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CL Answer

Do any supplements or foods help with brain function, like memory and cognition?

Find out which supplements help improve memory, brain function and cognition, including fish oil, some B vitamins, cocoa, and curcumin. ConsumerLab's answer explains the evidence for supplements promoted to help with brain function and cognition.

Supplements for Memory -- doctor holding a model of a brain and fish oil capsule

CL Answer

Does Prevagen really improve memory?

Learn more about Prevagen, including clinical studies on Prevagen's impact on memory & cognition, safety, pricing, and an FDA warning letter. ConsumerLab explores the efficacy of Prevagen.

Prevagen for Memory? -- bottle of Prevagen

CL Answer

Does Qualia Mind boost memory and mental function and is it worth cost?

Learn about the ingredients in Qualia Mind, whether or not we think the formula works and is safe, and if we think it's worth the cost.

qualia-mind

Product Review

Ginkgo (Ginkgo Biloba) Supplements Review

Choose the Best Ginkgo Biloba Supplement. Finding Real Ginkgo Isn't Easy — 60% Fail ConsumerLab's Tests of Quality.

Ginkgo Biloba Supplements Tested by ConsumerLab.com

CL Answer

Does Procera AVH really improve memory and mood?

Procera AVH information, including evidence from clinical studies on memory, cognition, mood, safety, and a lawsuit.

CL Answer

Do "Mr. Happy Stack" supplements improve memory, cognition and mood, and are they safe?

Find out if Happy Stack supplements really work to enhance memory and cognition, plus safety and side effects. ConsumerLab.com's answer explains.

Happy Stack for Memory? -- Person holding a capsule

CL Answer

Does Neuriva improve memory or cognitive function?

Find out about Neuriva, its ingredients, and the evidence for or against it for memory and cognitive function.

Bottles containing capsules of Neuriva Original and Neuriva Plus

CL Answer

Do either phosphatidylserine or phosphatidylcholine help with memory and cognition? How are these supplements different?

Find out if phosphatidylserine or phosphatidylcholine supplements improve memory and cognition.

Brain Puzzle

CL Answer

Does Alpha Brain really improve memory, focus and cognition?

Find out if Alpha Brain really improves memory, focus and cognition. See the clinical evidence and get details about Alpha Brain ingredients, as well as potential side effects and drug interactions. ConsumerLab.com's answer explains.

Does-Alpha-Brain-Work?

CL Answer

What is Brain Bright and can it really improve memory or cognition?

Learn more about BrainBright, including clinical studies on memory and cognition, safety, and cost.

CL Answer

Can fisetin, also called Cognisetin and Novusetin, really improve memory?

Fisetin (Cognisetin and Novusetin) information, including evidence from clinical studies on memory improvement, brain health, dosage, and pricing.

Fisetin Supplements on Wooden Plate with Strawberries

CL Answer

What is Noopept? Can it really improve memory and cognition, and is it safe?

Learn more about Noopept, including results from clinical studies on cognition, safety, and dosage.

CL Answer

Do brain games and apps really work and improve memory?

Find out if brain training games & apps, like Lumosity & BrainHQ, really work to train the mind and improve memory. ConsumerLab.com's answer explains.

Do brain games really improve memory? -- hand holding smartpphone with game app

CL Answer

Does Bacopa extract improve memory, mood, or sleep? Is it safe?

Find out if bacopa improves memory and cognition, mood or sleep, and whether it's been shown to be helpful in people with Alzheimer's disease or dementia. Plus, learn about the safety and common side effects of bacopa.

Bacopa for Memory and Cognition -- Bacopa leaves and powder

Product Review

Fish Oil, Krill Oil, and Algal Oil Omega-3 (DHA & EPA) Supplements Review

Find the Best Fish Oil & Compare to Prescription Omega-3 Drugs. See Our Top Picks Among Fish Oil & Other Omega-3 Supplements for Adults, Children and Pets.

Fish Oil and Other Marine Oil Supplements Reviewed by ConsumerLab.com

Product Review

Dark Chocolates, Cocoa & Cacao Powders, Nibs, and Supplements Review -- Sources of Flavanols

Find the Best Dark Chocolate, Cocoa Powder and Cocoa Supplements. Is Your Chocolate or Cocoa Healthful or Toxic? Find Out Now!

Flavanols in Cocoa, Cacoa, and Chocolate Products Reviewed by ConsumerLab.com

Product Review

Choline and Lecithin Supplements Review (Including Phosphatidylcholine, CDP-Choline, and Alpha-GPC)

CL Answer

What are the health benefits of green tea, and is it safe?

ConsumerLab explains green tea's potential health benefits for everything from fighting cancer to helping your heart.

Cup of green tea with dried tea leaves

Product Review

Low-Dose Lithium Supplements Review

Choose the Best Low-Dose Lithium Supplement. CL Tests Reveal Which Low-Dose Lithium Supplements Offer the Best Quality and Value.

Very Low Lithium Supplements Reviewed by ConsumerLab.com

CL Answer

Do magnesium supplements, like Magtein, help memory or protect against Alzheimer's disease?

Magtein, and other magnesium supplements, may help memory and protect against Alzheimer's disease.

Product Review

Resveratrol Supplements Review (From Red Wine, Knotweed, and Other Sources)

See Which Resveratrol Supplements Were Best In Our Tests and Comparisons. Learn What Resveratrol Can and Can't Do.

Review of resveratrol supplements tested by ConsumerLab.com, including ratings and comparisons of product quality, price, and ingredients.

Clinical Update

6/14/2022

Spermidine for Memory?

Find out if taking spermidine improved memory or cognition in older men and women in a recent study in our article about Supplements for Memory and Cognition.

Clinical Update

7/06/2022

Bacopa Interaction

Bacopa, a popular ingredient in memory supplements, may interact with medications, as was recently reported. Get the details in our updated answer to the question: Does Bacopa extract improve memory, mood, or sleep? Is it safe?

Also see our article about supplements for memory.

Clinical Update

1/24/2021

Strawberries for Memory?

Can daily consumption of two cups of strawberries improve memory and cognition in older men and women? See what a new study found in our answer to the question: Do any supplements really help with brain function, like memory and cognition?

Clinical Update

12/10/2021

Memory Supplement

Did supplementing with Memory Health, a combination of fish oil, carotenoids, and vitamin E, for two years boost memory and cognition in cognitively healthy older people? Find out what a recent study found in our answer about Supplements and Foods for Brain Function.

Clinical Update

4/05/2020

Dark Chocolate for Memory?

Studies show that chocolate high in flavanols can improve cognition in people with cognitive decline. Can it also boost memory in people who are cognitively healthy? Find out in the Memory section of the Dark Chocolate and Cocoa Powders Review. Also see our Top Picks for dark chocolates and cocoa powders.

Clinical Update

8/28/2020

Concern Over Memory Supplement Quality

Many supplements with phosphatidylserine – promoted for memory enhancement -- do not contain their listed amounts of this ingredient, according to a new report. Get details and learn what clinical studies show with phosphatidylserine in our updated answer to the question: Do either phosphatidylserine or phosphatidylcholine help with memory and cognition?

Clinical Update

6/10/2015

Cocoa for Memory

Cocoa flavanols have been shown in some studies to provide a cardiovascular benefit and, in older individuals, memory improvement. A recent study in younger men and women showed that daily use of a cocoa extract had little effect on memory and no cardiovascular benefit, although it did improve mental fatigue shortly after taking the extract. Learn more about the effects of cocoa, dosage, and see our tests and reviews of cocoa products in the Cocoa Powders, Dark Chocolate, Extracts, Nibs, & Supplements Review >> 

Clinical Update

2/27/2018

Matcha Green Tea for Memory & Cognition?

Can drinking matcha green tea enhance memory or have other cognitive benefits? Find out what a recent study showed in the Memory and Cognition section of the Green Tea Review.

Clinical Update

8/17/2016

Ginkgo for Memory and Cognition?

A branded ginkgo biloba extract improved a measure of cognition in men and women with self-reported memory impairment -- but did not improve memory. Get the details, plus more about the evidence for ginkgo and our tests of products, in the Ginkgo Biloba Supplements Review >>

CL Answer

What are the health benefits of tart cherry juice?

See the evidence for tart cherry juice health benefits from clinical studies. Find out if tart cherry has anti-inflammatory effects, if it can improve sleep, lower high blood pressure, or help for muscle pain and osteoarthritis.

Tart Cherry Benefits -- glass of cherry juice and two tart cherries

CL Answer

Now that it was shown that Ginkgo biloba is not an effective memory enhancer, are there any other health enhancing benefits from taking it, and, if so, what dose should one take daily?

