Tested by ConsumerLab.com

CL Answer

Are there any supplements I should avoid when taking Valium or Xanax?

Find out which supplements should be avoided when taking benzodiazepines like Valium, Xanax, and Ativan.

Supplements to avoid with Valium or Xanax

CL Answer

What is inositol hexaphosphate (IP6) and myo-inositol? Are they helpful in treating cancer or other conditions?

Inositol hexaphosphate (IP6): Find out if IP6 (also known as phytic acid) can prevent or treat cancer. Clinical evidence, dosage, safety and how IP6 differs from myo-inositol. Consumerlab.com's answer explains.

Wooden spoon filled with white inositol capsules

Clinical Update

1/26/2016

Fish Oil Helps in Schizophrenia

A study found that concentrated fish oil greatly reduced symptoms in more people who had recently experienced a first episode of schizophrenia than did a placebo. The greatest effect was on depressive symptoms, which is consistent with other studies which have shown fish oil to reduce depression, particularly in people who do not regularly eat fish.

This impact on depression has also been suggested as one reason why fish oil has shown some benefit in people with cognitive decline. Details about the studies and products used, including our tests and reviews of similar fish oil supplements, are found in the Fish Oil and Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplements Review >>

Product Review

NAD Booster Supplements Review (NAD+/NADH, Nicotinamide Riboside, and NMN)

How Important Is Boosting NAD+ Levels? Find Out and Learn How Booster Supplements Compare.

NAD Boosters (NAD+/NADH, Nicotinamide Ribose, and NMN)

CL Answer

How do I choose the best magnesium supplement?

Choosing the best form of magnesium supplements can be tricky due to the many different types (magnesium aspartate, bicarbonate, carbonate, chloride, citrate and others).

Choosing the Best Magnesium Supplement -- Magnesium capsules, powders and liquids

CL Answer

I take St. John's wort for depression. Your report notes that it can interact with other medications. Would taking it several hours apart from other meds avoid this interaction?

St. John's wort (Hypericum perforatum) can interact with other medications, but can this be avoided by spacing out the dosages?

St. John's Wort Interactions -- St. John's wort flower and pills

CL Answer

Do any supplements help reduce the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS)?

Find out which supplements help reduce premenstrual syndrome (PMS) symptoms, such as mood swings, pain, bloating, irritability and food cravings.

Woman in PJs Holding Stomach from Abdominal Pain

CL Answer

With probiotics, how many CFUs should I look for as the dose? Is more necessarily better?

Learn more about the proper amount of cells or colony forming units (CFUs) a probiotic should contain, including if more is always better.

What is the proper CFU dosage of probiotics? -- Probiotic supplements

CL Answer

Does Procera AVH really improve memory and mood?

Procera AVH information, including evidence from clinical studies on memory, cognition, mood, safety, and a lawsuit.

Product Review

Wellbutrin vs. Generic Bupropion Review

Generic Bupropion Is Not Always The Same As Name-Brand Wellbutrin. CL Tests Reveal Differences Between Generic Bupropion and Name-Brand Wellbutrin.

CL Answer

Does Alpha Brain really improve memory, focus and cognition?

Find out if Alpha Brain really improves memory, focus and cognition. See the clinical evidence and get details about Alpha Brain ingredients, as well as potential side effects and drug interactions. ConsumerLab.com's answer explains.

Does-Alpha-Brain-Work?

CL Answer

Can bloodroot or "black salve" treat skin cancer? Is it safe?

Bloodroot salve and black salve made from bloodroot and zinc - are they effective and safe treatments for skin cancer? ConsumerLab.com's answer explains.

Elderly Woman Getting Mole on Back Examined By Doctor

CL Answer

What is Noopept? Can it really improve memory and cognition, and is it safe?

Learn more about Noopept, including results from clinical studies on cognition, safety, and dosage.

CL Answer

The maker of my multivitamin says it doesn't include folic acid because too much from supplements can be harmful. Is that true?

Learn more about the harmful effects from too much folic acid, including increased risk of prostate cancer and kidney damage.

Harm from Too Much Folic Acid ? -- Multivitamin bottle and label

CL Answer

Is it dangerous to use certain herbals, vitamins, or other dietary supplements when breastfeeding?

Find out which supplements should be avoided when breastfeeding, including medicinal herbs, soy, and flaxseed.

Herbs and Supplements to Avoid When Breastfeeding

CL Answer

How does turmeric spice compare to curcumin (turmeric extract) in supplements? I sprinkle it on my foods and wonder if that's equivalent to taking a supplement.

What is the difference between turmeric spices used in the kitchen and turmeric supplements? Is sprinkling turmeric on my food equivalent to taking a turmeric supplement? ConsumerLab's answer explores this question.

Turmeric Spice vs. Turmeric Supplements

CL Answer

What are the side effects of ashwagandha supplements?

Learn about the safety and side effects of ashwagandha supplements, including headache, sleepiness, upset stomach, blood pressure and more. ConsumerLab.com's answer explains.

ashwagandha side effects

CL Answer

What is the difference between fish oil and cod liver oil? Is one better than the other?

Find out how regular fish oil and cod liver oil differ including amounts of omega-3s EPA and DHA, vitamin A and vitamin D, which is best to suit your needs. ConsumerLab.com's answer explains.

Fish Oil vs. Cod Liver Oil -- bottle of cod liver oil pouring into spoon

CL Answer

Does Carditone work to lower blood pressure?

Carditone information, including safety and side effects, whether Carditone has been shown to work for blood pressure and angina, and more.

Product Review

Noni Juice and Supplements Review Article

What Are the Benefits of Noni Juice? Get the Facts About Noni Juice and Supplements.

Product Review

Magnesium Supplements Review (Including Calcium, Boron, and Vitamins D & K)

Find Out What Magnesium Does, Who Needs It, and Our Top Picks Among Supplements

Product Review

Maca Supplements Review

Choose the Best Maca Supplement. Make Sure Your Maca Supplement Isn't Contaminated With Lead.

Maca Supplements Reviewed by ConsumerLab.com

Clinical Update

11/15/2021

High-dose Folate for Depression

My psychiatrist told me to take high-dose of methylfolate to improve the effectiveness of my antidepressant. Is there evidence for this and is it safe? Find out in the Folate section of our B Vitamins Review.

Clinical Update

12/21/2021

Vitamin C for Mood?

Can vitamin C from the diet or supplements help boost mood, including symptoms of depression? Find out what current evidence suggests in the Vitality and Mood section of our Vitamin C Supplements Review, which includes a list of foods high in vitamin C and our Top Picks for vitamin C.

Clinical Update

7/17/2021

Echinacea for Anxiety?