Find out what Ginkgo Biloba can and can't do. Find out the health benefits and correct daily dosage.

Gingko Biloba Leaves and Supplements

Product Review

Huperzine A Supplements Review

Choose the Best Huperzine A Supplement. CL Tests Reveal the Best Huperzine A Supplements for Memory.

Huperzine A Supplements Tested by ConsumerLab.com

Product Review

B Vitamin Supplements Review (B Complexes, B6, B12, Biotin, Folate, Niacin, Riboflavin & More)

See Which B Vitamins Are ConsumerLab's Top Picks!

Review of B Vitamin Supplements

Product Review

PQQ (Pyrroloquinoline Quinone) Supplements Review

Learn What PQQ Does and Which PQQ Supplements are Best

Product Review

Green Tea Review: Tea Bags, Loose Tea, Matcha Powders, and Supplements

Disturbing Findings for Some Major Brands of Green Tea. See the Test Results and Our Top Picks for Green Tea.

Green Tea Review By ConsumerLab.com

CL Answer

Is quercetin helpful for a specific condition? I see it as an ingredient in several different types of supplements.

Learn more about quercetin, including the benefits of quercetin and other evidence from clinical studies on prostatitis and memory.

Quercetin Benefits -- quercetin powder and capsules

Product Review

Magnesium Supplements Review (Including Calcium, Boron, and Vitamins D & K)

Find Out What Magnesium Does, Who Needs It, and Our Top Picks Among Supplements

Clinical Update

10/28/2012

Fish Oil Helps Memory

A small study of healthy young women and men found that those with the highest levels of the omega-3 fatty acid DHA in their red blood cells scored better on a memory test than those with lower levels. After six months of supplementation with a certain fish oil supplement, scores improved -- particularly among those whose DHA levels had been lowest. See the Fish Oil (Omega-3) Supplements Review for details about this study, the particular supplement used, what fish oil can and cannot do, and our quality ratings of products. More >>

Clinical Update

9/30/2012

Does Ginkgo Improve Memory?

The evidence for Ginkgo biloba in preventing and treating Alzheimer's disease and other dementias has become fairly negative. But is there still hope for its use in improving memory in healthy individuals? The answer seems to be in, according to a new analysis of 10 placebo-controlled trials in healthy people. Get the answer in the update to the Ginkgo Supplements Review.

Clinical Update

1/08/2012

B-12 and Folic Acid for Memory

Small but significant improvements in short and long-term memory were found to occur in older people (aged 60 to 74) given modest daily amounts of vitamin B-12 and folic acid. But don't expect immediate results. Improvements were seen only after 2 years of supplementation. See the update in the B Vitamins Review for the dosage used, as well as our ratings of supplements with vitamin B-12 and folic acid.

Clinical Update

6/11/2014

Resveratrol for Memory?

A new study suggests that resveratrol may improve aspects of memory, as well as glucose control, in overweight individuals. For more information about the study and dosage, as well as our tests and comparisons of resveratrol supplements, see the update to the Resveratrol Supplements Review >>   

Clinical Update

11/22/2014

Turmeric for Memory

A new study shows a modest benefit of turmeric on short-term memory among older individuals with pre-diabetes. Details about the study and dosage used, as well as results of our tests of popular products, are found in the Turmeric and Curcumin Supplements Review >> 

Clinical Update

11/16/2014

Do B Vitamins Boost Memory?

This week, a study was reported in the media suggesting that taking vitamin B-12 and folic acid does not help with memory. But a closer look at this and related studies shows a benefit for some people. Get the details, plus our tests and comparisons of B-vitamin supplements, in the B Vitamin Supplements Review >> 

Clinical Update

4/13/2014

Does Green Tea Improve Memory?

This week, news sources reported that a study found green tea helps working memory. While green tea may have benefits, a closer look at this study suggests the news was exaggerated and misleading. For details about the study (and information about other effects of green tea and our tests of green tea supplements, teas, and drinks) see the update in the Green Tea Supplements, Drinks and Teas Review >> 

Clinical Update

7/13/2019

Does Tart Cherry Improve Memory?

Can tart cherry juice improve memory and cognitive function? See the results of a recent study in our full answer to the question: What are the benefits of tart cherry juice?

Clinical Update

10/05/2019

Better Memory With Lutein?

Lutein is often taken as a supplement to slow the progression of age-related macular degeneration. However, a study in college students suggests that supplementation with lutein may also improve aspects of memory and cognitive functioning. For details, see the What It Does section of our Vision Supplements Review.

Clinical Update

11/04/2017

B Vitamins for Memory

Many studies suggest that adequate intake of B vitamins slows age-related declines in memory and cognition. This was recently shown again in a study in England. Find out which B vitamins help, and how much you need, in the "What It Does" section of the B Vitamin Supplements Review >> [Also see our Top Picks for B vitamin supplements in the Review.]

Clinical Update

11/08/2017

Dark Chocolate for Memory

Short-term studies suggest that large doses of cocoa flavanols improve certain aspects of memory and cognition. A new study suggests that long-term habitual intake of dark chocolate, which is rich in flavanols, can also help. For more information, see the "What It Does" section of the Dark Chocolate and Cocoa Review >> [Also see our Top Picks for dark chocolate bars in the Review.]

Clinical Update

11/10/2017

Curcumin for Memory

There is mixed evidence on whether or not curcumin helps improve memory. A recently published study found that a proprietary formula helped, although, last year, a study using a different formula failed to help. In both cases, certain side effects were more common among those taking curcumin than placebo. Get the details in the "What It Does" section of the Turmeric & Curcumin Supplements Review >> [Also see our Top Picks for dark chocolate bars in the Review.]

Clinical Update

1/13/2018

B12 for Cognition

Numerous studies show that getting adequate intake of B vitamins, such as B12, and, perhaps, omega-3 fatty acids from fish, may slow age-related declines in memory and cognition. But not everyone should expect a benefit, as shown in a recent study. For details, see the Memory, Cognition, and Alzheimer's Disease section of the B Vitamin Supplements Review. (Also see our Top Picks among products.)

Clinical Update

1/16/2018

Lutein and Zeaxanthin Improve Memory

Lutein and zeaxanthin may help to slow the progression of age-related macular degeneration in people with low blood levels of lutein. A new study suggests these compounds may have another benefit -- improving memory in some people. Get the details in the "What It Does" section of the Vision Supplements Review >> (Also see our top choices among products.)

Clinical Update

9/01/2020

Folate & Memory

Older people with high blood levels of folate are more likely to perform worse on tests of memory and cognition unless they have sufficient levels of another B vitamin, according to a recent study. Get the details in the What It Does section of our B Vitamin Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks among B vitamin supplements.

Clinical Update

2/01/2020

Pomegranate for Memory?

Pomegranate juice and supplements have been promoted for improving cardiovascular health, controlling blood sugar, and inhibiting prostate cancer. Most recently pomegranate juice was tested in a year-long study for its effects on memory. Find out if it helped, and see if it works for other touted uses, in the What It Does section of the Pomegranate Juice and Supplements Review Article.

Clinical Update

12/10/2019

Huperzine A for Memory?

Huperzine A is often touted as a memory-enhancing supplement. Find out if it helped in a recent study of people with traumatic brain injuries in the What It Does section of the Huperzine A Supplements Review. Also see our top choice for Huperzine A.

Clinical Update

11/23/2019

Magnesium-L-Threonate for Memory?

What is the evidence that a special form of magnesium helps people with memory and concentration impairment? Find out in the Dementia and cognition section of the Magnesium Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks among magnesium supplements.

Clinical Update

10/08/2019

Fish Oil to Improve Cognition?

See the results of the most recent study of fish oil to improve memory and cognition in the Memory Enhancement section of the Fish Oil Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for fish oil.

Clinical Update

6/09/2018

Resveratrol for Memory?

Does taking resveratrol improve memory in older men and women? See the results of the most recent study in the What It Does section of the Resveratrol Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks among resveratrol supplements.

Clinical Update

9/17/2019

Omega-3s for Cognition?

Several studies have attempted to boost cognition and memory in healthy people using omega-3 supplements from fish or krill oil. Find out if they succeeded, including a recent study among adolescents, in the Memory Enhancement in Healthy Individuals section of the Fish Oil Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks among products.

Clinical Update

11/29/2019

B Vitamins for Cognition

Increasing vitamin B-12 intake by those deficient in B-12 can help slow age-related declines in memory and cognition, but the dose needs to be sufficient, as suggested by a recent study. For details see the Memory, Cognition, and Alzheimer's Disease section of the B Vitamin Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for B-12 and other B Vitamins.

Clinical Update

12/30/2021

Nitrosigine for Better Cognition?

Can supplementing with inositol-stabilized arginine silicate (Nitrosigine) improve memory and cognition in healthy people? Find out what a recent study showed in our updated answer to the question: Do any supplements or foods help with brain function, like memory and cognition?

Clinical Update

8/25/2021

PQQ for Cognition?

Can supplementation with PQQ improve memory and cognition in older men and women? See what a recent study found, and learn more about PQQ and how it compares to CoQ10, in our updated answer to the question: What is PQQ? Does it help with aging and memory? Is it similar to CoQ10?

Clinical Update

8/31/2021

Magnolia Bark and Alzheimer's

Can taking magnolia bark extract improve learning and memory in those with Alzheimer’s disease? Find out what evidence suggests in our article about supplements for memory and cognition.

Clinical Update

9/29/2020

Green Tea for Memory?

Can a green tea extract supplement improve memory or cognitive function in healthy, older men and women? Find out what a recent study showed in the What It Does section of our Green Tea Review. Also see our Top Picks for green tea supplements and drinks.

Clinical Update

10/02/2020

Algal Oil for Attention?

Does algal oil high in DHA improve memory and attention in children? See what a new study found in the What It Does section of Fish and Marine Oil Supplements Review. Also learn about fish oil for enhancing memory in older people and those with age-related cognitive decline, and see our Top Picks for fish oil.

Clinical Update

4/04/2021

Fish Oil for Memory?

Can taking high-dose fish oil improve memory and cognitive function in older people with coronary artery disease? Find out what a recent study showed in the Age-related Cognitive Decline section of our Fish Oil Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks among fish oil supplements.

Clinical Update

5/15/2021

Choline for Memory?

Can choline supplementation improve cognitive function in older men and women? See what a recent study found in the Memory and Cognition section of our Choline Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks among choline supplements as well as Concerns and Cautions with choline supplements.

Clinical Update

2/08/2022

Tart Cherry for Memory?

Can tart cherry juice improve memory and attention, or reduce fatigue, in middle-aged men and women? See what a new study found, as well as other potential uses in our updated article about the Health Benefits of Tart Cherry Juice.

Clinical Update

5/24/2022

Cranberry for Memory?

Can supplementing with cranberry powder boost memory and cognition in older men and women? See what a recent study found in the Concerns and Cautions section of our Cranberry Juices and Supplements Review.

Clinical Update

3/22/2022

Fish Oil: Cognitive Benefit in Healthy People?

Does fish oil supplementation improve cognition in healthy people? See what a recent study showed in the Memory Enhancement in Healthy Individuals section of our Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplements Review.

Also see our answer to the question: Do any supplements or foods help with brain function, like memory and cognition?

CL Answer

Which is the best form of magnesium to take - one that contains the most magnesium and is best absorbed?

Info on which is the best form of magnesium supplements to take and what to look for when choosing the best magnesium supplement. ConsumerLab.com explains.

Product Review

Cranberry Juices and Supplements Review

CL's Tests Show Which Cranberry Juices and Supplements Are Best and Cost the Least

Product Review

Turmeric and Curcumin Supplements and Spices Review

Find the Best Turmeric and Curcumin Supplements & Spices. Big Differences Discovered Among Brands -- Little Curcumin In Some.

Turmeric and Curcumin Supplements and Spices Reviewed by ConsumerLab.com

Product Review

Acetyl-L-Carnitine Supplements Review

Choose the Best Acetyl-L-Carnitine Supplement. Don't Overpay! CL Identifies Quality Acetyl-L-Carnitine Supplements at the Best Value.

Acetyl-L-Carnitine Supplements Tested by ConsumerLab.com

Product Review

Lion's Mane and Chaga Supplements Review

Read Labels Carefully -- Many Can Mislead

Lion's Mane and Chaga Supplements tested by ConsumerLab.com

Product Review

Quercetin Supplements Review

Find the Best Quercetin Supplements. ConsumerLab Tests Reveal Not All Quercetin Supplements Contain What They Claim.

Quercetin Supplement Reviewed By ConsumerLab.com

CL Answer

What is vitamin B12 and how much do I need?

Vitamin B12 dosage varies depending on your age, gender, and various other factors. Our CL Answer explains why B12 is important, the recommended dosages, deficiency, health benefits, and the best form.

Vitamin B12 Dosage, Benefits, Uses & Deficiency -- B12 Bottle and Tablets

CL Answer

Will pregnenolone help slow down aging?

Learn more about the steroid hormone pregnenolone, including its effects in the body and on aging.

Elderly couple yoga pose in sunshine

CL Answer

I recently read that turmeric is only effective if it is combined with black pepper. Is this true?

Find out the best way to take turmeric and curcumin supplements to increase absorption and bioavailability. ConsumerLab.com's answer explains.

Is Turmeric Only Effective with Black Pepper? -- Turmeric Supplement and Black Pepper

Product Review

Vision Supplements Review (with Lutein and Zeaxanthin)

Find the Best Vision Supplement. Tests and Reviews of Popular Vision Supplements.

Lutein, Zeaxanthin and Vision Supplements Tested by ConsumerLab.com

Product Review

Pomegranate Juice and Supplements Review Article

What Are the Benefits of Pomegranate Juice and Supplements? Find Out What Pomegranate Can and Cannot Do For Your Health.

Pomegranate Juice Supplements Reviewed by ConsumerLab

Recalls & Warnings

11/16/2018

Two Popular Memory Supplements Missing Some or All of Key Ingredient

Two popular Ginkgo biloba supplements marketed to improve memory do not contain the Ginkgo biloba claimed on their labels, according to tests conducted by the U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO).

News Release

3/11/2022

Best Magnesium Supplements Identified by ConsumerLab

  White Plains, New York, May 12, 2022 — Nearly half the U.S. population does not get adequate amounts of magnesium and can benefit from increasing magnesium intake from foods or supplementation.

Product Review

Vitamin D Supplements Review (Including Calcium, Magnesium, Boron, and Vitamin K)

Find the Best Vitamin D Supplement with the Right Dose

CL Answer

What are the health benefits of dark chocolate?

Information on the health benefits of dark chocolate, including how dark chocolate may improve heart health, decrease blood sugar levels and more. ConsumerLab.com's answer explains.

The Benefits of Dark Chocolate -- Dark chocolate, cocoa powder and stethoscope

Recalls & Warnings

9/16/2019

CVS Settles Lawsuit Over Claims Its Omega-3 Supplement Improves Memory

CVS has agreed to settle charges from a class action lawsuit alleging it made false claims that its CVS brand Algal-900 DHA supplement was proven to improve memory.

Clinical Update

7/21/2021

Magnesium & Memory

Does supplementation with magnesium (as magnesium L-threonate, Magtein) improve cognition in people with dementia? Find out in the Dementia & Cognition section of our Magnesium Supplements Review.

Clinical Update

6/22/2021

Diet and Dementia

Which foods were linked to a lower risk of dementia in a recent study? Find out in our article about supplements and foods for Memory and Cognition.

Clinical Update

10/27/2020

MCTs for Cognitive Impairment?

Can medium chain triglycerides (MCTs) improve memory and cognition in people with mild cognitive impairment? Find out what a recent study showed in the What It Does section of our Coconut Oil and MCT Oil Review. Also see our Top Picks for MCT and coconut oils.

Clinical Update

11/14/2020

Vitamin D for Cognitive Impairment?

Can taking vitamin D improvement memory and thinking in people with mild cognitive impairment? Find out what a recent study showed in the What It Does section of our Vitamin D Review. Also, see our Top Picks for vitamin D.

Clinical Update

11/22/2020

Chocolate for Cognition?

Does eating chocolate improve cognition in postmenopausal women? See what a new study found in the Memory and Cognition section of the Dark Chocolate and Cocoa Review. Also see our Top Picks for dark chocolate, cocoa powders and supplements based on their flavanol content and purity.

Clinical Update

2/28/2021

Folic Acid for Cognitive Function?

Does folic acid supplementation help with cognitive function in older people? Find out what a new study showed in the Memory and Cognition section of our B Vitamin Supplements Review. Also, see our Top Picks for folic acid.

Clinical Update

12/02/2020

Cocoa for Cognition

A new study suggests that cocoa may improve some aspects of cognitive function in healthy people and sheds some light on how this may work. See the details in the Memory and Cognition section of the Dark Chocolate and Cocoa Review. Also see our Top Picks among dark chocolates, cocoa powders and supplements.