Can echinacea reduce symptoms of mild to moderate anxiety? See what a recent study found in the What It Does section of our Echinacea Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks among echinacea supplements.

Also see our answer to the question: What are the best supplements for depression and anxiety?

Clinical Update

2/07/2021

Saffron for Mood?

Does saffron extract improve mood in people feeling down and anxious or stressed? See what a new study found in our article about Supplements for Depression and Anxiety.

Clinical Update

5/10/2016

Fish Oil & Antidepressants

Several studies suggest that fish oil can help people suffering from major depression. A new study indicates that it can have additive benefit for people already taking a prescription antidepressant. The amount and type of omega-3's seem to make a difference. Get the details in the "What It Does Section" of the Fish Oil Supplements Review >>

Clinical Update

1/10/2017

CoQ10 for Fibromyalgia

CoQ10 reduced symptoms of anxiety and depression in people with fibromyalgia, according to a preliminary study. Get the details, including dosage, in the "What It Does" section of the CoQ10 and Ubiquinol Supplements Review >>

Clinical Update

12/10/2019

Kava for Anxiety?

See the results of a recent study with kava in our updated answer to the question: What are the best supplements for depression and anxiety?

Clinical Update

5/04/2019

Probiotic for Anxiety?

A number of studies have evaluated probiotics for reducing anxiety, stress, and depression. See the results of the latest study in the What It Does section of the Probiotic Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks among probiotics.

Clinical Update

9/04/2018

Vitamin D for Mood?

Can supplementing with vitamin D improve mood during the winter? Find out what a recent study showed in the Depression & Mood section of the Vitamin D Supplements Review. (Also see our Top Picks among vitamin D supplements.)

Clinical Update

7/31/2019

Dark Chocolate & Depression?

Are people who consume dark chocolate less likely to be depressed? Find out what a recent study showed in the Mood and Stress section of the Dark Chocolates and Cocoa Powders Review. Also see our Top Picks for dark chocolates and cocoa powders.

Clinical Update

12/14/2019

SAMe for Depression?

SAMe (S-adenosyl-methionine) may help some, but not all, people with major depressive disorder, according to a recent study. For details, see the What It Does section of the SAMe Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for SAMe.

Clinical Update

9/30/2022

Folic Acid & Risk of Self-Harm

Can taking folic acid (vitamin B-9) reduce the risk of self-harm and suicide? Find out what a recent study found in the Depression section of our B Vitamin Supplements Review.

Clinical Update

7/26/2022

B-6 or B-12 for Anxiety?

Can taking high-dose vitamin B-6 or B-12 improve self-reported anxiety? Find out what a recent study showed in the Anxiety section of our B Vitamin Supplements Review.

Also see our answer to the question: What are the best supplements for depression and anxiety?

Product Review

Choline and Lecithin Supplements Review (Including Phosphatidylcholine, CDP-Choline, and Alpha-GPC)

Product Review

Apple Cider Vinegar Review – Bottled Liquids and Supplements

Find the Best Apple Cider Vinegar. See Which Apple Cider Vinegar Liquids and Supplements Passed Our Tests of Quality.

Apple Cider Vinegar Supplements Reviewed by ConsumerLab.com

CL Answer

Do any supplements help for restless legs syndrome?

Find out whether supplements or vitamins like iron, magnesium, vitamin E and others can help for restless leg syndrome (RLS). ConsumerLab.com's answer explains.

Supplements for Restless Legs Syndrome

CL Answer

Adrenal Fatigue and Adrenal Support Supplements: Do they work and are they safe?

Find out what's really in supplements for adrenal support and adrenal fatigue, including herbal adrenal support supplements and bovine derived adrenal support supplements. Find out if they really work and if they are safe. ConsumerLab.com's answer explains.

Adrenal Fatigue and Adrenal Support Supplements -- Tired Woman Falling Asleep at Her Desk

CL Answer

Can beetroot juice or supplements help lower my blood pressure?

Learn more about beetroot juice and beetroot supplements and if beetroot can really help lower blood pressure.

Beetroot Juice for Lowering Blood Pressure? -- Glass of beetroot juice and blood pressure monitor

CL Answer

What is Prelief? Does it really help for heartburn and/or bladder pain from acidic foods?

Prelief information, including what it has been claimed to do (such as helping with painful bladder, frequent urination, heartburn or indigestion from acidic foods), clinical evidence, and safety.

CL Answer

The suggested daily serving for my fish oil supplement, three 1,000 mg softgels, seems like a lot. Do I really need to take this much?

Information on the proper fish oil dosage per day. See the best dosage for different uses, such as lowering triglyceride levels or improving mood, plus information on overdose.

Fish Oil

CL Answer

Do any supplements help relieve stress?

Are there actually supplements for stress relief and panic attacks? Learn more about holy basil, fish oil, L-theanine, and ginseng.

CL Answer

What is hydrogen water? Is it beneficial for alertness, athletic performance, arthritis or other conditions, and is it safe?

Find out if hydrogen water has benefits with regard to alertness, side effects of radiotherapy in cancer patients, metabolic syndrome, athletic performance, rheumatoid arthritis, liver disease, and other conditions, and learn if it is safe to use.

Portable hydrogen water generator

CL Answer

Can any supplements improve or worsen symptoms of fibromyalgia?

Find out if any supplements may help improve fibromyalgia symptoms, learn which supplements do not seem beneficial, and find out if any supplements worsen symptoms.

Woman holding her neck and lower back due to fibromyalgia pain

CL Answer

Is there a risk of liver toxicity with certain supplements?

Find out if there is risk of liver damage from supplements such as green tea, niacin, red yeast rice and vitamin A.

Liver Shape Made From Paper with Pills and Bottle Against Blue Background

CL Answer

What Is Marine-D3 and does it live up to anti-aging claims?

Learn more about Marine-D3, a supplement from Marine Essentials, including evidence from clinical studies on aging.

CL Answer

Which supplements reduce the risk of stroke? Which increase the risk of stroke?

Find out which supplements (may help reduce the risk of stroke/might increase the risk of stroke.)

Stroke Spelled on Wooden Blocks Against Blue Background

Product Review

Joint Health Supplements Review (Glucosamine, Chondroitin, MSM, Boswellia, Collagen and Turmeric)

One-Third of Joint Health Supplements Failed to Pass Our Tests. See Which Passed or Failed, and our Top Picks.

Review of Supplements for Joint Pain

News Release

9/18/2020

Analysis of CBD Products Shows Price Drop and Lower Levels of THC

White Plains, New York, September 18, 2020 — The recent analysis by ConsumerLab of CBD and hemp extract products revealed a 70% drop in the lowest cost to get CBD since 2018 as well as fewer products containing detectable amounts of THC, a psychoactive compound in hemp.