Clinical Update

10/10/2021

Ketones for Cognition?

Can a ketone supplement improve cognitive function? See what a recent study found in our answer to the question: Do any supplements or foods help with brain function, like memory and cognition?

Clinical Update

8/21/2021

Bacopa for Better Sleep and Mood?

Does Bacopa extract improve sleep or mood? Find out what a recent study showed in our updated answer to the question: Does Bacopa extract improve memory, mood or sleep? Is it safe?

Clinical Update

1/21/2022

Backpack Extract for ADHD?

Can taking bacopa extract improve symptoms of ADHD in children? Find out what a recent study suggests in our answer to the question: Does Bacopa extract improve memory, mood, or sleep? Is it safe?

Clinical Update

10/30/2011

B Vitamins May Help Memory

A recently published study of individuals aged 70 years or more with mild cognitive impairment found that a daily dose of three B vitamins (folic acid, vitamin B-12, and vitamin B-6) over 2 years appeared to slow cognitive and clinical decline, particularly in those who started with elevated levels of plasma homocysteine. See the B Vitamin Product Review for details including the dosage used.  More >>

Clinical Update

9/09/2012

Ginkgo Fails Alzheimer's Trial

Over two thousand people with memory complaints were given Ginkgo biloba extract or placebo as part of a five-year study. The results, published this week, showed no difference between the groups in the percentage who eventually developed Alzheimer's disease or dementia. See how this compares to other studies of ginkgo in the updated Ginkgo Biloba Supplements Review, which includes our tests and reviews of ginkgo products. More >>

Clinical Update

12/22/2013

More Evidence of What Multivitamins Don't Do

Several new studies about multivitamins were published this week. The bottom line: In well-nourished people, multivitamins don't reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease or overall-mortality, nor improve cognition and memory. Although some studies have suggested a modest benefit in reducing the risk of certain cancers, no clear cancer benefit for multivitamins has been established. For more information, see the updates to the Multivitamins and Multimineral Supplements Review >>  

Clinical Update

4/23/2016

Curcumin and Cognition

Curcumin (from turmeric) has been shown to provide anti-inflammatory effects, helpful in osteoarthritis and gastrointestinal conditions, and even an anti-depressant effect. A recent long-term study evaluated its effects on cognition and memory in older people. See the results in the "What It Does" section of the Turmeric/Curcumin Supplements Review (which includes our tests of popular products) >>

Clinical Update

10/22/2016

Cocoa Lowers Blood Sugar

In addition to potential cardiovascular, memory, and other benefits, a new analysis shows that cocoa flavanols may reduce fasting glucose and improve insulin resistance. Get the details in the "What It Does" section of the Cocoa and Dark Chocolate Review >>

Clinical Update

5/03/2017

Ashwagandha Improves Memory

An 8-week study among men and women with mild cognitive impairment found ashwagandha root extract to improve many aspects of cognitive function compared to placebo. Studies have shown a range of benefits with ashwagandha, particularly in reducing stress and anxiety, although studies have been small. For details, see the "What It Does" section of the Ashwagandha Supplements Review >>

Clinical Update

9/19/2017

Niacinamide for Alzheimer's Disease?

Niacinamide (a form of niacin) has been promoted as a way to protect against memory loss associated with Alzheimer's disease – a claim based on studies in mice. A recent study put this to the test in people. See the results in the "Niacin" section of the B Vitamin Supplements Review >>

Clinical Update

1/18/2020

PQQ for Athletic Endurance?

We've added information from a recent study of PQQ for athletic endurance to our answer to the question: What is PQQ? Does it help with aging and memory? Is it similar to CoQ10?

Clinical Update

5/26/2020

Lower Risk of Dementia Through Foods

A 20-year study showed that the risk of Alzheimer's disease and other forms of dementia was 76% lower in people who ate more of certain foods. Find out what they ate and learn if supplements can help in our answer to the question: Do any supplements really help with brain function, like memory and cognition?

Clinical Update

4/11/2020

Resveratrol for Memory?

A new study evaluated the effects of resveratrol on cognitive functioning in postmenopausal women. Find out if it helped in the What It Does section of the Resveratrol Supplements Review. Also see our Top Picks for resveratrol.

Clinical Update

6/27/2020

Factors For Lower Risk of Dementia

Diet and lifestyle factors were associated with up to 60% reductions in the risk of developing Alzheimer dementia according to a new study. Learn about these lifestyle factors in the updated answer to the question: Do any supplements really help with brain function, like memory and cognition?

Clinical Update

2/04/2020

Problems With Huperzine A

A recent analysis of supplements claiming to contain huperzine A (promoted for memory enhancement) found problems with most products. For details see the Concerns and Cautions section of the Huperzine A Supplements Review. Also learn what clinical studies have shown with huperzine A in the What It Does section and see which huperzine A supplements have been Approved by CL.

Clinical Update

8/19/2015

Cocoa Increases Blood Flow to Brain

A small study found that drinking a cocoa drink high in flavanols significantly increased blood flow to the brain, which, the researchers propose, might have potential cognitive benefits. Get the details, including dosage, plus more about cocoa and memory, and our tests of popular products, in the Cocoa Supplements and Dark Chocolate Review >>

Clinical Update

11/19/2019

Magnesium for Memory

There is growing evidence that getting the right amount of magnesium reduces the risk of developing cognitive decline and dementia. For details, including results of a new study, see the Dementia and cognition section of the Magnesium Supplements Review. Also see our Top Pick among magnesium supplements.

Clinical Update

9/24/2019

Does Green Tea Prevent Cognitive Decline?

Does drinking green tea reduce the risk of cognitive decline and, if so, how much do you have to drink? A multi-year study addressed this question. See the results in the Memory and Cognition section of the Green Tea Review. Also see our Top Picks for green tea.

Clinical Update

4/21/2018

Fish Oil for Cognition?

Does giving older people a high dose of fish oil help them with memory and thinking? A recent study helped answer this question. Get the answer and details in the What It Does section of the Fish Oil Supplements Review.

Clinical Update

11/27/2018

Can Vitamin D Boost Cognition?

Middle-aged people with low levels of vitamin D were given high-dose vitamin D for four months. Find out if this boosted their cognitive performance in the Alzheimer's disease, dementia, memory and cognitive decline section of the Vitamin D Supplements Review. (Also see our Top Picks for vitamin D.)

Clinical Update

12/23/2017

Folic Acid for Cognition

Giving folic acid to older people with relatively low levels of blood folate resulted in improved cognitive performance, according to a recent study. For details, see the "Memory, Cognition, and Alzheimer's Disease" section in the B Vitamin Supplements Review >> (Also see our Top Picks for folate and other B vitamin supplements.)

Clinical Update

7/08/2022

Best Way to Take Fisetin?

Can fisetin (promoted for memory) be taken on an empty stomach, or should it be taken with food? Find out in the Dosage section of our CL Answer about fisetin.

Clinical Update

8/19/2022

Less Centrophenoxine in Supplements Than Stated

Centrophenoxine, a drug that is prescribed in some countries to treat dementia, is also in supplements in the U.S., but a study found that most don't contain what they claim. Learn more in our article about supplements for memory and cognition.

Clinical Update

8/23/2022

Broccoli Compound for Brain Health?

Can supplementing with sulforaphane (obtained from broccoli) improve cognitive function and memory in older adults? Find out what a recent study showed in our updated CL Answer about supplements for cognition.

Clinical Update

8/26/2022

Lion's Mane for Depression, Anxiety, Gut Health

Does lion's mane (promoted for memory) help with depression, anxiety or gut health? See our article about lion's mane.

Clinical Update

9/20/2022

Multivitamin for Slowing Cognitive Decline?

Can taking a popular multivitamin slow cognitive decline in older men and women? Find out what a large, recent study found in the Memory and Cognition section of our Multivitamin and Multimineral Supplements Review.

Clinical Update

3/18/2022

Alzheimer's Disease: Does MCT Oil Help?

Can medium-chain triglycerides slow cognitive decline among people with Alzheimer’s disease? Find out what a recent study showed in the Cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease section of our Coconut Oil and MCT Oil Review.

Also see our answer to the question: Do any supplements or foods help with brain function, like memory and cognition?

Clinical Update

4/05/2022

Fish Oil for Mild Cognitive Impairment?

Can supplementing with DHA-rich fish oil help people with mild cognitive impairment? Find out what a recent study showed in our Fish Oil Supplements Review.

Also see our answer to the question: Do any supplements or foods help with brain function, like memory and cognition?