News Release

3/04/2020

CBD Most Often Used for Pain, Then Sleep, According to CL Survey. Half of Users Think It Works.

White Plains, New York, March 4, 2020 — A recent survey of 9,782 people who use dietary supplements found that 14.5% of respondents purchased CBD (or hemp extract, which is a source of CBD) in 2019. The survey asked those people what they used CBD for and whether or not they thought it worked.

CL Answer

What is vitamin B12 and how much do I need?

Vitamin B12 dosage varies depending on your age, gender, and various other factors. Our CL Answer explains why B12 is important, the recommended dosages, deficiency, health benefits, and the best form.

Vitamin B12 Dosage, Benefits, Uses & Deficiency -- B12 Bottle and Tablets

CL Answer

What are the side effects of melatonin supplements?

Melatonin side effects - are there any? Read about drowsiness, dizziness, headache, nausea, mood & behavior, the risk of fractures and others. ConsumerLab.com's answer explains.

Melatonin Supplements Reviewed by ConsumerLab.com

CL Answer

What are trace minerals and do I need them?

Trace minerals include boron, chromium, copper, iodine, iron, manganese, molybdenum, nickel, zinc, and others. Find out what they do, how much of each trace mineral you should be getting, and who's most likely to be deficient in these minerals.

Trace Minerals - What are they and do you need them?

CL Answer

Are supplements such as Thyroid Care Plus helpful for hypothyroidism? Can supplements worsen thyroid function? And what is nascent iodine?

Learn about supplement ingredients such as iodine, selenium, zinc, acetyl-l-carnitine, ashwagandha and guggul used for thyroid conditions and find out if they are beneficial. Also learn why ingredients such as alpha-lipoic acid, soy, resveratrol, quercetin may impair thyroid function.

Woman holding various vitamins and supplements in one hand and glass of water in the other

Product Review

Chromium Supplements Review

Chromium Supplements Review. Best Chromium Supplements Identified -- By Strength.

Chromium Supplements Reviewed by ConsumerLab.com

Product Review

Low-Dose Lithium Supplements Review

Choose the Best Low-Dose Lithium Supplement. CL Tests Reveal Which Low-Dose Lithium Supplements Offer the Best Quality and Value.

Very Low Lithium Supplements Reviewed by ConsumerLab.com

CL Answer

How Should You Take Care of Yourself After You’ve Had COVID-19?

Find out the best way to care for yourself when recovering from COVID-19, including how long you should quarantine, whether you should get vaccinated, when it is safe to undergo a surgery, and how to spot and, possibly, improve lingering symptoms.

Man in wheelchair talking with doctor after recovering from COVID

News Release

11/12/2019

Best Magnesium Supplements Revealed by ConsumerLab

White Plains, New York, November 12, 2019 — Many people do not get adequate amounts of magnesium from their diets, or may have lower levels of this essential mineral due to certain medical conditions or the use of common medications such as Nexium and Prilosec.

Product Review

Toprol XL vs. Generic Metoprolol Succinate Extended-release (ER) Tablets Review Article

Choose the Best Blood Pressure Medication. Find Out Why Some Generic Blood Pressure Medications Are Not the Same as the Original & May Increase Blood Pressure or Have Other Disturbing Side Effects.

Toprol vs Generic Metoprolol

Product Review

Ashwagandha Supplements Review

Find the Best Ashwagandha Supplement. Only 56% of Ashwagandha Products Pass Tests.

Ashwagandha supplements reviewed by ConsumerLab.com

CL Answer

Are there supplements I should avoid when taking apixaban (Eliquis) or similar blood thinner drugs like Xarelto?

Learn about supplement interactions with apixaban (Eliquis), rivaroxaban (Xarelto) and other blood thinner drugs in the direct factor Xa inhibitors class. Supplements that may interact with these medications include fish oil and St. John's wort. ConsumerLab.com's answer explains.

Eliquis Supplement Interactions -- box of Eliquis

CL Answer

Do any supplements or foods help with brain function, like memory and cognition?

Find out which supplements help improve memory, brain function and cognition, including fish oil, some B vitamins, cocoa, and curcumin. ConsumerLab's answer explains the evidence for supplements promoted to help with brain function and cognition.

Supplements for Memory -- doctor holding a model of a brain and fish oil capsule

News Release

9/27/2019

Best Turmeric and Curcumin Supplements and Spices Identified by ConsumerLab

White Plains, New York, September 27, 2019 — Turmeric and curcumin (the major compound in turmeric) are among the most popular supplements, promoted to reduce inflammation and help with conditions such as arthritis as well as indigestion and depression.

CL Answer

Are there any supplements I should avoid when taking an antibiotic? Are there any that may be helpful?

Find out which supplements can negatively interact with antibiotics, including vitamin K, magnesium, and calcium, and which may be helpful when taking antibiotics.

Supplement Interactions With Antibiotics -- man reading prescription bottle instructions

CL Answer

How do the COVID-19 vaccines compare in terms of efficacy, safety and side effects? How, when and where do I get the COVID-19 vaccine?

Find out how the COVID-19 vaccines from Pfizer and Moderna compare and learn how when and where you can get the COVID-19 vaccine.

Older woman getting an injection

CL Answer

Can fluoride in toothpaste, mouth rinses or drinking water cause attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children?

Find out if community water fluoridation increases the risk of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children, and learn what the American Dental Association recommends when using fluoride-containing toothpaste and mouth rinses in children.

Small amount of toothpaste being applied to a toothbrush with a glass of water in the background

Recalls & Warnings

2/22/2021

FDA Warns Sellers of St. John's Wort

On February 18, 2021, the FDA issued warning letters to two companies following reviews of the companies' websites, which found statements made about the companies' St. John's Wort products to be drug claims. These products include St.

News Release

7/31/2018

Best L-Tryptophan and 5-HTP Supplements Identified by ConsumerLab -- ConsumerLab Tests Strength and Purity of Supplements for Sleep and Mood

White Plains, New York, July 31, 2018 — L-tryptophan supplements are often promoted to improve sleep and 5-HTP supplements to help with depression.

Recalls & Warnings

12/22/2021

FDA Warns Seller of Liquid Magnesium, B-12, Berberine & More

On December 9, 2021, the FDA issued a warning letter to Wholly Liquid Nutritional Supplements LLC because it found statements on the company's website and social media about its products, including SpiroLaze, BioLaze, LiquiLaurin, VIT-B12, DeStress, and Omega Plus, to be ...