Clinical Update

4/08/2022

Vitamin B-12 Deficiency and Dementia

Correcting B-12 deficiency may improve cognition in people with dementia, according to a recent study and case reports. Get the details in the Memory, Cognition, and Alzheimer’s Disease section of our B Vitamin Supplements Review.

Clinical Update

4/15/2022

Arginine for Mild Cognitive Impairment?

Can supplementing with L-arginine help elderly people with mild cognitive impairment (MCI)? Find out what a recent study showed in the What It Does section of our L-Arginine Supplements Review.

Also see our CL Answer about other supplements for Memory and Cognition.

Product Review

Coconut Oil and Medium Chain Triglycerides (MCT) Oil Review – Semi-Solid and Liquid Oils & Supplements

Find the Best Coconut Oil and MCT Oil. See How These Oils Compare on Medium Chain Triglycerides (MCTs), Quality, and Value.

Coconut and MCT Oils Reviewed by ConsumerLab.com

CL Answer

Which supplements help to improve energy and decrease fatigue?

Energy supplements and vitamins - Some can help increase energy and reduce fatigue, including CoQ10, curcumin/turmeric, cocoa, and B vitamins.

Supplements to Improve Energy and Decrease Fatigue -- tired woman yawning at desk

CL Answer

Are lithium orotate supplements as effective and safe as prescription lithium for bipolar disease and depression?

Lithium orotate supplement info, including proper dosage, safety, and how lithium orotate supplements compare to prescription lithium for bipolar disease and depression.

Lithium Orotate Supplement Bottle

CL Answer

What is GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid)? Is it beneficial for stress, anxiety, insomnia or other conditions, and is it safe?

Find out about GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid), including if it's beneficial for insomnia, epilepsy, stress and anxiety, high blood pressure and building muscle, and learn if taking GABA supplements is safe.

Older women sitting calmly on a couch with her hands behind her head and her eyes closed

CL Answer

Are L-carnosine supplements helpful and safe?

Learn about the potential health benefits of L-carnosine, as well as possible safety concerns, drug interactions and cost.

Capsules with white powder and spoon holding white powder on white background

CL Answer

What is hesperidin, what is it used for and is it safe?

Learn about hesperidin, including whether its beneficial for heart health, problems with circulation, stroke, cognitive function, depression, cancer and other conditions, and find out if it is safe.

A glass of orange juice sitting on a table and surrounded by sliced and whole oranges

CL Answer

How do I choose the best CoQ10 supplement?

Looking to choose the best CoQ10 brand supplement? Understand which CoQ10 you are buying, differences in dose, absorption, quality and more. ConsumerLab explores this topic.

CoQ10

CL Answer

Do reishi mushroom supplements boost the immune system, or have other health benefits?

Learn more about the health benefits of reishi mushroom extract supplements, including evidence from clinical studies on cancer and diabetes, plus information about safety and price.

Reishi Mushroom Supplements for the Immune System -- reishi mushroom, mushroom powder and pills in spoons on a table

Product Review

Multivitamin and Multimineral Supplements Review

Find the Best Multivitamin Supplement for Adults, Seniors, Men, Women, Children and Pets. Tests and Reviews of Multivitamin Supplements and CL's Top Picks.

Multivitamin/Multimineral Supplements Reviewed by ConsumerLab.com

News Release

11/05/2021

NAD Boosters for Energy and Memory? ConsumerLab Reviews NAD+, NAHD and NMN Supplements

White Plains, New York, November 5, 2021 — Most cells in the body use NAD (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide) in the process of energy production, and compounds that boost blood levels of NAD are often sold in supplements marketed for a wide range of benefits, from increasing energy and ...

News Release

1/16/2021

Best Resveratrol Products Revealed in ConsumerLab Review

White Plains, New York, January 16, 2021 — Resveratrol supplements are promoted for a wide range of uses, including lowering cholesterol and improving cardiovascular health, improving memory, reducing inflammation and slowing age-related macular degeneration.

Clinical Update

8/25/2015

Are Green Tea Pills Safe?

Studies have suggested that extracts of green tea can reduce the risk of certain cancers, improve memory, shrink uterine fibroids, and even help with weight reduction. However, liver toxicity has been a concern with green tea extracts. A large, government-funded study recently found that pills of green tea extract can be safe for many people, but some may experience adverse reactions, including elevated liver enzymes. Get the details in the "Concerns and Cautions" section of the Green Tea Review, along with information about what green tea does and our tests of green tea extracts, brewable teas, and beverages >>

Clinical Update

12/16/2012

Higher Vitamin Level May Slow Cognitive Decline

An 8-year study of people in their 70's found that cognitive functioning (memory and other mental skills) declined faster among those with lower blood levels of vitamin B-12 compared to those with higher levels. Particularly surprising was that 40% of the people in the study fell into the lower B-12 group, many of whom had levels which would not normally define them as deficient in B-12. This and other recent studies suggest a role for vitamin B-12 in minimizing cognitive decline in older people. For details, see the updated B Vitamin Supplements Review. More >>

CL Answer

Butyrate Supplements for Gut Health: Does butyric acid really work and is it safe?

Can butyrate supplements improve gut health or help reduce symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) or Crohn's disease? Find out what the clinical evidence shows, learn about the different forms of butyrate, including sodium butyrate, calcium-magnesium butyrate, and tributyrate, and get details about products such as BodyBio Sodium Butyrate and Healus Complete Biotic Tributyrin, dosage, safety and cost.

Butyrate Supplements

CL Answer

Which vitamins and minerals should be taken together or separately?

Find out the best way to take vitamins and minerals and which vitamins and minerals should be taken together or separately for proper absorption. ConsumerLab answer explains the best way to take vitamins and minerals.

Vitamins & Minerals That Should Be Taken Together or Separately -- various vitamins in spoons

CL Answer

What are the best supplements for depression and anxiety?

Best natural supplements for depression and anxiety, including the evidence for fish oil, vitamin D, probiotics, and herbal supplements for depression such as curcumin (from turmeric) and saffron.

Best Supplements for Depression and Anxiety -- sad young woman sitting on couch, looking toward the window

CL Answer

What are CoQ10 side effects?

CoQ10 side effects, such as nausea, headache, and insomnia, and how you can reduce the occurrence of CoQ10 side effects. ConsumerLab.com's answer explains.

CoQ10 and Ubiquinol Supplements Reviewed by ConsumerLab.com

CL Answer

What are the side effects of ashwagandha supplements?

Learn about the safety and side effects of ashwagandha supplements, including headache, sleepiness, upset stomach, blood pressure and more. ConsumerLab.com's answer explains.

ashwagandha side effects

Product Review

Chromium Supplements Review

Chromium Supplements Review. Best Chromium Supplements Identified -- By Strength.

Chromium Supplements Reviewed by ConsumerLab.com

CL Answer

Does Longevinex resveratrol really help for age-related macular degeneration?

Longevinex resveratrol information including how it helps age-related macular degeneration & clinical evidence.

CL Answer

What is Pycnogenol and does it work?

Learn more about Pycnogenol, including evidence from clinical studies on blood clots, osteoarthritis, cognition, vision, tinnitus, and the skin and safety.

Pycnogenol Health Benefits -- woman with leg pain

Recalls & Warnings

4/23/2019

"Brain Boosting" Supplements Were Promoted With Non-Existent Clinical Studies

On April 10th, 2019, the FTC (Federal Trade Commission) announced the marketers of cognitive enhancement supplements Geniux, Xcel, EVO, and Ion-Z have agreed to settle charges that they made false claims about the product, including fake research references and celebrity ...

CL Answer

Can taking too much vitamin B-12 be dangerous? The label on my B-complex states it contains 50,000% of the Daily Value!

Find out the daily value for vitamin B-12 and the potential side effects of taking too much B-12. ConsumerLab explains why taking too much vitamin B-12 can be harmful.

The danger of taking too much vitamin B-12 -- bottle of vitamin B-12 with pills on the table spelling out 'B-12'

Product Review

L-Arginine Supplements Review

Choose the Best L-Arginine Supplement. Find Out Which L-Arginine Supplement Passed CL's Tests.

L-Arginine Supplements Reviewed by ConsumerLab.com

Product Review

Ashwagandha Supplements Review

Find the Best Ashwagandha Supplement. Only 56% of Ashwagandha Products Pass Tests.

Ashwagandha supplements reviewed by ConsumerLab.com

News Release

11/12/2019

Best Magnesium Supplements Revealed by ConsumerLab

White Plains, New York, November 12, 2019 — Many people do not get adequate amounts of magnesium from their diets, or may have lower levels of this essential mineral due to certain medical conditions or the use of common medications such as Nexium and Prilosec.