News Release

5/17/2017

Best Vitamin D? ConsumerLab.com Tests Popular Vitamin D Supplements and Reveals Its Top Picks

White Plains, New York, May 17, 2017 — Vitamin D is currently the most popular dietary supplement among people who regularly use supplements according to a recent survey by ConsumerLab.com.

News Release

4/04/2017

ConsumerLab.com Reveals Best and Worst Turmeric and Curcumin Supplements & Spices -- 31% Fail ConsumerLab.com Tests of Quality

White Plains, New York, April 4, 2017 — Turmeric and its key compound, curcumin, may be help reduce symptoms of inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis and may be helpful in treating depression, diabetes, and indigestion.

News Release

9/26/2016

60% of St. John's Wort Supplements Fail ConsumerLab.com Tests of Quality

White Plains, New York, September 26, 2016 — St. John's wort extracts can be as effective as standard antidepressant drugs for treating mild to moderate major depression, with significantly fewer side effects. However, recent ConsumerLab.com tests revealed that six of ten St.

Recalls & Warnings

1/13/2018

Seller of Depression, Prostate Supplements & More Warned for Manufacturing Violations, Drug Claims

On August 21, 2017, the FDA issued a warning letter to Irmo-Vita, LLC, following a facility inspection which found that several of the company's products, including Hysta-Min, Man-Affirm, Phung-EX, and Bacto- EX to be adulterated because they were prepared, packed, or held ...

Recalls & Warnings

2/22/2021

FDA Warns Seller of Melatonin & Other Sleep Supplements

On February 18, 2021, the FDA issued a warning letter to SANA Group LLC following a review of the company's website, which found statements made about the company's products Sleep Sana Sleep Drops and Sleep Shots to be drug claims.

News Release

3/22/2016

Rhodiola: Does It Help With Depression and Anxiety and Which Brands Are Best? -- ConsumerLab.com Reviews the Evidence and Tests the Quality of Popular R. Rosea Supplements --

White Plains, New York, March 22, 2016 — Rhodiola (R. rosea) supplements are promoted to treat depression, anxiety, and fatigue — but do they really work? And do products on the market contain the right species, amounts, and appropriate doses of R.

Recalls & Warnings

7/21/2022

Young Living Warned for Promoting Essential Oils to Treat Seasonal Allergies, Kidney Stones & More

On June 10, 2022, the FDA issued a warning letter to Young Living Essential Oils Corporate after an inspection of the company’s website and social media found statements about the company’s essential oil and CBD products to be drug claims.

Recalls & Warnings

7/22/2022

FDA Warns Seller of Vision, Calcium & Magnesium Supplements and More

On June 14, 2022, the FDA issued a warning letter to New Sun Inc. following inspection of the company’s website which found statements about the company’s products to be drug claims.

Recalls & Warnings

1/17/2017

Seller of Heart, Senior and Teen Supplements Warned For Drug Claims

On December 7, 2016, the FDA issued a warning letter to Esteem Products Ltd following a review of the company's website, which found statements made about its products, Cardio Life, Total Man, Total Woman, Senior Total Man, Senior Total Woman , and Total Teen to be drug ...

Recalls & Warnings

12/01/2018

Seller of 5-HTP, Potassium & More Warned for Manufacturing Violations

On September 7, 2018, the FDA issued a warning letter to The Delano Company, Inc.

News Release

1/19/2016

SAM-e Supplements Providing Best Quality and Value Identified by ConsumerLab.com

White Plains, New York, January 19, 2016 — SAM-e (S-adenosyl-methionine) is involved in the functioning of every cell in the body and, as a supplement, it has been found to be helpful in reducing the pain of osteoarthritis as well as improving mood in major depression.

Recalls & Warnings

1/26/2018

Seller of Coenzyme-A Warned For Making Drug Claims

On January 5, 2018, the FDA issued a warning letter to Coenzyme A, Inc. following a facility inspection and review of the company's website that found the company made drug claims about its product Coenzyme-A.

Recalls & Warnings

7/13/2012

Alistrol Health Inc. Warned Over Health Claims on Products

On June 26, 2012, the FDA issued a warning letter to Alistrol Health Inc. for making product statements on the company's websites that constitute drug claims.

Recalls & Warnings

1/03/2022

Seller of Wormwood, Aloe Supplement Warned by FDA

On December 7, 2021, the FDA issued a warning letter for Western Herb Products, Inc.

Recalls & Warnings

2/17/2022

Seller of L-Theanine, Lutein, Noopept and More Warned for Drug Claims

On February 4, 2022, the FDA issued a warning letter to Crystal Clear Supplements following a review of the company’s website and social media which found statements about Tianeptine Sodium Powder, Tianeptine Sulfate Powder, PEA Capsules, Phenibut Capsules, Synephrine Powder, Noopept ...

Recalls & Warnings

8/07/2021

Poppy Seed Tea, Unwashed Poppy Seeds Pose Risk of Overdose, Death

Unwashed poppy seeds can be contaminated with significant, even dangerous levels of opioid compounds that can cause serious adverse effects, overdose and death.

Recalls & Warnings

2/16/2021

Seller of BioCBD+ Products Warned for COVID-19 and Drug Claims

On February 11, 2021, the FDA issued a warning letter to Evolved Ayurvedic Discoveries, Inc.

Recalls & Warnings

1/20/2021

Seller of Omega-3 Warned for Making Claims to Treat Focus, Mood

On December 9, 2020, the FDA issued a warning letter to Bodyhealth.com, LLC following a review of the company's website, which found statements made about the company's products Healthy-Thin Energize, Body Detox (Oral Spray), and Omega 3 Health to be drug claims.

News Release

12/10/2014

ConsumerLab.com Identifies Best Zinc Products for Colds, Eyes, and Zinc Deficiency -- Popular Zinc Supplements and Lozenges Tested and Compared

White Plains, New York, December 10, 2014 — "Zinc supplements have been shown to shorten colds and reduce the progression of advanced macular degeneration, but not all products provide the dosage proven effective, as well as pass criteria for supplement quality," says Tod Cooperman, M.D.

News Release

10/04/2012

Five Years After ConsumerLab.com Reported a Problem, FDA Agrees Generic Version of Wellbutrin XL Is Not Equivalent and Is Pulled Off Market — Important Lessons about Generics

White Plains, New York — October 4, 2012 [Updated 10/11/12]— Are all generic drugs therapeutically equivalent to their brand name counterparts? Until yesterday, the FDA, and many others, adamantly said they were.

News Release

12/20/2011

Choose zinc supplements carefully -- ConsumerLab.com finds only some have dosage proven to shorten colds, reduce eye disease

White Plains, New York — December 20, 2011 — Can zinc supplements shorten colds and reduce the progression of advanced macular degeneration? "Yes, but not all supplements provide a dosage that has been proven effective." says Tod Cooperman, M.D., President of ConsumerLab.com.

News Release

10/13/2011

30% of SAM-e supplements selected for review fail to pass ConsumerLab.com testing -- Cost of SAM-e found to vary 5-fold

White Plains, New York, October 13, 2011 — Dietary supplements with SAMe (S-adenosyl-methionine) are used to treat osteoarthritis as well as depression, but only 7 out of ten SAM-e supplements recently selected for testing by ConsumerLab.com met all quality criteria.

News Release

4/26/2011

Problems discovered with eight vitamin D supplements in study by ConsumerLab.com -- Incorrect amounts of vitamins, lead contamination, and labeling infractions identified.

White Plains, New York — April 26, 2010 — Among 28 vitamin D supplements recently selected for independent testing, problems were found with 8 products, 29% of those reviewed, according to ConsumerLab.com.

News Release

4/14/2010

ConsumerLab.com reports most St. John's wort supplements fail quality tests -- An effective antidepressant herb but heavy metal contamination and low potency are concerns

White Plains, New York — April 14, 2010 — St. John's wort has been shown to be effective in treating mild to moderate forms of major depression, but a new report from ConsumerLab.com shows that few of the herbal supplement brands recently tested met quality standards. Among the ten St.

News Release

3/10/2009

ConsumerLab.com reports deficiencies in some supplements containing calcium, vitamin D, or vitamin K -- Focus on bone health supplements and new uses for vitamins D and K

WHITE PLAINS, NEW YORK — MARCH 10, 2009 — In a large review of supplements relating to bone health, ConsumerLab.com reported today that tests showed five products to provide only 52.5% to 89% of the listed amounts of calcium or vitamin K. ConsumerLab.

News Release

12/09/2008

Tests of zinc supplements by ConsumerLab.com show only some provide dosage proven to shorten colds, reduce eye disease. Lead contamination found in one product.

WHITE PLAINS, NEW YORK — DECEMBER 9, 2008 — Zinc supplements can shorten colds and reduce the progression of advanced macular degeneration, among other uses. But a new report by ConsumerLab.

Recalls & Warnings

1/21/2016

Morphine Found in Licorice Product

On January 20, 2016, Master Herbs, Inc. issued a recall of all lots of Licorice Coughing Liquid because it was found to contain morphine.

Recalls & Warnings

3/20/2020

Seller of Rejuvenation Pills Settles Charges of Making False Claims

Health Center, Inc. has agreed to halt their allegedly deceptive advertising claims about three "cure-all" health and wellness products that targeted older consumers nationwide after the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) filed a complaint.

Recalls & Warnings

12/10/2019

Poisoning from Essential Oils Increasing

Poisonings from essential oil ingestion increased by 16.3% in Australia over a 4-year period, according to a study recently published in the Medical Journal of Australia. The researchers also noted reports of increased frequency and/or severity of essential oil poisonings in the U.S.

Recalls & Warnings

11/26/2019

Cognitive Enhancement Supplements Contain Unapproved Drug

Several supplements sold in the U.S. and promoted for cognitive enhancement contain significant amounts of the drug piracetam -- a drug that is not approved for use in the U.S. -- according to a study published this week in JAMA Internal Medicine. 

Recalls & Warnings

4/02/2019

FDA Issues Strong Warnings to Sellers of CBD

On March 28, 2019, the FDA issued warning letters to three companies for making unsubstantiated claims about the health benefits of CBD (cannabidiol) products on their websites.

Recalls & Warnings

12/05/2018

Seller of Cold and Flu Supplements, "SuperFood" & More Warned by FDA

On October 30, 2018, the FDA issued a warning letter to American Botanical Pharmacy following a review of the company's website (www.herbdoc.com) and Facebook page, which found statements made about some of its products to be drug claims.

News Release

8/05/2008

ConsumerLab.com Find Fifty Fish Oil Supplements Pass Quality Testing -- New Report Helps Consumers Choose Among Pills, Liquids, Foods and Beverages with Omega-3 Fatty Acids (EPA and DHA)

WHITE PLAINS, NEW YORK — AUGUST 5, 2008 — ConsumerLab.com announced today that testing of fifty omega-3 fish oil supplements, foods or beverages (including two marketed for pets) found all to have safe levels of mercury, lead and PCBs.

News Release

4/16/2008

FDA's investigation of generic antidepresssant called inadequate by ConsumerLab.com and The People's Pharmacy

WHITE PLAINS, NEW YORK AND DURHAM, NORTH CAROLINA — APRIL 16, 2008 — After waiting more than six months for results of the FDA's investigation of a generic version of Wellbutrin XL 300 (Budeprion XL 300), ConsumerLab.

News Release

10/12/2007

ConsumerLab.com finds generic antidepressant behaves differently from original drug. May explain complaints by patients. — Generic drug equality questioned

WHITE PLAINS, NEW YORK AND DURHAM, NORTH CARLOLINA — OCTOBER 12, 2007 — ConsumerLab.

News Release

4/24/2007

ConsumerLab.com reports improvement in quality of SAM-e supplements used for osteoarthritis and depression — Recent testing shows quality is up since studies in 2000 and 2003

WHITE PLAINS, NEW YORK — April 24, 2007 — ConsumerLab.com announced that all eight SAMe supplements that it recently selected for review passed quality testing — an improvement over tests in previous years. SAMe (S-adenosyl-methionine) is used to treat depression and joint pain.

News Release

2/14/2007

ConsumerLab.com reports on anti-depressant herb — St. John's Wort — Few supplements pass quality testing

WHITE PLAINS, NEW YORK — FEBRUARY 14, 2007 — St. John's wort may be helpful in treating mild to moderate cases of clinical depression, but a new report from ConsumerLab.com shows that few of the herbal products tested met quality standards. Americans purchased $64 million of St.

News Release

4/27/2004

New ConsumerLab.com report on St. John's wort highlights benefits and risks of herbal product for depression

NEW CONSUMERLAB.COM REPORT ON ST.

News Release

11/18/2003

ConsumerLab.com reports improvement in quality of SAM-e supplements used for osteoarthritis and depression — But a high priced product found to contain only 30% of label claim

WHITE PLAINS, NY — November 18, 2003 — ConsumerLab.

News Release

11/02/2003

Key ingredient missing in some arthritis supplements for people and pets according to ConsumerLab.com — Review of glucosamine, chondroitin and MSM supplements published online today

WHITE PLAINS, NY — November 2, 2003 — ConsumerLab.com today announced test results for supplements used in treating osteoarthritis that contain glucosamine, chondroitin, and/or MSM.