CL Answer

Are red yeast rice supplements legally permitted to contain statins, like lovastatin, since these are drugs?

Learn more about red yeast rice supplements and the varying amounts of lovastatin they contain.

Red Yeast Rice Supplements and Powder

CL Answer

When taking a statin drug like Lipitor or Crestor, are there supplements I should avoid or take?

Learn about the interactions between certain supplements and atorvastatin (Lipitor), rosuvastatin (Crestor), and other cholesterol-lowering statins.

Statin Interactions With Supplements -- close-up of statin medication box and tablets

Recalls & Warnings

9/26/2020

Cognitive Enhancement Supplements Can Contain Unapproved Drugs

Recent testing detected five unapproved drugs in 10 over-the-counter cognitive enhancement and workout supplements sold in the US.

Recalls & Warnings

12/01/2017

Health Research Labs Agrees to Settle FTC Charges of False Claims, Deceptive Marketing of BioTherapex and NeuroPlus

On November 30, 2017, the FTC announced Health Research Laboratories LLC and owner, Kramer Duhon, agreed to settle charges that they made false claims about the company's products, BioTherapex and NeuroPlus.

Recalls & Warnings

12/26/2017

Seller of BrainAlert Warned for Manufacturing Violations, Drug Claims

On December 14, 2017, the FDA issued a warning letter to BrainAlert, LLC.

Recalls & Warnings

12/21/2019

Supplement Company Continues to Make False Claims About Its Products, Says FTC

The FTC has filed a motion of contempt against two supplement companies that, according to the motion, have continued to promote their products with false claims despite being barred from doing so by a previous court order.

Recalls & Warnings

12/29/2020

FDA Warns Five Sellers of CBD for Claims of Treating Arthritis, Alzheimer's and More

On December 22, 2020, the FDA issued warning letters to five sellers of CBD following reviews of the companies' websites, which found statements made about the companies' products to be drug claims.

News Release

3/07/2018

Finding Real Ginkgo Isn't Easy, ConsumerLab's Tests Reveal

White Plains, New York, March 7, 2018 — Recent tests of popular Ginkgo biloba supplements sold in the U.S. found that only 4 of 10 were confirmed to contain their listed amounts of real ginkgo extract.

Recalls & Warnings

7/15/2004

Company Stopped by FTC from Claiming to Prevent or Reverse Memory Loss without Evidence

On July 13, 2004, the Federal Trade Commission(FTC) announced that a dietary supplement manufacturer has settled FTC charges that it violated federal law by making unsubstantiated claims that its product, “Senior Moment,” could prevent memory loss and restore memory function in adults.

Recalls & Warnings

7/12/2015

Marketers of Memory Supplement to Pay $1.4 Million to Settle FTC Charges

On July 8, 2015, the FTC announced the marketers of Procera AVH (Brain Research Labs Inc.) have agreed to pay $1.4 million to settle charges they made deceptive claims that the supplement could significantly improve memory, mood and cognitive function.

Recalls & Warnings

2/13/2019

Supplements Promoted for Alzheimer's Disease and Dementia Sell "False Hope," Warns FDA

On February 11, 2019, the FDA warned consumers to beware supplements promoted to prevent or treat Alzheimer's disease or dementia.

Recalls & Warnings

11/02/2019

Brain Supplement Claims to Treat Brain Injuries, Alzheimer's Are Deceptive, Says FTC

On November 1, 2019 the FTC filed a lawsuit against Neora LLC (formerly Nerium International) for making false claims that the supplement Neora EHT (formerly called Nerium EHT) can treat concussions and chronic traumatic encephalopathy caused by repetitive brain trauma, Alzheimer's ...

Recalls & Warnings

2/25/2020

FTC Sends Refund Checks to Consumers of Unproven "Brain-Boosting" Supplements

On February 25, 2020, the FTC announced it is mailing 27,174 checks totaling more than $551,000 to consumers who purchased deceptively marketed "cognitive improvement" supplements. The refunds are being distributed as part of a settlement of charges that the products contained deceptive claims.

Recalls & Warnings

6/03/2019

Vinpocetine May Cause Miscarriage or Fetal Harm

Women who are pregnant or who could become pregnant should not take Vinpocetine because it may cause miscarriage or harm fetal development, the FDA warned in a news release today.

News Release

8/23/2017

ConsumerLab.com Tests Reveal Best Low-Dose Lithium Supplements for "Mood"

White Plains, New York, August 23, 2017 — As a prescription medication, the mineral lithium is used to treat bipolar disease and other mood disorders, but some may be surprised to learn that lithium is also sold as a dietary supplement — although in much lower doses than provided by ...

Recalls & Warnings

2/25/2017

Radio "Infomercials" for Cognitive and Joint Health Supplements Deceived Consumers, Says FTC

On February 22, 2017, the Federal Trade Commission and the Maine Office of the Attorney General announced a complaint the marketers of CogniPrin and FlexiPrin, charging that they made misleading claims about the supplements in radio infomercials deceptively formatted as talk shows.

Recalls & Warnings

6/12/2014

Marketers of Memory Supplement Settle FTC Charges of Deceptive Claims

Martek Biosciences Corporation and i-Health Inc., marketers of BrainStrong Adult, have agreed to settle Federal Trade Commission (FTC) charges that claims the supplement could improve adult memory and prevent cognitive decline were deceptive, and not supported by sufficient clinical evidence.

Recalls & Warnings

10/18/2017

FDA Warns Seller of Arthritis, Blood Pressure, Diabetes Supplements For Making Drug Claims

On August 15, 2017, the FDA issued a warning letter to Years to Your Health, Inc., following an inspection of the company's website which found a number of their products to be misbranded, as they contained drug claims.

Recalls & Warnings

11/28/2012

Maker of Pycnogenol, Memory and Immune Supplements Warned For Manufacturing Violations and Misbranding

On November 15, 2012, the FDA issued a warning letter to contract manufacturer Health Technology, Inc.

News Release

10/11/2016

What Are the Benefits of Resveratrol and Which Brands Are Best? -- ConsumerLab.com Reviews the Evidence and Tests the Quality of Popular Resveratrol Supplements

White Plains, New York, October 11, 2016 — Resveratrol supplements have been popular since 2006, when studies in animals showed "life-extending" and "endurance-enhancing" effects, among other potential benefits.

Recalls & Warnings

2/17/2022

Seller of L-Theanine, Lutein, Noopept and More Warned for Drug Claims

On February 4, 2022, the FDA issued a warning letter to Crystal Clear Supplements following a review of the company’s website and social media which found statements about Tianeptine Sodium Powder, Tianeptine Sulfate Powder, PEA Capsules, Phenibut Capsules, Synephrine Powder, Noopept ...

Recalls & Warnings

7/06/2022

Two Companies Banned From Selling Supplements to Treat Heart Disease, Neuropathy

On June 30, 2022, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) finalized an administrative complaint order against two Texas-based companies, Health Research Laboratories, LLC and Whole Body Supplements, LLC, for making unverified claims that their products can prevent or treat disease.

Recalls & Warnings

6/02/2022

Walmart Inc. Recalls Joint Supplements With Omega-3, Glucosamine & Curcumin

On May 28, 2022, Walmart Inc. issued a voluntary recall of all lots of Artri Ajo King Joint Supplements after FDA laboratory analysis found the presence of undeclared diclofenac.

Recalls & Warnings

6/16/2022

Omega 3 Supplements Recalled Due to Undeclared Drug Ingredients

On May 28, 2022, Latin Foods Market issued a voluntary recall of one lot of Artri King Reforzado con Ortiga y Omega 3 tablets after FDA laboratory analysis found the presence of undeclared diclofenac and dexamethasone.

Recalls & Warnings

10/24/2012

Warning Issued to Memory Supplement Maker For Unapproved Drug Ingredient, Drug Claims and Unreported Adverse Events

On October 16, 2012, the FDA issued a letter to dietary supplement manufacturer Quincy Bioscience Manufacturing Inc.

Recalls & Warnings

9/14/2021

Seller of Lion's Mane, Other Mushroom Supplements Warned by FDA

On July 20, 2021, the FDA issued a warning letter to Brilliant Enterprises LLC because it found statements made on the company's website and social media about mushroom supplements, including Lion's Mane, BoomChaga, CordaCex, and LVL:MAX to be drug claims.