News Release

12/10/2002

Lupus patients cautioned about hormone supplement — ConsumerLab.com releases DHEA testing results online today

WHITE PLAINS, NY — December 10, 2002 — In its latest Product Review, ConsumerLab.com found that 3 of the 17 DHEA (dehydroepiandrosterone) supplement products it tested contained less than their claimed amounts of this hormone — one having less than one-fifth of what it claimed.

News Release

4/10/2001

Quality of popular herbal anti-depressant found to vary; certain types of St. John's Wort supplements more likely to pass testing

White Plains, NY — April 11, 2001 — ConsumerLab.com, an independent evaluator of dietary supplements and nutrition products, today released results of its Product Review of St. John's wort supplements.

Recalls & Warnings

7/12/2017

More Bodybuilding Supplements Recalled

On July 11, 2017, Andropharm recalled two bodybuilding supplements, Sten Z and M1 Alpha, because these products contain derivatives of anabolic steroids.

Recalls & Warnings

6/20/2017

Beware of Bodybuilding Supplements, FDA Warns

On June 20, 2017, the FDA warned consumers to beware of bodybuilding products because a number of these products have been found to contain steroids or steroid-like substances. Such products could cause serious and even life-threatening health risks, including: 

News Release

3/28/2000

Only half of SAM-e supplements found to contain proper ingredients and labeling in ConsumerLab.com testing; Product Review of popular anti-depressant published online today.

WHITE PLAINS, NY, March 28, 2000 — Among 13 brands of SAM-e dietary supplements (used primarily in treating depression and osteoarthritis) only seven were found to contain labeled amounts of SAM-e (S-adenosyl-methionine). These results were reported today by ConsumerLab.

News Release

3/07/2000

ConsumerLab.com finds many arthritis supplements lacking labeled ingredients; Glucosamine and Chondroitin product review published online today.

WHITE PLAINS, NY, March 7, 2000 — Among 25 major brands of supplements containing glucosamine and/or chondroitin used for treating osteoarthritis, nearly one-third were found not to contain all labeled ingredients. These results were reported today by ConsumerLab.

News Release

11/16/1999

Only three quarters of Ginkgo Biloba supplements contain proper ingredients. ConsumerLab.com posts first of its dietary supplement product tests.

WHITE PLAINS, NY, November 16, 1999 — Consumers have a one out of four chance of buying a Ginkgo Biloba product that may not deliver the ingredients they are seeking. This is the finding of an independent analysis of products conducted by ConsumerLab.

Recalls & Warnings

12/26/2012

Seller of Blood Sugar, Depression and Sleep Supplements Warned For Making Drug Claims

On October 15, 2012, the FDA issued a warning letter to BioNeurix Corporation after statements found on the company's website, http://www.pharma-tree.com, were found to promote the dietary supplements Blood Sugar 360, Amoryn, Seredyn, and Mellodyn as drugs.

Recalls & Warnings

8/29/2013

Seller of CELLFOOD Supplements Warned For Manufacturing Violations and Drug Claims

On August 1, 2013, the FDA issued a warning letter to supplement retailer Lumina Health Products, Inc.

Recalls & Warnings

12/26/2017

Seller of BrainAlert Warned for Manufacturing Violations, Drug Claims

On December 14, 2017, the FDA issued a warning letter to BrainAlert, LLC.

Recalls & Warnings

5/12/2018

Seller of Astaxanthin, Cinnamon, Pine Bark and More Warned for Manufacturing Violations

On March 22, 2018, the FDA issued a warning letter to Get The Tea following a facility inspection which found the company's products, including Get the Tea Astaxanthin Max, Get the Tea Colostrum Complete, and Get the Tea Pine Bark Capsules, to be adulterated because they were ...

Recalls & Warnings

10/21/2014

Seller of Weight Loss, Saw Palmetto Supplements and More Warned for Drug Claims

On October 9, 2014, the FDA issued a warning letter to Bethel Nutritional Consulting, Inc., following a review of the company's website which found statements made about 15 Day Detox Diet, Alpha Lipoic Acid. 300 mg.

Recalls & Warnings

6/25/2019

Kratom Is Dangerous and Not Proven to Treat Addiction, FDA Warns Marketers

On June 25, 2019, the FDA issued warning letter to two marketers and distributors of kratom products, listed below, for illegally selling unapproved, misbranded kratom-containing drug products with unproven claims about their ability to treat or cure opioid addiction and withdrawal symptoms.

Recalls & Warnings

12/23/2016

Weight Loss Supplement Found to Contain Antidepressant

On December 22, 2016, the FDA warned consumers not to buy or use the weight loss supplement Queen Slimming Soft Gel because it was found to contain undeclared fluoxetine and sibutramine.

Recalls & Warnings

7/11/2017

FDA Warns Dr. Carolyn Dean of Drug Claims Made for Magnesium, Calcium & Other Mineral Supplements

On June 27, 2017, the FDA issued a Warning Letter to Dr. Carolyn Dean of New Capstone, Inc.

Recalls & Warnings

7/08/2017

CDC Warns Against Placenta Pills After Infant Becomes Sick

An infant in Oregon whose mother began taking capsules of dried placenta three days after giving birth was diagnosed with late-onset group B Streptococcus agalactiae (GBS) bacteremia, a strep infection which was linked to the placenta pill, according to a recently published report from the ...

Recalls & Warnings

8/30/2012

Supplement Company Warned For Medical Claims and Misbranding Of Omega-3, CoQ10, Noni Juice And More

On July 12, 2012, the FDA issued a warning letter to Alfa Vitamins Laboratories, Inc.

Recalls & Warnings

5/03/2013

Maker of Omega-3, Saw Palmetto, St. John’s Wort Supplements And More Warned For Manufacturing Violations and Drug Claims

On March 19, 2013, the FDA issued a warning letter to Sunset Natural Products Inc.

Recalls & Warnings

9/12/2018

FDA Urges Consumers to Avoid Kratom

On September 11, 2018, FDA Commissioner Scott Gottlieb, M.D., urged consumers not to use products containing the kratom, an herb that is often promoted for pain relief and for relieving symptoms of opioid withdrawal.

Recalls & Warnings

12/21/2016

Seller of 5-HTP, Chromium, Curcumin and More Warned for Drug Claims

On December 1, 2016, the FDA issued a warning letter to Aurora Health and Nutrition following a review of the company's website, which found statements made about its products, 5-HTP, Alpha Lipoic Acid, the Argentyn 23 product line, Artecin 90 Vegetarian Capsules, ...

Recalls & Warnings

11/01/2016

FDA Warns Consumers Not to Use Twelve Energy and Sexual Enhancement Supplements

The FDA recently warned consumers not to buy or use the following "energy" and sexual enhancement supplements, which are sold on various websites and in some retail stores, because they were found to contain undeclared drugs: 

Recalls & Warnings

11/01/2016

Eleven Weight Loss Supplements Contain Undeclared Drugs, FDA Warns

The FDA warned consumers not to buy or use the weight loss supplements listed below because they were found to contain undeclared drugs:

Recalls & Warnings

10/06/2006

FDA Warns Mangosteen Juice Maker of Drug Promotions

On September 20, 2006, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) sent a Warning Letter to the makers of Xango, a mangosteen juice product. The letter advised that distributors of the product were using brochures making health claims restricted to the promotion of drugs.

Recalls & Warnings

1/18/2003

Non-Prescription Anti-Hypertension Pills Recalled

On January 17, the U.S. FDA's MedWatch Program reported that Herbsland Inc.

Recalls & Warnings

11/03/2014

Mixing Medications and Dietary Supplements Can Be Dangerous, FDA Warns

On October 27, 2014, the FDA advised consumers to be aware of potential interactions between dietary supplements and over-the-counter (OTC) medications and/or prescription medications.

Recalls & Warnings

1/26/2016

Seller of CoQ10, SAM-e, Vitamin D, and More Warned for Manufacturing Violations, Drug Claims

On January 15, 2016, the FDA issued a warning letter to Nutri-Dyn Midwest, Inc., following a facility inspection which found the company's products, including Cardioauxin BP, Zinc Lozenge, Oliver, Pau D'Arco, Petadolex, Chondro Jointaide, Dynagesic, SAMe-200, Gugulipid.

Recalls & Warnings

9/27/2016

Seller of B Vitamins, Omega-3s and More Warned for Manufacturing Violations, Drug Claims

On September 15, 2016, the FDA issued a warning letter to Positive Power Nutrition, following a facility inspection which found the company's products, including High Energy C-Complex, Positive Vitality, Positive Performance, Positive CardioGuard, B-Complex 100, Positive Essentials, Positive ...

Recalls & Warnings

8/05/2016

U.S. Marshals Seize $150,00 Worth of Kratom

On August 4, 2016, the FDA announced that U.S. Marshals seized approximately $150,000 worth of dietary supplements labeled as containing kratom from Nature Therapeutics (dba Kratum Therapy). The action was taken at the request of the FDA.

Recalls & Warnings

12/08/2015

Study Finds Many Rhodiola Rosea Supplements to be Adulterated

A study of Rhodiola supplements (including hard capsule extracts, softgel capsules, tablets, and liquid extracts) in Great Britain found that nearly 20% did not contain rosavin, the key marker compound used to identify Rhodiola rosea from other Rhodiola species, and many ...

Recalls & Warnings

1/12/2016

Over $400,000 Worth of Kratom Supplements Seized by U.S. Marshals

On January 6, 2016, U.S. Marshals seized nearly 90,000 bottles of dietary supplements labeled as containing kratom (brand name RelaKzpro) valued at over $400,000, from Dordoniz Natural Products LLC in South Beloit, Illinois. The action was taken at the request of the FDA.

Recalls & Warnings

12/19/2015

"Tiger X" and "X Again Platinum" Contain Hidden Drugs

On December 17 and 18, 2015, the FDA warned consumers not to buy or use the following sexual enhancement supplements, which were found to contain undeclared drugs:

Recalls & Warnings

10/14/2015

Recall of Male Enhancement Supplement Expanded

On October 9, 2015, TF Supplements expanded its previous recall of two lots of RHINO 7 sexual enhancement supplements, which were found to contain the undeclared drugs desmethyl carbondenafil and dapoxetine, to include all lots.

Recalls & Warnings

12/16/2015

Maker of Red Yeast Rice, St. John's Wort, Valerian and More Warned for Manufacturing Violations, Drug Claims

On December 2, 2015, the FDA issued a warning letter to Nature's Health, LLC, following a facility inspection which found the company's product, including Ginkgo & Rhodiola, Blood Sugar Balance IV, Cinnamon Extract, Choles-Balance Red Yeast Extract, Lecithin, Milk Thistle Seed Extract, ...

Recalls & Warnings

1/02/2016

Fourteen Enhancement Supplements Found to Contain Undeclared Drugs

On December 28, 2015, the FDA warned consumers not to buy or use the following fourteen sexual enhancement supplements, which are sold on various websites and in some retail stores, because they were found to contain undeclared drugs :

Recalls & Warnings

12/01/2015

Weight Supplements Found to Contain Antidepressant and Other Prescription Drugs

On November 19, 2015, the FDA warned consumers not to buy or use the weight loss supplements listed below because they were found to contain prescription drugs. Each was identified during an examination of international mail shipments:

Recalls & Warnings

11/07/2015

Seller of "NaturalDoctor" Vitamin C, Echinacea and More Warned for Manufacturing Violations

On October 16, 2015, the FDA issued a warning letter Sound Healing Arts, PC, dba Grounds for Tea, LLC, following a facility inspection which found the company's products, including  NaturalDoctor Vitamins C & K3, NaturalDoctor Goldenseal & Echinacea Plus, NaturalDoctor Centella ...

Recalls & Warnings

2/13/2016

FDA Warns Nine Sexual Enhancement Supplements Contain Undeclared Drugs

The FDA recently warned consumers not to buy or use the following sexual enhancement supplements, which are sold on various websites and in some retail stores, because they were found to contain undeclared drugs: 

Recalls & Warnings

10/31/2014

Seller of "Cleanse," Allergy Supplements and More Warned for Manufacturing Violations, Drug Claims

On October 15, 2014, the FDA issued a warning letter to Evangelical Christian Ministries, dba Health & Herbs, following a facility inspection which found the company's products, CORYDALIS and CVF BGONE to be adulterated because they were prepared, packed, or held under conditions that violate ...

Recalls & Warnings

3/21/2014

Products Containing Kratom Recalled Following FDA Import Alert

On March 14, 2014, SNI National issued a voluntary recall of all kratom supplements, including kratom XL 4 Pack, Maeng Da Kratom 10 Pack, Max Kratom 20 Pack, and Bali Kratom 40 pack, following an FDA-issued import alert on all products containing this ingredient.

Recalls & Warnings

11/21/2013

Weight Loss Supplement Recalled

On November 14, 2013, Deseo Rebajar Inc. issued a recall of one lot of weight loss supplement Adipotrim XT because it was found to contain undeclared fluoxetine.