Recalls & Warnings

4/02/2021

Seller of Vision Supplements Warned by FDA

On March 19, 2021, the FDA issued a warning letter to Lipotriad LLC following a review of the company's websites, which found statements made about the company's products Lipotriad Visionary, Lipotriad Adult 50+, Lipotriad Dry Eye, and Lipotriad Vision Support Plus to ...

Recalls & Warnings

3/17/2004

Marketers of “Focus Factor” and “V-Factor” Fined for Advertising Claims

On March 17 , 2004 the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) reported that the marketers of “Focus Factor,” a dietary supplement that purports to improve concentration, and “V-Factor,” a supplement that purports to enhance sexual performance, have agreed to settle charges that they made numerous ...

News Release

12/09/2014

Round-up of Recent Product Tests by ConsumerLab.com -- Results for B Vitamin Supplements & Energy Drinks, Garlic, NAC (N-acetyl cysteine), Iron and Omega-7 Fatty Acids

White Plains, New York, December 9, 2014 — In recent months, ConsumerLab.com has published test results for a variety of popular supplements, including B vitamins supplements and energy drinks, NAC (N-acetyl cysteine), iron and garlic. In addition, ConsumerLab.

News Release

11/25/2014

You Can't Judge a Dark Chocolate Bar by Its Label, According to Tests by ConsumerLab.com -- Amounts of Cocoa Flavanols Vary Widely Among Popular Brands of Chocolate

White Plains, New York, November 25, 2014 — Which dark chocolates provide the most cocoa flavanols — natural antioxidants associated with better blood flow and memory? Recent tests by ConsumerLab.

News Release

3/30/2011

ConsumerLab.com finds 100-fold variation in cost of iron supplements

WHITE PLAINS, NEW YORK — MARCH 28, 2011 — ConsumerLab.com announced today that the cost to get an equivalent dose of iron from supplements varies by more than 100-fold. A 25 mg dose of iron can cost as little as two cents or over two dollars, depending on the product.

News Release

11/18/2008

Adulteration Suspected with Some "Memory" Supplements -- Few Ginkgo and Huperzine Supplements Pass ConsumerLab.com Tests; Quality High for Acetyl-L-Carnitine

WHITE PLAINS, NEW YORK — NOVEMBER 18, 2008 — Tests by ConsumerLab.com of Ginkgo biloba supplements show that few products meet quality standards.

News Release

10/28/2008

Tests reveal quality problems with vitamin A supplements -- New ConsumerLab.com report focuses on vitamin A, including beta-carotene and cod liver oil

WHITE PLAINS, NEW YORK — OCTOBER 28, 2008 — ConsumerLab.com is cautioning that the amount vitamin A in some supplements may be much higher or lower than the amount stated on labels. Among ten supplements recently selected for testing, ConsumerLab.

News Release

10/02/2008

ConsumerLab.com finds melatonin supplements range in strength but ingredient quality is high

WHITE PLAINS, NEW YORK — OCTOBER 2, 2008 — ConsumerLab.com announced test results today from its new Product Review of Melatonin Supplements.  Melatonin supplements may help treat certain sleep disorders and disturbances, including jet lag.

News Release

9/17/2008

ConsumerLab.com's tests of menopause supplements reveal wide range in strength and quality; mislabeling and contamination discovered -- Soy and red clover isoflavones, black cohosh, and progesterone products tested

WHITE PLAINS, NY — September 17, 2008 — Risks associated with traditional hormone therapy for symptoms of menopause have increased public interest in alternative treatments, particularly dietary supplements. But a report today of recent tests by ConsumerLab.

News Release

8/12/2008

ConsumerLab.com finds improvements in labeling of nutrition bars but potential pitfalls exist -- New report compares 20 bars, including those for protein, fiber, energy and whole food

WHITE PLAINS, NY — August 12, 2008 — Labeling on nutrition bars has become more accurate, according to a new report by ConsumerLab.com.

Recalls & Warnings

12/09/2021

FDA Warns Seller of Curcumin, Lion's Mane, Quercetin & More

On November 9, 2021, the FDA issued a warning letter to Synaptent, LLC because it found statements on the company's website about its products, including Berberine HCL, Curcumin, Lion's Man, Milk Thistle, Quercetin, Boswellia Serrata Extract, and Garlic Extract to be ...

Recalls & Warnings

5/11/2022

FDA Warns 10 Companies for Selling Workout Supplements With Dangerous Ingredients

On May 4, 2022, the FDA issued warning letters to 10 companies for selling products promoted for muscle building, fat burning and other uses that contain potentially dangerous ingredients not permitted in dietary supplements, including hordenine, higenamine, 5-alpha-hydroxy-laxogenin, and CBD.

News Release

5/05/2008

Some iron supplements short on iron or contaminated according to ConsumerLab.com

WHITE PLAINS, NEW YORK — May 5, 2008 — ConsumerLab.com announced today that two iron supplements failed to pass recent independent testing. One "high potency" iron supplement contained only 37% of it claimed iron. ConsumerLab.

Recalls & Warnings

9/16/2016

Memory Enhancement Ingredient Vinpocetine Should Not Be Sold In Supplements, Says FDA

On September 7, 2016, the FDA announced its tentative conclusion that the synthetic compound vinpocetine, currently sold in some dietary supplements, should not be classified as a dietary supplement ingredient.

Recalls & Warnings

10/14/2015

No Vinpocetine in Some Vinpocetine Supplements; Picamilon Labels Not Accurate

A recently published study of 23 supplements listing vinpocetine as an ingredient found six did not contain any vinpocetine. Among those that did contain vinpocetine, most did not list amounts on the label, but amounts found in suggested daily servings varied by almost 100-fold, from 0.

Recalls & Warnings

9/24/2020

FTC Sends Refund Checks to Consumers of Deceptive Joint Pain Supplement

On September 24, 2020, the FTC announced it is mailing 4,782 checks totaling more than $76,000 to consumers who bought Isoprex, a supplement marketed with deceptive claims that it could treat or cure joint pain, muscle pain, headaches, and arthritis.

Recalls & Warnings

4/17/2020

Joint Pain Supplement Isoprex Settles Charges of Making False Claims

On April 16, 2020, Renaissance Health Publishing, LLC, agreed to halt their allegedly deceptive advertising claims about their Isoprex supplement that targeted older consumers nationwide after the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) filed a complaint.

Recalls & Warnings

3/20/2020

Seller of Rejuvenation Pills Settles Charges of Making False Claims

Health Center, Inc. has agreed to halt their allegedly deceptive advertising claims about three "cure-all" health and wellness products that targeted older consumers nationwide after the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) filed a complaint.

Recalls & Warnings

2/11/2020

FTC Sues Two Companies Selling Bone Health and Joint Pain Supplements

On February 11, 2020, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) announced that it sued two companies to stop them from continuing to make false claims about their bone and joint health products, Ostinol (ZyCal Bioceuticals) and StimTein (Excellent Marketing Results, Inc. (EMR)).

Recalls & Warnings

10/29/2019

Publisher Sued for Promoting "Phony Diabetes Cure"

On October 24, 2019 the FTC filed a lawsuit against the publisher of books, newsletters, and other publications aimed at seniors that falsely promise to cure type 2 diabetes.

Recalls & Warnings

10/22/2019

Seller of TrueAloe and AloeCran Settles Charges of Making False Claims

NatureCity, LLC, has agreed to settle Federal Trade Commission (FTC) charges that they deceived consumers by making false claims about their TrueAloe and AloeCran products.

Recalls & Warnings

12/05/2019

Joint Supplement Synovia Was Promoted With Phony Testimonials, Says FTC

A.S. Research, LLC, has agreed to settle Federal Trade Commission (FTC) charges that they deceived consumers with false claims that their dietary supplement Synovia could treat arthritis and alleviate joint pain.

Recalls & Warnings

11/26/2019

Cognitive Enhancement Supplements Contain Unapproved Drug

Several supplements sold in the U.S. and promoted for cognitive enhancement contain significant amounts of the drug piracetam -- a drug that is not approved for use in the U.S. -- according to a study published this week in JAMA Internal Medicine. 

News Release

1/03/2006

Tests of memory enhancing supplements by ConsumerLab.com reveals lead in some ginkgo

WESTCHESTER COUNTY, NEW YORK — TUESDAY, JANUARY 3, 2006 — In its new test report on Memory Enhancement Supplements, ConsumerLab.com has revealed finding significant amounts of lead in certain products on the market.

News Release

11/15/2005

Testing by ConsumerLab.com identifies many problems with popular supplements for weight loss, slimming, and blood sugar control

Westchester, NY — November 15, 2005 — In a series of reports released today, ConsumerLab.com revealed test results for supplements used for weight loss, slimming, and blood sugar control. Among the twenty-three products that ConsumerLab.

News Release

8/16/2005

ConsumerLab.com tests potassium supplements — Report now online for sixteen products

WHITE PLAINS, NY — August 16, 2005 — ConsumerLab.com has released a new report on the quality of potassium supplements. Potassium is used to treat or prevent potassium deficiency caused by diuretic drugs ("water pills"), prolonged vomiting, diarrhea or laxative abuse.

News Release

7/18/2005

ConsumerLab.com tests menopause supplements — Alternatives to hormonal therapy — Report available for 38 products including soy and red clover isoflavones, black cohosh, and progesterone creams

WHITE PLAINS, NY — July 18, 2005 — ConsumerLab.com has released a new report on the quality of supplements used to treat symptoms of menopause, notably hot flashes.

News Release

8/28/2003

Some problems persist with ginseng supplements but overall quality improves according to ConsumerLab.com — Test results published online today

WHITE PLAINS, NY — August 28, 2003 — In contrast to its testing three years ago in which nearly 60% of Asian and American Ginseng supplements were found to have significant problems, testing of recently purchased products by ConsumerLab.

News Release

4/21/2003

Low quality ingredient appears widespread among Ginkgo supplements according to ConsumerLab.com; points to challenge for FDA's proposed regulations — Review of memory enhancement supplements released today

WHITE PLAINS, NY — April 21, 2003 — In contrast to its findings three years ago, ConsumerLab.com announced today that only 22% of the Ginkgo biloba supplements it recently tested met its quality standards. In late 1999, 75% of the products it tested met these standards.

News Release

1/21/2003

Acidophilus" and other probiotic supplements gain in popularity but live bacteria missing in many — ConsumerLab.com releases review online today

WHITE PLAINS, NY — January 21, 2003 — ConsumerLab.

News Release

12/30/2002

Top quality melatonin products identified by ConsumerLab.com — Hormone supplement used to treat sleep disturbances due to jet travel and other causes

WHITE PLAINS, NY — December 30, 2002 — In its latest Product Review, ConsumerLab.com found that 16 of 18 melatonin dietary supplements met their label claims and were free of lead contamination.

News Release

12/10/2002

Lupus patients cautioned about hormone supplement — ConsumerLab.com releases DHEA testing results online today

WHITE PLAINS, NY — December 10, 2002 — In its latest Product Review, ConsumerLab.com found that 3 of the 17 DHEA (dehydroepiandrosterone) supplement products it tested contained less than their claimed amounts of this hormone — one having less than one-fifth of what it claimed.

Recalls & Warnings

12/31/2005

Ginkgo Supplements Recalled

On December 28, 2005, Jarrow Formulas issued a recall of a line of Ginkgo biloba supplements because raw material potency is below the label claim. Affected are "Ginkgo biloba 50:1" products sold in 40, 60, and 120 mg strengths and a combination product "Ginkgo Biloba 50:1 + Grape OPCs, 60 mg."

Recalls & Warnings

1/16/2018

Marketers of CellAssure and Cognify Settle FTC Charges of Deceptive Cancer Claims

On January 11, 2018, the FTC announced that CellMark Biopharma, LLC and its CEO, Derek E.

Recalls & Warnings

7/20/2017

Jail Time for Seller of Spiked Supplements

On July 18, 2017, Derek Vest, the former president of Gentech Pharmaceutical located in Fort Meyers, Florida, was sentenced to 18 months in prison for introducing misbranded food into interstate commerce.

Recalls & Warnings

1/05/2005

Marketers of Brain-Rejuvinating Supplement Settle FTC Charges of False Claims

On January 5, 2005, the U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) announced that a company that heavily advertised an herbal dietary supplement called "Sagee" to the Chinese-language and Vietnamese-language communities had settled FTC charges of making false and unsubstantiated claims for the product.

Recalls & Warnings

1/10/2017

FTC Charges Marketers of Prevagen With Making False Claims

On January 9, 2017, the FTC charged the marketers of Prevagen with making false and unsubstantiated claims that the supplement improves memory, provides cognitive benefits, and is "clinically shown" to work. 

Recalls & Warnings

11/14/2012

Mushroom Supplement Manufacturer Warned For Drug Claims and Adulteration

On October 18, 2012, the FDA issued a warning letter to Mushroom Wisdom, Inc. following a facility inspection and product label review which found the dietary supplements Amyloban 3399 From Lion's Mane, Grifron Maitake, and Super Shiitake to be promoted as drugs.

Recalls & Warnings

1/24/2013

Excessive Lead and Mercury Found In Chinese Herbal Supplements

On January 23, 2013, Health Canada warned consumers that certain batches of the Chinese dietary supplements [W.S.

Recalls & Warnings

1/20/2006

Another Ginkgo Supplement Recalled

On January 19, 2006, Olympian Labs informed ConsumerLab.com that it recently issued a recall of a line of Ginkgo biloba supplements because the products "did not meet our specifications that our raw material supplier was contracted to follow.

Recalls & Warnings

2/17/2010

FTC Warns of Deceptive Claims with Children's Omega-3 Supplements

On February 17, 2010, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) announced that it had sent letters to 11 companies that promote various omega-3 fatty acid supplements, telling them they should review their product packaging and labeling to make sure they do not violate federal law by making baseless ...

Recalls & Warnings

12/18/2006

Canada Warns of Herbal Sleep Product Containing Rx Drug

On December 18, 2006 Health Canada advised consumers not to use a product called Eden Herbal Formulations Sleep Ease Dietary Supplement, because it was found to contain an undeclared drug estazolam, which can be habit-forming when used for as little as a few months.

Recalls & Warnings

3/26/2015

Green Algae Weight Loss Supplement Contains Hidden Drug

On March 26, 2015, the FDA warned consumers not to buy or use weight loss supplement Green Algae Combination (Crane Beauty) because it was found to contain lorcaserin.

Recalls & Warnings

2/03/2015

Weight Loss Supplement Contains Hidden Drug

On February 3, 2015, the FDA warned consumers not to buy or use weight loss supplement Yanhee Slim because it was found to contain lorcaserin.

Recalls & Warnings

10/18/2005

FTC Stops False Claims about HGH Oral Spray

On October 18, 2005, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) announced that, at its request, a federal court issued a temporary restraining order against marketers of oral sprays that supposedly contain human growth hormone (HGH) to stop them from making alleged false and deceptive claims and from ...

Recalls & Warnings

9/26/2014

Sellers of Essential Oils Warned for Claiming to Treat Ebola, Other Diseases

On September 22, 2014, the FDA issued a warning to Young Living following a review of websites, Pinterest, Facebook and Twitter accounts owned by Young Living distributors, which found statements made about the company's essential oils, including Thieves, Cinnamon Bark, Oregano, ImmuPower, ...

Recalls & Warnings

8/31/2006

Canada Advises Consumers Not To Use Adulterated Sleep Supplement

On August 30, 2006, Health Canada (the Candian Health Ministry) Health Canada advised consumers not to use Salt Spring Herbals Sleep Well Dietary Supplement because a sample analyzed by Health Canada has been found to contain the undeclared drug estazolam, a sedative that can be habit-forming when ...

Recalls & Warnings

8/16/2006

Marketers of Diabetes Supplement Banned From Claiming Products Treat or Cure Diseases

On August 10, 2006, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) announced that an operation selling Chinese herbal supplements is banned from claiming its products treat or cure diseases, to settle FTC charges it violated a previous court order.

Recalls & Warnings

3/16/2006

Garden of Life, Maker of Primal Defense, Settles FTC Charges

On March 9, 2006, The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) announced that an operation that marketed dietary supplements sold at Whole Foods Market, GNC, the Vitamin Shoppe, and on the Internet settled FTC charges that they made deceptive advertising claims about their supplements.

Recalls & Warnings

5/10/2013

Maker of Concentration, Pain, Immune, Cholesterol Supplements Warned For Drug Claims

On April 24, 2013, the FDA issued a warning letter to EuroPharma Co., Inc., following a review of the company's website which found statements made about Calm Kids, CholestCaps, CuraMed 375 mg, CuraMed 750 mg, Curamin, Mental Advantage, Tri-Iodine, and Viragen to be drug claims.

Recalls & Warnings

2/13/2013

Manufacturer of Heart, Multivitamin, Cranberry, and Longevity Supplements Warned For Adulteration and Drug Claims

On January 29, 2013, the FDA issued a warning letter to M.D.R. Fitness Corp. following a facility inspection which found violations of good manufacturing practices which cause the company's products to be adulterated.