Recalls & Warnings

7/22/2013

Sexual Enhancement Supplements Containing Undeclared Drugs Recalled

On July 18, 2013, Volcano Company issued a voluntary recall all lots of Volcano Male Enhancement Liquid and Volcano Male Enhancement Capsules because they were found to contain undeclared desmethyl carbodenafil, dimethylsildenafil, and dapoxetine.

Recalls & Warnings

5/29/2013

Seller of Colloidal Silver, Noni Juice and Noni Supplements Warned For Drug Claims

On May 16, 2013, the FDA issued a warning letter to Matrix Health Products, Inc.

Recalls & Warnings

1/18/2013

Recall: Iron Supplement Containing Motion Sickness Drug

On January 18, 2012, Advance Pharmaceutical Inc. announced the recall of one lot of Rugby NATURAL IRON SUPPLEMENT Ferrous Sulfate Tablets 325 mg, because the bottles were found to contain meclizine HCl 25 mg tablets instead.

Recalls & Warnings

12/18/2006

Canada Warns of Herbal Sleep Product Containing Rx Drug

On December 18, 2006 Health Canada advised consumers not to use a product called Eden Herbal Formulations Sleep Ease Dietary Supplement, because it was found to contain an undeclared drug estazolam, which can be habit-forming when used for as little as a few months.

Recalls & Warnings

9/30/2014

U.S. Marshals Seize $5 Million Worth of Kratom

On September 25, 2014, U.S. Marshals seized more than 25,000 pounds of raw kratom valued at over $5 million from Rosefield Management, Inc. in Van Nuys, California. The action was taken at the request of the FDA.

Recalls & Warnings

6/18/2014

Two Weight Loss Supplements Found to Contain Drugs

On June 17, 2014, the FDA warned consumers not to buy or use the weight loss supplements listed below because they were found to contain drugs.

Recalls & Warnings

5/30/2014

Seller of Brain, Diabetes, Echinacea Supplements and More Warned for Drug Claims

On April 22, 2014, the FDA issued a warning letter to Mundo Natural Inc., following a review of the company's website which found statements made about supplements Neuro AD, Stop Diabetes, Stop High Blood Pressure, Morninga 7 and Purpurea Echinacea to be drug claims.

Recalls & Warnings

3/03/2015

FDA Warns Consumers Not to Buy or Use Weight Loss Supplement Containing Drug

On February 28, 2015, the FDA warned consumers not to buy or use weight loss supplement Oxy ELITE Pro Super Thermogenic (USPLabs) because it was found to contain fluoxetine.

Recalls & Warnings

2/10/2015

Five Weight Loss Supplements Recalled

On January 9, 2015, Detox Transforms Health and Nutrition issued a voluntary recall of five weight loss supplements because they were found to contain undeclared drugs:

Recalls & Warnings

9/26/2015

Male Enhancement Supplement Containing Antidepressant Recalled

On September 25, 2015, TF Supplements issued a recall of two lots of the sexual enhancement supplement RHINO 7, which were found to contain the undeclared drugs desmethyl carbondenafil and dapoxetine.

Recalls & Warnings

7/01/2015

Undeclared Drugs Found In Male Enhancement Supplements

On June 10, 2015, the FDA issued a warning letter American Lifestyle, following tests which found the company's sexual enhancement supplements Vicerex and Sudibil-Xr to contain the undeclared drugs propoxyphenyl thioaildenafil and tadalafil.

Recalls & Warnings

5/02/2015

Maker of Garcinia, Joint Supplements and More Warned for Manufacturing Violations, Drug Claims

On March 25, 2015, the FDA issued a warning letter to JW Nutritional LLC, following a facility inspection which found the company's products, including  Vanish V2 Domestic, Mr.

Recalls & Warnings

3/19/2015

Three Weight Loss Supplements Found to Contain Drugs

On March 18, 2015, the FDA warned consumers not to buy or use the following weight loss supplements because they were found to contain undeclared drugs.

Recalls & Warnings

3/13/2015

Weight Loss Supplement Contains Prescription Anti-Depressant, Other Drugs

On March 3, 2015, the FDA warned consumers not to buy or use weight loss supplement Natural Max Slimming because it was found to contain fluoxetine, sildenafil and sibutramine.

Recalls & Warnings

3/13/2015

Three Weight Loss Supplements Found to Contain Drugs

The FDA recently warned consumers not to buy or use the following weight loss supplements because they were found to contain undeclared drugs. Each was identified during an examination of international mail shipments.

Recalls & Warnings

4/16/2014

Weight Loss Supplements Found To Contain Prescription Antidepressant and Other Drugs

On March 7, 2014, the FDA issued a warning letter to Deseo Rebajar Inc. because the company's following weight loss products were found to contain drugs:

Recalls & Warnings

6/04/2012

FDA Warning on Supplement for Pain Relief

On June 1, 2012, the U.S. FDA warned consumers that Reumofan Plus, marketed as a “natural” dietary supplement for pain relief and other serious conditions, contains several active pharmaceutical ingredients not listed on the label that could be harmful.

Recalls & Warnings

12/22/2008

FDA Warns Consumers About Tainted Weight Loss Pills

On December 22, 2008 the U.S. FDA alerted consumers not to purchase or consume any of more than 25 different products marketed for weight loss because they contain undeclared, active pharmaceutical ingredients that may put consumers’ health at risk.

Recalls & Warnings

2/20/2013

Cold, Flu and Stress Supplement Company Warned For Adulteration, Drug Claims And More

On October 5, 2012, the FDA issued a warning letter to dietary supplement manufacturer Wholistic Herbs, Inc. following a facility inspection which found the company's products, including At-Ease, Morning Calm, Aller-Ban, Stomach Flu, Kold & Koff, Kold Sore, and L.

Recalls & Warnings

8/21/2013

Seller of Vitamin, Tea and MSM Supplements Warned For Drug Claims

August 7, 2013, the FDA issued a warning letter to Vibrant Life Vitamins, following a review of the company's websites which found statements made about Taheebo Life Tea, Life Glow Plus, Super Life Glow, Life Glow Basic, Vibrant Life MSM, Herbal MSM, and Organic Germanium to be drug claims. 

Recalls & Warnings

8/31/2006

Canada Advises Consumers Not To Use Adulterated Sleep Supplement

On August 30, 2006, Health Canada (the Candian Health Ministry) Health Canada advised consumers not to use Salt Spring Herbals Sleep Well Dietary Supplement because a sample analyzed by Health Canada has been found to contain the undeclared drug estazolam, a sedative that can be habit-forming when ...

Recalls & Warnings

3/19/2004

Seasilver Stopped from Making Claim to Cure "Over 650" Diseases

On March 17, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) announced that Seasilver USA, Inc., and Americaloe, Inc.